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Herpetoreas platyceps (BLYTH, 1854)

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Natricinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Himalayan Keelback
G: Asiatische Gebirgswassernatter
Chinese: 平头腹链蛇 
SynonymTropidonotus platyceps BLYTH 1854: 297 (part.)
Zamenis himalayanus STEINDACHNER 1867: 513
Tropidonotus platyceps — ANDERSON 1871: 176
Tropidonotus himalayanus — ANDERSON 1871: 178
Tropidonotus platyceps — HUBRECHT 1882: 142
Tropidonotus platyceps — BOULENGER 1893: 248
Tropidonotus platyceps — CARDEW 1896: 592
Tropidonotus firthi WALL 1914: 166
Rhabdophis platyceps — WALL 1923: 604
Rhabdophis firthi — WALL 1923: 606
Natrix platyceps — SHAW et al. 1939: 118
Natrix platyceps — SMITH 1943: 305
Amphiesma platyceps MALNATE 1960
Amphiesma platyceps — DAS 1996: 53
Natrix firthi — SHAW et al. 2000: 30
Amphiesma platyceps — SCHLEICH et al. 2002: 85
Herpetoreas platyceps — GUO et al. 2014
Amphiesma platyceps — WALLACH et al. 2014: 32
Amphiesma platyceps — SAHI & KOUL 2020 
DistributionIndia (Kashmir, Sikkim, Punjab, Assam, Darjeeling, Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir), Nepal (1040 up to 3657 m elevation),
Bangladesh, Pakistan, Bhutan, China (Xizang = Tibet)

Type locality: Restricted to “Darjiling” by MALNATE (1966).  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: ZSI 7482 
Diagnosis 
CommentMildly venomous

