You are here » home advanced search search results Iguana iguana

Iguana iguana (LINNAEUS, 1758)

Can you confirm these amateur observations of Iguana iguana?

Add your own observation of
Iguana iguana »

Find more photos by Google images search: Google images

Higher TaxaIguanidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
SubspeciesIguana iguana iguana (LINNAEUS 1758)
Common NamesE: Common Green Iguana
G: Grüner Leguan
E: Grenadines horned iguana, pink rhino iguana [insularis]
E: Saint Lucia horned iguana [sanctaluciae]
S: Iguana de Ribera
Portuguese: Camaleão, Iguana, Iguana-Verde, Sinimbu, Tejubú, Tijubú 
SynonymLacerta Igvana LINNAEUS 1758: 206
Iguana minima LAURENTI 1768
Iguana tuberculata LAURENTI 1768
Lacerta Iguana — SHAW & NODDER 1795: plate 227
Iguana coerulea DAUDIN 1802
Iguana vulgaris LINK 1807: 58
Iguana sapidissima MERREM 1820
Iguana sapidissima — WIED 1824
Iguana squamosa SPIX 1825
Iguana viridis SPIX 1825
Iguana coerulea SPIX (non DAUDIN) 1825
Iguana emarginata SPIX 1825
Iguana lophryoides SPIX 1825
Iguana lophyroides SPIX 1825 (fide FRANZEN & GLAW 2007: 225)
Prionodus iguana — WAGLER 1828
Hypsilophus tuberculatus — WAGLER 1830
Iguana (Hypsilophus) rhinolophus WIEGMANN 1834
Iguana tuberculata — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1837: 203
Iguana rhinolopha — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1837: 207
Hypsilophus Rhinolophus — FITZINGER 1843
Hypsilophus tuberculatus — FITZINGER 1843
Iguana Hernandessi JAN 1857 (nomen nudum fide SMITH & TAYLOR 1950)
Iguana tuberculata — MIVART 1867
Iguana tuberculata — BOULENGER 1885: 189
Iguana rhinolophus — GÜNTHER 1885: 56
Iguana tuberculata — GÜNTHER 1885: 56
Iguana tuberculata — COPE 1886: 270
Iguana tuberculata — ANDERSSON 1900: 9 (?)
Iguana iguana — ANDERSSON 1900: 10
Iguana iguana rhinolopha — DUNN 1934
Iguana iguana rhinolopha — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 72
Iguana iguana rhinolopha — MERTENS 1952: 47
Iguana iguana rhinolopha — STUART 1963: 68
Iguana iguana — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 95
Iguana iguana — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 419
Iguana iguana — LINER 1994
Iguana iguana rhinolopha — MCNISH 2011
Iguana iguana — MATA-SILVA et al. 2015
Iguana rhinolopha — BREUIL et al. 2020
Iguana rhinolopha — ALVARADO et al. 2022
Iguana rhinolopha — PERALTA-GARCÍA et al. 2023
Iguana rhinolopha — SUNYER & MARTÍNEZ-FONSECA 2023

Iguana melanoderma BREUIL et al. 2020

Iguana insularis insularis — BREUIL et al. 2020
Iguana insularis — BREUIL et al. 2022

Iguana insularis sanctaluciae — BREUIL et al. 2020 
DistributionUSA (introduced to Florida and Hawaii)

S Mexico (Chiapas, Oaxaca, Quintana Roo, Campeche, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Jalisco, Puebla, Guerrero, Sinaloa, Nayarit), Nicaragua, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Belize, Costa Rica, Panama

Colombia (incl. Valle del Cauca), Ecuador, Brazil (Bahia, Pernambuco, Ceará, Sergipe, Amazonas, Pará, Rondônia, Piauí, Acre, Rio Grande do Norte, Paraíba, Rio de Janeiro), Venezuela, Isla Margarita,
Guyana, Suriname, French French Guiana,
Peru, Bolivia (Beni, Pando, Santa Cruz), Paraguay,

Antilles: Virgin Island, Montserrat, St. Lucia, St. Vincent, Grenadines, Grenada, Swan Island, Trinidad, Tobago, La Tortuga Island, Isla San Andres, Isla de Providencia

Introduced to Taiwan (G. Norval, in AA)
Introduced to Singapore and Thailand (Burg et al. 2020)
Introduced to Cayman islands, St. Barthelemy, Guadeloupe, Ile Desecheo Saintes, and Puerto Rico

insularis: Grenada Bank, Grenadine islands, Grenada; Type locality: Bequia, St Vincent & the Grenadines.

melanoderma: Montserrat, Saba; Type locality: Lesser Antilles: Saba

sanctaluciae: Saint Lucia; Type locality: Saint Lucia, West Indies

rhinolopha: Mexico (Yucatan peninsula), Nicaragua, south to Panama fide STUART 1963: 68.

Type locality: “Indiis”  
Reproductionoviparous. Iguana delicatissima and I. iguana hybridize in nature (Breuil et al. 2009). 
TypesSyntypes: NRM (NHRM), another in the Gyllenborg collection in Uppsala.
Lectotype: ZMB 571; paratype: 3630 [rhinolopha]
Holotype: MCZ X-17620/R-79057, caught by James Lazell (10 April 1964). Paratypes: MCZ X-17619/R-79056, X-17621/R-79058, juveniles, from the same location and the same collector [insularis]
Holotype: MNHN-RA 2362, male, collected by Bonnecour(t) between 1850–1851 [sanctaluciae]
Holotype: MCZ R-75832, 23 June 1963; JD Lazell [leg.] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (genus): differs from all other iguanid genera in possessing the following combination of character states: a) large ventral process of squamosal abuts dorsal edge of tympanic crest of quadrate, b) cristae ventrolaterales of parabasisphenoid barely constricted behind basipterygoid processes, c) crowns of posterior marginal teeth serrate, with numerous small accessory cusps, d) entire pterygoid tooth patch double ontogenetically, e) posterolateral processes of pleurapophyses of second sacral vertebra absent, f) thin midsaggital processes on anterodorsal surfaces of caudal centra relatively small and confined to anterior fifth of caudal sequence, g) coeliac artery arises posterior to mesenteric arteries, between mesenteric arteries, or continuous with mesenteric arteries rather than anterior to them, h) snout covered by large, platelike scales, i) large dewlap present, k) gular crest of enlarged scales present (John Iverson et al., pers. comm.). 
CommentPet trade. Colombia intended to export more than 600,000 specimens alone (cited in WÜSTER 1998 without a time span). Between 1991 and 2002 about 4.8 million iguanas have been imported to the United States; between 1990 and 1999 about 600,000 iguanas were imported to Europe (Schardt et al. 2009). Breeders have created variations in yellow, blue, and brown, in addition to the wildtype “green” specimens (Werning 2015).

Type Species: Iguana tuberculata Laurenti, 1768 is the type species of the genus Iguana LAURENTI 1768 (designated by Burt and Burt 1933:26). All designations of Lacerta iguana Linnaeus, 1758, as the type species of Iguana Laurenti, 1768 (by tautonymy or otherwise) are not valid as Lacerta iguana Linnaeus, 1758, was not an originally included species (Article 67.2 of the Code, ICZN 1999, Low 2016).

Phylogenetics: for a recent analysis of iguanian relationships see Scarpetta 2020.

Subspecies: Even though most older author recognized two subspecies (iguana and rhinolopha) Lazell (1973) concluded that geographic variation is complex and does not justify the recognition of subspecies. I. i. rhinolopha is distinguished from iguana by only 2 or 3 small protuberances on the snout. Most recent authors don’t seem to recognize rhinolopha any more. The two subspecies insularis and sanctaluciae seem to be very similar if not indistinguishable genetically (Breuil et al./ 2019: 218, Fig. 12). I. i. melanoderma was described as a full species, I. melanoderma, but its position in a phylogenetic tree and its genetic similarity to other subspecies of I. iguana makes subspecific status more appropriate.

