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Heosemys spinosa (GRAY, 1831)

IUCN Red List - Heosemys spinosa - Endangered, EN

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Higher TaxaGeoemydidae (Geoemydinae), Testudinoidea, Testudines (turtles)
Common NamesE: Spiny turtle
G: Stachelrandschildkröte 
SynonymEmys spinosa GRAY 1831
Geoemyda spinosa HARDWICKE & GRAY: plate 2
Emys Spinosa — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1835: 327
Emys spinosa — BELL 1836-1842
Emys spinosa — SOWERBY 1872
Geoemyda spinosa — GRAY 1873: 320
Heosemys spinosa — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997: 448
Heosemys spinosa — COX et al. 1998: 127
Heosemys spinosa — TTWG 2014 
DistributionMyanmar (= Burma) (Tenasserim), Philippines,
S Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia (Sumatra, Borneo), Singapore

Type locality: Penang [West Malaysia]  
TypesHolotype: BMNH, probably specimen "c" in Boulenger 1889:138 (fide Bourret (1941: 159, Iverson 1992: 128) 
CommentPicture in Draco 13 (4): 93 (2003).

Type species: Emys spinosa GRAY 1831 is the type species of the genus Heosemys STEJNEGER 1902: 238. 
  • Ahmad, Norhayati; Eddie Ahmad, Mahathir Ratag, Edward Asrul Alimin Sinon, Brandon Don, Francer Francis, Muhammad Ridzuan Mahmod, Amshari Agimin, Daicus Belabut 2019. Amphibians and Reptiles of Imbak Canyon Study Centre and Batu Timbang Camp. Journal of Tropical Biology and Conservation 16: 25–33
  • Auliya, M. 2006. Taxonomy, Life History, and conservation of giant reptiles in west Kalimantan. Natur und Tier Verlag, Münster, 432 pp. - get paper here
  • Becker, H. 1994. Bemerkungen zur Aufzucht und Haltung der Stachel-Erdschildkröte Heosemys spinosa (Gray,1831). . Herpetofauna 16 (91): 06-10 - get paper here
  • Bell, T. 1836. A monograph of the Testudinata. London, 1836-1842 (sometimes given as 1832-1836, not date given, unnumbered pages) - get paper here
  • Bong Heang, Kiew 1987. An annotated checklist of the herpetofauna of Ulu Endau, Johore, Malaysia. Malayan Nature Journal 41 (2-3): 413-423.
  • Chan-ard, T., Parr, J.W.K. & Nabhitabhata, J. 2015. A field guide to the reptiles of Thailand. Oxford University Press, NY, 352 pp. [see book reviews by Pauwels & Grismer 2015 and Hikida 2015 for corrections] - get paper here
  • Cox, Merel J.; Van Dijk, Peter Paul; Jarujin Nabhitabhata & Thirakhupt,Kumthorn 1998. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand. Ralph Curtis Publishing, 144 pp.
  • Das, Indraneil 1996. First record of Heosemys spinosa from the Philippines, with biogeographic notes. Chelonian Conserv. Biol. 2 (1): 80-82
  • Diesmos, Arvin C.; Rafe M. Brown, Angel C. Alcala, and Rogelio V. Sison 2008. Status and Distribution of Nonmarine Turtles of the Philippines. Chelonian Conservation and Biology 7(2): 157 - get paper here
  • Duméril, A.M.C., and G. Bibron. 1835. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles, Vol. 2. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris, iv + 680 p. - get paper here
  • Ernst,C.H. and Barbour,R.W. 1989. Turtles of the World. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. - London
  • Fritz, U. 1997. Zum Vorkommen von Heosemys spinosa (GRAY 1831) auf den Philippinen (Reptilia: Testudines: Bataguridae). Faun. Abh. Mus. Tierk. Dresden 21 (7): 131-134 - get paper here
  • Fritz, Uwe & Hendrik Freitag 2008. Geoemydid turtles of the Sulu Archipelago, Philippines, and a historical record of Cyclemys dentata (Gray, 1831) for Siasi Island. Herpetology Notes 1: 11-12
  • Gaulke, Maren; Fritz, Uwe 1998. Distribution patterns of batagurid turtles in the Philippines (Testudines: Bataguridae: Cuora, Cyclemys, Heosemys). Herpetozoa 11 (1/2): 3-12 - get paper here
  • Goetz, Matthias 2007. Husbandry and breeding of the Spiny Turtle Heosemys spinosa (Gray, 1931) at the Durrell Wildlife Conservation Trust. Radiata 16(2): 2-15
  • Gray, J. E. 1831. A synopsis of the species of Class Reptilia. In: Griffith, E & E. Pidgeon: The animal kingdom arranged in conformity with its organisation by the Baron Cuvier with additional descriptions of all the species hither named, and of many before noticed [V Whittaker, Treacher and Co., London: 481 + 110 pp. [1830]
  • Gray,J.E. 1873. Additional notes on the form of the bones in the sternum of very young tortoises, and their development. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (4) 12: 319-323 - get paper here
