You are here » home advanced search search results Hydrophis platurus

Hydrophis platurus (LINNAEUS, 1766)

Can you confirm these amateur observations of Hydrophis platurus?

Add your own observation of
Hydrophis platurus »

Find more photos by Google images search: Google images

Higher TaxaElapidae (Hydrophiinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
SubspeciesHydrophis platurus platurus LINNAEUS 1766
Hydrophis platurus xanthos BESSESEN & GALBREATH 2017 
Common NamesE: Yellowbelly Sea Snake, Pelagic Sea Snake
G: Plättchen Seeschlange
Farsi: Mâr-e daryâï-ye shekam zard
Russian: Двухцветный гидрофис
Chinese: 长吻海蛇
S: Culebra del Mar 
SynonymAnguis platura LINNAEUS 1766: 391
Hydrus bicolor SCHNEIDER 1799: 242
Pelamis bicolor — SCHNEIDER 1799
Pelamis platuros [sic] DAUDIN 1803: 361
Pelamis bicolor — DAUDIN 1803: 366
Pelamis schneideri RAFINESQUE 1817: 432 (nom. subst.)
Hydrophis pelamis SCHLEGEL 1837: 187 (nom. subst.)
Pelamis ornata GRAY 1842: 60
Pelamis bicolor — DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 1335
Pelamis bicolor var. variegata DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 1337
Pelamis bicolor var. sinuata DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 1338
Hydrophis (Pelamis) bicolor Var. alternans FISCHER 1855
Hydrophis (Pelamis) bicolor Var. sinuata — FISCHER 1855
Hydrophis (Pelamis) bicolor Var. alternans FISCHER 1856: 63 (nom. subst. pro P. variegata)
Hydrophis (Pelamis) bicolor — FISCHER 1856: 63
Hydrophis (Pelamis) bicolor Var. sinuata — FISCHER 1856: 63
Hydrus platurus — BOULENGER 1896: 267
Hydrus platurus — STEJNEGER 1907: 439
Pelamydrus platurus — STEJNEGER 1910: 111
Pelamydrus platurus — KINGHORN 1928
Pelamydrus platurus — MERTENS 1930
Pelamis platurus — SMITH 1943: 476
Pelamydrus platurus — NEMURAS 1967
Pelamydrus platurus — LEVITON & ANDERSON 1967
Pelamis platurus — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 239
Pelamis platurus — STEBBINS 1985: 224
Pelamis platurus — LINER 1994
Pelamis platurus — GLAW & VENCES 1994: 350
Pelamis platurus — COX et al. 1998: 35
Pelamis platurus — MURPHY, COX & VORIS 1999
Pelamis platurus — COGGER 2000: 722
Pelamis platura — BÖHME 2003
Pelamis platurus — LEVITON et al. 2003
Pelamis platurus — SHARMA 2004
Pelamis platyura [sic] — DAS & YAAKOB 2007
Pelamis platurus — NGUYEN et al. 2009
Pelamis platurus — WILSON & SWAN 2010: 532
Pelamis platura — CROTHER et al. 2012
Hydrophis platurus — SANDERS et al. 2012 [by implication]
Pelamis platura — WALLACH et al. 2014: 540
Pelamis platurus — COGGER 2014: 813
Pelamis platurus — CHAN-ARD et al. 2015: 269
Hydrophis platurus — REZAIE-ATAGHOLIPOUR et al. 2016
Hydrophis platurus — SPAWLS et al. 2018: 566
Pelamis platurus — MILTO & LUKIN 2020

Hydrophis platurus xanthos BESSESEN & GALBREATH 2017
Hydrophis platurus xanthos — BUZÁS et al. 2018 
DistributionIndian Ocean, India (Gujarat, Kerala, Andaman Islands, Nicobar Islands), Sri Lanka, Pacific Ocean (Japan), Bangladesh, Singapore,
South China Sea northward to the coastal regions of Zhejiang and Taiwan, Vietnam, Pakistan, Myanmar, Maldives, Malaysia, Indonesia (Borneo)
coasts of Malay Peninsula and Indoaustralian Archipelago to New Guinea, Gulf of Thailand and Philippines (Surigao del Norte etc.), Korea, Vanuatu, Fiji, Micronesia (Kosrae), Palau

Russia (S Primorskij Territory; Only one dead specimen was found in Russia: on the coast of the Sea of Japan, near Vladivostok city; a second one was reported by Kharin 2007)

Middle East: Iraq, Qatar

Africa and Near East: Madagascar, Tanzania (Loveridge 1957), Somalia, Namibia (Branch 1998), Persian Gulf (Oman, United Arab Emirates (UAE), Iran etc.) to Bay of Bengal, coastal Republic of South Africa

Australia (New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia), New Zealand, Solomon Islands [McCoy 2000], New Caledonia, Nauru,

Americas: USA (California - occasionally, e.g. during El Niño years), Mexico (Chiapas, Oaxaca, Gulf of California, Jalisco, Sonora, Sinaloa, Guerrero, Nayarit), Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Ecuador, Galapagos Islands, Peru; Chile, possibly introduced to the Caribbean.

Type locality: non given

xanthos: Costa Rica; Type locality: Costa Rica: Golfo Dulce: inner basin, 08°35.76'N; 083°13.25'W.  
TypesHolotype: unknown (fide PETERS 1960, NGUYEN et al. 2009).
Holotype: UCR (originally as MZUCR:HERP 20614, Zoological Museum of University of Costa Rica, San Jose, Costa Rica), collected 13 February 2009 by A. Solórzano [xanthos] 
DiagnosisDIAGNOSIS: Body compressed, posteriorly more than twice the diameter of the neck; body scales juxtaposed, sub-quadrangular in shape, in 49–67 rows around thickest part of body; ventral scales, 264–406, very small and, if distinct, divided by a longitudinal groove, but usually indistinguishable from adjacent body scales; head narrow, snout elongate, head shields entire, nostrils superior, nasal shields in contact with one another; prefrontal in contact with second upper labial; 1–2 pre- and 2–3 postoculars; 2–3 small anterior temporals; 7–8 upper labials, 4–5 below eye but separated from border by subocular; color variable but most often distinctly bicolored, black above, yellow or brown below, the dorsal and ventral colors sharply demarcated from one another; ventrally there may be a series of black spots or bars on the yellow or brown background, or the yellow may extend dorsally so that there is only a narrow middorsal black stripe, or a series of black crossbars (see Smith 1943:476–477 for a more complete description of the color pattern variants). Total length males 720 mm, females 880 mm; tail length males 80 mm, females 90 mm. [after LEVITON 2003].