Distribution: not in Yucatan state (Mexico) according to GONZÁLEZ-SÁNCHEZ et al. 2017. For a list of localities and islands (including rhinolopha) see Dunn 1934. 
EtymologyThe family, genus, and species name Iguana might be formed from Igoana, a name used by ‘‘Les habitans de Saint-Domingue, d’après Hernandez’’ (A. M. C. Duméril and Bibron, 1837: 199).
I. i. insularis is named after the numerous islands in the southern Lesser Antilles where the subspecies lives.
I. i. sanctaluciae is named after Saint Lucia which is the only island inhabited by this taxon. 
  • Acuña-Vargas, J. C. 2016. Anfibios y Reptiles asociados a cinco coberturas de la tierra, municipio de Dibulla, La Guajira, Colombia. Acta Zoológica Mexicana (n. s.), 32(2): 133-146 - get paper here
  • Aguilar-Kirigin, Alvaro J 2011. Iguana iguana (Linnaeus 1758) (Squamata: Iguanidae). Cuadernos de Herpetología 25 (1): - get paper here
  • Aguilar-López JL, Luría-Manzano R, Pineda E, Canseco-Márquez L 2021. Selva Zoque, Mexico: an important Mesoamerican tropical region for reptile species diversity and conservation. ZooKeys 1054: 127-153 - get paper here
  • Alberts, A.C.; Carter, R.L.; Hayes, W.K. & Martins, E.P. (eds.) 2004. Iguanas - Biology and Conservation. University of California Press, 356 pp. - get paper here
  • Altomare-Sanches, Vitor Quadros 2018. Daily movement and habitat use of Iguana iguana (Linnaeus, 1758) in an urban second growth Amazonian forest fragment in Brazil. Herpetology Notes 11: 93-96 - get paper here
  • Alvarado, R., Alvarado, E. V., López, L. I., Umaña, D., & Mora, J. M. 2022. Predation of a Juvenile Iguana rhinolopha (Squamata: Iguanidae) by Basiliscus plumifrons (Squamata: Corytophanidae) in the Costa Rican Rainforest. Caribbean Journal of Science, 52(2), 203-208 - get paper here
  • Andersson, L.G. 1900. Catalogue of Linnean type-specimens of Linnaeus's Reptilia in the Royal Museum in Stockholm. [type catalogue] Bihang till Konglika Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens. Handlingar. Stockholm. (4) 26 (1): 1-29. - get paper here
  • Anonymous 2012. Der Grüne Leguan. Terraria-Elaphe 2012 (3): 60-61 - get paper here
  • Auguste, Renoir J. 2019. Herpetofaunal checklist for six pilot protected areas in Trinidad and Tobago. Herpetology Notes 12: 577-585 - get paper here
  • Auguste, Renoir J. 2020. Using citizen science to rapidly determine the distribution of exploited Green Iguanas (Iguana iguana) across urban areas in Trinidad and Tobago. IRCF Reptiles & Amphibians 27 (3): 419-421 - get paper here
  • Avery, D. F.; Tanner, W. W. 1971. Evolution of the iguanine lizards (Sauria, Iguanidae) as determined by osteological and myological characters. Brigham Young University Science Bulletin 12 (3): 1-79
  • Avila-Pires, Teresa C.S.; Kleiton R. Alves-Silva, Laís Barbosa, Fabrício S. Correa, Jorge F. A. Cosenza, Ana Paula V. Costa-Rodrigues, Aurea A. Cronemberger, Marinus S. Hoogmoed, Geraldo R. Lima-Filho, Adriano O. Maciel, Alexandre F. R. Missassi, Lyw 2018. Changes in Amphibian and Reptile Diversity Over Time in Parque Estadual do Utinga, a Protected Area Surrounded by Urbanization. Herpetology Notes 11: 499-512 - get paper here
  • Aximof, I. & Barreiros, P. 2017. Iguana iguana (Common Green Iguana) Predation. Herpetological Review 48 (3): 649. - get paper here
  • Baal, T. von 2009. Sommerfutter für Iguana iguana. Iguana Rundschreiben 22 (2): 16-17
  • Badillo-Saldaña, L.M., Pineda, E. & Ramírez-Bautista, A. 2024. From tropical forest to agroecosystems: changes in functional and species diversity of lizards in Mexican Caribbean. Agroforest Syst (2024) - get paper here
  • Bagh, S. von 1962. Die Zucht der Grünen Leguans (Iguana i. iguana) im hohen Norden. DATZ 15 (8): 244-247
  • Barbosa, Vanessa do Nascimento; Amaral, Jéssica Monique da Silva; Alcantara, Edivania do Nascimento Pereira; dos Santos, Ednilza Maranhão 2018. Herpetofauna de uma área de caatinga em Taquaritinga do Norte, agreste de Pernambuco, Brasil. Cuad. herpetol. 32 (2): 109-115 - get paper here
  • Barbour, T. 1917. Notes on the herpetology of the Virgin Islands. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 30: 97-103. - get paper here
  • Barrio-Amorós, César and Ramiro A. Ojeda. 2015. Iguana iguana. Predation by Tayras (Eira barbara). Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (1): 112–114 - get paper here
  • Bernarde, Paulo Sérgio;, Reginaldo Assêncio Machado & Luiz Carlos Batista Turci 2011. Herpetofauna da área do Igarapé Esperança na Reserva Extrativista Riozinho da Liberdade, Acre – Brasil. Biota Neotropica 11 (3): 117-144 - get paper here
  • Betancourth-Cundar, Mileidy & Aquiles Gutiérrez Zamora 2010. ASPECTOS ECOLÓGICOS DE LA HERPETOFAUNA DEL CENTRO EXPERIMENTAL AMAZÓNICO, PUTUMAYO, COLOMBIA ECOTRÓPICOS 23 (2): 61-78 - get paper here
  • Bezerra, P. E. S., Santana, F. M., & de Moura, G. J. B. 2021. Sustainability assessment of a lizard assemblage in Pernambuco state, Brazil. Journal for Nature Conservation, 125957
  • Blackburn, D.G. 1994. Standardized criteria for the recognition of embryonic nutritional patterns in squamate reptiles. Copeia 1994 (4): 925-935 - get paper here
  • Bochaton, Corentin; Sandrine Grouard, Michel Breuil, Ivan Ineich, Anne Tresset, and Salvador Bailon 2016. Osteological Differentiation of the Iguana Laurenti, 1768 (Squamata: Iguanidae) Species: Iguana iguana (Linnaeus, 1758) and Iguana delicatissima Laurenti, 1768, with some Comments on their Hybrids. Journal of Herpetology 50 (2): 295-305 - get paper here
  • Bock, B.C. 2013. Iguana iguana. Catalogo de Anfibios y Reptiles de Colombia 1(1): 101-4 - get paper here
  • Bock, Brian C.; Vivian P. Páez, A. Stanley Rand, and Gordon M. Burghardt 2016. Life Table and Stochastic Matrix Projection Analysis for a Population of Green Iguanas (Iguana iguana): <br />Implications for Conservation and Control. Herp. Cons. Biol. 11 (Monograph 6) - get paper here
  • Bonetti, Mathilde 2002. 100 Sauri. Mondadori (Milano), 192 pp. - get paper here
  • Boonman, John 2005. Protein in the diet of the Green Iguana, Iguana iguana. Podarcis 6 (1/2): 40-49 - get paper here
  • Boos, H.E.A. 1984. The terrestrial reptiles of Monos island. Living World - get paper here
  • Borges-Nojosa, D. M. & Caramaschi, U. 2003. Composição e análise comparativa da diversidade e das afinidades biogeográficas dos lagartos e anfisbenídeos (Squamata) dos brejos nordestinos. In: I.R. Leal, M. Tabarelli & J.M.C. Silva (eds.). Ecologia e conservação da Caatinga, pp. 181-236. Editora Universitária, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, Brasil.
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Braunwalder, M. E. 1979. Über eine erfolgreiche Zeitigung von Eiern des Grünen Leguans, Iguana i. iguana, und die damit verbundene Problematik (Reptilia: Sauria: Iguanidae). Salamandra 15 (4): 185-210 - get paper here
  • Breuil M, Schikorski D, Vuillaume B, Krauss U, Daltry JC, Gaymes G, Gaymes J, Lepais O, Bech N, Jelić M, Becking T, Grandjean F 2022. Iguana insularis (Iguanidae) from the southern Lesser Antilles: An endemic lineage endangered by hybridization. ZooKeys 1086: 137-161 - get paper here
  • Breuil M, Schikorski D, Vuillaume B, Krauss U, Morton MN, Corry E, Bech N, Jelić M, Grandjean F 2020. Painted black: Iguana melanoderma (Reptilia, Squamata, Iguanidae) a new melanistic endemic species from Saba and Montserrat islands (Lesser Antilles). ZooKeys 926: 95-131 - get paper here
  • Buckley, Larry J.; Kevin de Queiroz, Tandora D. Grant, Bradford D. Hollingsworth, John B. Iverson (Chair, <br />Stesha A. Pasachnik, and Catherine L. Stephen (Iguana Taxonomy Working Group, ITWG 2016. A Checklist of the Iguanas of the World (Iguanidae; Iguaninae). Herp. Cons. Biol. 11 (Monograph 6) - get paper here
