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Hemidactylus gleadowi MURRAY, 1884

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Gleadow’s House Gecko 
SynonymHemidactylus gleadowi MURRAY 1884: 260
Hemidactylus gleadovii — BOULENGER 1885: 129
Hemidactylus gleadovii — STUART 1908: 688
Hemidactylus gleadowi — MAHONY 2011
Hemidactylus cf. gleadowi — GANESH et al. 2018 
DistributionPakistan, S India (Bilgiri [Gundri] and Melagiri [Denkanikotta] hills fide Ganesh et al. 2018)

Type locality: “Rantah forests in Sind, (Jerruck Division)”, Pakistan, (25°3’0”N, 68°15’0”E).  
Reproductionoviparous (not imputed, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesNeotype: BMNH 1884.7.25.8, designated by MAHONY 2011. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Hemidactylus gleadowi can be distinguished from all currently described South and Southeast Asian members of Hemidactylus based on the following combination of characters: adult SVL to 43.1 mm; TrL/ SVL 39.9–41.9%; HL/SVL 30–30.2%; ear opening oval; primary postmental shield width is subequal to that of the first infralabial, secondary pair broadly in contact with second infralabials; tubercles of the parietal region are of subequal size to largest canthal scales; 17–18 regular longitudinal rows of dorsal tubercles, largest 12–14 times size of surrounding granules; two series of 12–13 precloacal-femoral pores separated medially by a diastema of one non-pore-bearing scale, size subequal to pore-bearing scales, scale row bordering anteriorly the precloacal-femoral pore series of subequal size to pore-bearing scales; 4–5 lamellae under digit I and seven under digit IV of pes, sub- digital lamellae mostly divided on digit IV of manus and pes, enlarged lamellae series under digit IV of pes absent on the basal 20% of digit length; tail oval in cross-section without lateral denticulation, TailD/TailW 71.7–84%, tubercles on proximal tail portion form short recurved conical spines, subcaudals completely transverse the tail width on the distal third of original tail; two very small, bluntly conical cloacal spurs [from MAHONY 2011]. 
CommentSynonymy: has been considered as a synonym of H. brooki, but revalidated by MAHONY 2011. 
EtymologyThe specific epithet is a patronym after Mr. F. Gleadow, Deputy Conservator of Forests and collector of the original type specimens described by J. A. Murray. 
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Ingle, Mukesh; Ulka Yadav, Ashok K. Bhilala, Manohar Pawar 2019. Urban Herpetofauna: A Case Study in Ujjain City of Central India. International Journal of Scientific Research in Biological Sciences 6 (5): 76-84 - get paper here
  • Karthik, Pandi; Orvill Jude Nazareth, Nagarajan Baskaran & N. M. Ishwar 2019. Notizen über den kryptischen Gecko Hemidactylus gleadowi Murray, 1884 aus dem Sahyadri Tiger Schutzgebiet, nördliche Western Ghats, Indien. Notes on the cryptic gecko Hemidactylus gleadowi Murray, 1884 from the Sahyadri Tiger Reserve, northern West Sauria 41 (2): 70-76 - get paper here
  • Mahony, Stephen 2011. Taxonomic revision of Hemidactylus brookii Gray: a re-examination of the type series and some Asian synonyms, and a discussion of the obscure species Hemidactylus subtriedrus Jerdon (Reptilia: Gekkonidae). Zootaxa 3042: 37–67 - get paper here
  • Murray, J. A. 1884. Additions to the reptilian fauna of Sind. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 14: 106—111. - get paper here
  • Stuart, G.A.D. 1908. Abnormal tail in a Lizard (Hemidactylus gleadovii). J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 18: 688-689 - get paper here
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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