Updated diagnosis: REZAIE-ATAGHOLIPOUR et al. 2016

Diagnosis (xanthos). Here we describe a new, allopatric subspecies, Hydrophis platurus xan- thos subsp. n., or yellow sea snake, from the inner basin of Costa Rica’s Golfo Dulce. The new subspecies is diagnosed based on a dramatic color character state, as well as by a marked difference in body size. Aspects of behavior also appear to be unique. Hydrophis platurus xanthos is diagnosed as differing from other H. platurus by its predominantly yellow coloration and smaller size. Apparent additional behavioral di- agnostic traits include a sinusoidal ambush posture, and a preference for surfacing in rough rather than smooth waters, lacking an association with drift lines. No specimens unambiguously assignable to this taxon have shown full lateral striation on head and body or prominent spots or bands on the tail. The appearance of H. p. xanthos starkly contrasts with the coloration of most conspecifics found in the broader Eastern Pa- cific, or even in the adjacent mouth of the Golfo Dulce, which evince nearly solid black pigmentation along the dorsum, breaking into spots or bands at the caudal end (Fig. 2A). H. platurus xanthos is also shorter in length, with an average adult TL of 49 cm, compared to about 60–75 cm for other H. platurus populations. Comparing our TL data for H. p. xanthos with those of Rubinoff et al. (1986) for H. platurus in the Gulf of Panama, note that the two samples do not even overlap, despite good sample sizes. The difference between the underlying distributions is significant with P < .01 (Wilcoxin Rank Sum Test, N1 = 15, N2 = 69, T1 = 1155). Behavioral differences are equally pronounced between H. platurus xanthos and its yellow-bellied conspecifics. Drift lines, which play a critical role in the natural history of the species, supporting aggregations for feeding, reproduction and transport, are not used by H. platurus xan- thos. Furthermore, while H. platurus feeds diurnally, stretched out in smooth water, H. platurus xanthos feeds at night, in turbulent water, assuming a sinusoidal ambush posture never previously reported for the species. 

Synonymy after COGGER 1983 and STEJNEGER 1907. The name must read “Pelamis platura” not “platurus” according to BÖHME (2003), Salamandra 39 (2): 124.

Type species: Pelamis bicolor Schneider, 1799 is the type species of the genus Pelamis Daudin, 1803:361.

Habitat: marine.

Distribution: Pelamis platura is the most widely distributed species of all snakes and it is pelagic (Hecht et al., 1974). In Qatar fide Wikipedia.