  • Burg, M.P. van den;, Brisbane, J.L.K. & Knapp, C.R. 2020. Post-hurricane relief facilitates invasion and establishment of two invasive alien vertebrate species in the Commonwealth of Dominica, West Indies. Biol Invasions 22, 195–203 (2020) - get paper here
  • Burg, Matthijs P van den, Steven M Van Belleghem, and Christina N De Jesús Villanueva. 2020. The Continuing March of Common Green Iguanas: Arrival on Mainland Asia. Journal for Nature Conservation 57: 125888 - get paper here
  • Burg, Matthijs P van den; Patrick G Meirmans, Tim van Wagensveld, Bart Kluskens, Hannah Madden, Mark E Welch, Johannes A J Breeuwer; 2018. The Lesser Antillean Iguana (Iguana delicatissima) on St. Eustatius: genetically depauperate and threatened by ongoing hybridization. Journal of Heredity, esy008 - get paper here
  • Burghardt, G.M. 1977. Social Behavior in hatchling green iguanas: life at a reptile rookery. Science 195: 689-691 - get paper here
  • Burghardt, G.M. & Rand, A.S., eds. 1982. Iguanas of the World. Noyes Publications, Park Ridge, NJ. [ISBN 0-8155-0917-0]
  • Burghardt, Gordon M. 1977. Of Iguanas and Dinosaurs: Social Behavior and Communication in Neonate Reptiles. American Zoologist 17: 177-190 - get paper here
  • Cacciali, Pier; Norman J. Scott, Aida Luz Aquino Ortíz, Lee A. Fitzgerald, and Paul Smith 2016. The Reptiles of Paraguay: Literature, Distribution, and an Annotated Taxonomic Checklist. SPECIAL PUBLICATION OF THE MUSEUM OF SOUTHWESTERN BIOLOGY, NUMBER 11: 1–373 - get paper here
  • Calderon, R.; Cedeño-Vázquez, J.R. & Pozo, C. 2003. New distributional records for amphibians and reptiles from Campeche, Mexico. Herpetological Review 34 (3): 269-272 - get paper here
  • Calgua de Léon, A.L. & Kunz, K. 2004. Das Überleben des schmackhaften Grünen Leguans mit Anmerkungen zu Caiman crocodilus fuscus. Reptilia (Münster) 9 (50): 74-80 - get paper here
  • Campbell, J.A. 1998. Amphibians and reptiles of northern Guatemala, the Yucatán, and Belize. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, xiii + 380 pp. - get paper here
  • Casas-Andreu, G., F.R. Méndez-De la Cruz and X. Aguilar-Miguel. 2004. Anfibios y Reptiles; pp. 375–390, in A.J.M. García-Mendoza, J. Ordoñez and M. Briones-Salas (ed.). Biodiversidad de Oaxaca. Instituto de Biología, UNAM-Fondo Oaxaqueño para la Conservación de la Naturaleza-World Wildlife Fund, México, D. F.
  • Castro, Deborah Praciano de; Sarah Mângia, Felipe de Medeiros Magalhães, David Lucas Röhr, Felipe Camurugi, Ricardo Rodrigues da Silveira Filho, Margarida Maria Xavier da Silva, John Allyson Andrade-Oliveira, Tiago Agostinho de Sousa, Frederico Gusta 2019. Herpetofauna of protected areas in the Caatinga VI: The Ubajara National Park, Ceará, Brazil. Herpetology Notes 12: 727-742 - get paper here
  • CASTRO-HERRERA, FERNANDO; ANYELET VALENCIA-AGUILAR, DIEGO VILLAQUIRAN-Martínez 2012. Diversidad de Anfibios y Reptiles del Parque Nacional Natural Isla Gorgona. Universidad del Valle, Santiago de Cali, Valle del Cauca, 112 pp. - get paper here
  • Cavalcanti, L.B.Q.; T.B. Costa; G.R. Colli; G.C. Costa; F.G.R. França; D.O. Mesquita; C.K.S. Palmeira; N. Pelegrin; A.H.B. Soares; D.B. Tucker; A.A. Garda 2014. Herpetofauna of protected areas in the Caatinga II: Serra da Capivara National Park, Piauí, Brazil. Check List 10 (1): 18-27 - get paper here
  • Cedeño-Vázquez, J. Rogelio. 2016. Distribution Notes. Iguana iguana (Linnaeus, 1758). Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (1): 182–183 - get paper here
  • Cohen, M.M. et al. 1967. The somatic chromosomes of 3 lizard species: Gekko gecko, Iguana iguana, and Crotaphytus collaris. Experientia 23 (9): 769-771 - get paper here
  • Cohen, Michael J. and Kevin M. Enge. 2011. Iguana iguana (green iguana) predation. Herpetological Review 42 (3): 430-431 - get paper here
  • Cole, Charles J.; Carol R. Townsend, Robert P. Reynolds, Ross D. MacCulloch, and Amy Lathrop 2013. Amphibians and reptiles of Guyana, South America: illustrated keys, annotated species accounts, and a biogeographic synopsis. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 125 (4): 317-578; plates: 580-620 - get paper here
  • Conant,R. & Collins,J.T. 1991. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern/Central North America, 3rd ed. Houghton Mifflin (Boston/New York), xx + 450 p.
  • Conrad, J.L. & Norell, M.A. 2010. Cranial Autapomorphies in Two Species of Iguana (Iguanidae: Squamata). Journal of Herpetology 44 (2): 307–312 - get paper here
  • Cooper Jr., W.E. 2005. Duration of movement as a lizard foraging movement variable. Herpetologica 61 (4): 363-372 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1886. On the species of Iguaninae. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 23 (122): 261-271 - get paper here
  • Costa, Taís Borges; Daniel Orsi Laranjeiras, Francis Luiz Santos Caldas, Daniel Oliveira Santana, Cristiana Ferreira da Silva, Edna Paulino de Alcântara, Samuel Vieira Brito, Jéssica Yara Galdino, Daniel Oliveira Mesquita, Renato Gomes Faria, Frederi 2018. Herpetofauna of protected areas in the Caatinga VII: Aiuaba Ecological Station (Ceará, Brazil). Herpetology Notes 11: 929-941 - get paper here
  • Costa-Campos, Carlos E., Naziel S. Souza, Yuri B. Silva E. Silva, Daniel S. Sousa Valentim, Mayara F. Melo Furtado and Liege C. Arruda. 2014. Iguana iguana (common green iguana) predation. Herpetological Review 45 (2): 329 - get paper here
  • Crother, B. I. 2000. Scientific and standard English names of amphibians and reptiles of North America north of Mexico, with comments regarding confidence in our understanding. Herpetological Circular 29: 1-82
  • Cruz-Sáenz, Daniel, Ángeles Penilla-Juarez and David Lazcano. 2013. Notes on the Herpetofauna of Western Mexico 10: Herpetofauna of the Protected Natural Area “Estero El Salado” and Adjacent Areas in Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, Mexico. Bull. Chicago Herp. Soc. 48 (9):117-119 - get paper here
  • Cupul-Magaña, Fabio Germán; García de Quevedo-Machain, Rafael; Tovar-Ramos, Jorge Alfredo; Curiel-Beltrán, Jesús Aarón 2014. Duplicación de miembro anterior en Iguana iguana (Linnaeus, 1758): registro de caso. Cuad. Herpetol. 28: - get paper here
  • de Queiroz K 1995. Checklist and key to the extant species of Mexican iguanas (Reptilia: Iguaninae). Publ. Esp. Mus. Zool. Univ. Nac. Autón. México 9: 1-48
  • Dedekind, K. 1977. Beobachtungen beim Schlupf und bei der Aufzucht eines Grünen Leguans, Iguana iguana, im Tierpark Berlin. Der Zoologische Garten (N.F.) 47: 413-418
  • Denzer, W. 1985. Die Herpetofauna Südfloridas, Teil 1: Die disjunkten Populationen tropischer Reptilien und Amphibien im Süden Floridas. Sauria 7 (2): 5-10 - get paper here
  • Dixon, J. R.; Soini, P. 1975. The reptiles of the upper Amazon basin, Iquitos region, Peru, Part I. Lizards and Amphisbaenians. Milwaukee Public Museum Contributions in Biology and Geology 4: 1-58 [1986?] - get paper here
  • Dorado-Rodrigues, T. F., Pansonato, A., Mudrek, J. R., & Strüssmann, C. 2024. Amphibians and reptiles of urban area springs in the Cerrado savannah, Brazil. Herpetology Notes, 17, 109-131
  • Dubeux, M. J. M., Araújo Neto, J. V. D., Triburcio, I. C. S., Lisboa, B. S., Torquato, S., Freitas, M. A. D., ... & Mott, T. 2022. A “hotspot” within a hotspot: the reptiles of the Estação Ecológica and Área de Proteção Ambiental de Murici, Atlantic Forest of northeastern Brazil. Biota Neotropica, 22: 1-14 - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1837. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol. 4. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris, 570 pp. - get paper here
