Hydrophis hendersoni (BOULENGER, 1903)
Can you confirm these amateur observations of Hydrophis hendersoni?
|Higher Taxa||Elapidae (Hydrophiinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)|
|Synonym||Distira hendersoni BOULENGER 1903|
Hydrophis hendersoni — RASMUSSEN et al. 2011
Type locality: Rangoon, Burma.
|Types||Holotype: BMNH 1918.104.22.168|
|Comment||Synonymy: during most of its history, this species has been considered as a synonym of H. nigrocinctus (e.g. by WALLACH et al. 2014: 240). RASMUSSEN et al. 2011 removed it from the synonymy of H. nigrocinctus.|
Hydrophis nigrocinctus and H. hendersoni are readily separated from all other sea snakes: both species have only 0-3 maxillary teeth behind fangs. In the genus Hydrophis, only H. kingii from Australia has the same low number of teeth on the maxillary bone. However, H. kingii has more than 250 vertebrae (H. nigrocinctus and H. hendersoni have between 186-198) and a different colour pattern with spots on the body.
|Etymology||Named after Dr. T. Beath Henderson, of Glasgow, who received received the snake from a friend and then presented it to Boulenger.|
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