Variation: Completely yellow and mottled variants have been described on this species from Costa Rica (Lillywhite 2014: 139). 
EtymologyFrom Greek xanthos, “yellow,” to highlight a diagnostic feature of this subspecies. 
  • Al-Sheikhly, Omar F.; Ahmed M. Al-Dirawi,Nadheer A. Fazaa, Mukhtar K. Haba, Wolfgang Böhme 2022. Erster belegter Nachweis der Plättchen-Seeschlange Pelamis platurus (Linnaeus, 1758) (Serpentes: Elapidae: Hydrophiinae) aus irakischem Küstengewässer. [First confirmed occurrence of the Yellow-bellied Sea Snake, Pelamis platurus (Linnaeus, 1766) (Se Sauria 44 (4): 57-60
  • Almendariz, A. 1991. Anfibios y Reptiles [del Ecuador]. Rev. Politecnica. XVI (3): 89-162.
  • Álvarez DEL TORO, M., & SMITH, H. M. 1956. Notulae herpetologicae Chiapasiae. I. Herpetologica 12: 3-17 - get paper here
  • Barquero-González, J.P., Stice, T.L., Gómez, G., & Monge-Nájera, J. 2020. Are tropical reptiles really declining? A six-year survey of snakes in a tropical coastal rainforest: role of prey and environment. Revista de Biología Tropical, 68(1): 336-343; doi:10.20944/preprints201908.0123.v1 - get paper here
  • Bates, M.F.; Branch, W.R., Bauer, A.M.; Burger, M., Marais, J.; Alexander, G.J. & de Villliers, M.S. (eds.) 2014. Atlas and Red List of the Reptiles of South Africa, Lesotho, and Swaziland. Suricata 1. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria, 512 pp.
  • Bauer, A. M. & SADLIER, R. A. 2000. The herpetofauna of New Caledonia. Contributions to Herpetology, 17; Society for Study Amphibians and Reptiles, Ithaca, New York.
  • Bauer, Aaron M.;Vindum, Jens V. 1990. A checklist and key to the herpetofauna of New Caledonia, with remarks on biogeography. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 47 (2): 17-45 - get paper here
  • Bessesen BL, Galbreath GJ 2017. A new subspecies of sea snake, Hydrophis platurus xanthos, from Golfo Dulce, Costa Rica. ZooKeys 686: 109-123. - get paper here
  • BESSESEN, BROOKE L.; CORNELIA S. OEDEKOVEN, GARY J. GALBREATH & MANUELA GONZÁLEZ-SUÁREZ. 2022. Population abundance and density estimates for Costa Rica’s endemic sea snake, Hydrophis platurus xanthos. Frontiers in Marine Science 1123. - get paper here
  • BESSESEN, BROOKE L.; MANUELA GONZÁLEZ-SUÁREZ, DAVID HERRA-MIRANDA & LENIN OVIEDO. 2021. HYDROPHIS PLATURUS XANTHOS (Golfo Dulce Yellow Seasnake). HARASSMENT BY DOLPHINS. Herpetological Review 52 (2): 425–426. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1896. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum, Vol. 3. London (Taylor & Francis), xiv + 727 pp. - get paper here
  • Branch, W. R. 1998. Field Guide to the Snakes and Other Reptiles of Southern Africa. 3rd ed. Fully Revised and Updated to Include 83 New Species. Ralph Curtis Books (Sanibel Island, Florida), 399 pp.
  • Branch, William R. 1993. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Southern Africa. Cape Town: Struik Publishers, 144 S.
  • Buden, D.W. 2008. The reptiles of Nauru. Pacific Science 62 (4):499 – 507 - get paper here
  • Buden, Donald W. & Danko Taboroši 2016. Reptiles of the Federated States of Micronesia. Island Research and Education Initiative, 311 pp. - get paper here
  • Buden, Donald W.; Kevin de Queiroz, Johan Van Rooijen, Derek W. Stinson, Gary J. Wiles, and Sabrino Robert 2014. New Information and Reappraisals Concerning Some Alien and Indigenous Snake Records from the Federated States of Micronesia and the Mariana Islands. Pacific Science Apr 2014, Vol. 68, No. 2: 287-293. - get paper here
  • Bush, B. 1981. Reptiles of the Kalgoorlie-Esperance Region. B. Bush, Perth, 46 pp - get paper here
  • Bussarawitt,S.; Rasmussen, A.R. & Andersen, M. 1989. A preliminary study on sea snakes (Hydrophiidae) from Phuket Harbor, Phuket Island, Thailand. Nat. Hist. Bull. Siam Soc., Bangkok 37 (2): 209-225
  • Buzás, Balázs; Balázs Farkas, Eszter Gulyás & Csaba Géczy 2018. The sea snakes (Elapidae: Hydrophiinae) of Fujairah. Tribulus 26: 4-31
  • Campbell, J.A. & Lamar, W.W. 1989. The Venomous Reptiles of Latin America. Comstock Publishing/Cornell University Press, Ithaca
  • Carranza S, Xipell M, Tarroso P, Gardner A, Arnold EN, Robinson MD, et al. 2018. Diversity, distribution and conservation of the terrestrial reptiles of Oman (Sauropsida, Squamata). PLoS One 13 (2): e0190389 - get paper here
  • Carranza, Salvador; Johannes Els; Bernat Burriel-Carranza 2021. A field guide to the reptiles of Oman. Madrid : Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, 223 pp. [review in HR 53 (3): 531] - get paper here
  • Casas-Andreu, G., F.R. Méndez-De la Cruz and X. Aguilar-Miguel. 2004. Anfibios y Reptiles; pp. 375–390, in A.J.M. García-Mendoza, J. Ordoñez and M. Briones-Salas (ed.). Biodiversidad de Oaxaca. Instituto de Biología, UNAM-Fondo Oaxaqueño para la Conservación de la Naturaleza-World Wildlife Fund, México, D. F.
  • Chan-ard, T., Parr, J.W.K. & Nabhitabhata, J. 2015. A field guide to the reptiles of Thailand. Oxford University Press, NY, 352 pp. [see book reviews by Pauwels & Grismer 2015 and Hikida 2015 for corrections] - get paper here
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Corkill, N. L. and Cochrane, J. A. 1966. The snakes of the Arabian Peninsula and Socotra. J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 62 (3): 475-506 (1965) - get paper here
  • Cox, Merel J.; Van Dijk, Peter Paul; Jarujin Nabhitabhata & Thirakhupt,Kumthorn 1998. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand. Ralph Curtis Publishing, 144 pp.
  • Crombie, Ronald I. and Gregory K. Pregill 1999. A Checklist of the Herpetofauna of the Palau Islands (Republic of Belau), Oceania. Herpetological Monographs 13: 29-80 - get paper here
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • Crowe-Riddell JM, Snelling EP, Watson AP, Suh AK, Partridge JC, Sanders KL. 2016. The evolution of scale sensilla in the transition from land to sea in elapid snakes. Open Biol. 6: 160054 - get paper here
  • Das, I. 2012. A Naturalist's Guide to the Snakes of South-East Asia: Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Myanmar, Borneo, Sumatra, Java and Bali. Oxford J, ohn Beaufoy Publishing - get paper here
