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Hypsilurus schoedei (VOGT, 1932)

IUCN Red List - Hypsilurus schoedei - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Amphibolurinae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Vogt's Forest Dragon 
SynonymGonyocephalus schoedei VOGT 1932: 282
Gonocephalus schoedei — BARBOUR & LOVERIDGE 1946 ?
Hypsilurus schoedei — WERMUTH 1967: 61
Hypsilurus schoedei — BARTS & WILMS 2003
Hypsilurus schoedei — MANTHEY & DENZER 2006: 17 
DistributionPapua New Guinea (Admirality Islands)

Type locality: Lambussa, Neu-Guinea (also as Lambussu or Lambusso).  
TypesSyntypes: ZMB 32205, ZMB 54474–500 (formerly ZMB 32205 part.), ZFMK 95270 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. Small, long–tailed species with homogeneous dorsal scalation and a discontinuous vertebral crest. Scales below the tympanum weakly enlarged; a row of enlarged submaxillaries present; anterior edge of the gular pouch without enlarged scales. H. schoedei is extremely similar to H. godeffroyi.
H. schoedei differs from godeffroyi by a nearly homogeneous scalation of the anterior part of the gular pouch; sometimes several scales slightly separated (vs. heterogeneous, almost all scales widely separated) as well as a smaller SVL < 130 mm (vs. > 140 mm); macrolepis and longii by a lower number of scales between enlarged submaxillaries and infralabials 3 (vs. 4–5) and by smooth, rounded anterior scales on the gular pouch (vs. mainly keeled, acuminate); additionally from longii by a smaller SVL < 130 mm (vs. > 200 mm) and a higher number of light bands on the back, 5–10 (vs. 4) [if present]; binotatus by a discontinuous vertebral crest (vs. continuous); schultzewestrumi by significantly smaller plates on the sides of the head, largest plate clearly < Ø tympanum (vs. ≥ Ø tympanum); papuensis by the absence of a dark spot on either side of the neck (vs. present); auritus, geelvinkianus, modestus, nigrigularis and bruijnii
by the presence of enlarged scales below the tympanum (vs. absent); boydii, spinipes and dilophus by a homogeneous dorsal scalation (vs. heterogeneous) and a longer tail TL/SVL > 3.0 (vs. < 2.3) (Manthey & Denzer 2006: 17). 
  • Barts, M. & Wilms, T. 2003. Die Agamen der Welt. Draco 4 (14): 4-23 - get paper here
  • Manthey, U. & Denzer, W. 2006. A revision of the Melanesian-Australian angle head lizards of the genus Hypsilurus (Sauria: Agamidae: Amphibolurinae), with description of four new species and one new subspecies. Hamadryad 30 (1-2): 1 – 40 - get paper here
  • Tallowin, Oliver J S; Shai Meiri, Stephen C Donnellan, Stephen J Richards, Christopher C Austin, Paul M Oliver, 2019. The other side of the Sahulian coin: biogeography and evolution of Melanesian forest dragons (Agamidae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 129: 99-113. - get paper here
  • Vogt,T. 1932. Beitrag zur Reptilienfauna der ehemaligen Kolonie Deutsch-Neuguinea. Sitzungsber. Gesell. Naturf. Freunde Berlin 5-7: 281-294
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