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Hemidactylus nzingae CERÍACO, AGARWAL, MARQUES & BAUER, 2020

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Queen Nzinga’s Tropical Gecko
Portuguese: Osga da Rainha Nzinga 
SynonymHemidactylus nzingae CERÍACO, AGARWAL, MARQUES & BAUER 2020: 48
Hemidactylus muriceus — PETERS 1881: 147
Hemidactylus muriceus — BOCAGE 1895: 13
Hemidactylus longicephalus — SCHMIDT 1933: 4 [part]
Hemidactylus longicephalus — MANAÇAS 1963: 227
Hemidactylus brookii angulatus — LAURENT 1964: 29
Hemidactylus cf. muriceus — CERÍACO et al. 2016: 59
Hemidactylus cf. muriceus — CERÍACO et al. 2018: 422
Hemidactylus cf. muriceus — MARQUES et al. 2018: 186
Hemidactylus murecius [sic] — BRANCH et al. 2019: 315

Hemidactylus hannahsabinae CERÍACO, AGARWAL, MARQUES & BAUER 2020: 95
Hemidactylus hannasabinae — CERÍACO et al. 2020: 92 (in error)
Hemidactylus hannahsabinnae — LOBÓN-ROVIRA et al. 2021 (in error)
Hemidactylus nzingae CERÍACO et al. 2020: 48 [part] 
DistributionAngola (Malanje, Uíge, Bíe, Huambo, Lunda Sul, Lunda Norte)

Type locality: Cangandala National Park (-9.872667°, 16.700889°, 1092 m), Malanje Province, Republic of Angola

