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Hemiergis peronii (GRAY, 1831)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae (Sphenomorphini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Lowlands Earless Skink 
SynonymSeps peronii FITZINGER 1826: 53 (nom. nud. based on T. descresiensis)
Tetradactylus decresiensis CUVIER 1829: 64
Seps peronii GRAY 1831
Chiamela duvaucellii GRAY 1839: 333 (fide COGGER 1983)
Tetradactylus decresiensis — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 764
Hemiergis peronii — LUCAS & FROST 1894: 82
Hemiergis woodwardi LUCAS & FROST 1902
Lygosoma (Hemiergis) quadridigitatum WERNER 1910: 480 (nom. nov.)
Lygosoma peronii tridactylum BOULENGER 1915
Lygosoma (Leiolopisma) peroni — SMITH 1937: 224
Lygosoma (Leiolopisma) woodwardi — SMITH 1937: 224
Hemiergis peronii — MITTLEMAN 1952: 28
Lygosoma (Leiolepisma) peronii — GLAUERT 1960
Hemiergis quadridigitatum — GLAUERT 1960: 92
Hemiergis tridactylum — GLAUERT 1960: 92
Hemiergis peronii — COGGER 1983: 165
Hemiergis peronii — COGGER 2000: 502
Hemiergis peronii tridactyla — WWW 2006
Hemiergis peronii — SKINNER et al. 2013 
DistributionAustralia (South Australia, Victoria, Western Australia)

Type locality: Ile Decrès [Kangaroo Island, SA]  
TypesSyntypes: MNHN-RA 3040, 7135, 7136, 7136A, NMW 9961, collected Péron & Lesueur.
Syntypes: MNHN-RA 3040, MNHN-RA 7135, MNHN-RA 7136 (2 specimens), NHMW = NMW 9961, from Kangaroo Is., S. A. [Tetradactylus decresiensis]
Holotype: none designated, MNHP (presumed lost), from King George's Sound, W. A. [Chiamela duvaucellii]
Holotype: MNHN-RA 7140, from Australia [Chelomeles quadrilineatus]
Holotype: NMV DI 1772, from W. A. [Hemiergis woodwardi]
Syntypes: BMNH 1946.8.17.65-66, from Yallingup, SW Australia [Lygosoma peronii tridactylum] 
CommentTetradactylus decresiensis CUVIER has long been regarded as a homonym of Tridactylus decresiensis CUVIER. Lygosoma (Hemiergis) quadridigitatum WERNER 1910 is a nomen novum pro Seps peronii FITZINGER 1826. Synonymy mostly after COGGER 1983 who also believed that Fitzinger's Seps Peronii is based on Tetradactylus degesiensis = Hemiergis degresiensis and thus is a nomen nudum. Heteropus Peronii — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839 has been removed from the synonymy of Hemiergis peronii and is now Carlia peronii.

Limb morphology: 4 digits, 4 toes (Singhal et al. 2018, Brandley et al 2008; some populations are 3, 3 in WA) 
EtymologyNamed after François Peron (1775-1810), a French voyager and naturalist. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1915. Descriptions of two new lizards from Australia. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (8) 16: 64-66 - get paper here
  • Bush, B. 1981. Reptiles of the Kalgoorlie-Esperance Region. B. Bush, Perth, 46 pp - get paper here
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Couper, P., Covacevich, J., Amey, A. & Baker, A. 2006. The genera of skinks (Family Scincidae) of Australia and its island territories: diversity, distribution and identification. in: Merrick, J.R., Archer, M., Hickey, G.M. & Lee, M.S.Y. (eds.). Evolution and Zoogeography of Australasian Vertebrates. Australian Scientific Publishing, Sydney, pp. 367-384
  • Cuvier, G. J. L. N. F. D. 1829. Le Regne Animal Distribué, d'apres son Organisation, pur servir de base à l'Histoire naturelle des Animaux et d'introduction à l'Anatomie Comparé. Nouvelle Edition [second edition]. Vol. 2. Les Reptiles. Déterville, Paris, i-xvi, 1-406 - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1839. Erpétologie Générale on Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles. Vol. 5. Roret/Fain et Thunot, Paris, 871 pp. - get paper here
  • Fitzinger, L. 1826. Neue Classification der Reptilien nach ihren natürlichen Verwandtschaften nebst einer Verwandschafts-Tafel und einem Verzeichnisse der Reptilien-Sammlung des K. K. Zoologischen Museums zu Wien. J. G. Heubner, Wien, 66 pp. - get paper here
