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Helicops gomesi AMARAL, 1922

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Sao Paulo Keelback
Portuguese: Cobra-D’água 
SynonymHelicops gomesi AMARAL 1922: 7
Helicops gomesi — DA FROTA 2005
Helicops gomesi — WALLACH et al. 2014: 322
Helicops gomesi — NOGUEIRA et al. 2019 
DistributionBrazil (Sao Paulo)

Type locality: Estação Costa Pinto, Sorocabana Railway, Estado de São Paulo, Brazil.  
Reproductionviviparous 
TypesHolotype: IBSP (= IB) 1.843 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Helicops gomesi is distinguished from all its congeners except H. angulatus by having subcaudal keels, no intergenials, and 19 dorsal scale rows throughout its body. From H. angulatus it differs in having 125–132 ventrals in males and 128–132 in females (for information on references see Suppl. material 3) (Schöneberg & Köhler 2021). 
Comment 
EtymologyNamed after Dr. João Florencio Gomes, assistant at the Butantan Institute. 
References
  • Amaral, A. do 1922. Contribuicao para o conhecimento dos ofidios do Brazil. Parte i Quatro noves espécies de serpentes brasileires. Anex. Mem. Inst. Butantan 1 (1): 1-37 + plates [1921, but published 1922 fide Costa & Bernils 2015] - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Costa, Henrique C.; Diego J. Santana, Fernando Leal, Ricardo Koroiva, and Paulo C.A. Garcia 2016. A New Species of Helicops (Serpentes: Dipsadidae: Hydropsini) from Southeastern Brazil. Herpetologica 72 (2): 157-166 - get paper here
  • da Frota, J.G. 2005. Nova espécie de Helicops Wagler, 1830 (Serpentes, Colubridae) do rio Tapajós, Amazonia, Brasil. Phyllomedusa 4 (1): 61-68 - get paper here
  • Gonzalez R. C. et al. 2020. Lista dos Nomes Populares dos Répteis no Brasil – Primeira Versão. Herpetologia Brasileira. 9(2): 121 – 214
  • Kawashita-Ribeiro, Ricardo Alexandre; Robson Waldemar Ávila, and Drausio Honorio Morais 2013. A New Snake of the Genus Helicops Wagler, 1830 (Dipsadidae, Xenodontinae) from Brazil. Herpetologica 69 (1): 80-90. - get paper here
  • MORAES-DA-SILVA, ANTONIO; RENATA CECÍLIA AMARO, PEDRO M. SALES NUNES, CHRISTINE STRÜSSMANN, MAURO JUNIOR TEIXEIRA, ALBEDI JR. ANDRADE, VINÍCIUS SUDRÉ, RENATO RECODER, MIGUEL TREFAUT RODRIGUES, FELIPE FRANCO CURCIO 2019. Chance, luck and a fortunate finding: a new species of watersnake of the genus Helicops Wagler, 1828 (Serpentes: Xenodontinae), from the Brazilian Pantanal wetlands. Zootaxa 4651 (3): 445–470 - get paper here
  • Nogueira, Cristiano C.; Antonio J.S. Argôlo, Vanesa Arzamendia, Josué A. Azevedo,<br />Fausto E. Barbo, Renato S. Bérnils, Bruna E. Bolochio, Marcio Borges-Martins,<br />Marcela Brasil-Godinho, Henrique Braz, Marcus A. Buononato, Diego F. Cisneros 2019. Atlas of Brazilian snakes: verified point-locality maps to mitigate the Wallacean shortfall in a megadiverse snake fauna. South American J. Herp. 14 (Special Issue 1):1-274 - get paper here
  • Schöneberg, Y., & Köhler, G. 2021. Distribution and identification of the species in the genus Helicops Wagler, 1830 (Serpentes, Colubridae, Xenodontinae). ARPHA Preprints, 1, e67869 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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