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Hypoptophis wilsonii BOULENGER, 1908

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Higher TaxaAtractaspididae (Aparallactinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Wedge-Snouted Burrowing Snake, African Bighead Snake 
SynonymHypoptophis wilsonii BOULENGER 1908: 93
Michellia katangae MÜLLER 1911
Hypoptophis wilsoni wilsoni — DE WITTE & LAURENT 1947: 92
Hypoptophis wilsoni katangae — DE WITTE & LAURENT 1947: 93
Hypoptophis wilsoni — BROADLEY 1998
Hypoptophis wilsonii — BROADLEY et al. 2003: 91
Hypoptophis wilsonii — WALLACH et al. 2014: 343
Hypoptophis wilsoni — BRANCH et al. 2019 
DistributionS Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire), Zambia, Angola

Type locality: “Inkongo, on the Sankuru River, int he Kassai Province of the Congo”  
TypesType: BMNH 1946.1.2.99 (and possibly additional specimens).
Holotype: ZSM 525/1911 (lost), juvenile [Michellia katangae] 

Type species: Hypoptophis wilsonii BOULENGER 1908 is the type species of the genus Hypoptophis BOULENGER 1908: 9

Phylogenetics: see Portillo et al. 2018 for a phylogenetic analysis of members of Aparallactinae, inlcuding members of Hypoptophis. 
Etymologynamed after the collector of the types, Mr. H. Wilson. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Boulenger, GEORGE A. 1908. Description of three new snakes from Africa. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (8) 2: 93-94 - get paper here
  • Branch, William R.; Pedro Vaz Pinto, Ninda Baptista, and Werner Conradie 2019. The Reptiles of Angola: History, Diversity, Endemism and Hotspots. Chapter 13 in: B. J. Huntley et al. (eds.), Biodiversity of Angola. Springer Verlag, pp. 283-334 - get paper here
  • Broadley, D.G. 1960. Hypoptophis wilsoni, a new addition to the snakes of Northern Rhodesia. J. Herp. Assoc. Rhodesia 13: 5–6 - get paper here
  • Broadley, D.G. 1998. The reptilian fauna of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (Congo-Kinshasa). In: Schmidt, K.P. and Noble, G.K., Contributions to the Herpetology of the Belgian Congo... [reprint of the 1919 and 1923 papers]. SSAR Facsimile reprints in Herpetology, 780 pp.
  • Broadley, D.G.; Doria, C.T. & Wigge, J. 2003. Snakes of Zambia. An Atlas and Field Guide. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 280 pp. [review in Sauria 26 (3): 21]
  • Broadley, Donald G. and F. P. D. Cotterill. 2004. The reptiles of southeast Katanga, an overlooked 'hot spot'. [Congo]. African Journal of Herpetology 53 (1): 35-61. - get paper here
  • Chifundera, K. 1990. Snakes of Zaire and their bites. Afr. Stud. Monogr. (Kyoto) 10(3): 137-157.
  • Chippaux, Jean-Philippe & Kate Jackson 2019. Snakes of Central and Western Africa. Johns Hopkins University Press, 448 pp. [detaileld review in HR 51 (1): 161] - get paper here
  • Marques, Mariana P.; Luis M. P. Ceríaco , David C. Blackburn , and Aaron M. Bauer 2018. Diversity and Distribution of the Amphibians and Terrestrial Reptiles of Angola -- Atlas of Historical and Bibliographic Records (1840–2017). Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (Ser. 4) 65: 1-501 (Supplement II)
  • Müller,L. 1911. Zwei neue Schlangen aus dem Katangadistrikt, Kongostaat. Zool. Anz. 38: 357-360 - get paper here
  • Portillo, F., Branch, W.R., Conradie, W., Rödel, M-O., Penner, J., Barej, M.F., Kusamba, C., Muninga, W.M., Aristote, M.M., Bauer, A.M., Trape, J-F., Nagy, Z.T., Carlino, P., Pauwels, O.S.G., Menegon, M., Burger, M., Mazuch, T., Jackson, K., Hughes, 2018. Phylogeny and biogeography of the African burrowing snake subfamily Aparallactinae (Squamata: Lamprophiidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Witte, G. F. de & LAURENT,R.F. 1947. Revision d'un groupe de Colubridae africains: genres Calamelaps, Miodon, Aparallactus, et formes affines. Mém. Mus. Roy. Hist. Nat. Belgique (sér. 2) 29: 1-134
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