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Hemidactylus endophis CARRANZA & ARNOLD, 2012

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common Names 
SynonymHemidactylus endophis CARRANZA & ARNOLD 2012 
DistributionN Oman

Type locality: “Muscat” (see also type info)  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1976.1323, male, lodged in the gullet of a Platyceps rhodorachis (BMNH labeled as “Muscat”, collected by A.S.G. Jayakar, in 1887, fide Carranza, cited in Roll et al. 2017 (MorphoBank M101997–M102030). 
DiagnosisDiagnosis Hemidactylus endophis can be distinguished from all currently described Arabian members of Hemidactylus based on the following combination of characters: A medium-sized Hemidactylus (only known specimen 59 mm SVL); large tubercles on dorsum relatively weakly keeled, arranged in 16 regular rows at mid-body, largest on lower flanks; scaling on belly coarse (about 26–28 in transverse row at mid-belly), coarse bluntly pointed and imbricate scales in front of vent similar to those on belly; adhesive pads on digits not especially broad, about half as wide as long on 4th toe of pes; lamellae under the 1st toe of pes 6, lamellae under the 4th toe 9; 7 femoral pores under each thigh (14 in total), broadly separated medially by 6 scales. 
CommentThis species was found inside a Platyceps rhodorachis.

Abundance: only known from the type specimen (Meiri et al. 2017). 
EtymologyFrom the classical Greek prefix “endŏ” meaning inside, and “ŏphis”, a snake. 
  • Carranza S, Xipell M, Tarroso P, Gardner A, Arnold EN, Robinson MD, et al. 2018. Diversity, distribution and conservation of the terrestrial reptiles of Oman (Sauropsida, Squamata). PLoS One 13 (2): e0190389 - get paper here
  • Carranza, S., Arnold, E. Nicholas 2012. A review of the geckos of the genus Hemidactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Oman based on morphology, mitochondrial and nuclear data, with descriptions of eight new species. Zootaxa 3378: 1–95 - get paper here
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • Rösler, Herbert 2015. Bemerkungen über einige Geckos der Zoologischen Staatssammlung München. Gekkota, Suppl. (2): 3-54
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