  • Gemel, R.; G. Gassner & S. Schweiger 2019. Katalog der Typen der Herpetologischen Sammlung des Naturhistorischen Museums Wien – 2018. Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, B 121: 33–248
  • Glauert, L. 1960. Herpetological miscellanea. XII. The family Scincidae in Western Australia. Pt. 2. The genus Lygosoma. Western Australian Naturalist 7 (4): 81-99 - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1831. A synopsis of the species of Class Reptilia. In: Griffith, E & E. Pidgeon: The animal kingdom arranged in conformity with its organisation by the Baron Cuvier with additional descriptions of all the species hither named, and of many before noticed [V Whittaker, Treacher and Co., London: 481 + 110 pp. [1830]
  • Gray,J.E. 1839. Catalogue of the slender-tongued saurians, with descriptions of many new genera and species. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 2 (11): 331-337 [continued from page 293] - get paper here
  • Hallermann, J. 2020. An annotated list of reptiles and amphibians from the 1905 Hamburg expedition to southwest Australia deposited in the Zoological Museum Hamburg. Evolutionary Systematics 4: 61 - get paper here
  • Hugi, Jasmina; Mark N. Hutchinson, D. Koyabu, Marcelo R. Sánchez-Villagra 2012. Heterochronic shifts in the ossification sequences of surface- and subsurface-dwelling skinks are correlated with the degree of limb reduction. Zoology 115 (3): 188-198 - get paper here
  • Kinghorn, J. Roy 1924. Reptiles and batrachians from south and south-west Australia. Rec. Austral. Mus. 14 (3): 163-183 - get paper here
  • Lucas, A. H. S. & Frost, C. 1894. The lizards indigenous to Victoria. Proc. R. Soc. Vict. (ns) 6: 24-92 - get paper here
  • Lucas, A. H. S. & Frost, C. 1902. Descriptions of some new lizards from Western Australia. Proc. R. Soc. Vict. 15: 76-79 - get paper here
  • Reeder, T.W. 2003. A phylogeny of the Australian Sphenomorphus group (Scincidae: Squamata) and the phylogenetic placement of the crocodile skinks (Tribolonotus): Bayesian approaches to assessing congruence and obtaining confidence in maximum likelihood inferred relatio Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 27: 384–397 - get paper here
  • Singhal, Sonal; Huateng Huang, Maggie R. Grundler, María R. Marchán-Rivadeneira, Iris Holmes, Pascal O. Title, Stephen C. Donnellan, and Daniel L. Rabosky 2018. Does Population Structure Predict the Rate of Speciation? A Comparative Test across Australia’s Most Diverse Vertebrate Radiation. The American Naturalist - get paper here
  • Skinner, Adam; Mark N. Hutchinson, Michael S.Y. Lee 2013. Phylogeny and Divergence Times of Australian Sphenomorphus Group Skinks (Scincidae, Squamata). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 69 (3): 906–918 - get paper here
  • Smith, M. A. 1927. Contribution to the herpetology of the Indo-Australian Region. Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1: 199-225.
  • Smith, M.A. 1937. A review of the genus Lygosoma (Scincidae: Reptilia) and its allies. Records of the Indian Museum 39 (3): 213-234
  • Smyth, M. 1968. The distribution and life history of the skink, Hemiergis peronii (Fitzinger). Trans. R. Soc. S. Aust. 92: 51-58 - get paper here
  • Storr, G. M. 1975. The genus Hemiergis (Lacertilia: Scincidae) in Western Australia. Rec. West. Aust. Mus. 3: 251-260 - get paper here
  • Storr, G. M.; L. A. Smith, and R. E. Johnstone 1999. Lizards of Western Australia. I. Skinks. Revised Edition. Western Australian Museum
  • Tiedemann,F.; Häupl,M. & Grillitsch,H. 1994. Katalog der Typen der herpetologischen Sammlung nach dem Stand vom 1. Jänner 1994. Teil II: Reptilia. Kat. wiss. Samml. Naturhist. Mus. Wien 10 (Vertebrata 4): 1-110
  • Werner, F. 1910. Reptilia (Geckonidae und Scincidae). In: Michaelsen, W., and R. Hartmeyer: Die Fauna Südwest-Australiens. Vol. 2. G. Fischer, Jena, pp. 451-493. - get paper here
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
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