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Hemorrhois hippocrepis (LINNAEUS, 1758)

IUCN Red List - Hemorrhois hippocrepis - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Horseshoe Snake, Horseshoe Whip Snake
G: Hufeisennatter
D: Hoefijzerslang
Italian: colubro ferro di cavallo 
SynonymColuber hippocrepis LINNAEUS 1758: 226
Coluber domesticus LINNAEUS 1767: 389
Natrix hippocrepis LAURENTI 1768: 77
Hemorrhois hippocrepis (LINNAEUS) — BOIE 1826: 982
Periops hippocrepis (LINNAEUS) — WAGLER 1830: 189
Coluber diadema BONELLI 1834: 299
Calopeltis hippocrepis — EICHWALD 1839: 441
Periops hippocrepis — DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 675
Zamenis hippocrepis — GÜNTHER 1858: 103
Zamenis hippocrepis — BOETTGER 1874
Zamenis (Periops) hippocrepis — BOETTGER 1885
Zamenis hippocrepis — BOULENGER 1893: 409
Zamenis hippocrepis — BOULENGER 1913
Haemorrhois hippocrepis — WELCH
Coluber hippocrepis intermedius — SOCHUREK 1979
Coluber hippocrepis nigrescens CATTANEO 1985
Coluber hippocrepis nigrescens — SCHÄTTI & WILSON 1986
Haemorrhois ravergieri — MEHRTENS 1987: 142
Coluber hippocrepis — ENGELMANN et al 1993
Coluber hippocrepis — SCHLEICH, KÄSTLE & KABISCH 1996: 481
Hemorrhois hippocrepis — UTIGER et al. 2002
Hemorrhois hippocrepis — NAGY et al. 2004
Hemorrhois hippocrepis — SCHÄTTI & MONSCH 2004
Hemerrhois hippocrepis — BURBRINK & LAWSON 2007 (in error)
Hemmorrhois hippocrepis — BURBRINK & LAWSON 2007 (in error)
Hemorrhois hippocrepis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 327
Haemorrhois hippocrepis — GENIEZ 2018 (in error) 
DistributionSpain (introduced to Mallorca, Ibiza), Portugal, Gibraltar, Italy (Sardinia), Pantelleria (Fabio, pers. comm.),
Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia

Type locality: „América" (in error)  
TypesHolotype: NRM (= NHR) Lin-29
Holotype: private collection, adult male, CH 6 C.C. (= Collezione Erpetologia Augusto Cattaneo, Roma [nigrescens] 
CommentSubspecies: Coluber hippocrepis nigrescens has not been generally accepted and was considered as a variant of the nominate species (e.g. Schätti in Böhme et al. 1993: 124).

Not on Lampedusa (fide L.V. Fabio [])

Type species: Coluber hippocrepis LINNAEUS 1758 is the type species of the genus Hemorrhois BOIE 1826.

Distribution: For a map see Sindaco et al. 2013. 
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