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Hierophis cypriensis (SCHÄTTI, 1985)

IUCN Red List - Hierophis cypriensis - Endangered, EN

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesG: Zypern-Schlanknatter 
SynonymColuber cypriensis SCHÄTTI 1985
Coluber cypriensis —SCHÄTTI & WILSON 1986
Hierophis cypriensis — SCHÄTTI 1988
Hierophis cypriensis — NAGY et al. 2004
Dolichophis cypriensis — NAGY et al. 2004
Hierophis cypriensis — VENCHI & SINDACO 2006
Hierophis cypriensis — BAIER et al. 2009
Hierophis cypriensis — GRUBER 2009
Hierophis cypriensis — KYRIAZI et al. 2013
Dolichophis cypriensis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 138 

Type locality: Between Arakapàs and kalokhorio, limassol, cyprus.  
TypesHolotype: MHNG 2206.30, an 869 mm female (14 April 1983). 
CommentMentioned in 1994 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. Not listed by ENGELMANN et al. (1993).

The inclusion of gyarosensis in Dolichophis is “probable” according to NAGY et al. (2004). 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality. 
  • Baier, F.; Sparrow, D.J. & Wiedl, H.J. 2009. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Cyprus. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt/M., ca. 370 pp.
  • Baier, Felix; Nicolaou, Haris; Rodder, Dennis 2014. A species distribution model for the endemic Cyprus whip snake (Hierophis cypriensis) is consistent with a transient period isolated evolution in the Troodos Range. The Herpetological Journal 24 (3): 175-181 - get paper here
  • Göçmen, Bayram; Mehmet K. Atatür; Abidin Budak; Hasan Bahar; Mehmet Zülfü Yildiz; Nurşen Alpagut-Keskin 2009. Taxonomic notes on the snakes of Northern Cyprus, with observations on their morphologies and ecologies. Animal Biology 59: 1–30 - get paper here
  • Gruber, U. 2009. Die Schlangen Europas, 2. Aufl. Kosmos Naturführer, 266 pp.
  • Kyriazi, P., Kornilios, P., Nagy, Z. T., Poulakakis, N., Kumlutaş, Y., Ilgaz, Ç., Avcı, A., Göçmen, B., Lymberakis, P. 2013. Comparative phylogeography reveals distinct colonization patterns of Cretan snakes. Journal of Biogeography, 40: 1143–1155. doi: 10.1111/jbi.12057 - get paper here
  • Nagy, Z.T., J.F. Schmidtler, U. Joger & M. Wink 2003. Systematik der Zwergnattern (Reptilia: Colubridae: Eirenis) und verwandter Gruppen anhand von DNA-Sequenzen und morphologischen Daten. Salamandra 39 (3-4): 149-168 - get paper here
  • Nagy, Z.T.; R. Lawson, U. Joger, M. Wink 2004. Molecular systematics of racers, whipsnakes and relatives (Reptilia: Colubridae) using mitochondrial and nuclear markers. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 42 (3): 223-233 - get paper here
  • Schätti B 1985. Eine neue Zornnatter aus Zypern, Coluber cypriensis n. sp. (Reptilia, Serpentes, Colubridae). Revue Suisse de Zoologie 92 (2): 471-477 - get paper here
  • Schätti B; Wilson L D 1986. Coluber Linnaeus. Holarctic racers. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles ( 399: 1-4 - get paper here
  • Utiger, U.; Schätti, B. 2004. Morphology and phylogenetic relationships of the Cyprus racer, Hierophis cypriensis, and the systematic status of Coluber gemonensis gyarosensis Mertens (Reptilia: Squamata: Colubrinae). Revue Suisse de Zoologie 111 (1): 225-238 - get paper here
  • Venchi, Alberto and Roberto Sindaco 2006. Annotated checklist of the reptiles of the Mediterranean countries, with keys to species identification. Part 2 -Snakes (Reptilia, Serpentes). Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale "G. Doria", Genova, XCVIII: 259-364
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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