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Hoplodactylus delcourti BAUER & RUSSELL, 1986

IUCN Red List - Hoplodactylus delcourti - Extinct, EX

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Higher TaxaDiplodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Kawekaweau (Gecko) 
SynonymHoplodactylus delcourti — BAUER & RUSSELL 1986
Hoplodactylus delcorti — TOWNS 1988
Hoplodactylus delcourti — KLUGE 1993
Hoplodactylus delcourti — RÖSLER 2000: 90
Hoplodactylus delcourti — NIELSEN et al. 2011
Hoplodactylus delcourti — RÖSLER 2018: 6 
DistributionNew Zealand

Type locality: “possibly North Island of New Zealand”  
TypesHolotype: MMNH 1985-38 
CommentConservation: This species is known only from a single specimen collected in the early 18th century and is probably now extinct.

Abundance: only known from the type specimen (Meiri et al. 2017). 
EtymologyNamed after Alain Delcourt of the Musée d’Histoire Naturelle de Marseille. 
  • Bauer, A.M. & Russell,A.P. 1986. Hoplodactylus delcourti n. sp. (Reptilia: Gekkonidae), the largest known gecko. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 13: 141-148 - get paper here
  • Bauer, Aaron M.;Russell, Anthony P. 1990. Recent advances in the search for the living giant gecko of New Zealand. Cryptozoology 9: 66-73
  • Bauer, Aaron M.;Russell, Anthony P. 1991. The maximum size of giant geckos: A cautionary tale. Bull. Chicago Herp. Soc. 26 (2): 25-26 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Gutsche, A. 2012. Vermisst: Delcourts Riesengecko (Hoplodactylus delcourti). Terraria-Elaphe 2012 (4): 102 - get paper here
  • Macredie, Grant 1996. Stories of the giant Kaweau. Dactylus 3 (1): 13-15
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • Nielsen, Stuart V.; Aaron M. Bauer, Todd R. Jackman, Rod A. Hitchmough and Charles H. Daugherty 2011. New Zealand geckos (Diplodactylidae): Cryptic diversity in a post-Gondwanan lineage with trans-Tasman affinities. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 59 (1): 1-22 - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Rösler, H. 2018. Haftbar -- Die einzigartige Welt der Geckos. Begleitheft zur Ausstellung im Naturkundemuseum Erfurt Mai-Aug 2018, 96 pp.
  • Russel, A. P.; Bauer, A. M. 1986. Le gecko geant Hoplodactylus delcourti et ses relations avec le gigantisme et l'endemisme insulaire chez les gekkonidae. Mesogee 46 (1): 25-28 [English translation in Bull. Chicago Herp. Soc. 26:26-30] - get paper here
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