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Hemidactylus granchii LANZA, 1978

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Granchi'sLeaf-toed Gecko 
SynonymHemidactylus granchii LANZA 1978: 255
Hemidactylus granchii — RÖSLER 2000: 86
Hemidactylus granchii — RÖSLER 2015 
DistributionEC Somalia (ca. 80 km north of Obbia)

Type locality: “circa 80 km a N di Obbia (Somalia centrale), M. Bianchi, XI.1930” [about 80 km N of Obbia, about 06°00’N 48°30’E; eastern central Somalia

Additional localities: 02°20’N, 45°40’E; 06°30’N 47°25’E; 9°43'49.98"N, 44°25'9.78"E, 1110 m elevation [SINDACO et al. 2014]  
Typesholotype: MZUF 21188, an adult male
paratypes: MZUF 21114, 21189, adult females 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: H. granchii can be distinguished from the following species:
H. arnoldi has a conspicuous dorsal colour pattern of broad, dark, transverse bands. Between the base of the 1st and 5th toe there is a marked roundish smooth enlarged scale surrounded by small granular scales (Lanza, 1978).
• H. barodanus Boulenger, 1901 differs from H. granchii in having more infrala- bial scales (8 vs. 7 in H. granchii) and relatively flat dorsal tubercles without distinct keels.
• H. macropholis Boulenger, 1896 differs in the arrangement of the scales around the nostril. First supralabial in H. macropholis is in contact with the nostril unlike in H. granchii, where rostral is touching the outermost nasal and separates the nos- tril from the first supralabial. H. macropholis has also lower number of infralabials (8 vs. 6-7 in H. granchii).
• H. taylori Parker, 1932 has a higher number of lamellae under the 2nd finger (9 vs. 7-8 in H. granchii) and under the 1st toe (8 vs. 7 in H. granchii). It also has more dilated digits than H. granchii (see Lanza 1978, Fig. 19 on p. 262) and ante- rior chin shields in contact only with the first infralabial (1st and 2nd infralabials in H. granchii, at least on one side). The most remarkable difference, which unfortu- nately can not be compared in the newly reported specimen, is the shape of unre- generated tail. The tail of H. taylori has a basal constriction and is considerably wide in comparison with that of H. granchii.
• H. yerburii pauciporosus has more supralabials than H. granchii (11 vs. 9-10) and the nostril is in contact with the first supralabial. [from Šmíd et al. 2014] 
EtymologyNamed after E. Granchi, a friend of Lanza and technician of the Istituto di Zoologia of the University of Florence, “one of the best Italian taxidermists and field naturalists, irreplaceable companion and collaborator during my research in East Africa.” 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Lanza B 1978. On some new or interesting east African amphibians and reptiles. Monitore Zoologico Italiano supplemento 10 (14): 229-297 - get paper here
  • Lanza, B. 1990. Amphibians and reptiles of the Somali Democratic Republic: check list and biogeography. Biogeographia, 14: 407-465 [1988] - get paper here
  • Mazuch, Tomáš 2013. Amphibians and Reptiles of Somaliland and Eastern Ethiopia. Tomáš Mazuch Publishing, 80 pp. ISBN: 978-80-905439-0-4 - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Rösler, Herbert 2015. Bemerkungen über einige Geckos der Zoologischen Staatssammlung München. Gekkota, Suppl. (2): 3-54
  • Sindaco, R., Razzetti E., Ziliani U., Wasonga V., Carugati C., Fasola M. 2007. A New Species of Hemidactylus from Lake Turkana, Northern Kenya (Squamata: Gekkonidae). Acta Herpetologica 2 (1): 37-48
  • Šmíd, Jiří; Salvador Carranza, Lukáš Kratochvíl, Václav Gvoždík, Abdul Karim Nasher, Jiří Moravec 2013. Out of Arabia: A Complex Biogeographic History of Multiple Vicariance and Dispersal Events in the Gecko Genus Hemidactylus (Reptilia: Gekkonidae). PLoS One 8(5): e64018 - get paper here
  • Šmíd, Jiří; Tomáš Mazuch, Roberto Sindaco 2014. An additional record of the little known gecko Hemidactylus granchii Lanza, 1978 (Reptilia: Gekkonidae) from Somalia. Scripta Herpetologica. Studies on Amphibians and Reptiles in honour of Benedetto Lanza: pp. 165-169 - get paper here
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