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Hemiergis initialis (WERNER, 1910)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae (Sphenomorphini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
SubspeciesHemiergis initialis brookeri STORR 1975
Hemiergis initialis initialis (WERNER 1910) 
Common NamesE: Southwestern Earless Skink 
SynonymLygosoma (Hemiergis) initiale WERNER 1910: 480
Lygosoma (Leiolopisma) initiale — SMITH 1937: 225
Hemiergis initiale — SMITH 1939
Hemiergis initiale — GLAUERT 1960
Hemiergis initialis — COGGER 1983: 165
Hemiergis initialis — COGGER 2000: 500
Hemiergis initialis — WILSON & SWAN 2010

Hemiergis initialis brookeri STORR 1975
Hemiergis initialis brookeri — STORR et al. 1999 
DistributionAustralia (South Australia, Western Australia)

initialis: SW Western Australia; Type locality: Mt. Helena (as Lion Mill) and Jarrahdale, south W. A.

brookeri: SE Western Australia; Type locality: 40 km WSW of Caiguna, in 32° 20’ S, 125° 00’ E, W. A.  
TypesLectotype: NMW (= NHMW) 16637, designation by Wells & Wellington, 1985.
Syntypes: NMW = NHMW 16637 (Lion Mill), ZMH 3503 (Lion Mill), ZMB 21465 (3 specimens, Lion Mill), 4 other syntypes not found, from Mt. Helena (as Lion Mill) and Jarrahdale, south W. A.
Holotype: WAM R24677 [brookeri] 
CommentSynonymy partly after COGGER 1983.

Limb morphology: 5 digits, 5 toes (Singhal et al. 2018, Reeder and Reichert 2011) 
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Couper, P., Covacevich, J., Amey, A. & Baker, A. 2006. The genera of skinks (Family Scincidae) of Australia and its island territories: diversity, distribution and identification. in: Merrick, J.R., Archer, M., Hickey, G.M. & Lee, M.S.Y. (eds.). Evolution and Zoogeography of Australasian Vertebrates. Australian Scientific Publishing, Sydney, pp. 367-384
  • Gemel, R.; G. Gassner & S. Schweiger 2019. Katalog der Typen der Herpetologischen Sammlung des Naturhistorischen Museums Wien – 2018. Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, B 121: 33–248
  • Glauert, L. 1960. Herpetological miscellanea. XII. The family Scincidae in Western Australia. Pt. 2. The genus Lygosoma. Western Australian Naturalist 7 (4): 81-99 - get paper here
  • Licht, P., W.R. Dawson & V.H. Shoemaker 1966. Heat resistance of some Australian lizards Copeia 1966 (2): 162-169. - get paper here
  • Singhal, Sonal; Huateng Huang, Maggie R. Grundler, María R. Marchán-Rivadeneira, Iris Holmes, Pascal O. Title, Stephen C. Donnellan, and Daniel L. Rabosky 2018. Does Population Structure Predict the Rate of Speciation? A Comparative Test across Australia’s Most Diverse Vertebrate Radiation. The American Naturalist - get paper here
  • Skinner, Adam; Mark N. Hutchinson, Michael S.Y. Lee 2013. Phylogeny and Divergence Times of Australian Sphenomorphus Group Skinks (Scincidae, Squamata). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 69 (3): 906–918 - get paper here
  • Smith, H. M. 1939. A new Australian lizard, with a note on Hemiergis. Field Mus. Nat. Hist. Zool. Ser. 24: 11-14 - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1937. A review of the genus Lygosoma (Scincidae: Reptilia) and its allies. Records of the Indian Museum 39 (3): 213-234
  • Storr, G. M. 1975. The genus Hemiergis (Lacertilia: Scincidae) in Western Australia. Rec. West. Aust. Mus. 3: 251-260 - get paper here
  • Storr, G. M., Smith, L. A. & Johnstone, R. E. 1981. Lizards of Western Australia. I. Skinks. Perth: University of Western Australia Press and Western Australian Museum, 200 pp.
  • Storr, G. M.; L. A. Smith, and R. E. Johnstone 1999. Lizards of Western Australia. I. Skinks. Revised Edition. Western Australian Museum
  • Werner, F. 1910. Reptilia (Geckonidae und Scincidae). In: Michaelsen, W., and R. Hartmeyer: Die Fauna Südwest-Australiens. Vol. 2. G. Fischer, Jena, pp. 451-493. - get paper here
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
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