  • Dunn, E.R. 1934. Notes on Iguana Copeia 1934 (1): 1-4. - get paper here
  • Enderlein, R. 1963. Freilandhaltung und Zucht des Grünen Leguans, Iguana iguana, in Schweden. Der Zoologische Garten (N.F.) 28 (1): 1-7
  • Evans, F. Gaynor 1944. The morphological status of the modern Amphibia among the tetrapoda. Journal of Morphology 74 (1): 43-100 - get paper here
  • Falcón, Wilfredo; James D. Ackerman, Wilnelia Recart, and Curtis C. Daehler 2013. Biology and Impacts of Pacific Island Invasive Species. 10. Iguana iguana, the Green Iguana (Squamata: Iguanidae). Pacific Science 67 92): 157-186. - get paper here
  • Fenske, R. 1999. Beobachtungen im Iguana Park bei Orotina, Costa Rica. Sauria 21 (1): 39-42 - get paper here
  • Filipak, D., Geisler, G., Kollarits, D. & Christian, W. 2012. Iguana iguana (green iguana) predation. Herpetological Review 43: 487-488 - get paper here
  • Fonseca, Wirven Lima da; Julivaldo Dantas da Silva, Arthur Diesel Abegg, Conrado Mario da Rosa, Paulo Sergio Bernarde 2019. Herpetofauna of Porto Walter and surrounding areas, Southwest Amazonia, Brazil. Herpetology Notes 12: 91-107 - get paper here
  • Franzini, Lissa Dellefrate; Izabel Regina Soares Silva, Daniel Oliveira Santana, Fagner Ribeiro Delfim, Gustavo Henrique Calazans Vieira, Daniel Oliveira Mesquita 2019. Lizards fauna from the state of Paraíba, Northeastern Brazil: current knowledge and sampling discontinuities. Herpetology Notes 12: 749-763 - get paper here
  • Freitas, M. A. de, Venancio, N. M., Abegg, A. D., Azevedo, W. S, Pereira, V. O., Zanotti, A. P., Veloso, A., Schwarzbach, L., Oliveira, A. G., da Silva, R. C. C., de Amorim, V. R. G. and de Moura, G. J. B. 2020. Herpetofauna at the Rio Acre Ecological Station, Amazon Rainforest, Brazil. Herpetology Notes 13: 33-48. - get paper here
  • Freitas, Marco A. de; Marcos J.M. Dubeux, Márcio F. Chaves, Bruno F. Fiorillo, Gentil A.P. Filho, Washington L.S. Vieira, and Geraldo J.B. de Moura 2023. Herpetofauna in three highland Atlantic Forest remnants in northeastern Brazil. Herpetology Notes 16: 377-390
  • Freitas, Marco Antonio de 2014. Squamate reptiles of the Atlantic Forest of northern Bahia, Brazil. Check List 10 (5): 1020-1030 - get paper here
  • Freitas, Marco Antonio de; Arthur Diesel Abegg, Daniel da Silva Araújo, Hugo Estevam de Almeida Coelho, Weverton dos Santos Azevedo, Márcio Frazão Chaves, Geraldo Jorge Barbosa de Moura 2019. Herpetofauna of five "Brejos de Altitude" of the interior of the state of Pernambuco, Northeastern Brazil. Herpetology Notes 12: 591-602 - get paper here
  • Fugler, C. M. 1985. Adiciones y correcciones a la lista preliminar de la herpetofauna de Tumi Chucua, province Vaca Díez, Departamento de Beni. Cuad. Acad. Ciec. Bolivia, Zool. 3: 17-18.
  • Gandolfi, Herzog 1908. Die Zunge der Agamidae und Iguanidae. Zool. Anz. 32: 569 - get paper here
  • Garda, A.A.; T.B. Costa; C.R. Santos-Silva; D.O. Mesquita; R.G. Faria; B.M. Conceição; I.R.S. Silva; A.S. Ferreira; S.M. Rocha; C.N.S. Palmeira; R. Rodrigues; S.F. Ferrari; S. Torquato. 2013. Herpetofauna of protected areas in the Caatinga I: Raso da Catarina Ecological Station (Bahia, Brazil). Check List 9 (2):405-414 - get paper here
  • Gibbons, Whit; Judy Greene, and Tony Mills 2009. LIZARDS AND CROCODILIANS OF THE SOUTHEAST. University of Georgia Press, 240 pp.
  • Glaberman, Scott & Adalgisa Caccone 2008. Species-specific evolution of class I MHC genes in iguanas (Order: Squamata; Subfamily: Iguaninae). Immunogenetics 60:371–382 - get paper here
  • Goin, C.J. 1968. Behavior of Iguana During Rain Storms. Quarterly J. Florida Acad. Sci. 30 (2): 119-120 [1967] - get paper here
  • Gonçalves-Sousa, José Guilherme; Daniel Oliveira Mesquita & Robson Waldemar Ávila 2019. Structure of a Lizard Assemblage in a Semiarid Habitat of the Brazilian Caatinga. Herpetologica 75 (4): 301-314 - get paper here
  • Gonzalez R. C. et al. 2020. Lista dos Nomes Populares dos Répteis no Brasil – Primeira Versão. Herpetologia Brasileira 9 (2): 121 – 214 - get paper here
  • Gorzula, Stefan & Senaris, J. Celsa 1999. In: Contribution to the herpetofauna of the Venezuelan Guayana. I: a data base. Scientia Guaianae, Caracas, No. 8 [1998], 269+ pp.; ISBN 980-6020-48-0
  • Govender, Y; M. C. Muñoz, L. A. Ramírez Camejo, A. R. Puente-Rolón, E Cuevas, and L Sternberg 2012. An Isotopic Study of Diet and Muscles of the Green Iguana (Iguana iguana) in Puerto Rico. Journal of Herpetology 46 (2): 167-170. - get paper here
  • Greene, H.W., G.M. Burghardt, B.A. Dugan & A.S. Rand 1978. Predation and the Defensive Behavior of Green Iguanas (Reptilia, Lacertilia, Iguanidae) Journal of Herpetology 12 (2): 169-176. - get paper here
  • Gründl, H. 1976. Die Zucht des Grünen Leguans (Iguana iguana). DATZ 29: 430-431
  • Günther, A. C. L. G. 1885. Reptilia and Batrachia. Biologia Centrali-Américana. Taylor, & Francis, London, 326 pp. [published in parts from 1885-1902; reprint by the SSAR 1987] - get paper here
  • Hagist, W. 1964. Varanus griseus und Iguana iguana in einem kombinierten Zimmerterrarium. DATZ 17: 118-121
  • Hardy, L.M., & McDiarmid, R.W. 1969. The amphibians and reptiles of Sinaloa, Mexico. Univ. Kansas Publ. Mus. Nat. Hist. 18 (3): 39-252. - get paper here
  • Harper, S., Fallick, S., Hake, T., Feliciano-Rivera, F. A., & Elden, J. M. 2023. Opportunistic Records of Herpetofauna in Mainland Puerto Rico with photographic accounts of species and habitat. Bulletin of the Chicago Herpetological Society, 58(9), 150-157 - get paper here
  • Hecht, Kirsten A. and McKinnon, Kelly A. 2016. Geographic Distribution: Iguana iguana (Green Iguana). Herpetological Review 47 (4): 629 - get paper here
  • Heimes, P. 2022. LIZARDS OF MEXICO - Part 1 Iguanian lizards. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt Am Main, 448 pp.
  • Henderson, C.L. 2010. Mammals, Amphibians, and Reptiles of Costa Rica - A field guide. University of Texas Press, Austin, 198 pp.
  • Henderson, R. W., & FITCH, H. S. 1978. Dragons: 25 c/lb. Animal Kingdom 81(1): 12-17.
  • Herff, S. 1971. Meine Hausdrachen. DATZ 24 (12): 420-421
  • Hilje B, Chaves G, Klank J, Timmerman F, Feltham J, Gillingwater S, Piraino T, Rojas E 2020. Amphibians and Reptiles of the Tirimbina Biological Reserve: a baseline for conservation, research and environmental education in a lowland tropical wet forest in Costa Rica. Check List 16(6): 1633-1655 - get paper here
  • Hirschfeld, K. 1969. Der Grüne Hausdrache - Die Pflege des Grünen Leguans. Aquarien-Magazin 1969: 417-418
  • Hirth, H.F. 1963. Some Apects of the Natural History of Iguana iguana on a Tropical Strand. Ecology 44 (3): 613-615 - get paper here
  • Hoogmoed, M.S., & Lescure, J. 1975. An annotated checklist of the lizards of French Guiana, mainly based on two recent collections. Zoologische Mededelingen 49(13): 141-172. - get paper here
  • Hyatt, D.M. 1996. Iguana Iguana: Guide for Successful Captive Care (Book Review). Sonoran Herpetologist 9 (6):57. - get paper here
  • Jacobson, E.R. 2003. Biology, Husbandry, and Medicine of the Green Iguana. Krieger, Malabar, 188 pp.
  • Janke, A.; Erpenback, D.; Nilsson, M. & Arnason, U. 2001. The mitochondrial genomes of the iguana (Iguana iguana) and the caiman (Caiman crocodylus): implications for amniote phylogeny. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 268: 623-631 - get paper here
  • Jelinek, U. 2007. Erfahrungen bei der innerartlichen Vergesellschaftung von Iguana iguana. Iguana Rundschreiben 20 (1): 13-15
