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Gymnophthalmus pleii BOCOURT, 1881

IUCN Red List - Gymnophthalmus pleii - Endangered, EN

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Higher TaxaGymnophthalmidae (Gymnophthalminae), Gymnophthalmini, Sauria, Gymnophthalmoidea, Squamata (lizards)
SubspeciesGymnophthalmus pleei pleei BOCOURT 1881
Gymnophthalmus pleei luetkeni BOCOURT 1881
Gymnophthalmus pleei nesydrion THOMAS 1965 
Common NamesE: Rough-scaled Tegulet 
SynonymGymnophthalmus Pleii BOCOURT 1881 : 473
Gymnophthalmus pleei — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 410
Gymnophthalmus pleii — LORVELEC et al. 2007
Gymnophthalmus pleei — EZAZ et al. 2009
Gymnophthalmus pleii – TURK et al. 2010
Gymnophthalmus pleii — HEDGES et al. 2019

Gymnophthalmus pleei luetkeni BOCOURT 1881
Gymnophthalmus Lütkenii BOCOURT 1881: 474
Gymnophthalmus pleei luetkeni — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988: 130

Gymnophthalmus pleei nesydrion THOMAS 1965
Gymnophthalmus pleei nesydrion THOMAS 1965: 144
Gymnophthalmus pleei nesydrioni — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988: 130 
DistributionLesser Antilles: Guadeloupe, Dominica, Martinique, St. Lucia, Maria I

pleei: Martinique. Type locality: Martinique.

luetkeni: St. Lucia. Type locality: St. Lucia.

nesydrion: Maria Islands; Type locality: southernmost of 2 Maria Islands, Vieux Fort Quarter, St. Lucia.

INCERTAE SEDIS: The Guadeloupe and Dominica populations have not been assigned to subspecies.  
TypesSyntypes: MNHN-RA 1409, MNHN-RA 1994.1148 (formerly MNHN-RA 1409A), MNHN-RA 3094
Holotype: MNHN-RA 5614 [luetkeni]
Holotype: MCZ 77151 [nesydrion] 
Commentbisexual species. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Bocourt, M. E. 1874. Etudes sur les Reptiles. Mission Scientifique au Mexique et dans l'Amérique Centrale. Recherches Zoologiques.Vol. 3 (sect. 1). Imprimerie Impériale, Paris. - get paper here
  • Breuil, Michel 1999. Atlas des Amphibiens et Reptiles de Martinique. Parc Naturel Régional de la Martinique
  • Cole C J. DESSAUER H C. TOWNSEND C R. ARNOLD M G. 1990. Unisexual lizards of the genus Gymnophthalmus (Reptilia Teiidae) in the neotropics: genetics origin and systematics. American Museum Novitates (2994): 1-29. - get paper here
  • Ezaz, T. et al. 2009. Sex Chromosome Evolution in Lizards: Independent Origins and Rapid Transitions. Cytogenet Genome Res 127: 249-260 - get paper here
  • Kizirian, D. A. & Cole, C.J. 1999. Origin of the Unisexual Lizard Gymnophthalmus underwoodi (Gymnophthalmidae) Inferred from Mitochondrial DNA Nucleotide Sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 11 (3): 394–400 - get paper here
  • Malhotra, A. & Thorpe, R.S. 1999. Reptiles & Amphibians of the Eastern Caribbean. MacMillan, London & Oxford
  • RECODER, RENATO SOUSA; FRANCISCO DAL VECHIO, SERGIO MARQUES-SOUZA, MAURO JR. TEIXEIRA, MAIUME SILVA-DA-SILVA, ALFREDO P. SANTOS-JR., SÍRIA RIBEIRO, CESAR BARRIO-AMORÓS, MIGUEL TREFAUT RODRIGUES 2018. Geographic variation and taxonomy of red-tailed Gymnophthalmus (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae) from Amazonian Savannas. Zootaxa 4497 (1): 061–081 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Thomas, R. 1965. The smaller teiid lizards (Gymnophthalmus and Bachia) of the southeastem Caribbean. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington78:141-54. - get paper here
  • Turk, P. A., N. N. Wyszynski, R. Powell & R. W. Henderson 2010. Population densities and water-loss rates of Gymnophthalmus pleii, Gymnophthalmus underwoodi (Gymnophthalmidae), and Sphaerodactylus fantasticus fuga (Sphaerodactylidae) on Dominica, West Indies. Salamandra 46 (3): 125-130 - get paper here
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