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Hemidactylus bouvieri (BOCOURT, 1870)

IUCN Red List - Hemidactylus bouvieri - Critically Endangered, CR

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
SubspeciesHemidactylus bouvieri bouvieri (BOCOURT 1870)
Hemidactylus bouvieri razoensis GRUBER & SCHLEICH 1982 
Common NamesE: Cape Verde Leaf-toed Gecko 
SynonymEmydactylus bouvieri BOCOURT 1870: 17
Hemidactylus bouvieri — ROCHEBRUNE 1884: 76
Hemidactylus bouvieri — BOULENGER 1885: 118
Hemidactylus bouvieri — KLUGE 1993
Hemidactylus bouvieri — RÖSLER 2000: 85

Hemidactylus bouvieri bouvieri (BOCOURT 1870)
Hemidactylus cessacii BOCAGE 1873: 210 (fide LOVERIDGE 1947)
Hemidactylus bouvieri bouvieri — LOVERIDGE 1947: 122
Hemidactylus bouvieri bouvieri — WERMUTH 1965: 70
Hemidactylus bouvieri bouvieri — RÖSLER 2015

Hemidactylus bouvieri razoensis GRUBER & SCHLEICH 1982
Hemidactylus bouvieri razoensis — SCHLEICH 1987: 54
Hemidactylus bouvieri razoensis — RÖSLER 2015 
DistributionCape Verde Islands

razoensis: Razo Island; Type locality: Razo.

Type locality: Saint Vincent, Cape Verde Islands  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesSyntypes: MNHN-RA 2444, MNHN-RA 1999.8221 (formerly MNHN-RA 2444A), MNHN-RA 1999.8222 (formerly MNHN-RA 2444B) (3 syntypes)
Holotype: ZSM 129/1981; paratypes: ZSM 130/1981/1-4 [razoensis] 
Diagnosis 
CommentSynonymy: Vascncelos et al. 2020 elevated Hemidactylus bouvieri boavistensis to full species status with H. b. chevalieri as subspecies.

Subspecies: Hemidactylus b. razoensis from Raso is genetically similar to H. b. bouvieri and differs only in its smaller body size.

Conservation: known only from isolated records on the islands where it has been reported. Vasconcelos et al. (2013) recorded a single individual of H. bouvieri on Santo Antão in 2007, the first record in over a century, during 68 days of survey work. Similarly, two specimens collected in 1998 and 2016 on São Vicente represent the only reports from this island for 100 years (Andreone 2000,Vasconcelos et al. 2020). On São Nicolau, ten specimens have been collected between 1997 and 2012 (Köhler et al. 2007; Arnold et al. 2008, Vasconcelos et al. 2020). H. b. razoensis is known from a total of 19 individuals, ten from Raso found in 1981 and reported in Gruber & Schleich (1982), three found on Raso by Mateo and Geniez in 1997), and three found on Raso in 2019 by Ricardo Rocha, plus two from Santa Luzia found in 1995 or 1996 reported by Mateo et al. (1997) and one from Santa Luzia found in 2012 (Vasconcelos et al. 2020). 
EtymologyNamed after Aime Bouvier (died 1919), a French collector and zoologist who became Secretary of the French Zoological Society (1876). 
References
  • Angel, F. 1935. Lézards des iles du Cap Vert, rapportés par M. le Professeur Chevalier. Description de deux espècies nouvelles. Bulletin du Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris, 7:165—169
  • Arnold, E. N.; Vasconcelos, R.; Harris, D. J.; Mateo, J. A.; Carranza, S. 2008. Systematics, biogeography and evolution of the endemic Hemidactylus geckos (Reptilia, Squamata, Gekkonidae) of the Cape Verde Islands: based on morphology and mitochondrial and nuclear DNA sequences. Zoologica Scripta 37 (6): 619-636 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Bocage, J.V.B. 1873. Melanges erpetologiques. II. Sur quelques reptiles et batraciens nouveaux, rares ou peu connus d‘Afrique occidentale. Jorn. Acad. Sci. Lisboa 4: 209-227
  • Bocourt, M. F. 1870. Description de quelques sauriens nouveaux originaires de l'Amérique méridionale. Nouv. Arch. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris 6: 11-18. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1906. Report on the reptiles collected by the late L. Fea in West Africa. Ann. Mus. civ. Stor. Nat. Genova (3) 2: 196-216 - get paper here
  • Bretzel, Joachim 2018. Die Kapverden – ein herpetologischer Reisebericht. Terraria-Elaphe 2018 (6): 48-58 - get paper here
  • Gruber, H. J., and H. H. Schleich. 1982. Hemidactylus bouvieri razoensis nov. ssp. von den Kapverdischen. Spixiana 5 (3): 303-310 - get paper here
  • Herrmann, R.; Siegel, A.; Barts, M. 2003. Herpetologische Beobachtungen auf der Kapverden-Insel Boavista. Sauria 25 (2): 17-21 (Erratum in 25 [3]: 20) - get paper here
  • Jesus, J.; Brehm, A.; Pinheiro, M. & Harris, D.J. 2001. Relationships of Hemidactylus (Reptilia: Gekkonidae) from Cape Verde Islands: what mitochondrial DNA data indicate. Journal of Herpetology 35 (4): 672-675 - get paper here
  • Jesus, José; Antonio Brehm and D. James Harris 2005. Phylogenetic relationships of Hemidactylus geckos from the Gulf of Guinea islands: patterns of natural colonizations and anthropogenic introductions estimated from mitochondrial and nuclear DNA sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 34 (3): 480-485 - get paper here
  • Joger U 1993. On two collections of reptiles and amphibians from the Cape Verde Islands, with descriptions of three new taxa. COURIER FORSCHUNGSINSTITUT SENCKENBERG 159: 437-444
  • Köhler, G.; Hertz, A.; Sunyer, J.; Seipp, R. & Monteiro, A. 2007. Herpetologische Forschungen auf den Kapverden unter besonderer Berücksichtigung des Kapverdischen Riesenskinks, Macroscincus coctei. Elaphe 15 (4): 62-66
  • Loveridge, A. 1947. Revision of the African lizards of the family Gekkondiae. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 98: 1-469 - get paper here
  • Mertens, R. 1955. Die Eidechsen der Kapverden. Soc. Sci. fenn. Comment. biol. 15: 1-16
  • Rochebrune, A. T. de 1884. Faune de la Senegambie. Reptiles. O. Dom, Paris, 1-221. - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Rösler, Herbert 2015. Bemerkungen über einige Geckos der Zoologischen Staatssammlung München. Gekkota, Suppl. (2): 3-54
  • Schleich, H.H. 1987. Herpetofauna caboverdiana. Spixiana Suppl. (12) 75 pp. - get paper here
  • VASCONCELOS, R., KÖHLER, G., GENIEZ, P., & CROCHET, P. A. 2020. A new endemic species of Hemidactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from São Nicolau Island, Cabo Verde. Zootaxa 4878 (3): 501-522 - get paper here
  • Zwanzig, Bernd-Michael & Wolfgang Grossmann 2013. Halbfingergeckos: Hemidactylus. Die verkannte Gattung. Terraria-Elaphe 2013 (2): 14-27 - get paper here
 
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