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Hypsilurus longi (MACLEAY, 1877)

IUCN Red List - Hypsilurus longi - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Amphibolurinae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymTiaris Longii MACLEAY 1877: 103
Hypsilurus macrolepis MÜLLER 1885: 163 (not PETERS 1872)
Gonyocephalus godeffroyi — BOULENGER 1885: 296 (part.) (not Lophura (Hypsilurus) Godeffroyi PETERS 1867)
Gonyocephalus godeffroyi — BOULENGER 1888: 90 (part.)
Gonyocephalus godeffroyi — BOULENGER 1890: 39 (part.)
Gonyocephalus godeffroyi — BOETTGER 1893: 44
Gonyocephalus godeffroyi — DE ROOIJ 1915: 112 (part.)
Gonyocephalus godeffroyi — DE ROOIJ 1920: 137
Gonyocephalus godeffroyi — BURT & BURT 1932: 496 (part.)
? Gonycephalus godeffroyi PARKER 1939: 3.
? Gonyocephalus Godeffroyi WERNER 1900: 45
Goniocephalus godeffroyi — LOVERIDGE 1948: 336 (not Lophura (Hypsilurus) Godeffroyi PETERS 1867)
Gonocephalus godeffroyi — WERMUTH 1967: 59 (part.) (not Lophura (Hypsilurus) Godeffroyi PETERS 1867)
Hypsilurus (Hypsilurus) godeffroyi — MOODY 1980 (part.): 600 (not Lophura (Hypsilurus) Godeffroyi PETERS 1867)
Hypsilurus godeffroyi SHEA & SADLIER 1999: 20
Hypsilurus longii — MANTHEY & DENZER 2006
Hypsilurus longii — SHEA 2008 
DistributionNew Britain, Bougainville, Duke of York; New Ireland ? and Treasury ? (Boulenger, 1885 as godeffroyi), Shortland Islands ?, New Guinea main island ? (see also comment on H. godeffroyi in MANTHEY & DENZER 2006).

Type locality: see comment.  
TypesHolotype: AMS R 31935, donated by Mark H. Long, Formerly MMUS R831. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. large, robust, long–tailed species with homogeneous dorsal scalation and a discontinuous vertebral crest. Several scales below the tympanum sometimes strongly enlarged; a row of enlarged submaxillaries present; anterior edge of the gular pouch without enlarged scales.
H. longii differs from all other species (with the exception of the variably coloured schoedei) by a light V–shaped marking on the nape present in females and young males (vs. absent); additionally from godeffroyi, papuensis, schoedei and schultzewestrumi by a higher number of scales between enlarged submaxillaries and infralabials 4–5 (vs. 2–3), from macrolepis and schoedei by a larger SVL, up to 235 mm (vs. < 130 mm), additionally from schoedei by a lower number of light bands on the back, 4 (vs. > 4) [if present], from godeffroyi by a broader head HW/SVL ≥ 0.137 (vs. ≤ 0.127) as well as keeled, narrowly spaced or overlapping anterior scales on the gular pouch (vs. smooth, separated), from schultzewestrumi by much smaller plates on the sides of the head largest plate significantly < Ø tympanum (vs. ≥ Ø tympanum), from papuensis by smaller tympani, T/E ≤ 1.0 (vs. ≥ 1.0) and the absence of a dark spot on either side of the neck (vs. present), from binotatus by a clearly visible notch in the vertebral crest near the nape (vs. insignificant indentation or continuous at the same height), from auritus, geelvinkianus, modestus, nigrigularis and bruijnii by the presence of enlarged scales below the tympanum (vs. absent), from boydii, spinipes and dilophus by a homogeneous dorsal scalation (vs. heterogeneous) and a longer tail TL/SVL > 3.0 (vs. < 2.3) (Manthey & Denzer 2006: 14). 
CommentDistribution: Not listed by COGGER 2014 for Australia. Not on the Solomon Islands fide McCoy 2015. Not in Australia fide Shea 2008. The Type locality was given (erroneously) as “Northern Queensland, Australia.” 
EtymologyNamed after Mark H. Long who donated the holotype. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Boettger, Oskar 1893. Katalog der Reptilien-Sammlung im Museum der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Frankfurt am Main. I. Teil (Rhynchocephalen, Schildkröten, Krokodile, Eidechsen, Chamäleons). [type catalogue] Gebrüder Knauer, Frankfurt a. M., x + 140 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1888. Third contribution to the herpetology of the Solomon Islands. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1888: 88-90 - get paper here
  • Burt, Charles E.; Burt, May Danheim 1932. Herpetological results of the Whitney South Sea Expedition. VI. Pacific island amphibians and reptiles in the collection of the American Museum of Natural History. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 63 (5): 461-597 - get paper here
  • de Rooij, N. de 1915. The Reptiles of the Indo-Australian Archipelago. I. Lacertilia, Chelonia, Emydosauria. Leiden (E. J. Brill), xiv + 384 pp. - get paper here
  • Loveridge, A. 1948. New Guinean reptiles and amphibians in the Museum of Comparative Zoology and United States National Museum. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 101 (2): 305-430. - get paper here
  • Macleay, W. 1877. The lizards of the Chevert Expedition. Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales 2: 60-69; 97-104 - get paper here
  • Manthey, U. & Denzer, W. 2006. A revision of the Melanesian-Australian angle head lizards of the genus Hypsilurus (Sauria: Agamidae: Amphibolurinae), with description of four new species and one new subspecies. Hamadryad 30 (1-2): 1 – 40 - get paper here
  • McCoy, M. 2006. Reptiles of the Solomon Islands. Pensoft Series Faunistica 57, 212 pp.
  • McCoy, M. 2015. A Field Guide to the Reptiles of the Solomon Islands. Michael McCoy, Kuranda - get paper here
  • Parker, H. W. 1939. Reptiles and amphibians from Bougainville, Solomon Islands. Bull Mus roy Hist nat Belgique Bruxelles 15 (60): 1-5 - get paper here
  • Shea, Glenn M. 2008. Rejection of an Australian distribution of The Solomon islands agamid lizard Hypsilurus longii (Macleay, 1877). Hamadryad 33: 127 – 129 - get paper here
  • Shea, Glenn M; Sadlier, Ross A 1999. A catalogue of the non-fossil amphibian and reptile type specimens in the collection of the Australian Museum: types currently, previously and purportedly present. TECHNICAL REPORTS OF THE AUSTRALIAN MUSEUM 15, 1999: 1-91 - get paper here
  • Tallowin, Oliver J S; Shai Meiri, Stephen C Donnellan, Stephen J Richards, Christopher C Austin, Paul M Oliver, 2019. The other side of the Sahulian coin: biogeography and evolution of Melanesian forest dragons (Agamidae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 129: 99-113. - get paper here
  • Wermuth, Heinz 1967. Liste der rezenten Amphibien und Reptilien. Agamidae. Das Tierreich 86: 1-127
  • Werner, F. 1900. Die Reptilien und Batrachierfauna des Bismarck Archipels. Mitt. Zool. Samml. Mus. Naturk. Berlin 1 (4): 1-132 - get paper here
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