Synonymy: A. sieboldii has been synonymized with A. platyceps but MALNATE (1966) removed the former from its synonymy. Has been confused with A. parallela. Reports from Myanmar (= Burma) have not been confirmed (see also TILLACK 2003). 
References
  • Anderson, J. 1871. On some Indian reptiles. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1871: 149-211 - get paper here
  • Bauer A M; Gunther R 1992. A preliminary report on the reptile fauna of the Kingdom of Bhutan with the description of a new species of scincid lizard (Reptilia: Scincidae). Asiatic Herpetological Research 4: 23-36 - get paper here
  • Blyth, EDWARD. 1855. Notices and descriptions of various reptiles, new or little known [part 2]. J. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, Calcutta, 23 (3): 287-302 [1854] - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A., Annandale, N., Wall, F. & Regan, C.T. 1907. Reports on a collection of batrachia, reptiles and fish from Nepal and the western Himalayas. Lacertilia. Records of the Indian Museum 1:149—155 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor & Francis, London, xviii, 541 pp. - get paper here
  • Cardew, A.G. 1896. A rough key to the identification of Indian ophidia. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 10: 585-596 - get paper here
  • David, P.; Vogel, G. & Pauwels, O.S.G. 2005. On the occurrence of Amphiesma bitaeniatum (WALL, 1925) in Vietnam, with preliminary remarks on the group of Amphiesma parallelum (BOULENGER, 1890) (Serpentes, Colubridae, Natriciniae). Salamandra 41 (4): 167-178 - get paper here
  • DAVID, PATRICK; ISHAN AGARWAL, RAMANA ATHREYA, ROSAMMA MATHEW,<br />GERNOT VOGEL & VIRAL K. MISTRY 2015. Revalidation of Natrix clerki Wall, 1925, an overlooked species in the genus Amphiesma Duméril, Bibron & Duméril, 1854 (Squamata: Natricidae). Zootaxa 3919 (2): 375–395 - get paper here
  • Gautam, Bivek; Mukesh Kumar Chalise, Kul Bahadur Thapa, and Santosh Bhattarai 2020. Distributional patterns of amphibians and reptiles in Ghandruk, Annapurna Conservation Area, Nepal. IRCF Reptiles & Amphibians 27 (1): 18–28 - get paper here
  • Gemel, R.; G. Gassner & S. Schweiger 2019. Katalog der Typen der Herpetologischen Sammlung des Naturhistorischen Museums Wien – 2018. Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, B 121: 33–248
  • GUO, PENG; FEI ZHU, QIN LIU, LIANG ZHANG, JIAN X. LI, YU Y. HUANG & R. ALEXANDER PYRON 2014. A taxonomic revision of the Asian keelback snakes, genus Amphiesma (Serpentes: Colubridae: Natricinae), with description of a new species. Zootaxa 3873 (4): 425–440 - get paper here
  • Hubrecht, A.A.W. 1882. List of reptiles and amphibians brought from British india by Mr. Francis Day. Notes from the Leyden Museum 4: 138-144 - get paper here
  • Kästle , W., Rai, K. & Schleich, H.H. 2013. FIELD GUIDE to Amphibians and Reptiles of Nepal. ARCO-Nepal e.V., 625 pp. - get paper here
  • Kramer, E. 1977. Zur Schlangenfauna Nepals. Revue Suisse de Zoologie 84 (3): 721-761. - get paper here
  • Lenz, Norbert 2012. Von Schmetterlingen und Donnerdrachen - Natur und Kultur in Bhutan. Karlsruher Naturhefte 4, Naturkundemuseum Karlsruhe, 124 pp.
  • Malnate, E. V. 1966. Amphiesma platyceps (BLYTH) and Amphiesma sieboldii (GÜNTHER): sibling species (Reptilia: Serpentes). J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 63 (1): 1-17 - get paper here
  • Nanhoe, L.M.R., & Ouboter, P.E. 1987. The distribution of reptiles and amphibians in the Annapurna-Dhaulagiri region (Nepal). Zoologische Verhandelingen (240): 1-105 - get paper here
  • O’Shea, M. 2018. The Book of Snakes. Ivy Press / Quarto Publishing, London, - get paper here
  • Pokhrel, Ganesh Kumar and Sudeep Thakuri 2016. Herpetofaunal diversity in Manaslu Conservation Area, Nepal. Our Nature 14 (1): 99-106 - get paper here
  • Rais, Muhammad; Ayesha Akram, Syeda Maria Ali, Muhammad Arslan Asadi, Misbah Jahangir, Muhammad Jawad Jilani, <br />and Maqsood Anwar 2015. Qualitative Analysis of Factors Influencing the Diversity and Spatial Distribution of Herpetofauna in Chakwal Tehsil (Chakwal District), Punjab, Pakistan. Herp. Cons. Biol. 10 (3) - get paper here
  • Sahi D.N., Koul S. 2020. Annotated List of Amphibians and Reptiles of Jammu and Kashmir State. In: Dar G. & Khuroo A. (eds) Biodiversity of the Himalaya: Jammu and Kashmir State. Topics in Biodiversity and Conservation, vol 18. Springer, Singapore - get paper here
  • Saikia, U.; Sharma, D.K. & Sharma, R.M. 2007. Checklist of the Reptilian fauna of Himachal Pradesh, India. Reptile Rap (8): 6-9 - get paper here
  • Schleich, H.H. & Kästle, W. 2002. Amphibians and Reptiles of Nepal. Koeltz, Königstein, 1200 pp. [review in Reptilia 40: 87] - get paper here
  • Sharma, R. C. 2004. Handbook Indian Snakes. AKHIL BOOKS, New Delhi, 292 pp.
  • Shaw, G.E.; Shebbeare, E.O. & Barker, P.E. 1939. The snakes of northern Bengal and Sikkim, Part 4. The colubrine snakes. J. Darjeeling Nat. Hist. Soc. 13: 114-123
  • Shaw, G.E.; Shebbeare, E.O. & Barker, P.E. 2000. The snakes of Sikkim and Bengal [reprint]. Asiatic Publ. House (Delhi), 125 pp.
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • Steindachner, F. 1867. Ueber drei neue Schlangenarten [Calamaria philippinica]. Verh. zool.-botan. Ges. Wien 17: 513-516
  • Stoliczka, F. 1870. Observations on some Indian and Malayan Amphibia and Reptilia. J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 39: 134-228. - get paper here
  • Swan, L.W., & Leviton, A.E. 1962. The herpetology of Nepal: a history, check list, and zoogeographical analysis of the herpetofauna. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 32 (6) (4.s.): 103-147. - get paper here
  • Tillack, F. 2003. Über die Verbreitung und Biologie der Himalaya-Gebirgswassernatter Amphiesma platyceps (BLYTH 1854) und einen Fall von Amphigonia retardata (Serpentes: Colubridae: Natricinae). Sauria 25 (1): 21-27 - get paper here
  • Tshewang, S. & L. Letro 2018. The herpetofauna of Jigme Singye Wangchuck National Park in central Bhutan: status, distribution and new records. Journal of Threatened Taxa 10(11): 12489–12498; - get paper here
  • Wall, F. 1913. A new snake of the genus Tropidonotus from the Eastern Himalayas. Tropidonotus Firthi, spec. nov. J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 23: 167 - get paper here
  • Wall,F. 1923. A Hand-list of the Snakes of the Indian Empire. Part 2. J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 29: 598-632 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Wang, Kai; Jinlong Ren, Hongman Chen, Zhitong Lyu, Xianguang Guo Ke Jiang, Jinmin Chen, Jiatang Li, Peng Guo, Yingyong Wang, Jing Che 2020. The updated checklists of amphibians and reptiles of China. Biodiversity Science 28 (2): 189-218 - get paper here
  • Wangyal, Jigme Tshelthrim 2019. The status of herpetofauna of Bhutan. District Forest Office, District Administration, Trashigang, Bhutan, 20-39 - get paper here
  • Zhao, E.M. 2006. The snakes of China [in Chinese]. Hefei, China, Anhui Sience & Technology Publ. House, Vol. I, 372 pp., Vol. II (color plates), 280 pp.
  • Ziegler, T., and Quyet, L.K. 2006. A new natricine snake of the genus Amphiesma (Squamata: Colubridae: Natricinae) from the central Truong Son, Vietnam. Zootaxa 1225:39-56 - get paper here
 
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