  • Jesús-Villanueva, Christina de 2017. Tales from the “Iguana Girl”: An anecdotal account of Puerto Ricans’ interactions with and perceptions of invasive Green Iguanas (Iguana iguana). . IRCF Reptiles & Amphibians 24 (1): 30–35 - get paper here
  • Johnson, Jerry D.; Vicente Mata-Silva, Elí García Padilla, and Larry David Wilson 2015. The Herpetofauna of Chiapas, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (3): 272–329. - get paper here
  • Johnson, Scott 2020. First record of a Green Iguana (Iguana iguana) on Andros (Bahamas): A potential threat to endemic Bahamian rock iguanas. IRCF Reptiles & Amphibians 26: 255-256 - get paper here
  • Jorge, Rafael and Vaz-Silva, Wilian 2016. Iguana iguana (Green Iguana) Predation. Herpetological Review 47 (4): 670-671 - get paper here
  • Knapp, Charles R. and Juan G. Abarca 2009. EFFECTS OF RADIO TRANSMITTER BURDENING ON LOCOMOTOR ABILITY AND SURVIVAL OF IGUANA HATCHLINGS. Herpetologica 65 (4): 363-372 - get paper here
  • Köhler, G. 1988. Iguana iguana (LINNAEUS, 1758). Sauria 10 (3) Suppl.: 115–118 - get paper here
  • Köhler, G. 1992. Artgerechte Ernährung und ernährungsbedingte Krankheiten des Grünen Leguans, Iguana iguana (LINNAEUS 1758). Sauria 14 (1): 3-8 - get paper here
  • Köhler, G. 2000. Reptilien und Amphibien Mittelamerikas, Bd 1: Krokodile, Schildkröten, Echsen. Herpeton Verlag, Offenbach, 158 pp.
  • Kornacker, P. M. 1998. Zum Lebensalter des Grünen Leguans (Iguana iguana) im Terrarium (Reptilia: Sauria: Iguanidae). Salamandra 34 (2): 183-184 - get paper here
  • Krüger, S. 2008. Leguanhaltung im Zoo Dortmund - Problematiken. Iguana Rundschreiben 21 (2): 25-30
  • Krysko, K.K.; Enge, K.M.; Donlan, E.M.; Golden, E.Z.; Burgess, J.P. & Larson, K.W. 2009. THE NON-MARINE HERPETOFAUNA OF KEY BISCAYNE, FLORIDA. Herp. Cons. Biol. 5 (1):132-142 - get paper here
  • Lambert, Helen; Gemma Carder and Neil D’Cruze 2019. Given the Cold Shoulder: A Review of the Scientific Literature for Evidence of Reptile Sentience. Animals 9: 821 - get paper here
  • Larreal, J.T.; G.A. Rivas; C. Portillo-Quintero; T.R. Barros 2012. Squamata reptiles of a fragment of tropical dry forest in northwestern Venezuela (Lake Maracaibo region). Check List 8(6):1220-1224 - get paper here
  • Laurenti, J. N. 1768. Specimen medicum, exhibens synopsin reptilium emendatam cum experimentis circa venena et antidota reptilium austracorum, quod authoritate et consensu. Vienna, Joan. Thomae, 217 pp. - get paper here
  • Lazell, James D., Jr 1973. The lizard genus Iguana in the Lesser Antilles. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 145 (1): 1-28 - get paper here
  • Lee, J. C. 2000. A field guide to the amphibians and reptiles of the Maya world. Cornell University Press, Ithaca,
  • Lee, J.C. 1996. The amphibians and reptiles of the Yucatán Peninsula. Comstock, Cornell University Press, Ithaca, 500 pp.
  • Lehr, E. 2002. Amphibien und Reptilien in Peru. Natur und Tier-Verlag (Münster), 208 pp. - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal JA, Smith GR 2020. A checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Sinaloa, Mexico with a conservation status summary and comparisons with neighboring states. ZooKeys 931: 85-114 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal JA, Smith GR, Pierce LJS, Painter CW 2020. The amphibians and reptiles of Colima, Mexico, with a summary of their conservation status. ZooKeys 927: 99-125 - get paper here
  • Licht, P. & Moberly, W.R. 1965. THERMAL REQUIREMENTS FOR EMBRYONIC DEVELOPMENT IN THE TROPICAL LlZARD IGUANA IGUANA. Copeia 1965: 515-517 - get paper here
  • Lima Moraes, L. J. C. de, do Nascimento Rainha, R., de Pinho Werneck, F., de Souza Oliveira, A. F., Gascon, C., & de Carvalho, V. T. 2022. Amphibians and reptiles from a protected area in western Brazilian Amazonia (Reserva Extrativista do Baixo Juruá). Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia, 62, e202262054-e202262054 - get paper here
  • Lima-Pereira, Karla Dayane de; Jéssica Vieira Teixeira, Ely Mariano de Jesus N. Silva, Maurivan Vaz Ribeiro 2020. Predation attempted on Iguana iguana (Squamata, Iguanidae) by Lontra longicaudis (Carnivora, Mustelidae). Herpetology Notes 13: 491-493 - get paper here
  • Lindsay, Kevel; Mussington, John. 2009. Iguana iguana in Antigua and Barbuda, West Indies. Applied Herpetology 6(2):189-190 - get paper here
  • Link, H.F. 1807. Beschreibung der Naturalien-Sammlung der Universität zu Rostock, zweite Abtheilung. Adlers Erben, Rostock, pp. 51-100 - get paper here
  • Linnaeus, C. [= Linné, C. von] 1758. Systema naturæ per regna tria naturæ, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii, Holmiæ. 10th Edition: 824 pp. - get paper here
  • Loc-Barragán JA, Smith GR, Woolrich-Piña GA, Lemos-Espinal JA 2024. An updated checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Nayarit, Mexico with conservation status and comparison with adjoining States. Herpetozoa 37: 25-42 - get paper here
  • Loc-Barragán, J. A. 2017. Iguana iguana (Linnaeus, 1758). Predation. Mesoamerican Herpetology 4(4): 929–930 - get paper here
  • Loftin, H. 1965. IGUANAS AS CARRION EATERS. Copeia 1965: 515 - get paper here
  • Low, Martyn E. Y. 2016. A Note on the Nomenclature of Iguana iguana (Linnaeus, 1758). Life: The Excitement of Biology 3(4): 290 - get paper here
  • Lozano, Julián Arango 2020. Green Iguana with tail bifurcation Regenerate tail bifurcation in the Green Iguana (Iguana iguana Linnaeus, 1758). Herpetology Notes 13: 483-484 - get paper here
  • Maier-Rittermann, P.F. 1973. Ernährung und Behandlung eines an Amöben und Salmonellen erkrankten Grünen Leguans (lguana iguana). Der Zoologische Garten 43: 144-147
  • Markezich, A.L. 2002. New distribution records of reptiles from Western Venezuela. Herpetological Review 33 (1): 69-74 - get paper here
  • MARSCHANG, RACHEL E.; JOANNA PASTERNY, JAKUB SEŃ, ŁUKASZ SKOMORUCHA, KACPER STANICKI 2021. A novel iguanid herpesvirus detected in asymptomatic green iguanas (Iguana iguana) in Poland. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 52(2): 815-819. - get paper here
  • Mata-Silva, Vicente, Jerry D. Johnson, Larry David Wilson and Elí García-Padilla. 2015. The herpetofauna of Oaxaca, Mexico: composition, physiographic distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (1): 6–62 - get paper here
  • Mays, Jonathan D., Enge, Kevin M., Emerick, Adam and Hill, E. Pierson 2017. New island records for reptiles in the Florida Keys, Monroe County, Florida, USA. Herpetological Review 48 (1): 145-146 - get paper here
  • McCranie, James R. 2015. A checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with additions, comments on taxonomy, some recent taxonomic decisions, and areas of further studies needed. Zootaxa 3931 (3): 352–386 - get paper here
  • McCranie, James R. 2018. The Lizards, Crocodiles, and Turtles of Honduras. Systematics, Distribution, and Conservation. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Special Publication Series (2): 1- 666 - get paper here
  • McCranie, James R., Leonardo Valdés Orellana and Alexander Gutsche. 2013. New departmental records for amphibians and reptiles in Honduras. Herpetological Review 44 (2): 288-289 - get paper here
  • Mckeown, Sean 1996. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians in the Hawaiian Islands. Diamond Head Publishing, Inc., Los Osos, CA,
  • McNish, T. 2011. La fauna del archipiélago de San Andrés, Providencia y Santa Catalina, Colombia, Sudamérica. Colomba Andina de Impresos, ISBN 978-958-99518-1-1