  • Gray. J. E. 1834. Illustrations of Indian Zoology, chiefly selected from the collection of Major - General Hardwicke. Vol. 2. London (1833-1834): 263 pp., 95 plates - get paper here
  • Grismer, L. Lee; Chan K. Onn, Jesse L. Grismer, Perry L. Wood, Jr., and A. Norhayati 2010. A CHECKLIST OF THE HERPETOFAUNA OF THE BANJARAN BINTANG, PENINSULAR MALAYSIA. Russ. J. Herpetol. 17 (2): 147-160 - get paper here
  • Grossmann,W. & Tillack,F. 2001. Bemerkungen zur Herpetofauna des Khao Lak, Phang Nga, thailändische Halbinsel. Teil II: Reptilia: Serpentes; Testudines; Diskussion. Sauria 23 (1): 25-40 - get paper here
  • Herman, Dennis W. 1993. Reproduction and management of the southeast Asian spiny turtle (Heosemys spinosa) in captivity. Herpetological Natural History 1 (1): 97-100
  • Lee, J. C.I.; Tsai, L.C.; Liao, S.P.; Linacre, A. & Hsieh, H.M. 2009. Species identification using the cytochrome b gene of commercial turtle shells. Forensic Science International: Genetics 3: 67–73
  • Malkmus, R.; Manthey, U.; Vogel, G. Hoffmann, P. & Kosuch, J. 2002. Amphibians and reptiles of Mount Kinabalu (North Borneo). A.R.G. Ganther Verlag, Rugell, 404 pp.
  • Manthey, U. & Grossmann, W. 1997. Amphibien & Reptilien Südostasiens. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 512 pp. - get paper here
  • Mertens, R. 1971. Die Stachelschildkröte (Heosemys spinosa) und ihre Verwandten. Salamandra 7 (2): 49-54 - get paper here
  • ONN, CHAN KIN; L. LEE. GRISMER, DIONYSIUS S. SHARMA, DAICUS BELABUT, and NORHAYATI AHMA 2009. New herpetofaunal records for Perlis State Park and adjacent areas. Malayan Nature Journal 61 (4): 255 - 262
  • Pauwels,O.S.G. et al. 2000. Herpetological investigations in Phang-Nga Province, southern Peninsular Thailand, with a list of reptile species and notes on their biology. Dumerilia 4 (2): 123-154 - get paper here
  • Platt, Kalyar; Steven G. Platt, and Thomas R. Rainwater 2014. First Record of the Spiny Turtle (Heosemys spinosa) in Myanmar. Chelonian Conservation and Biology Dec 2014, Vol. 13, No. 2: 257-260. - get paper here
  • Rooijen, J. van, Chan Kin Onn, L. Lee Grismer & Norhayati Ahmad 2011. Estimating the herpetofaunal species richness of Pangkor Island, Peninsular Malaysia. Bonn zoological Bulletin 60 (1): 3-8 - get paper here
  • Schilde, M. 2004. Asiatische Sumpfschildkröten - Die Familie Geoemydidae in Südostasien, China und Japan. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 192 pp. - get paper here
  • Sowerby, James de Carle and Edward Lear 1872. Tortoises, terrapins, and turtles: drawn from life. London, Paris, and Frankfort :H. Sotheran, J. Baer & co. - get paper here
  • SPINKS, PHILLIP Q.; THOMSON, ROBERT C.; HUGHES, BILL; MOXLEY, BRAD; BROWN, RAFE; DIESMOS, ARVIN; SHAFFER, H. BRADLEY 2012. Cryptic variation and the tragedy of unrecognized taxa: the case of international trade in the spiny turtle Heosemys spinosa (Testudines: Geoemydidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 164 (4): 811-824 - get paper here
  • Stejneger,L. 1902. Some generic names of turtles. Proc. Biol. Soc, Washington 15: 235-238 - get paper here
  • Sumarli, Alex X.; L. Lee Grismer, Shahrul Anuar, Mohd Abdul Muin and Evan S.H. Quah 2015. First report on the amphibians and reptiles of a remote mountain, Gunung Tebu in northeastern Peninsular Malaysia. Check List 11 (4): 1679 - get paper here
  • Teo, R.C.H. & Rajathurai, S. 1997. Mammals, reptiles and amphibians in the Nature Reserves of Singapore - diversity, abundance and distribution. Proc. Nature Reserves Survey Seminar. Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore 49: 353-425
  • TEYNIÉ, ALEXANDRE; PATRICK DAVID, & ANNEMARIE OHLER 2010. Note on a collection of Amphibians and Reptiles from Western Sumatra (Indonesia), with the description of a new species of the genus Bufo. Zootaxa 2416: 1–43 - get paper here
  • TTWG [Peter Paul van Dijk, John B. Iverson, Anders G.J. Rhodin, H. Bradley Shaffer, and Roger Bour] 2014. Turtles of the World, 7th Edition: Annotated Checklist of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution with Maps, and Conservation Status. 000.v7. Chelonian Research Monographs (ISSN 1088-7105) No. 5, doi:10.3854/crm.5.000.checklist.v7.2014 - get paper here
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