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Hemidactylus giganteus STOLICZKA, 1871

IUCN Red List - Hemidactylus giganteus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Giant Leaf-toed Gecko, Giant Southern Tree Gecko 
SynonymHemidactylus giganteus STOLICZKA 1871: 193
Hemidactylus giganteus — BOULENGER 1885: 138
Hemidactylus giganteus — SMITH 1935: 99
Hemidactylus giganteus — WERMUTH 1965: 76
Hemidactylus giganteus — KLUGE 1993
Hemidactylus giganteus — RÖSLER 1995: 123
Hemidactylus giganteus — DAS 2003
Hemidactylus cf. giganteus — GANESH et al. 2018
Hemidactylus giganteus — KUMAR et al. 2022 
DistributionIndia (Badrachalam/Godavari, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh)

Type locality: near Badrachalam, Godavari Valley  
TypesSyntypes: BMNH 1877.8.6.5, adult male, ZSI 2604 – 2605 (female and male), Godavari Valley near Shadrachalam, Andhra
Pradesh, India. Topotypes: NHMOU.REP.H63.2015, adult male; NHMOU.REP.H62.2015, adult male & NHMOU.REP.H612015, adult female; Bhadrachalam (17.6687° N, 80.8935° E; 51 m a.s.l.), Bhadradri Kothagudem District, Telangana State, India; collected by Gandla Chethan Kumar, Krishna Prasad Kante & Devender Gundena, on 30th September, 2015. 
CommentDistribution: see map in Kumar et al. 2023: 313 (Fig. 8) 
  • Bansal, Rohini; K. Praveen Karanth 2010. Molecular phylogeny of Hemidactylus geckos (Squamata: Gekkonidae) of the Indian subcontinent reveals a unique Indian radiation and an Indian origin of Asian house geckos. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 57 (1): 459-465 - get paper here
  • Bauer, Aaron M.; Todd R. Jackman, Eli Greenbaum, Varad B. Giri, Anslem de Silva 2010. South Asia supports a major endemic radiation of Hemidactylus geckos. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 57 (1): 343-352 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Das, Indraneil 2003. Growth of Knowledge on the Reptiles of India, with an Introduction to Systematics, Taxonomy and Nomenclature. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 100 (2-3): 446-502 - get paper here
  • Ganesh S.R., Bubesh Guptha 2021. Herpetological diversity in the Central Eastern Ghats, Peninsular India. Journal of Animal Diversity, 3(3): 18-44 - get paper here
  • Gemel, R.; G. Gassner & S. Schweiger 2019. Katalog der Typen der Herpetologischen Sammlung des Naturhistorischen Museums Wien – 2018. Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, B 121: 33–248
  • Giri, V., Bauer, A.M., and Chaturvedi, N. 2003. Notes on the distribution, natural history, and variation of Hemidactylus giganteus Stoliczka. Hamadryad 27: 217-221. - get paper here
  • Giri, V.B. 2008. A new rock dwelling Hemidactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Maharashtra, India. Hamadryad 32: 25–33 - get paper here
  • Giri, Varad B.; Bauer, Aaron M. 2008. A new ground-dwelling Hemidactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Maharashtra, with a key to the Hemidactylus of India. Zootaxa 1700: 21-34 - get paper here
  • GOWDA, S., M. AGNIVAMSHI, AND Y. KALKI 2020. Hemidactylus giganteus (Giant Leaf-Toed Gecko). Saurophagy. Herpetological Review 51: 599-600.
  • Kumar, G. Chethan & C. Srinivasulu 2015. A two-tailed Indian giant leaf-toed gecko (Hemidactylus giganteus). TAPROBANICA 7 (4): 263–265. - get paper here
  • KUMAR, GANDLA CHETHAN; ADITYA SRINIVASULU, CHELMALA SRINIVASULU 2022. Redescription of Hemidactylus giganteus Stoliczka, 1871 with the description of three new allied species (Squamata: Gekkonidae: Hemidactylus Goldfuss, 1820) from peninsular India. Zootaxa 5115 (3): 301-341 - get paper here
  • Murthy, T.S.N. 2010. The reptile fauna of India. B.R. Publishing, New Delhi, 332 pp.
  • Rösler, Herbert 1995. Geckos der Welt - Alle Gattungen. Urania, Leipzig, 256 pp.
  • Smith, M.A. 1935. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Reptiles and Amphibia, Vol. II. Sauria. Taylor and Francis, London, 440 pp.
  • Srikanthan, Achyuthan N.; Gandla Chethan Kumar, Aishwarya J. Urs & Sumaithangi Rajagopalan Ganesh 2018. Appearances are deceptive: molecular phylogeny recovers the Scaly Gecko Hemidactylus scabriceps (Reptilia: Squamata: Gekkonidae) as a member of a scansorial and rupicolous clade. JoTT 10 (9): 12147–12162 - get paper here
  • Stoliczka, F. 1871. Notes on new or little-known Indian lizards. Proc. asiat. Soc. Bengal (Calcutta) 1871: 192-195 - get paper here
  • Venugopal, P.D. 2010. An updated and annotated list of Indian lizards (Reptilia: Sauria) based on a review of distribution records and checklists of Indian reptiles. Journal of Threatened Taxa 2 (3): 725-738. - get paper here
  • Zwanzig, Bernd-Michael & Wolfgang Grossmann 2013. Halbfingergeckos: Hemidactylus. Die verkannte Gattung. Terraria-Elaphe 2013 (2): 14-27 - get paper here
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