  • Melo-Dias M., Souza-Cruz P.G., Moreira I.G., Curi N.H.A., Carvalho N.S., Freitas M.A., Rosa C. 2023. Invasive amphibians and reptiles living in Brazil. South American Journal of Herpetology 29: 38–65 - get paper here
  • Mendelssohn, H. 1980. Observations on a captive colony of Iguana iguana. SSAR Contributions to Herpetology 1: 119-123
  • Mertens, R. 1952. Die Amphibien und Reptilien von El Salvador. Abh. senckenb. naturf. Ges. (Frankfurt) (No. 487): 120 pp.
  • Mertens, R. 1972. Herpetofauna tobagana. Stuttgarter Beitr. zur Naturkunde nr. 252 22 pp. - get paper here
  • Meshaka Jr., Walter E. 2011. A RUNAWAY TRAIN IN THE MAKING: THE EXOTIC AMPHIBIANS, REPTILES, TURTLES, AND CROCODILIANS OF FLORIDA. Herp. Cons. Biol. 6 (Monograph 1): 1-101 - get paper here
  • Mesquita, Daniel Oliveira; Brygida Alves, Carmem Pedro, Daniel Laranjeiras, Francis Caldas, Isabella Pedrosa, Jefter Rodrigues, Leandro Drummond, Lucas Cavalcanti, Milena Wachlevski, Paulo Nogueira-Costa, Rafaela França, Frederico França 2018. Herpetofauna in two habitat types (tabuleiros and Stational Semidecidual Forest) in the Reserva Biológica Guaribas, northeastern Brazil. Herpetology Notes 11: 455-474 - get paper here
  • Miller, C. 2006. The nutritional aspect of metabolic bone disease in the Green Iguana, Iguana iguana. Reptilia (GB) (48): 77-80 - get paper here
  • Miranda, Daniele Bazzo; Nathocley Mendes Venâncio, Saymon de Albuquerque 2014. Rapid survey of the herpetofauna in an area of forest management in eastern Acre, Brazil. Check List 10 (4): 893-899 - get paper here
  • Mivart, St. G. 1867. Notes on the myology of Iguana tuberculata. Proc. zool. Soc. London 1867: 766-797 - get paper here
  • MORALES-MAVIL, J. E., AND M. GAONZALEZ-SOLORZANO 2020. Iguana iguana (Green Iguana). Diet And Scavenging. Herpetological Review 51: 600-601.
  • Morato, S.A.A.; A.M.X. Lima; D.C.P. Staut; R.G. Faria; J.P. Souza-Alves; S.F. Gouveia; M.R.C. Scupino; R. Gomes; M.J. Silva. 2011. Amphibians and Reptiles of the Refúgio de Vida Silvestre Mata do Junco, municipality of Capela, state of Sergipe, northeastern Brazil. Check List 7 (6): 756-762 - get paper here
  • Morato, S.A.A.; Calixto, P.O.; Mendes, L.R.; Gomes, R.; Galatti, U.; Trein, F.L.; Oliveira, F.S.; Ferreira, G.N. 2014. Guia fotográfico de identificação da herpetofauna da Floresta Nacional de Saracá-Taquera, Estado do Pará. Curitiba: STCP Engenharia de Projetos Ltda.; Porto Trombetas: MRN – Mineração Rio do Norte S.A.; 213 p. - get paper here
  • Moura, A. C. de A.; L. Cavalcanti, E. Leite‐Filho, D. O. Mesquita & K. R. McConkey 2014. Can green iguanas compensate for vanishing seed dispersers in the Atlantic forest fragments of north‐east Brazil? J Zool, 295: 189-196 - get paper here
  • Neill, Wilfred T. and E. Ross Allen. 1959. Studies on the amphibians and reptiles of British Honduras. Publications of the Research Division Ross Allen's Reptiles Institute. 2 (1): 1-76
  • Neto, Antonio Mollo; Paola María Sánchez-Martínez and Renato Augusto Junqueira Gaiga 2013. Predation on the lizard Iguana iguana (Sauria: Iguanidae) by the snake Siphlophis compressus (Serpentes: Dipsadidae), at Rondônia state, Brazil. Herpetology Notes 6: 37-38
  • Oldham, J.C. & Smith, H.M. 1975. Laboratory Anatomy of the Iguana. Booth Laboratory Anatomy Series. 106 pp.
  • OLIVEIRA LIMA, JEFFERSON; HUGO ANDRADE, TAINARA LIMA DA SILVA & EDUARDO JOSÉ DOS REIS DIAS. 2022. Reptiles of Sergipe: current knowledge and sampling discontinuities. Herpetology Notes 15: 69–78. - get paper here
  • Oliveira, D.P.; S.M. Souza; L. Frazão; A.P. Almeida; T. Hrbek 2014. Lizards from central Jatapú River, Amazonas, Brazil. Check List 10 (1): 46-53 - get paper here
  • OLIVEIRA, JAIRO MOURA DE; VINÍCIUS LOPES DE ALMEIDA SOUZA & SÉRGIO AUGUSTO ABRAHÃO MORATO 2015. Boa constrictor (Common Boa) feeds on and regurgitates alive a lizard Iguana iguana (Green Iguana). Herpetological Bulletin (133) - get paper here
  • Oliveira, Jane C. F. de; Thiago Marcial de Castro 2017. Range extension of Iguana iguana Linnaeus, 1758 (Squamata: Iguanidae): the first record of an established population in southeastern Brazil. Check List 13 (2): 2097 - get paper here
  • Oliveira, Jane C.F.; Rodrigo Castellari Gonzalez; Paulo Passos; Davor Vrcibradic & Carlos Frederico Duarte Rocha 2020. Non-Avian Reptiles of the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: status of knowledge and commented list. Pap. Avulsos Zool. 60: e20206024 - get paper here
  • OLIVEIRA, P.M.A., MELLO, A.V.A., DUBEUX, M.J.M., OLIVEIRA, S.B.A., LOURENÇO, G.F., NUNES, P.M.S. 2021. Herpetofauna of Matas de Água Azul, an Atlantic Forest remnant in Serra do Mascarenhas, Pernambuco state, Brazil. Biota Neotropica 21 (2): e20201063 - get paper here
  • Páez, V.P. et al. 2002. Guía de campo de algunas especies de anfibios y reptiles de Antioquia. Universidad de Antioquia, - get paper here
  • Palacios-Aguilar, Ricardo & OSCAR FLORES-VILLELA 2018. An updated checklist of the herpetofauna from Guerrero, Mexico. Zootaxa 4422 (1): 1-24 - get paper here
  • Pauler, I. 1963. Pinki, der Leguan. DATZ 16 (8): 246-249
  • Pedroso-Santos, Fillipe; Patrick Ribeiro Sanches, and Carlos Eduardo Costa-Campos, 2019. Anurans and reptiles of the Reserva Extrativista Beija-Flor Brilho de Fogo, Amapá state, eastern Amazon. Herpetology Notes 12: 799-807 - get paper here
  • Penilla-Juárez, Ángeles; Daniel Cruz-Sáenz and David Lazcano 2013. Notes on the Herpetofauna of Western Mexico 9: Current status of Green Iguanas (Iguana iguana) and Western Spiny-tailed Iguanas (Ctenosaura pectinata) in the Natural Protected Area “Estero El Salado” in Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, Mexico. Bull. Chicago Herp. Soc. 48 (7):92-96 - get paper here
  • Peracca, M. G. 1896. Observaciones sobre la reproduccion de la Iguana tuberculata, Laur. La Naturaleza, (II) 2(11): 502-507 - get paper here
  • Peracca, M.G. 1891. Osservazioni sulla riproduzione della Iguana tubercolata Laur. Bollettino dei Musei di Zoologia ed Anatomia comparata della R. Universita di Torino, 6(110): 1-8 - get paper here
  • Peralta-García A, Valdez-Villavicencio JH, Fucsko LA, Hollingsworth BD, Johnson JD, Mata-Silva V, Rocha A, DeSantis DL, Porras LW, and Wilson LD. 2023. The herpetofauna of the Baja California Peninsula and its adjacent islands, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 17(1&2): 57–142
  • Percino-Daniel, Ruth; Erika Cruz-Ocaña, Wilber Pozo-Ventura y Ernesto Velázquez-Velázquez 2013. Diversidad de reptiles en dos microcuencas del río Grijalva, Chiapas, México. Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 84: 938-948 - get paper here
  • Pereira-Cordeiro, Joel Maciel & Bartolomeu Israel de Souza 2022. RÉPTEIS EM ECÓTONO CAATINGA/MATA ATLÂNTICA E SUAS PERCEPÇÕES EM COMUNIDADES RURAIS Maringá 14 (2): 55-73 - get paper here
  • Petzold, H.G. 1970. Literatur zur Fortpflanzungsbiologie des Grünen Leguans, Iguana iguana. Aq und Terr. 17 (5): 166
  • Philibosian, R.; Yntema, J. A. 1978. Records and status of some reptiles and amphibians in the Virgin Islands. II. 1975-1976. Herpetologica 34 (1): 47-51 - get paper here
  • PROBST, J-M. 1999. L’ Iguane vert Iguana iguana une nouvelle espèce de reptile naturalisé a la Réunion ? Bulletin Phaethon 10 : 110.
  • Prudente, A.L.C.; F. Magalhães; A. Menks; J.F.M. Sarmento. 2013. Checklist of Lizards of the Juruti, state of Pará, Brazil. Check List 9 (1):42-50 - get paper here
  • Rand, A.S. 1968. DESICCATION RATES IN CROCODILE AND IGUANA EGGS. Herpetologica 24: 178-180 - get paper here
  • Rensch, B. & Adrian-Hinsberg, C. 1963. Die visuelle Lernkapazität von Leguanen. Zeitschrift für Tierpsychologie 1963: 34-42