  • Das, I. & Yaakob, N. 2007. Status of knowledge of the Malaysian herpetofauna. In Status of biological diversity in Malaysia & threat assessment of plant species in Malaysia. in: L. S. L. Chua, L. G. Kirton & L. G. Saw (eds.), Status of biological diversity in Malaysia & threat assessment of plant species in Malaysia. Forest Research Institute Malaysia, Kepong, pp. 31-81
  • Daudin, F. M. 1803. Histoire Naturelle, Générale et Particulière des Reptiles. vol. 7. Paris: Dufart, 436 pp. [publication date fide Harper 1940] - get paper here
  • DE WEERD, JOËLLE; CARLA PATULNY & PHILLIP CLAPHAM. 2021. Observaciones de la serpiente marina Hydrophis platurus (Squamata: Elapidae) en el Pacífico sur de Nicaragua, América Central. Revista de Biología Tropical 69(S2): S297+. - get paper here
  • De-Weerdt, J., Patulny, C., & Clapham, P. 2021. The yellow-bellied sea snake, Hydrophis platurus (Squamata: Elapidae), off the Southwestern Pacific coast of Nicaragua, Central America. Revista de Biología Tropical, 69(S2) - get paper here
  • Dowling, H.G., & Jenner, J.V. 1988. Snakes of Burma: checklist of reported species and bibliography. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (76): 19 pp. - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M. C., Bibron, G. & DUMÉRIL, A. H. A., 1854. Erpétologie générale ou histoire naturelle complète des reptiles. Tome septième. Deuxième partie, comprenant l'histoire des serpents venimeux. Paris, Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret: i-xii + 781-1536 - get paper here
  • Dunaev E.A., Orlova V.F. 2017. Amphibians and reptiles of Russia. Atlas and determination. 2nd. ed. Moscow: Phyton XXI, 328 p
  • Dunson, William A.;Minton, Sherman A. 1978. Diversity, distribution, and Ecology of Philippine Marine Snakes (Reptilia, Serpentes). Journal of Herpetology 12 (3): 281-286 - get paper here
  • Durso, Andrew M., Maria Eugenia Rodriguez and Eduardo Lugo. 2015. Hydrophis platura - Addendum. Herpetological Review 46 (3): 455 - get paper here
  • Enderson, Erik F.; Adrian Quijada-Mascareñas; Dale S. Turner; Philip C. Rosen & Robert L. Bezy 2009. The herpetofauna of Sonora, Mexico, with comparisons to adjoining states. Check List 5 (3): 632–672 - get paper here
  • FIGUEROA, ALEX; MARTYN E.Y. LOW, KELVIN K.P. LIM 2023. Singapore’s herpetofauna: updated and annotated checklist, history, conservation, and distribution. Zootaxa 5287 (1): 001–378 - get paper here
  • Fischer, J. G. 1855. Die Familie der Seeschlangen systematisch beschrieben von J.G. Fischer Dr., ordentl. Lehrer der Realschule des Johanneums. In: Zu der öffentlichen Prüfung, welche mit den Zöglingen der Realschule Dienstag und Mittwoch , den 25. und 26. September 1855 Hamburg Johann August Meissner, 68 pp.
  • Fischer, J.G. 1856. Die Familie der Seeschlangen. Abhandl. Nat. Ver. Hamburg 3: 1-78 - get paper here
  • Fraser M. 2023. Reptiles and Amphibians of the Cape of Good Hope Nature Reserve, Western Cape, South Africa. Biodiversity Observations 13: 162–185. 14 March 2023 - get paper here
  • Ganesh, S., Nandhini, T., Samuel, V., Sreeraj, C., Abhilash, K., Purvaja, R., & Ramesh, R. 2019. Marine snakes of Indian coasts: historical resume, systematic checklist, toxinology, status, and identification key. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 11(1), 13132-13150 - get paper here
  • Gardner, A.S. 2013. The amphibians and reptiles of Oman and the UAE. Edition Chimaira, 480 pp.
  • Garman, Samuel 1908. The Reptiles of Easter Island. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 52 (1): 3-13 (+1 plate) - get paper here
  • Gasperetti,J. 1988. Snakes of Arabia. Fauna of Saudi Arabia 9: 169-450
  • Gibson-Hill, C.A. 1950. A note on the reptiles occurring on the Cocos-Keeling Islands. Bull. Raffles Mus. No 22:206-211
  • Gill, B.J. 1997. Records of turtles and sea snakes in New Zealand, 1837-1996. N Z J Marine Freshwater Res. 31: 477-486 - get paper here
  • Glaw ,F. & Vences, M. 1994. A Fieldguide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Madagascar. Vences & Glaw Verlag, Köln (ISBN 3-929449-01-3)
  • Goldberg, S.R. 2004. Note on Reproduction of the Yellowbelly Sea Snake, Pelamis platurus (Serpentes: Elapidae) from Costa Rica Bull. Maryland Herpetol. Soc., 40(3): 91-93. - get paper here
  • Goris, R.C. & Maeda, N. 2004. Guide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Japan. Krieger, Malabar, 285 pp.
  • Graham, J.B. 1974. Body temperatures of the sea snake Pelamis platurus Copeia 1974 (2): 531-533. - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1842. Monographic Synopsis of the Water Snakes, or the Family of Hydridae. Zoological Miscellany 2: 59-68. - get paper here
  • Guerra Centeno, Dennis; Héctor Fuentes Rousselin & David Morán Villatoro 2012. Serpientes de Guatemala: Guía para didentificación de especies. Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala, 186 pp.
  • Hallermann, J. 2007. Zur Geschichte der herpetologischen Sammlung des Zoologischen Museums Hamburgs, mit besonderer Berücksichtigung von Dr. Johann Gustav Fischer (1819 - 1889). Sekretär 7 (1): 20-32 - get paper here
  • Hardy, L.M., & McDiarmid, R.W. 1969. The amphibians and reptiles of Sinaloa, Mexico. Univ. Kansas Publ. Mus. Nat. Hist. 18 (3): 39-252. - get paper here
  • Hecht, M. K., Kropach, C. and Hecht, B. M. 1974. Distribution of the yellow-bellied sea snake Pelamis platurus, and its significance in relation to the fossil record. Herpetologica 30: 387-395. - get paper here
  • Heimes, P. 2016. Snakes of Mexico. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 572 pp
  • Hernández-Camacho, J.I.; Ricardo Alvarez-León y Juan Manuel Renjifo-Rey 2006. Pelagic sea snake Pelamis platurus (Linnaeus, 1766) (Reptilia: Serpentes: Hydrophiidae) is found on the Caribbean Coast of Colombia. Memoria de la Fundación La Salle de Ciencias Naturales 164: 143-152 [“2005”]
  • Herrmann, H.-W.; W.R. Branch 2013. Fifty years of herpetological research in the Namib Desert and Namibia with an updated and annotated species checklist. Journal of Arid Environments 93: 94–115 - get paper here
