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Holodactylus africanus BOETTGER, 1893

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Higher TaxaEublepharidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Boettger’s strong-clawed gecko, African Whole-toed Gecko
G: Afrikanischer Krallengecko, Ganzfinger-Lidgecko 
SynonymHolodactylus africanus BOETTGER 1893
Holodactylus aculeatus CALABRESI 1915: 238
Holodactylus africanus — KLUGE 1993
Hoplodactylus africanus — RÖSLER 1995: 66 (in error)
Holodactylus africanus — BROADLEY & HOWELL 1991: 8
Holodactylus africanus — RÖSLER 2000: 89
Holodactylus africanus — ERNST in SEUFER et al. 2005
Holodactylus africanus — SPAWLS et al. 2018: 70 
DistributionS/E Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, NE Tanzania (Webi Shebeli/Abdulla)

Type locality: Abdulla, Somalia  
TypesHolotype: SMF 59442 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (genus). Digits free, long, slender, compressed, not dilated, tips somewhat tapering, covered above with scales, not denticulate laterally, below granular, clawed, the claws between four scales, claws of fingers very long and strong. Pupil vertical; upper and lower eyelids well developed, connivent; dorsal lepidosis of small unequal or subequal, smooth, juxtaposed granules; tail swollen but depressed, constricted anteriorly, tapering posteriorly, covered above and below with small, juxtaposed, granular scales. Males without preanal or femoral pores [Loveridge 1947: 21]

Diagnosis (africanus): Upper surface of head convex; rostral separated from nasal by 1-3 granules; nasal separated from its fellow anteriorly by 3-5 granules; upper labials 8-12; lower labials 9-13; adpressed hind limb reaches wrist or elbow of
backward pressed forelimb [from key to species in Loveridge 1947: 21]. 
CommentType species: Holodactylus africanus BOETTGER 1893 is the type species of the genus Holodactylus BOETTGER 1893. 
EtymologyNamed after its African origin. 
  • Boettger,O. 1893. Übersicht der von Prof. C. Keller anlässlich der Ruspoli'schen Expedition nach den Somaliländern gesammelten Reptilien und Batrachier. Zool. Anz. 16 (416): 113-119 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1895. On the reptiles and batrachians obtained by Mr. E. Lort-Phillips in Somaliland. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 16:165-169 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1896. A list of the reptiles and batrachians collected by the late Prince Eugenio Ruspoli in Somaliland and Gallaland in 1893. Annali Mus. civ. Stor. nat. Genova, Giacomo Doria, (2) 17: 5-14 [11] - get paper here
  • Broadley, D. G. & HOWELL, K. M. 1991. A check list of the reptiles of Tanzania, with synoptic keys. Syntarsus 1: 1—70
  • Calabresi, E. 1915. Contributo alla conoscenza dei rettili della Somalia. Monitore Zoologico Italiano (supplemento), 28:234—247. - get paper here
  • Drewes, R.C. 1971. Notes on the Distribution of Holodactylus africanus. Jour. East Afr. Nat. Hist. Soc. 126 (28): 1-3
  • Grismer,L.L. 1997. Eublepharid Geckos - Living Relics of Gekkotan Evolution. Fauna 1 (1): 26-33
  • Lanza, B. 1990. Amphibians and reptiles of the Somali Democratic Republic: check list and biogeography. Biogeographia, 14: 407-465 [1988] - get paper here
  • Largen, M.J.; Spawls, S. 2006. Lizards of Ethiopia (Reptilia Sauria): an annotated checklist, bibliography, gazetteer and identification. Tropical Zoology 19 (1): 21-109 - get paper here
  • Largen, M.J.; Spawls, S. 2010. Amphibians and Reptiles of Ethiopia and Eritrea. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 694 pp.
  • Loveridge, A. 1947. Revision of the African lizards of the family Gekkondiae. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 98: 1-469 - get paper here
  • Mazuch, Tomáš 2013. Amphibians and Reptiles of Somaliland and Eastern Ethiopia. Tomáš Mazuch Publishing, 80 pp. ISBN: 978-80-905439-0-4 - get paper here
  • Mertens, R. 1967. Die herpetologische Sektion des Natur-Museums und Forschungs-Institutes Senckenberg in Frankfurt am Main nebst einem Verzeichnis ihrer Typen. Senckenbergiana Biologica 48: 1-106 - get paper here
  • Parker, H. W. 1942. The lizards of British Somaliland. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 91: 1—101 - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Rösler, Herbert 1995. Geckos der Welt - Alle Gattungen. Urania, Leipzig, 256 pp.
  • Scortecci, G. 1930. Secondo contributo alla conoscenza dei rettili della Somalia Italiana. Atti della Società Italiana di Scienze Naturali e del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale in Milano, 69:127—152.
  • Seufer, H.; Y. Kaverkin & A. Kirschner (eds.) 2005. Die Lidgeckos. Kirschner und Seufer Verlag, 238 pp.
  • Spawls, S. & Rotich, D. 1997. An annotated checklist of the lizards of Kenya. J. East African Nat. Hist. 86: 61-83
  • Spawls, S.; Howell, K.; Drewes, R.C. & Ashe, J. 2002. A field guide to the reptiles of East Africa. Academic Press, 543 pp. [reviews in HR 34: 396 and Afr. J. Herp. 51; 147] - get paper here
  • Spawls, Steve; Kim Howell, Harald Hinkel, Michele Menegon 2018. Field Guide to East African Reptiles. Bloomsbury, 624 pp. - get paper here
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