  • Ribeiro, S. C., I. J. Roberto, D. L. Sales, R. W. Ávila & W. O. Almeida 2012. Amphibians and reptiles from the Araripe bioregion, northeastern Brazil. Salamandra 48 (3): 133-146 - get paper here
  • RIBEIRO-JÚNIOR, MARCO A. 2015. Catalogue of distribution of lizards (Reptilia: Squamata) from the Brazilian Amazonia. I. Dactyloidae, Hoplocercidae, Iguanidae, Leiosauridae, Polychrotidae, Tropiduridae. Zootaxa 3983 (1): 001–110 - get paper here
  • Ribeiro-Júnior, Marco A. & Silvana Amaral 2016. Diversity, distribution, and conservation of lizards (Reptilia: Squamata) in the Brazilian Amazonia. Neotropical Biodiversity, 2:1, 195-421 - get paper here
  • Ribeiro-Sanches, Patrick; de Souza Gama, Cecile; Pedroso dos Santos, Fillipe; Costa-Campos, Carlos Eduardo 2018. Predation on Iguana iguana (Squamata: Iguanidae) by Boa constrictor (Squamata: Boidae) in a fluvial island in the Amazonas river, Brazil, including a list of saurophagy events with Boa constrictor as predator. Cuad. herpetol. 32 (2): - get paper here
  • Rice, E.A., Lewis, T.R., Griffin, R.K. and Grant, P.B., 2022. Heads nods and boat bobs: Behavior of Iguana iguana is affected by environment and boat traffic in riparian tropical forest. Biotropica, 54(4), pp.820-828 - get paper here
  • Ricklefs, R.E. & Cullen, J. 1973. Embryonie Growth of the Green Iguana, Iguana iguana. Copeia 1973: 296-305 - get paper here
  • Rivas Fuenmayor, G.; Ugueto, G.; Rivero, R. & Miralles, A. 2005. The Herpetofauna of Isla de Margarita, Venezuela: New Records and Comments. Carib. J. Sci. 41 (2): 346-351
  • RIVAS, GILSON A.; CÉSAR R. MOLINA, GABRIEL N. UGUETO, TITO R. BARROS, CÉSAR L. BAR- RIO-AMORÓS & PHILIPPE J. R. KOK 2012. Reptiles of Venezuela: an updated and commented checklist. Zootaxa 3211: 1–64 - get paper here
  • Rivas, J.A.; Avila, T.M. 1996. Sex identification in juvenile green iguanas (Iguana iguana) by cloacal analysis. Copeia 1996 (1): 219-221 - get paper here
  • Roberto, Igor Joventino; Cícero Ricardo de Oliveira, João Antonio de Araújo Filho, Herivelto Faustino de Oliveira, Robson Waldemar Ávila 2017. The herpetofauna of the Serra do Urubu mountain range: a key biodiversity area for conservation in the brazilian atlantic forest. Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia 57 (27): 347-373 - get paper here
  • ROCHA-BRAGA, ROBERTA DA, JOÃO FABRÍCIO MOTA RODRIGUES, DUANNY MURINELLY DE SOUZA CUNHA 2013. Surgical wound management and healing in Iguana iguana. Herpetological Bulletin (124) - get paper here
  • Rodda, G.H. 1990. Sex and violence in South America: tactics for reproduction in the green iguana (part 1). Tucson Herpetological Society Newsletter 3(2):15-19.
  • Rodda, G.H. 1990. Sex and violence in South America: tactics for reproduction in the green iguana (part 2). Tucson Herpetological Society Newsletter 3(3):22-24.
  • Rodda, G.H., B.C. Bock, G.M. Burghardt & A.S. Rand 1988. Techniques for identifying individual lizards at a distance reveal influence of handling Copeia 1988 (4): 905-913. - get paper here
  • RODRIGUES NEHEMY, IBRAHIM KAMEL; THAYLLON ORZECHOWSKY GOMES, FERNANDA PAIVA, WESLEY KAUAN KUBO, JOÃO EMÍLIO DE ALMEIDA JÚNIOR, NATHAN FERNANDES NEVES & VINICIUS DE AVELAR SÃO PEDRO. 2022. Herpeto-commerce: A look at the illegal online trade of amphibians and reptiles in Brazil. Cuadernos de Herpetología 36(2): 185–196. - get paper here
  • Rojas-Morales, Julián Andrés, Héctor Fabio Arias-Monsalve y Gustavo A. González-Durán 2014. Anibios y reptiles de la región centro-sur del departamento de Caldas, Colombia. Biota Colombiana 15 (1): 73-93 - get paper here
  • Roon, H.D. van 1976. Verzorging en voortplanting van de Groene Leguaan Iguana i. iguana (Linnaeus, 1758) in gevangenschap. Lacerta 34 (6/7): 71-77 - get paper here
  • Santos Caldas, Francis Luiz; Taís Borges Costa, Daniel Orsi Laranjeiras, Daniel Oliveira Mesquita, Adrian Antonio Garda 2016. Herpetofauna of protected areas in the Caatinga V: Seridó Ecological Station (Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil). Check List 12 (4): DOI: - get paper here
  • Santos, S. S., dos Santos, T. F., de Araújo Gomes, I. S., Pereira, O. A., dos Santos, I. M. E. L., & Guzzi, A. 2023. Herpetofauna of Piuaí [sic] state, northeastern Brazil. CONTRIBUCIONES A LAS CIENCIAS SOCIALES, 16(7), 6645-6669 - get paper here
  • Savage, J.M. 2002. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Costa Rica: A Herpetofauna Between Two Continents, Between Two Seas. University of Chicago Press, 934 pp. [review in Copeia 2003 (1): 205]
  • Sazima, Ivan; Marlies Sazima, Mardiore Pinheiro 2020. Tongue in the Eye: Ocular Secretions of a Green Iguana (Iguana iguana) Lapped by a Hairy-legged Bee (Centris sp.). IRCF Reptiles & Amphibians 27 (2): 302-303 - get paper here
  • Scarpetta, S. G. 2020. Combined-evidence analyses of ultraconserved elements and morphological data: an empirical example in iguanian lizards. Biology Letters, 16(8): 20200356 - get paper here
  • Schardt, M. 1998. Freilanduntersuchungen zur Lebensweise und Ökologie von Iguana iguana (Linnaeus, 1758) auf der Karibikinsel Terre de Haute, mit einer Bemerkung zum sympatrischen Vorkommen mit Iguana delicatissima Laurenti, 1768. Sauria 20 (3): 15-21 - get paper here
  • Schardt, M. 2003. Morphologie und Färbung des Karibischen Grünen Leguans (Iguana delicatissima). Reptilia (Münster) 8 (44): 47-49 - get paper here
  • Schardt, M.; Mutschmann, F. & Werning, H. 2009. Grüne Leguane, 2. Aufl. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 312 pp. - get paper here
  • Schardt, M.; Werning, H. & Mutschmann, F. 2004. Grüne Leguane. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 144 pp. - get paper here
  • Schmidt, J. 1984. Ein Gigant unter den Echsen: der Grüne Leguan. Aq. Mag. 1984: 545-546
  • Schmidt, K. E, & INGER, R. F. 1951. Amphibians and reptiles of the Hopkins-Branner expedition to Brazil. Fieldiana: Zoology 31: 439-465 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Sementelli, Arthur J.; Henry T. Smith, Walter E. Meshaka, Jr., & Dana Alexander 2008. Green Iguana (Iguana iguana) Colony Burrow Density in Florida. Journal of Kansas Herpetology (25): 11 - get paper here
  • Señaris, J. Celsa; María Matilde Aristeguieta Padrón, Haidy Rojas Gil y Fernando J. M. Rojas-Runjaic 2018. Guía ilustrada de los anfibios y reptiles del valle de Caracas, Venezuela. Ediciones IVIC, Instituto Venezolano de Investigaciones Científicas (IVIC). Caracas, Venezuela. 348 pp.
  • Sexton, O.J. 1975. Black Vultures Feeding on Iguana Eggs in Panama. American Midland Naturalist 93(2): 463-468 - get paper here
  • Shaw, George & Nodder, Frederick P. (Eds.) 1796. The Naturalist's Miscellany [...], Vol. VII. London, Nodder & Co., plates 219-254, 136 unnumbered pages [published in monthly issues between August 1, 1795, and July 1, 1796] - get paper here
  • Siebenrock, Friedrich 1892. Ueber Wirbelassimilation bei den Sauriern. Annalen des Königlichen Kaiserlichen Naturhistorischen Hofmuseum in Wien 7: 373-378 - get paper here
  • Silva, F.M.; A.C. Menks; A.L.C. Prudente; J.C.L. Costa; A.E.M. Travassos; U. Galatti. 2011. Squamate Reptiles from municipality of Barcarena and surroundings, state of Pará, north of Brazil. Check List 7 (3): 220-226 - get paper here
  • Sivak, J.G. 1973. OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE INTERPARIETAL SCALE OF THE GREEN IGUANA (IGUANA IGUANA). Herpetologica 29: 254-255 - get paper here
  • Smith, H.M. 1935. Miscellaneous notes on Mexican lizards. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 22: 119-156 - get paper here
