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Hemidactylus makolowodei BAUER, LEBRETON, CHIRIO, INEICH & TALLA KOUETE, 2006

IUCN Red List - Hemidactylus makolowodei - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common Names 
SynonymHemidactylus makolowodei BAUER, LEBRETON, CHIRIO, INEICH & TALLA KOUETE 2006
Hemidactylus makolowodei — RÖSLER 2015 
DistributionCameroon (NW Province), probably adjacent Nigeria

Type locality: Cameroon, Northwest Province, Nser village, 6°50’30”N, 10°07’10”E, ca. 500 m elevation.  
TypesHolotype: MNHN-RA 2003.2910, (Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris) (Field number 4502x), adult male; collected by Paul Makolowode and Marcel Talla Kouete, 9-25 July 2001 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Alarge Hemidactylus, snout-vent length at least 100 mm. One pair of greatly enlarged postmentals, in contact or narrowly separated from one another. 18-20 rows of relatively small tubercles. 59 scale rows across venter between lowest rows of tubercles. Ten to eleven enlarged scansors beneath fourth toes of both manus and pes. Asingle row of 45 pre-cloacal-femoral pores in males. Body coloration purplish in life with a series of four complete, dark crossmarkings between nape and sacrum, alternating with incomplete transverse bands extending dorsally from the flanks but failing to meet along the dorsal midline Hemidactylus makolowodei may be distinguished from all other equatorial West African congeners on the basis of (sympatric taxa with differing or non-overlapping character states indicated parenthetically): 18-20 rows of dorsal tubercles (0-4 rows in H. richardsonii, 8-10 in H. ansorgii, 10-14 inH. muriceus, 6-14 inH. pseudomuriceus), digits not strongly webbed (webbed in H. richardsonii and H. kamdemtohami), precloacal-femoral pores in male in single row of 45 (fewer than 12 in H. longicephalus, H. echinus, H. muriceus, and H. ansorgii, 14-17 in H. pseudomuriceus, 32-40 in H. f. fasciatus, 34-36 in H. greeffi, lacking in H. newtoni), median subcaudal scale row greatly enlarged transversely (not enlarged or hexagonally enlarged in H. longicephalus, H. echinus, H. kamdemtohami, H. pseudomuriceus, H. muriceus, and H. ansorgii). Both H. angulatus and H. mabouia share overlapping precloacal-femoral pore counts and transversely enlarged subcaudal scales with H. makolowodei. However, both species are much smaller (maximum SVLapproximately 70 mm versus at least 100 mm) and have fewer lamellae beneath the fourth toe (5-9 in H. angulatus and 6-11, usually 6-9, in H. mabouiaversus 10-11 in H. makolowodei). In addition, all these taxa differ markedly in dorsal colour pattern from H. makolowodei. Hemidactylus fasciatus ituriensis Schmidt, 1919 of the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo is similar in colour pattern to H. makolowodei (see Schmidt 1919, pl. XV, fig. 2), but in this form only 16 precloacal-femoral pores have been recorded, the pale background colour in life is a yellowish-white (pale lavender in H. makolowodei), and the distal portions of the hindlimbs are mottled (versus distinctly banded) (from BAUER et al. 2006). 
CommentAbundance: only known from its original description (Meiri et al. 2017). 
EtymologyThe specific epithet is a masculine patronym in honor of Paul Makolowode, from Zimba, Central African Republic, who has worked as a field herpetologist in Cameroon and the Central African Republic. 
  • Bauer, Aaron M., Matthew LeBreton, Laurent Chirio, Ivan Ineich and Marcell T. Kouete 2006. New species of Hemidactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Cameroon. African Journal of Herpetology 55 (2):83-93. - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Chirio, L. & Lebreton, M. 2007. Atlas des reptiles du Cameroun. MNHN, IRD, Paris 688 pp.
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • Rösler, Herbert 2015. Bemerkungen über einige Geckos der Zoologischen Staatssammlung München. Gekkota, Suppl. (2): 3-54
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