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Hypsilurus papuensis (MACLEAY, 1877)

IUCN Red List - Hypsilurus papuensis - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Amphibolurinae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
SubspeciesHypsilurus papuensis papuensis (MACLEAY 1877)
Hypsilurus papuensis longicauda MANTHEY & DENZER 2006 
Common NamesE: Papua Forest Dragon
G: Papua-Winkelkopfagame 
SynonymTiaris papuensis MACLEAY 1877: 101
Gonyocephalus (Lophosteus) albertisii PETERS & DORIA 1878
Gonyocephalus papuensis BOULENGER 1885: 297
Gonyocephalus papuensis — BOULENGER 1887: 493
Gonyocephalus papuensis — DE ROOIJ 1915: 113
Hypsilurus papuensis — M OODY 1980: 300
Hypsilurus papuensis — BAUER et al. 1995: 53
Hypsilurus papuensis — MANTHEY & DENZER 2006: 19

Hypsilurus papuensis longicauda MANTHEY & DENZER 2006
Hypsilurus papuensis longicauda MANTHEY & DENZER 2006: 21
Hypsilurus papuensis longicauda — DENZER et al. 2018 
DistributionNew Guinea, Oceania (Ferguson Island, Trobriand Island)

Type locality: Hall Sound, Central Province, 8°49’S 146°36’E, Papua New Guinea.

Type locality: “costa della Nuova Guinea che sta in prossomità dell’Isola Yule” [= Central Province, Papua New Guinea] [G. (L.) albertisii PETERS & DORIA 1878].  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: AMS R 31883 (formerly MAMU R335, MR833)
Holotype: ZMB 21387, adult male, paratypes adult females ZMB 16371 and 16372, all leg. Prof. Dr. Neuhauss; Sattelberg, Kaiser–Wilhelmsland [longicauda]
Syntypes: ZMB 9722, ZMB 9724-25, MSNG 29122, NMW [albertisii] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (papuensis): Large, robust, long–tailed species with homogeneous dorsal scalation and a discontinuous vertebral crest. An area of strongly enlarged scales below the tympanum, a row of enlarged submaxillaries present; anterior edge of the gular pouch without enlarged scales. Males with a high tail at base.
Similar to H. binotatus (with the exception of the basal part of the tail in males). H. papuensis differs from binotatus by a vertebral crest indented near the nape (vs. continuous), larger tympani T/E > 1.0 (vs. ≤ 1.0) as well as a strongly raised tail at the base present in males (vs. not raised); auritus, geelvinkianus, modestus, nigrigularis and bruijnii by the presence of strongly enlarged scales below the tympanum (vs. absent); all other species by the presence of a dark, above and behind brighter limited spot on either side of the neck (vs. absent); additionally from schultzewestrumi by smaller gulars, ≈ Ø tympanum (vs. some = ≥ Ø tympanum) and from boydii, spinipes and dilophus by a homogeneous dorsal scalation (vs. heterogeneous) and a longer tail TL/SVL > 2.9 (vs. < 2.3) (Manthey & Denzer 2006: 19).

Diagnosis (longicauda): Large, robust, long-tailed and long-legged species (SVL of males up to 205, females up to 190 mm; TL/SVL usually > 3.6) with homogeneous dorsal scalation and a discontinuous vertebral crest. Strongly enlarged scales below the tympanum; a row of enlarged submaxillaries present; anterior edge of the gular pouch without enlarged scales.
The subspecies longicauda differs from the nominate form by an only moderately raised tail at its base in adult males (height of tail/width of tail < 1.7), decreasing in height slowly behind the first third of the tail [vs. strongly raised (height of tail/width of tail ≥ 1.97), decreasing abruptly], a longer tail TL/SVL > 3.6 (vs. ≤ 3.4) as well as longer legs HBL + FL > 0.831 (vs. < 0.81) and feet FL/SVL > 0.37 (vs. < 0.36) (Manthey & Denzer 2006: 21). 
CommentApparently described from one of the types of Gonyocephalus albertisii (fide BOULENGER 1887) 
EtymologyNamed after its distribution in Papua New Guinea. 
References
  • Bauer, A.M.; Günther,R. & Klipfel,M. 1995. The herpetological contributions of Wilhelm C.H. Peters (1815-1883). SSAR Facsimile Reprints in Herpetology, 714 pp.
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1887. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) III. Lacertidae, Gerrhosauridae, Scincidae, Anelytropsidae, Dibamidae, Chamaeleontidae. London: 575 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger,H.G. 1979. Type specimens of reptiles and amphibians in the Australian Museum. Rec. Austral. Mus. 32 (4): 163–210 - get paper here
  • de Rooij, N. de 1915. The Reptiles of the Indo-Australian Archipelago. I. Lacertilia, Chelonia, Emydosauria. Leiden (E. J. Brill), xiv + 384 pp. - get paper here
  • DENZER, W., MANTHEY, U & VENTER, F. 2018. Erstnachweis der Langschwänzigen Papua-Winkelkopfagame (Hypsilurus papuensis longicauda Manthey & Denzer, 2006) in Südost-Neuguinea. Sauria 40 (3): 71-74 - get paper here
  • Gemel, R.; G. Gassner & S. Schweiger 2019. Katalog der Typen der Herpetologischen Sammlung des Naturhistorischen Museums Wien – 2018. Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, B 121: 33–248
  • Macleay, W. 1877. The lizards of the Chevert Expedition. Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales 2: 60-69; 97-104 - get paper here
  • Manthey, U. & Denzer, W. 2006. A revision of the Melanesian-Australian angle head lizards of the genus Hypsilurus (Sauria: Agamidae: Amphibolurinae), with description of four new species and one new subspecies. Hamadryad 30 (1-2): 1 – 40 - get paper here
  • MANTHEY, U. & W. DENZER 2016. Melanesian anglehead lizards of the genus Hypsilurus Peters, 1867 – Part 1: Species from New Guinea. Sauria 38 (3): 11 - 36 - get paper here
  • Peters, Wilhem Carl Hartwig and G. Doria. 1878. Catalogo dei retilli e dei batraci raccolti da O. Beccari, L. M. D'Alberts e A. A. Bruijn. nella sotto-regione Austro-Malese. Annali del Museo Civico de Storia Naturale di Genova. ser. 1, 13: 323-450 - get paper here
  • Tallowin, Oliver J S; Shai Meiri, Stephen C Donnellan, Stephen J Richards, Christopher C Austin, Paul M Oliver, 2019. The other side of the Sahulian coin: biogeography and evolution of Melanesian forest dragons (Agamidae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 129: 99-113. - get paper here
 
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