  • Smith, H.M. & Taylor,E.H. 1950. An annotated checklist and key to the reptiles of Mexico exclusive of the snakes. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 199: 1-253 - get paper here
  • Solís, J. M., L. D. Wilson, and J. H. Townsend. 2014. An updated list of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with comments on their nomenclature. Mesoamerican Herpetology 1: 123–144 - get paper here
  • SOMMA, LOUIS A. & MARK T. BAILEY. 2021. Geographic distribution: IGUANA IGUANA (Green Iguana). USA: FLORIDA: Marion Co. Herpetological Review 52 (1): 84–85. - get paper here
  • Spatteneder, H. 1975. Iguana - der Grüne Leguan. DATZ 28: 141-143
  • Stuart, L. C. 1948. The amphibians and reptiles of Alta Verapaz Guatamala. Miscellaneous Publications, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan 69: 1-109 - get paper here
  • Stuart, L.C. 1963. A checklist of the herpetofauna of Guatemala. Misc. Publ. Mus. Zool., Univ. Michigan (No. 122): 1-150 - get paper here
  • Sunyer, J., K.E. Nicholson, J.G. Phillips, J.A.Gubler, and L.A. Obando 2013. Lizards (Reptilia: Squamata) of the Corn Islands, Caribbean Nicaragua. Check List 9: 1383–1390 - get paper here
  • Sunyer, Javier 2014. An updated checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Nicaragua. Mesoamerican Herpetology 1 (2): 186–202. - get paper here
  • Sunyer, Javier & José́ Gabriel Martínez-Fonseca 2023. An updated country checklist to the amphibians and reptiles of Nicaragua. REVISTA NICARAGÜENSE DE BIODIVERSIDAD (100): 1-25 - get paper here
  • Taylor, E. H. 1956. A review of the lizards of Costa Rica. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 38 (part 1): 3-322 - get paper here
  • Taylor, Edward Harrison 1938. Notes on the herpetological fauna of the Mexican state of Sonora. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 24 (19): 475-503 [1936] - get paper here
  • Terán-Juárez, Sergio A., Elí García Padilla, Vicente Mata-Silva, Jerry D. Johnson and Larry David Wilson. 2016. The herpetofauna of Tamaulipas, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (1): 43–113 - get paper here
  • Torres-Carvajal O, Pazmiño-Otamendi G, Salazar-Valenzuela D. 2019. Reptiles of Ecuador: a resource-rich portal, with a dynamic checklist and photographic guides. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 13 (1): [General Section]: 209–229 (e178) - get paper here
  • Torres-Hernández, LA, Ramírez-Bautista A, Cruz-Elizalde R, Hernández-Salinas U, Berriozabal-Islas C, DeSantis DL, Johnson JD, Rocha A, García-Padilla E, Mata-Silva V, Fucsko LA, and Wilson LD. 2021. The herpetofauna of Veracruz, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 15(2) [General Section]: 72–155 - get paper here
  • Townsend, J. H., L. D. Wilson, M. Medina-Flores, E. Aguilar-Urbina, B. K. Atkinson et al. 2012. A premontane hotspot for herpetological endemism on the windward side of Refugio de Vida Silvestre Texíguat, Honduras. Salamandra 48 (2): 92-114 - get paper here
  • Truglio, Mary R.; Henry T. Smith & Walter E. Meshaka, Jr 2008. Use of Gopher Tortoise Burrows (Gopherus polyphemus) by the Exotic Green Iguana (Iguana iguana) in Southern Florida. Journal of Kansas Herpetology (25): 22 - get paper here
  • Tulli, M.J.; F.B. Cruz, A. Herrel, B. Vanhooydonck, V. Abdala 2009. The interplay between claw morphology and microhabitat use in neotropical iguanian lizards. Zoology 112 (5): 379-392 - get paper here
  • Ugueto, G.N. & Rivas, G.A. 2010. Amphibians and Reptiles of Margarita, Coche and Cubagua. Frankfurt Contributions to Natural History, Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main, 350 pp
  • Urbina-Cardona, J. Nicolás; Mario Olivares-Pérez, Víctor Hugo Reynoso 2006. Herpetofauna diversity and microenvironment correlates across a pasture–edge–interior ecotone in tropical rainforest fragments in the Los Tuxtlas Biosphere Reserve of Veracruz, Mexico. Biological Conservation 132: 61–75 - get paper here
  • Valdivieso, D. & J.R. Tamsitt 1963. A Check List and Key to the Amphibian and Reptiles of Providencia and San Andres. Carib. J. Sci. 3 (2/3): 77-79 - get paper here
  • Valencia-Zuleta A, Jaramillo-Martínez AF, Echeverry-Bocanegra A, Viáfara-Vega R, Hernández-Córdoba O, Cardona-Botero VE, Gutiérrez-Zúñiga J, Castro-Herrera F. 2014. Conservation status of the herpetofauna, protected areas, and current problems in Valle del Cauca, Colombia. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 8 (2): 1–18 (e87) - get paper here
  • Vanzolini, P.E. 1974. Ecological and geographical distribution of lizards in Pernambuco, northeastern Brasil (Sauria). Papeis Avulsos de Zool. 28(4): 61-90. - get paper here
  • Vechio, Francisco dal; Renato Recoder; Miguel Trefaut Rodrigues; Hussam Zaher 2013. The herpetofauna of the estação ecológica de uruçuí-una, state of Piauí, Brazil. Pap. Avulsos Zool. 53(16): 225‐243 - get paper here
  • Visser, J. 2005. Ervaringen met de kweek van Iguana iguana. Lacerta 63 (5): 199-204 - get paper here
  • Vitt, L. J.; Caldwell, J. P.; Colli, G. R.; Garda, A. A.; Mesquita, D. O.; França, F. G. R. e Balbino, S. F. 2002. Um guia fotográfico dos répteis e anfíbios da região do Jalapão no Cerrado brasileiro. Norman, Oklahoma: Special Publications in Herpetology. San Noble Oklahoma Museum of Natural History
  • Wagensveld, Timothy Patrick van; Matthijs van den Burg 2018. First record on fecundity of an Iguana hybrid and its implications for conservation: evidence for genetic swamping by non-native iguanas. Herpetology Notes 11: 1079-1082 - get paper here
  • WASILEWSKI, JOSEPH A.; KENNETH L. KRYSKO, NICK WASILEWSKI & EDWARD F. METZGER III. 2022. Efficient nocturnal capture methods for controlling a diurnal and arboreal invasive lizard species. Herpetological Conservation and Biology 17(1): 37–42. - get paper here
  • Wermuth, H. 1957. Der Grüne Leguan. Aquarien Terrarien 4 (1): IV [cover page]
  • Werner, L. 1968. Beobachtungen an Grünen Leguanen. Aquarien-Terrarien 15 (1): 18-23
  • Werning, H. 2015. Jurassic World im Wohnzimmer. Mini-Dinos für das Terrarium. Reptilia (Münster) 20 (114): 26-37 - get paper here
  • Wied-Neuwied, M. 1824. Verzeichniss der Amphibien, welche im zweyten Bande der Naturgeschichte Brasiliens vom Prinz Max von Neuwied werden beschrieben werden. Isis von Oken 14: 661—673 [columns] - get paper here
  • Wilson, L. D. & PORRAS, L. 1983. The ecological impact of man on the south Florida herpetofauna. Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ. 9: 1-89
  • Winkle, S. 2005. Iguana Greenhouse. Reptilia (GB) (41): 14-17 - get paper here
  • Woolrich-Piña, G. A., E. García-Padilla, D. L. DeSantis, J. D. Johnson, V. Mata-Silva, and L. D. Wilson 2017. The herpetofauna of Puebla, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 4(4): 791–884 - get paper here
  • Woolrich-Piña, Guillermo A, Paulino Ponce-Campos, Jesús Loc-Barragán, Juan Pablo Ramírez-Silva, Vicente Mata-Silva, Jerry D. Johnson, Elí García-Padilla and Larry David Wilson. 2016. The herpetofauna of Nayarit, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (2): 376-448 - get paper here
  • Wüster, W. 1998. Laien, Profis und Systematik: Bemerkungen zu GUMPRECHT, 1997 (Sauria 19: 9-30). Sauria 20 (2): 25-27 - get paper here
  • ZUG, G.R. 2013. Reptiles and Amphibians of the Pacific Islands. University of California Press, Berkeley, 306 pp. - get paper here
External links  
Is it interesting? Share with others:

As link to this species use URL address:

without field 'search_param'. Field 'search_param' is used for browsing search result.

Please submit feedback about this entry to the curator