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Harpesaurus beccarii DORIA, 1888

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Draconinae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Sumatra Nose-horned Lizard 
SynonymHarpesaurus beccarii DORIA 1888: 646
Harpesaurus beccarii — DE ROOIJ 1915: 97
Harpesaurus beccarii — WERMUTH 1967: 63
Harpesaurus beccarii — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997: 191
Harpesaurus beccarii — MANTHEY & SCHUSTER 1999: 66
Harpesaurus beccarii — TEYNIÉ et al. 2010 
DistributionIndonesia (Sumatra)

Type locality: Lubu Selassi near Padang, Sumatra.  
TypesHolotype: MSNG 28489 
DiagnosisDescription: Rostral appendage double, consisting of an anterior longer and a posterior shorter part, surrounded at the base by a few scales. Head with small scales, those on the snout, on the interorbital region and on the occiput polygonal, with eccentric tubercles. Rostral broad and low; nostril lateral, in an elongate scale, which is separated from the rostral by a smaller one. Tympanum half the diameter of the eye. Seven or eight upper and seven lower labials. Body compressed, covered with longitudinal series of rhomboidal smooth scales; a low dorsal crest; ventral scales strongly keeled. Tail much compressed, covered below with two longitudinal series of long, keeled scales. Limbs with keeled scales; the hind ones pressed against the body, reach the ear; first finger shortest, second longer than fifth, fourth about as long as third ; first toe shortest, second half the length of the third, which is equal to the fourth; claws sharp (de Rooij 1915: 97).

Coloration: Bluish-green above ; on each side of the body two yellowish bands, one beginning with a spot above the ear and running obliquely along the neck and shoulder ; the other, beginning at the lores, is continued below the eye and ear as far as the neck and begins again at the base of the fore limb. Two large dark spots on the flanks (de Rooij 1915: 97).

Size: Length of head and body (without rostral appendage) 86 mm.; tail 164 mm.; rostral appendage 10 mm (de Rooij 1915: 97). 
EtymologyNamed after Dr. Odoardo Beccari (I843-1920), an Italian botanist, who collected in Indonesia, Malaysia, New Guinea, and Ethiopia. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Böhme, W. 1989. Rediscovery of the Sumatran agamid lizard Harpesaurus beccarii DORIA 1888, with the first notes on a live specimen. Tropical Zoology 2: 31-35 - get paper here
  • Capocaccia, L. 1961. Catalogo dei tipi di Rettili del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova [MSNG]. Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Giacomo Doria 72: 86-111
  • de Rooij, N. de 1915. The Reptiles of the Indo-Australian Archipelago. I. Lacertilia, Chelonia, Emydosauria. Leiden (E. J. Brill), xiv + 384 pp. - get paper here
  • Doria, G. 1888. Note Erpetologiche - Alcuni nuovi Sauri raccolti in Sumatra dal Dr. O. Beccari. Ann. Mus. civ. stor. nat. Genova 2 (ser. 6): 646-652 - get paper here
  • Manthey U 2010. Agamid Lizards of Southern Asia. Draconinae 2 -Leiolepidinae. Edition Chimaira, Terralog 7b, Frankfurt, 168 pp.
  • Manthey, U. 1990. Das Portrait: Harpesaurus beccarii DORIA. Sauria 12 (3): 1-2 - get paper here
  • Manthey, U. & Grossmann, W. 1997. Amphibien & Reptilien Südostasiens. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 512 pp. - get paper here
  • Manthey,U. & SCHUSTER,N. 1999. Agamen, 2. Aufl. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 120 pp. - get paper here
  • Putra, C.A. et al. 2020. Rediscovery of Modigliani’s nose-horned lizard, Harpesaurus modiglianii Vinciguerra, 1933 (Reptilia: Agamidae) after 129 years without any observation. TAPROBANICA 9 (1): 3-11 - get paper here
  • TEYNIÉ, ALEXANDRE; PATRICK DAVID, & ANNEMARIE OHLER 2010. Note on a collection of Amphibians and Reptiles from Western Sumatra (Indonesia), with the description of a new species of the genus Bufo. Zootaxa 2416: 1–43 - get paper here
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