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Hemiphyllodactylus arakuensis AGARWAL, KHANDEKAR, GIRI, RAMAKRISHNAN & KARANTH, 2019

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Araku slender gecko 
SynonymHemiphyllodactylus arakuensis AGARWAL, KHANDEKAR, GIRI, RAMAKRISHNAN & KARANTH 2019 
DistributionIndia (Andhra Pradesh)

Type locality: Forest Rest House, Araku, Visakhapatnam District, Andhra Pradesh, India (18.326° N, 82.877° E, 940 m elevation).  
Reproductionoviparous (manual imputation, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesHolotype: CES (given as G 446, without explanation), adult male, collected on 2 March 2014 by Aparna Lajmi, V. Deepak and Aniruddha Datta-Roy. Paratypes: Five adult females (G 442–G 444, G 448–449), two adult males (G 445, G 447), have same collection data as holotype. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Hemiphyllodactylus arakuensis sp. nov. can be distinguished from other members of the genus by a combination of maxi- mum SVL of 39.0 mm; 8–11 chin scales; postmentals not enlarged; 9–12 SL; 9–12 IL; 13–16 dorsal scales and 7–9 ventral scales at mid-body contained within one longitudinal eye diameter; four or five subdigital lamellae on the first finger and five (rarely six) on toes; lamellar formula of manus 2222; lamellar formula of pes 2333/3333; males with eight or nine precloacal scales separated by 11–14 unpored scales from a series of two or three pore-bearing femoral scales on each thigh; no plate-like enlarged subcaudals; dark postorbital stripe and longitudinal markings on nape extending to fore- limb insertions; dorsal pattern of 7–9 irregular dark bands or strong reticulations, light paravertebral spots very fine if pres- ent; postsacral marking with light-coloured anteriorly projecting arms and belly stippled with black. 
EtymologyThe specific epithet is a toponym for the type locality of the species, Araku. 
  • Agarwal, Ishan; Akshay Khandekar, Varad B. Giri & Uma Ramakrishnan 2019. The hills are alive with geckos! A radiation of a dozen species on sky islands across peninsular India (Squamata: Gekkonidae, Hemiphyllodactylus) with the description of three new species. Org Divers Evol - get paper here
  • Ganesh, S.R.; S. Bhupathy, P. Karthik, G. Babu Rao & S. Babu 2020. Catalogue of herpetological specimens from peninsular India at the Sálim Ali Centre for Ornithology & Natural History (SACON), India. JoTT 12 (9): 16123–16135 - get paper here
  • NGUYEN, TRUONG QUANG; QUYEN HANH DO, HANH THI NGO, ANH VAN PHAM,<br />CUONG THE PHAM, MINH DUC LE, & THOMAS ZIEGLER 2020. Two new species of Hemiphyllodactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Hoa Binh Province, Vietnam. Zootaxa 4801 (3): 513–536 - get paper here
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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