  • Hosseinian Yousefkhani SS, Yasser A, Naser M, Rezaie-Atagholipour M, Askari Hesni M, Yousefabadi F, Rastegar Pouyani E 2023. Genetic diversity among sea snakes of the genus Hydrophis (Elapidae, Reptilia) in the Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman. ZooKeys 1158: 121-131 - get paper here
  • Imam, J. 2015. El Nino brings venomous sea snakes to California's coast. CNN News, online, 17 Oct 2015. - get paper here
  • Ineich, I. 2011. Amphibians and reptiles. In: Bouchet P., Le Guyader H. & PascaL O. (eds), The Natural History of Santo. pp. 187-236. MNhN, Paris; Ird, Marseille; PNI, Paris. 572 pp. (Patrimoines naturels; 70). - get paper here
  • Ineich, I. 2016. Reptiles terrestres et marins des îles Marquises:des espèces communes mais des populations isolées. In:Biodiversité Terrestre et Marine des Îles Marquises, PolynésieFrançaise; Galzin, R., Duron, S.-D., Meyer, J.-Y.,Eds. Paris, France, Société Française d’Ichtyologie, pp. 365–390. - get paper here
  • Ineich, I. 2018. Hydrophis platurus (Yellow-bellied Seasnake) Reproduction. Herpetological Review 49 (1): 132. - get paper here
  • Ineich, Ivan and Michel Dune. 2013. Pelamis platura (yellow-bellied seasnake) reproduction/mating behavior. Herpetological Review 44 (4): 695-696 - get paper here
  • Johnson, Jerry D.; Vicente Mata-Silva, Elí García Padilla, and Larry David Wilson 2015. The Herpetofauna of Chiapas, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (3): 272–329. - get paper here
  • Jongbloed, M. 2000. Field Guide to the reptiles and amphibians of the UAE - Wild about reptiles. Barkers Trident Communications, 116 pp.
  • Kamali, Kamran 2020. A Field Guide to the Reptiles and Amphibians of Iran. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main, Germany ( 574 pp.
  • Karthikeyan S. & Balasubramanian, T. 2007. Species diversity of Sea Snake (Hydrophiidae) distributed in the Coramantal Coast (East Coast of India). Int. J. Zool. res. 3 (3): 107-131
  • Kharin V E 2011. Annotated catalogue of amphibians and reptiles (Amphibia, Reptilia) of the Far-Eastern Marine Biosphere FEB RAS [in Russian]. Biodiversity and Environment of Far East Reserves, Vladivostok, DVMBGPZ DVO RAN 2011 (1): 30-48
  • Kharin, V. E. 2006. An Annotated Checklist of Sea Snakes of Vietnam, with Notes on a New Record of the Yellow-Lipped Sea Krait, Laticauda colubrina (Schneider, 1799)(Laticaudidae, Hydrophiidae). Russian Journal of Marine Biology 32 (4): 223–228. - get paper here
  • Kharin, V.E. 2008. Biota of the Russian Waters of the Sea of Japan Vol. 7 - Reptilians [in English and Russian]. Vladivostok, Dalnauka, 170 pp.
  • Kharin, V.E. 2009. Redescription of a Russian Finding of the Erabu Sea Krait Pseudolaticauda semifasciata (Reinwardt in Schlegel, 1837), with Remarks about Species Composition of Sea Snakes (Serpentes: Laticaudidae, Hydrophiidae) in Russian and Adjacent Waters. Russian Journal of Marine Biology 35 (1): 8–14 - get paper here
  • Kharin, Vladimir E. 2007. On the second record of Yellow-Bellied sea snake Pelamis platurus (Linnaeus, 1766) from Russia. Russ. J. Herpetol. 14 (1):45-49 - get paper here
  • Kharin, Vladimir E.; Jakob Hallermann 2009. Annotated catalogue of sea kraits (Laticaudidae) and sea snakes (Hydrophiidae) of the herpetological collection of the Zoological Museum, University of Hamburg. Mitt. hamb. zool. Mus. Inst. 106: 51-67
  • Kinghorn, J.R. 1928. Herpetology of the Solomon Islands. Rec. Austral. Mus. 16: 123-178 - get paper here
  • Kropach, C. 1971. Another Color Variety of the Sea Snake Pelamis platurus from Panama Bay Herpetologica 27 (3): 326-327. - get paper here
  • Kropach, C. 1972. Pelamis platurus as a potential colonizer of the Caribbean Sea. Bull. BioI. Soc. Washington. 2:267-269.
  • Kropach, C. 1975. The yellow-bellied sea snake, Pelamis, in the eastern Pacific. Pp. 185-213 in: Dunson, W., ed., The Biology of Sea Snakes. Univ. Park Press, Baltimore, xi + 530 pp.
  • Kropach, Chaim 1971. Sea snake (Pelamis platurus) aggregations on slicks in Panama. Herpetologica 29 (2): 131-135 - get paper here
  • Lanza, B. 1990. Amphibians and reptiles of the Somali Democratic Republic: check list and biogeography. Biogeographia, 14: 407-465 [1988] - get paper here
  • Lehr, E. 2002. Amphibien und Reptilien in Peru. Natur und Tier-Verlag (Münster), 208 pp. - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal JA, Smith GR 2020. A checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Sinaloa, Mexico with a conservation status summary and comparisons with neighboring states. ZooKeys 931: 85-114 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal JA, Smith GR, Pierce LJS, Painter CW 2020. The amphibians and reptiles of Colima, Mexico, with a summary of their conservation status. ZooKeys 927: 99-125 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal JA, Smith GR, Rorabaugh JC 2019. A conservation checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Sonora, Mexico, with updated species lists. ZooKeys 829: 131-160 - get paper here
  • Leviton, A.E., R.M. Brown, and C.D. Siler. 2014. The dangerously venomous snakes of the Philippine Archipelago. in The Coral Triangle: The 2011 Hearst Biodiversity Philippine Expedition (G.C. Williams and T.M. Gosliner, eds.). California Academy of Sciences, USA, Pp 473–530
  • Leviton, Alan E.; Guinevere O.U. Wogan; Michelle S. Koo; George R. Zug; Rhonda S. Lucas and Jens V. Vindum 2003. The Dangerously Venomous Snakes of Myanmar Illustrated Checklist with Keys. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 54 (24): 407–462 - get paper here
  • Leviton, Alan E.; Cameron D. Siler, Jeffrey L. Weinell, and Rafe M. Brown 2018. Synopsis of the Snakes of the Philippines. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 64 (14): 399-568 - get paper here
  • Leviton,A.E. & Anderson,S.C. 1967. Survey of the reptiles of the Sheikdom of Abu Dhabi, Arabian Peninsula. Part II. Systematic account of the collction of reptiles made in the Sheikdom of Abu Daby by John Gasperetti. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (4) 35: 157-192 - get paper here
  • Lillywhite, H.B. 2022. Discovering snakes in wild places. ECO Publishing, Rodeo, NM, 164 pp. - get paper here
