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Hemibungarus mcclungi (TAYLOR, 1922)

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Higher TaxaElapidae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: McClung’s Philippine Coral Snake 
SynonymHemibungarus mcclungi TAYLOR 1922: 272
Calliophis calligaster mcclungi — LEVITON 1964: 547
Hemibungarus calligaster mcclungi — SILER & WELTON 2010: 428
Hemibungarus calligaster macclungi — WELCH 1994: 65
Hemibungarus macclungi — LEVITON et al. 2014
Hemibungarus mcclungi — LEVITON et al. 2018: 455
Hemibungarus mcclungi — WEINELL et al. 2019 
DistributionPhilippines (Polillo)

Type locality: Polillo Id., Philippines  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesNeotype: CAS 62431; also given as Holotype: BSMP 24 (Philippine Bureau of Science collection) 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION. Black rings on body not divided above by narrow white annuli; narrow white annuli on body 46 (but white often obscured by melanin pigmentation); temporal region pigmented; ventrals 206; subcaudals 23 (from Leviton et al. 2014: 495). 
CommentVenomous!

Synonymy: Wallach et al. 2014 list Hemibungarus macclungi TAYLOR 1922 as a synonym of Hemibungarus calligaster. The species is hardly mentioned in the literature, but has been treated as valid species or subspecies by more recent authors. 
References
  • ACUÑA, DARRELL; NIÑO ISAGANI & KIER MITCHEL PITOGO. 2021. Predation on a McClung’s Philippine False Coralsnake, Hemibungarus mcclungi (Weigmann 1835), by a Giant Spiny Centipede, Scolopendra spinosissima Kraepelin 1903, on Luzon Island, The Philippines. Reptiles & Amphibians 28(3): 417–419. - get paper here
  • Brown, R. M., Bernstein, J., Fernandez, J., Sanguila, M. B., Meneses, C. G., Siler, C. D., ... & Gaulke, M. 2022. Juvenile colouration, ontogenetic colour shifts, defensive behaviour, and frontal “hooding” threat display in Philippine coral snakes (Elapidae: Hemibungarus). Herpetology Notes, 15, 183-192
  • Leviton, A.E. 1964. Contributions to a review of Philippine snakes. IIl. The genera Maticora and Calliophis. Philippine J. Sci. 92: 523-550 - get paper here
  • Leviton, A.E., R.M. Brown, and C.D. Siler. 2014. The dangerously venomous snakes of the Philippine Archipelago. in The Coral Triangle: The 2011 Hearst Biodiversity Philippine Expedition (G.C. Williams and T.M. Gosliner, eds.). California Academy of Sciences, USA, Pp 473–530
  • Leviton, Alan E.; Cameron D. Siler, Jeffrey L. Weinell, and Rafe M. Brown 2018. Synopsis of the Snakes of the Philippines. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 64 (14): 399-568 - get paper here
  • Siler, C. D. & L. J. Welton 2010. Geographic Variation in Philippine Mimicry System: Hypothesized Widespread Coral Snake (Hemibungarus calligaster ) Mimicry by Lepidopteran Larvae (Bracca sp.) on Luzon Island, Philippines. Herpetological Review 41 (4): 427–430. - get paper here
  • Taylor, E.H. 1922. The snakes of the Philippine Islands. Manila (Bureau of Printing or Science), Monograph 16: 312 pp. - get paper here
  • Weinell, Jeffrey L.; Errol Hooper, Alan E. Leviton, Rafe M. Brown 2019. Illustrated Key to the Snakes of the Philippines. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (4) 66 (1): 1-49 - get paper here
 
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