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Hemiphyllodactylus linnwayensis GRISMER, WOOD, THURA, ZIN, QUAH, MURDOCH, GRISMER, LI, KYAW & LWIN, 2017

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Linn-Way dwarf gecko 
SynonymHemiphyllodactylus linnwayensis GRISMER, WOOD, THURA, ZIN, QUAH, MURDOCH, GRISMER, LI, KYAW & LWIN 2017: 26 
DistributionMyanmar (Shan)

Type locality: Linn-Way Village, 64.7 km north of Kalaw, Taunggyi District, Shan State, Myanmar (21°13.356N, 96°32.780E; elevation 1306 m).  
Reproductionoviparous (manual imputation, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesHolotype: LSUHC 12987, Adult female, collected on 14 October 2016 at 1800 hours by L. Lee Grismer, Evan S. H. Quah, Perry L. Wood, Jr., Matthew L. Murdoch, Thaw Zin, Myint Kyaw Thura, Htet Kyaw, and Marta S. Grismer. Paratype: LSUHC 12969, Adult female, collected on 13 October 2016 by Myint Kyaw Thura from the same locality as the holotype. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Hemiphyllodactylus linnwayensis sp. nov. can be separated from all other species of Hemiphyllodactylus by possessing the unique combination of having a maximum SVL of 41.5 mm; 4–6 chin scales; enlarged postmentals; five circumnasal scales; two scales between supranasals (=postrostrals); nine or 10 supralabials; eight infrala- bials; 13 or 14 longitudinally arranged dorsal scales at midbody contained within one eye diameter and eight ventral scales; varied digital formulae (Table 3); three or four subdigital lamellae on the first finger; four or five subdigital lamellae on the first toe; no plate-like subcaudal scales; adult females not yellow; dark postorbital stripe not extending onto trunk; pairs of light-coloured paravertebral spots on trunk; dorsal body pattern not unicolour; postsacral marking not bearing light- coloured anteriorly projecting arms; and caecum and gonads unpigmented. These characters are scored across all species of Hemiphyllodactylus from clades 3 and 4 (Table 3 in Grismer et al. 2017).

Comparisons: The molecular analyses indicate that Hemiphyllodactylus linnwayensis sp. nov. is embedded within clade 4 of the typus group and is the sister lineage to the sister species H. tonywhitteni sp. nov. and H. montawaensis sp. nov. Hemiphyllodactylus linnwayensis sp. nov. can be separated from all species of clades 3 and 4 except H. montawaensis sp. nov. by having fewer chin scales (4–6 as opposed to 5–12, collectively). It differs further from H. jinpingensis, H. chiangmaiensis, H. changningensis, and H. long- lingensis in lacking as opposed to having dark, dorsolateral stripes on the trunk and dark, dorsal, transverse blotches. It differs from H. tonywhitteni sp. nov. in lacking well-defined, light-coloured, anteriorly projecting arms of the postsacral marking. It differs from H. montawaensis sp. nov. in that adult females are grey as opposed to yellow and having pairs of light-coloured, paravertebral spots on the trunk. See comparison section for H. tonywhitteni sp. nov. for a discussion of the PCA and DAPC results. 
CommentHabitat: Linn-Way village is a small, spread-out, somewhat isolated village on the western fringes of the Shan Plateau surrounded by secondary, upland forest (Figure 13). Four Hemiphyllodactylus linnwayensis sp. nov. were seen in this region but only two were collected. The paratype (LSUHC 12969) was found beneath a small log on the grounds of a monastery at 0100 hours and the holotype (LSUHC 12987) was collected from an interior wall of a small house in the village at 2200 hours while we were being served dinner. Another specimen was observed on the same wall the following night but escaped collection. Another specimen that we presume was the same species was observed on a small wooden structure in the middle of a fallow field 3.4 km south of Linn-Way Village outside Yae Whin Cave that also escaped collection. No specimens were seen on karst microhabitats in the region that we extensively explored. 
EtymologyThis specific epithet ‘linnwayensis’ refers to the type locality of Linn-Way Village. 
  • Grismer, L. Lee; Perry L. Wood Jr, Myint Kyaw Thura, Thaw Zin, Evan S. H. Quah, Matthew L. Murdoch, Marta S. Grismer , Aung Li, Htet Kyaw & Ngwe Lwin 2017. Phylogenetic taxonomy of Hemiphyllodactylus Bleeker, 1860 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) with descriptions of three new species from Myanmar. Journal of Natural History 52: 881-915 - get paper here
  • GRISMER, L. LEE; PERRY L. WOOD, JR., GEORGE R. ZUG, MYINT KYAW THURA, MARTA S. GRISMER, MATTHEW L. MURDOCH, EVAN S. H. QUAH & AUNG LIN 2018. Two more new species of Hemiphyllodactylus Bleeker (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from the Shan Hills of eastern Myanmar (Burma). Zootaxa 4483 (2): 295–316 - get paper here
  • NGUYEN, TRUONG QUANG; QUYEN HANH DO, HANH THI NGO, ANH VAN PHAM,<br />CUONG THE PHAM, MINH DUC LE, & THOMAS ZIEGLER 2020. Two new species of Hemiphyllodactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Hoa Binh Province, Vietnam. Zootaxa 4801 (3): 513–536 - get paper here
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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