  • Lillywhite, H.B., A. Solórzano, C.M. Sheehy III, S. Ingley and M. Sasa. 2010. New perspectives on the ecology and natural history of the sea snake, Pelamis platurus, in Costa Rica: does precipitation influence distribution? Reptiles and Amphibians 17(2): 69–72
  • Lillywhite, H.B., F. Brischoux, C.M. Sheehy III and J.B. Pfaller. 2012. Dehydration and drinking responses in a pelagic sea snake. Integrative and Comparative Biology 52 (2): 227–234 - get paper here
  • Lillywhite, Harvey B. 2014. How Snakes Work: Structure, Function and Behavior of the World's Snakes. Oxford University Press, New York, 256 pp
  • Lillywhite, Harvey B.; Coleman M. Sheehy III, François Brischoux, and Joseph B. Pfaller 2015. On the Abundance of a Pelagic Sea Snake. Journal of Herpetology Jun 2015, Vol. 49, No. 2: 184-189. - get paper here
  • Linné, C. von [= Linnaeus, C.] 1766. Systema naturæ per regna tria naturæ, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio duodecima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii, Stockholm, Holmiae. 1-532 pp. - get paper here
  • Loc-Barragán, Jesús Alberto and David Lazcano 2018. Notes on the Herpetofauna of Nayarit, Mexico 1: Amphibians and Reptiles of the Municipality of Tecuala. Bulletin of the Chicago Herpetological Society 53(4):73-80
  • Mahony, Stephen; Md. Kamrul Hasan, Md. Mofizul Kabir, Mushfiq Ahmed and Md. Kamal Hossain. 2009. A catalogue of amphibians and reptiles in the collection of Jahangirnagar University, Dhaka, Bangladesh. Hamadryad 34 (1): 80 – 94 - get paper here
  • Mata-Silva, Vicente, Jerry D. Johnson, Larry David Wilson and Elí García-Padilla. 2015. The herpetofauna of Oaxaca, Mexico: composition, physiographic distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (1): 6–62 - get paper here
  • Mattison, Chris 2007. The New Encyclopedia of Snakes. Princeton University Press
  • McCoy, C. J.; Hahn, Donald E. 1979. The yellow-bellied sea snake, Pelamis platurus (Reptilia: Hydrophiidae), in the Philippines. Annals of Carnegie Museum 48 (14): 231-234 - get paper here
  • McCoy, M. 2000. Reptiles of the Solomon Islands. ZooGraphics, Kuranda (Australia), CD-ROM.
  • McCoy, M. 2006. Reptiles of the Solomon Islands. Pensoft Series Faunistica 57, 212 pp.
  • McCoy, M. 2015. A Field Guide to the Reptiles of the Solomon Islands. Michael McCoy, Kuranda - get paper here
  • McCranie J R 2011. The snakes of Honduras. SSAR, Salt Lake City, 725 pp.
  • McCranie, James R. 2015. A checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with additions, comments on taxonomy, some recent taxonomic decisions, and areas of further studies needed. Zootaxa 3931 (3): 352–386 - get paper here
  • McCranie, James R., and Alexander Gutsche 2016. The herpetofauna of islands in the Golfo de Fonseca and adjacent waters, Honduras. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (4): 842–899 - get paper here
  • Mertens, R. 1930. Die Amphibien und Reptilien der Inseln Bali, Lombok, Sumbawa und Flores. Senck. Naturf. Gesell., Frankfurt am Main, Abhandl. 42(3): 117-344.
  • Milto, Konstantin D.; Yury A. Lukin 2020. A Revised Herpetofauna of Ujung Kulon National Park, West Java, Indonesia. Russian Journal of Herpetology 27 (6): 353-368 - get paper here
  • Mori,M. 1982. Japans Schlangen, Vols. 1-3 (80, 102, 123 pp.). Tokyo (Igaku-Shoin Ltd.) [bilingual edition in German and Japanese]
  • Morrison, C. 2003. A Field Guide to the Herpetofauna of Fiji. Suva, Fiji: Institute of Applied Sciences, University of the South Pacific, 121 pp.
  • Murphy, Michael J. 1994. Reptiles and amphibians of Seven Mile Beach National park, NSW. Herpetofauna (Sydney) 24 (2): 24-30
  • Murphy,J.C.; Cox,M.J. & Voris,H.K. 1999. A key to the sea snakes in the gulf of Thailand. Nat. Hist. Bull. Siam Soc. 47: 95-108
  • Murthy, T.S.N. 2010. The reptile fauna of India. B.R. Publishing, New Delhi, 332 pp.
  • Nemuras, K. 1967. Notes on the Herpetology of Panama: Part 4. Bull. Maryland Herp. Soc. 3 (3): 63-71 - get paper here
  • Nguyen, S.V., Ho, C.T. and Nguyen, T.Q. 2009. Herpetofauna of Vietnam. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 768 pp.
  • Nuñez-Escalante, Raby; Gabriel Calvo Benavides 2021. A Bare-throated Tiger Heron (Tigrisoma maxicanum) preying on a Yellow-bellied Seasnake (Hydrophis platurus) in Corcovado National Park, Costa Rica. Reptiles & Amphibians 28 (1): 94-95 - get paper here
  • O'Shea,M. 1996. A Guide to the Snakes of Papua New Guinea. Independent Publishing, Port Moresby, xii + 239 pp. - get paper here
  • Palacios-Aguilar, Ricardo & OSCAR FLORES-VILLELA 2018. An updated checklist of the herpetofauna from Guerrero, Mexico. Zootaxa 4422 (1): 1-24 - get paper here
  • Palot, M.J. 2015. A checklist of reptiles of Kerala, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 7(13): 8010–8022 - get paper here
  • Palot, Muhamed Jafer & C. Radhakrishnan 2010. First record of Yellow-bellied Sea Snake Pelamis platurus (Linnaeus, 1766) (Reptilia: Hydrophiidae) from a riverine tract in northern Kerala, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 2 (9): 1175-1176 - get paper here
  • Park D, Kim I-H, Park I-K, Grajal-Puche A, Park J 2022. A comparison of gene organisations and phylogenetic relationships of all 22 squamate species listed in South Korea using complete mitochondrial DNA. ZooKeys 1129: 21-35 - get paper here
  • Patel, Harshil; and Raju Vyas 2019. Reptiles of Gujarat, India: Updated Checklist, Distribution, and Conservation Status. Herpetology Notes 12: 765-777 - get paper here
  • Pérez-Santos,C. & Moreno, A.G. 1988. Ofidios de Colombia. Museo reegionale di Scienze Naturali, Torino, Monographie VI, 517 pp.
  • Peters , J. A. 1960. The snakes of Ecuador; check list and key. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 122: 489-541 - get paper here
  • Pfaller, J.B., M.G. Frick, F. Brischoux, C.M. Sheehy III and H.B. Lillywhite. 2012. Marine snake epibiosis: a review and first report of decapods associated with Pelamis platurus. Integrative and Comparative Biology 52 (2): 296–310 - get paper here
  • Pickwell, G. V., & CULOTTA, W. A. 1980. Pelamis, P. platurus. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles ( 255: 1-4. - get paper here