hannahsabinae: Angola (Bié, Malanje Provinces); Type locality: Pavalange, Luando Natural Reserve (-10.969765°, 17.612431°, 1127 m elevation), Bié Province  
TypesHolotype. CAS 258418 (field number Jvv 9224; Fig. 24; Table 5), adult male, collected by Luis Ceríaco, Mariana Marques, Suzana Bandeira, Edward Stanley and Jens Vindum on 17 September 2015.
Paratypes. CAS 258422, adult male, Cangandala National Park (-9.81011°, 16.65564°, 1086 m), Malanje Province, collected by Luis M. P. Ceríaco, Mariana P. Marques, Suzana Bandeira, Edward L. Stanley and Jens vindum on 26 September 2015; MHNCUP/Rep-464 (field number Jvv 9473), adult male, Cangandala National Park (-9.872667°, 16.700889°, 1092 m), Malanje Province, collected by Luis M. P. Ceríaco, Mariana P. Marques, Suzana Bandeira, Edward L. Stanley and Jens vindum on 10 October 2015; AMNH 47786, adult female, Huambo (-12.776111°, 15.739167°, 1700 m), Huambo Province, collected Herbert Lang and W. Rudyerd Boulton in 1925; AMNH 47782, adult male, Dande (-11.166667°, 17.166667°, 1126 m), Malanje Province, collected by Herbert Lang and W. Rudyerd Boulton in 1925; AMNH 47774, adult male, Chitau (-11.424927°, 17.154407°, 1506 m), Bié Province, collected by Herbert Lang and W. Rudyerd Boulton in August 1925; ANSP 32189, male adult, Pavalange (-10.969765°, 17.612431°, 1127 m), Malanje Province, collected by Harold T. Green in October 1930; CM 5724, male adult, Gaúca (-11.18333°, 17.45°, 1243 m) Bié Province, collected by W. Rudyerd Boulton and Laura Boulton on 10 January 1931; FMNH 18476, male adult, with the same collecting details as the previous paratype; IICT 4-1957 and 5-1957, two female adults, both from Fazenda OtíliaEncoge (-7.55°, 15.03333°, 765 m), Uíge Province, collected by Fernando Frade on 26 August 1957; MD 4008, adult female, Alto-Cuílo (-10.049015°, 19.515477°, 1259 m), Luanda Sul Province, collected by António Barros Machado in June 1954.
Holotype. ANSP 32189 (Fig. 1; Table 2), adult male, collected by Harold T. Green in October 1930. Additional specimens: AMNH [hannahsabinae] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A medium sized Hemidactylus, maximum snout-vent length 51.5 mm (Fig. 23). Dorsal pholidosis heterogeneous, with 17–21 irregularly arranged longitudinal rows of subtrihedral, striated, strongly keeled tubercles at midbody. Two well developed pairs of postmentals, the inner pair longer than the outer pair, but about the same size as the mental, and in broad contact behind the mental. ventrolateral folds distinct, about 23–27 scale rows across venter. Five or six divided scansors beneath first digit of both manus and pes, 6–8 beneath fourth digit of manus, nine (rarely eight) beneath the fourth digit of pes. Males with a continuous series of 6–8 precloacal pores. Original tail roughly cyclotetragonal, strongly spinose; scales on the tail slightly larger than dorsals of trunk, striated, imbricate, with a longitudinal series of two enlarged, strongly keeled, striated, pointed tubercles on either side of the median dorsal furrow. Subcaudal scales small and imbricate, about one fifth of tail width. Body dorsum with a series of dark-brown “W-shaped” transverse markings from occiput to sacrum, bordered by a cream-colored stripe extending from behind the eyes to the insertion of the legs; tail with distinct alternating light and dark bands. 
CommentSynonymy: Lobón-Rovira et al. 2021 synonymized H. hannahsabin(n)ae with H. nzingae and exclude it for comparison in the diagnosis of their other species descriptions. 
EtymologyThe species is named after Ngola Nzinga Mbande (1583–1663), also known by the Portuguese Catholic name of Ana de Sousa, queen of the kingdoms of Ndongo and Matamba and one of the most important Angolan chieftains, whose kingdoms spanned approximately the same region as the known distribution of the new species.
The specific epithet hannahsabinae honors Hannah Sabin of the Sabin family, philanthropic supporters of herpetofaunal conservation. 
  • Bocage,J.V. du B. 1895. Herpétologie d'Angola et du Congo. Lisbon: Imprimerie Nationale, i-xx, 203 pp. - get paper here
  • Branch, William R.; Pedro Vaz Pinto, Ninda Baptista, and Werner Conradie 2019. The Reptiles of Angola: History, Diversity, Endemism and Hotspots. Chapter 13 in: B. J. Huntley et al. (eds.), Biodiversity of Angola. Springer Verlag, pp. 283-334 - get paper here
  • Ceríaco LMP, Parrinha D, Marques MP 2021. Saving collections: taxonomic revision of the herpetological collection of the Instituto de Investigação Científica Tropical, Lisbon (Portugal) with a protocol to rescue abandoned collections. ZooKeys 1052: 85-156 - get paper here
  • Ceríaco, L M P; Marques, M P; Bandeira, S; Blackburn, D C & Bauer, A M 2018. Herpetological survey of Cangandala National Park, with a synoptic list of the amphibians and reptiles of Malanje Province, Central Angola. Herpetological Review 49 (3): 408-431 - get paper here
  • Ceríaco, L. M., Bauer, A. M., Kusamba, C., Agarwal, I., & Greenbaum, E. 2021. A New Species of Ground-Dwelling Hemidactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Southwestern Democratic Republic of the Congo. Journal of Herpetology 55 (2): 105-111 - get paper here
  • Ceríaco, L.M.P., Marques, M.P., Bandeira, S.A. 2016. Anfíbios e Répteis do Parque Nacional da Cangandala. Instituto Nacional da Biodiversidade e Áreas de Conservação & Museu Nacional de História Natural e da Ciência, Luanda & Lisboa, 96 pp
  • CERÍACO, LUIS M. P.; ISHAN AGARWAL, MARIANA P. MARQUES, AARON M. BAUER 2020. A correction to a recent review of the genus Hemidactylus Goldfuss, 1820 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Angola, with the description of two additional species. Zootaxa 4861 (1): 92-106 - get paper here
  • CERÍACO, LUIS M. P.; ISHAN AGARWAL, MARIANA P. MARQUES, AARON M. BAUER 2020. A review of the genus Hemidactylus Goldfuss, 1820 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Angola, with the description of two new species. Zootaxa 4746 (1): 1-71. - get paper here
  • Ceríaco, Luis M. P.; Mariana P. Marques, Ilunga André, Esteves Afonso, David C. Blackburn & Aaron M. Bauer 2020. ILLUSTRATED TYPE CATALOGUE OF THE “LOST” HERPETOLOGICAL COLLECTIONS OF MUSEU DO DUNDO, ANGOLA. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 162 (7): 379-440 - get paper here
  • Conradie W, Keates C, Verburgt L, Baptista NL, Harvey J, Júlio T, Neef G. 2022. Contributions to the herpetofauna of the Angolan Okavango-Cuando-Zambezi River drainages. Part 2: Lizards (Sauria), chelonians, and crocodiles. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 16(2): 181–214 (e322) - get paper here
  • Laurent, R.F. 1964. Reptiles et batraciens de l'Angola (troisième contribution). Companhia de Di amantes de Angola (Diamang), Serviços Culturais, Museu do Dundo (Angola), No. 67, 165 pp.
  • Lobón-Rovira, J., Conradie, W., Buckley Iglesias, D., Ernst, R., Veríssimo, L., Baptista, N., & Pinto, P. V. 2021. Between sand, rocks and branches: an integrative taxonomic revision of Angolan Hemidactylus Goldfuss, 1820, with description of four new species. Vertebrate Zoology 71: 465–501; DOI 10.3897/vz.73.e64781 - get paper here
  • Manacas,S. 1963. Saurios de Angola. Mem. Junta Invest. Ultram. 2nd ser. 43: 223-240
  • Marques, Mariana P.; Luis M. P. Ceríaco , David C. Blackburn , and Aaron M. Bauer 2018. Diversity and Distribution of the Amphibians and Terrestrial Reptiles of Angola -- Atlas of Historical and Bibliographic Records (1840–2017). Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (Ser. 4) 65: 1-501 (Supplement II)
  • Peters, Wilhem Carl Hartwig 1881. Zwei neue von Herrn Major von Mechow während seiner letzten Expedition nach West-Afrika entdeckte Schlangen und eine Übersicht der von ihm mitgebrachten herpetologischen Sammlung. Sitzungsber. Ges. naturf. Freunde Berlin 1881 (9): 147-150 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, Karl Patterson 1933. The reptiles of the Pulitzer Angola Expedition. Annals of the Carnegie Museum 22 (1): 1-15
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