  • Porras, L.W. & Solórzano, A. 2006. Costa Rica’s venomous snakes. Reptilia (GB) (48): 11-17 - get paper here
  • Porras, L.W. & Solórzano, A. 2006. Die Schlangen Costa Ricas. Reptilia (Münster) 11 (61): 20-27 - get paper here
  • Quiñones, Javier; Karla García Burneo, Claudio Barragan 2014. Rediscovery of the Yellow-bellied Sea Snake, Hydrophis platurus (Linnaeus, 1766) in Máncora, northern Perú. Check List 10 (6): 1563-1564 - get paper here
  • Rafinesque, C.S. 1817. Dissertation on water snakes, sea snakes and sea serpents. American Month. Mag. Crit. Rev. 1: 431-436
  • Rajabizadeh, M. 2018. Snakes of Iran. [in Farsi] Tehran: Iranshenasi, 496 pp. [2017 ?] - get paper here
  • RASMUSSEN, ARNE REDSTED; JOHAN ELMBERG, PETER GRAVLUND & IVAN INEICH 2011. Sea snakes (Serpentes: subfamilies Hydrophiinae and Laticaudinae) in Vietnam: a comprehensive checklist and an updated identification key. Zootaxa 2894: 1–20 - get paper here
  • RASMUSSEN, ARNE REDSTED; KATE LAURA SANDERS, MICHAEL L. GUINEA & ANDREW P. AMEY 2014. Sea snakes in Australian waters (Serpentes: subfamilies Hydrophiinae and Laticaudinae)—a review with an updated identification key. Zootaxa 3869 (4): 351–371 - get paper here
  • RASTEGAR-POUYANI, NASRULLAH; HAJI GHOLI KAMI, MEHDI RAJABZADEH, SOHEILA SHAFIEI AND STEVEN CLEMENT ANDERSON 2008. Annotated Checklist of Amphibians and Reptiles of Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 4 (1): 7-30
  • Ray, Julie M. and Patty Ruback 2015. Updated checklists of snakes for the provinces of Panamá and Panamá Oeste, Republic of Panama. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (2): 168-188 - get paper here
  • Razzaque-Sarker, Mohammad Abdur; Kate L. Sanders, Kanishka D.B. Ukuwela, and Mohammad Firoj Jamam 2017. Sea Snakes of Bangladesh: A Preliminary Survey of Cox’s Bazar District With Notes on Diet, Reproduction, and Conservation Status. Herpetological Conservation and Biology 12 (2): 384–393. - get paper here
  • Reynolds, Robert P.;Pickwell, George V. 1984. Records of the yellow-bellied sea snake, Pelamis platurus, from the Galápagos Islands. Copeia 1984 (3): 786-789 - get paper here
  • Rezaie-Atagholipour M, Ghezellou P, Hesni MA, Dakhteh SMH, Ahmadian H, Vidal N 2016. Sea snakes (Elapidae, Hydrophiinae) in their westernmost extent: an updated and illustrated checklist and key to the species in the Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman. ZooKeys 622: 129–164, doi: 10.3897/zookeys.622.9939 - get paper here
  • Ruiz De Gamboa, Margarita 2016. Lista actualizada de los reptiles de Chile. Boletín Chileno de Herpetología. 3: 7-12. PDF - get paper here
  • Sanders, K.L.; Michael S.Y. Lee, Mumpuni, Terry Bertozzi, Arne R. Rasmussen 2012. Multilocus phylogeny and recent rapid radiation of the viviparous sea snakes (Elapidae: Hydrophiinae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 66 (3): 575-591 - get paper here
  • Sanguila MB, Cobb KA, Siler CD, Diesmos AC, Alcala AC, Brown RM 2016. The amphibians and reptiles of Mindanao Island, southern Philippines, II: the herpetofauna of northeast Mindanao and adjacent islands. ZooKeys 624: 1–132, doi: 10.3897/zookeys.624.9814 - get paper here
  • Savage, J.M. 2002. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Costa Rica: A Herpetofauna Between Two Continents, Between Two Seas. University of Chicago Press, 934 pp. [review in Copeia 2003 (1): 205]
  • Schlegel, H. 1837. Essai sur la physionomie des serpens. Partie Descriptive. La Haye (J. Kips, J. HZ. et W. P. van Stockum), 606 S. + xvi - get paper here
  • Schleicher, Alfred 2015. Reptilien Namibias. Namibia Scientific  Society, 276 pp.
  • Schleicher, Alfred 2020. Reptiles of Namibia. Kuiseb Publishers, Windhoek, Namibia, 271 pp.
  • Schneider, J. G. 1799. Historiae Amphibiorum narturalis et literariae. Fasciculus primus, continens Ranas. Calamitas, Bufones, Salamandras et Hydros. Frommanni, Jena, 266 S. - get paper here
  • Scott Jr., N.J. & Limerick, S. 1983. Reptiles and Amhibians. In: Janzen, D.H. (ed.) Costa Rican Natural History. Univeristy of Chicago Press, pp. 351-
  • Shannon, F.A. 1956. The reptiles and amphibians of Korea. Herpetologica 12 (1): 22-49 - get paper here
  • Sharma, R. C. 2004. Handbook Indian Snakes. AKHIL BOOKS, New Delhi, 292 pp.
  • Sheehy III, C.M., A. Solórzano, J.B. Pfaller and H.B. Lillywhite. 2012. Preliminary insights into the phylogeography of the yellow-bellied sea snake, Pelamis platurus. Integrative and Comparative Biology 52 (2): 321–330 - get paper here
  • Sheehy, Coleman M., III, Joseph B. Pfaller, Harvey B. Lillywhite and Harold F. Heatwole. 2011. Pelamis platura (yellow-bellied seasnake) predation. Herpetological Review 42 (3): 443 - get paper here
  • Shine, Richard; Claire Goiran, Catherine Shilton, Shai Meiri, Gregory P Brown 2019. The life aquatic: an association between habitat type and skin thickness in snakes. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, blz136 - get paper here
  • Sigüenza-Pérez, Daniela, Jesús García-Grajales and Vicente Mata-Silva. 2014. Pelamis platura (yellow-bellied seasnake) shedding behavior. Herpetological Review 45 (2): 341 - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • Solís, J. M., L. D. Wilson, and J. H. Townsend. 2014. An updated list of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with comments on their nomenclature. Mesoamerican Herpetology 1: 123–144 - get paper here
  • Solorzano, A. 2004. Serpientes de Costa Rica - Snakes of Costa Rica. Editorial INBio, Costa Rica, 792 pp.
  • Solórzano, A., and M. Sasa. 2017. Hydrophis platura. Predation by a Common Black-Hawk (Buteogallus anthracinus). Mesoamerican Herpetology 4(2): 431–433 - get paper here
  • Solórzano, Alejandro and Tyohar Kastiel. 2015. Hydrophis platurus. Predation by a Wood Stork (Mycteria americana). Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (1): 121–123 - get paper here
  • Solórzano, Alejandro; Mahmood Sasa 2023. Two cases of epibiosis in the Pelagic Seasnake, Hydrophis platurus (Serpentes: Elapidae), on the Pacific Coast of Costa Rica Reptiles & Amphibians 30 (1): e19372 - get paper here
  • Somaweera, R. & N. Somaweera 2009. An overview of Sri Lankan Sea snakes with an annotated checklist and a field key. Taprobanica 1 (1): 43-54 - get paper here
  • Spawls, S.; Howell, K.; Drewes, R.C. & Ashe, J. 2002. A field guide to the reptiles of East Africa. Academic Press, 543 pp. [reviews in HR 34: 396 and Afr. J. Herp. 51; 147] - get paper here
  • Spawls, Steve; Kim Howell, Harald Hinkel, Michele Menegon 2018. Field Guide to East African Reptiles. Bloomsbury, 624 pp. - get paper here
  • Stebbins,R.C. 1985. A Field Guide to Western Reptiles and Amphibians, 2nd ed. Houghton Mifflin, Boston
  • Stejneger, L. 1910. The batrachians and reptiles of Formosa. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 38: 91-114 - get paper here
  • Stejneger, LEONHARD H. 1907. Herpetology of Japan and adjacent territory. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 58: xx, 1-577 - get paper here
  • Stephen Spawls; Tomáš Mazuch& Abubakr Mohammad 2023. Handbook of Amphibians and Reptiles of North-east Africa. Bloomsbury, 640 pp. - get paper here
  • Stuebing, R.B. & INGER, R.F. 1999. A field guide to the snakes of Borneo. Natural history Publications (Borneo), Kota Kinabalu, 254 pp. [corrections in HR 31: 124]. - get paper here
  • Stuebing, R.B., Inger, R.F. & Lardner, B. 2014. A field guide to the snakes of Borneo, second edition. Natural history Publications (Borneo)
  • Sunyer, Javier 2014. An updated checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Nicaragua. Mesoamerican Herpetology 1 (2): 186–202. - get paper here
  • Swan, G.; Sadlier, R.; Shea, G. 2017. A field guide to reptiles of New South Wales. Reed New Holland, 328 pp.
  • Swash, A. & Still, R. 2000. Birds, Mammals and Reptiles of the Galapagos Islands. Pica Press, 168 pp.
  • Taylor, Edward H. 1951. Early records of the seasnake Pelamis platurus in Latin America. Copeia 1951 (2): 124 [1953?] - get paper here
  • Taylor,E.H. 1965. The serpents of Thailand and adjacent waters. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 45 (9): 609-1096 - get paper here
  • Torres-Carvajal O, Pazmiño-Otamendi G, Salazar-Valenzuela D. 2019. Reptiles of Ecuador: a resource-rich portal, with a dynamic checklist and photographic guides. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 13 (1): [General Section]: 209–229 (e178) - get paper here
  • Ukuwela, K.D.B., de Silva, A., Sivaruban, A. et al. 2022. Diversity, distribution, and natural history of the marine snakes of Sri Lanka. Marine Biodiversity 52, 24 (2022) - get paper here
  • Valencia, J. H., K. Garzón-Tello & M. E. Barragán-Paladines 2016. Serpientes venenosas del Ecuador: sistemática, taxonomía, historia natural, conservación, envenenamiento y aspectos antropológicos. Quito, Ecuador, Fundación Herpetológica Gustavo Orcés, Universidad de Texas, Fondo Ambiental Nacional, 652 pp. [review in HR 49 (1): 152, 2018]
  • Van Denburgh, John 1912. Expedition of the California Academy of Sciences to the Galapagos Islands, 1905-1906. IV. The snakes of the Galapagos Islands. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (Ser. 4) 1: 323-374 - get paper here
  • van der Kooij, Jeroen 2001. The herpetofauna of the Sultanate of Oman: Part 5: Checklist of the reptiles and amphibians of Oman, and bibliography. Podarcis 2 (3): 94-103 - get paper here
  • Vijayakumar, S. P. and Patrick David 2006. Taxonomy, Natural History, and Distribution of the Snakes of the Nicobar Islands (INDIA), based on new materials and with an Emphasis on endemic species. Russ. J. Herpetol. 13 (1): 11 – 40
  • Visser, J. 1967. Color Varieties, Brood Size, and Food of South African Pelamis platurus (Ophidia: Hydrophiidae) Copeia 1967 (1): 219. - get paper here
  • Volsøe, H. 1939. The sea-snakes of the Iranian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman. Danish Scientific Investigation in Iran 1: 9-45
  • Vyas, Raju 2007. Present conservation scenario of reptile fauna in Gujarat State, India. Indian Forester, Oct 2007: 1381-1394 - get paper here
  • Wall, F. 1905. Notes on Snakes collected in Cannanore from 5th November 1903 to 5th August 1904. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 16: 292 - get paper here
  • Wall, F. 1906. The snake and its natural foes. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 17: 375-396 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Wang, C. G. M. Z. X., Jia, S. Y. K. T. L., & Hu, C. Z. J. 2022. An updated species checklist of amphibians and reptiles in Fujian Province, China. Biodiversity Science, 22090 - get paper here
  • Wang, Kai; Jinlong Ren, Hongman Chen, Zhitong Lyu, Xianguang Guo Ke Jiang, Jinmin Chen, Jiatang Li, Peng Guo, Yingyong Wang, Jing Che 2020. The updated checklists of amphibians and reptiles of China. Biodiversity Science 28 (2): 189-218 - get paper here
  • Weinell, Jeffrey L.; Errol Hooper, Alan E. Leviton, Rafe M. Brown 2019. Illustrated Key to the Snakes of the Philippines. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (4) 66 (1): 1-49 - get paper here
  • Werner,F. 1895. Über eine Sammlung von Reptilien aus Persien, Mesopotamien und Arabien. Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 45: 13-22 - get paper here
  • Whitaker, Romulus and Ashok Captain 2004. Snakes of India. Draco Books, 500 pp., reprinted 2007 - get paper here
  • Wilson, L.D. 1978. Two SNAKES, LEPTOPHIS MODESTUS AND PELAMIS PLATURUS, NEW TO THE HERPETOFAUNA OF HONDURAS. Herpetological Review 9 (2): 63-64 - get paper here
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
  • Woolrich-Piña, Guillermo A, Paulino Ponce-Campos, Jesús Loc-Barragán, Juan Pablo Ramírez-Silva, Vicente Mata-Silva, Jerry D. Johnson, Elí García-Padilla and Larry David Wilson. 2016. The herpetofauna of Nayarit, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (2): 376-448 - get paper here
  • Zhao, E.M. 2006. The snakes of China [in Chinese]. Hefei, China, Anhui Sience & Technology Publ. House, Vol. I, 372 pp., Vol. II (color plates), 280 pp.
External links  
Is it interesting? Share with others:

As link to this species use URL address:

without field 'search_param'. Field 'search_param' is used for browsing search result.

Please submit feedback about this entry to the curator