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Indotestudo travancorica (BOULENGER, 1907)

IUCN Red List - Indotestudo travancorica - Vulnerable, VU

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Higher TaxaTestudinidae, Testudinoidea, Testudines (turtles)
Common NamesE: Travancore Tortoise 
SynonymGeochelone travancorica BOULENGER 1907 (fide HOOGMOED & CRUMLY 1984)
Geochelone travancorica — PRITCHARD 1967
Testudo travancorica — WERMUTH & MERTENS 1961
Indotestudo travancorica — BOUR 1980
Indotestudo elongata travancorica — OBST 1985
Geochelone (Indotestudo) travancorica — ALDERTON 1988
Indotestudo travancorica — IVERSON et al. 2001
Indotestudo travancorica — TTWG 2014
Indotestudo travancorica — TTWG 2021 
DistributionSW India (Karnataka, Kerala),
Indonesia (introduced on Celebes = Sulawesi and Halmahera)

Type locality: near Trivandrum,Travancore Hills.  
TypesTypes: BMNH 1946.1.22.80-81 (and possibly additional specimens). 
CommentDistribution not corrected for elevation of travancorica. 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality. 
  • Alderton, D. 1988. Turtles and tortoises of the world. Facts on File, New York.
  • Auffenberg, Walter 1977. Display Behavior in Tortoises. American Zoologist 17: 241-250 - get paper here
  • Bonin, F., Devaux, B. & Dupré, A. 2006. Turtles of the World. English translation by P.C.H. Pritchard. Johns Hopkins University Press, 416 pp.
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1907. A new tortoise from Travancore. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 17: 560-564. - get paper here
  • Bour, R. 1980. Essai sur la taxinomie des Testudinidae actuels (Reptilia, Chelonii). Bull. Mus. natl. Hist. nat. Paris (4) 2 (2): 541-546
  • Das, I. et al. 2008. Tortoises and Freshwater Turtles of India. WWF/WII poster
  • Das, Indraneil & Abhijit Das 2017. A Naturalist’s Guide to the Reptiles of India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. John Beaufoy Publishing Ltd., Oxford, 176 pp.
  • Deepak, V.; Barry R. Noon, and Karthikeyan Vasudevan 2016. Fine Scale Habitat Selection in Travancore Tortoises (Indotestudo travancorica) in the Anamalai Hills, Western Ghats. Journal of Herpetology 50 (2): 278-283 - get paper here
  • Hoogmoed, M.S., and C.R. Crumly. 1984. Land tortoise types in the Rijksmuseum van Natuurlijke Histoire with comments on nomenclature and systematics (Reptilia: Testudines: Testudinidae). Zoologische Mededelingen 58(15): 241-259. - get paper here
  • Iverson, John B., Phillip Q. Spinks, H. Bradley Shaffer, William P. McCord and Indraneil Das 2001. Phylogenetic relationships among the Asian tortoises of the genus Indotestudo (Reptilia: Testudines: Testudinidae). Hamadryad 26 (2):271-274 - get paper here
  • Kanagavel, Arun & Rajeev Raghavan 2012. Local ecological knowledge of the threatened Cochin Forest Cane Turtle Vijayachelys silvatica and Travancore Tortoise Indotestudo travancorica from the Anamalai Hills of the Western Ghats, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 4 (13): 3173–3182 - get paper here
  • Kanagavela, Arun; and Rajeev Raghavan 2013. Hunting of endemic and threatened forest-dwelling chelonians in the Western Ghats, India. Asian Journal of Conservation Biology, 2 (2): 172–177 - get paper here
  • McCord, W.P. & Joseph-Ouni, M. 2004. Chelonian Illustrations #13: Asian and Indonesian Tortoises. Reptilia (GB) (33): 35-38 - get paper here
  • Palot, M.J. 2015. A checklist of reptiles of Kerala, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 7(13): 8010–8022 - get paper here
  • Platt, Steven G.; Lee, Robert J.; Klemens, Michael W. 2001. Notes on the Distribution, Life History, and Exploitation of Turtles in Sulawesi, Indonesia, with Emphasis on Indotestudo forstenii and Leucocephalon yuwonoi. Chelonian Conserv. Biol. 4(1):154-159.
  • Pritchard, P.C.H. 1979. Encyclopedia of Turtles. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune, New Jersey: 895 p.
  • Pritchard, Peter C. H. 2000. Indotestudo travancorica...A Valid Species of Tortoise? Reptile & Amphibian Hobbyist 5(2):18-28.
  • Purkayastha, J., DAS, I., Sengupta, S. 2015. Freshwater Turtles & Tortoises of South Asia. Bhabani Books, 138 pp. - get paper here
  • Ramesh, M. 2004. Long distance dispersal by a Travancore tortoise, Indotestudo travancorica. Hamadryad 28 (1&2): 105 - get paper here
  • Ramesh, M. 2008. Preliminary survey of Indotestudo travancorIca (Testudinidae) at The indira Gandhi Wildlife sanctuary, southern india. Hamadryad 33: 118 – 120. - get paper here
  • TTWG [Peter Paul van Dijk, John B. Iverson, Anders G.J. Rhodin, H. Bradley Shaffer, and Roger Bour] 2014. Turtles of the World, 7th Edition: Annotated Checklist of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution with Maps, and Conservation Status. 000.v7. Chelonian Research Monographs (ISSN 1088-7105) No. 5, doi:10.3854/crm.5.000.checklist.v7.2014 - get paper here
  • TTWG; Rhodin, A.G.J., Iverson, J.B., Bour, R., Fritz, U., Georges, A., Shaffer, H.B., and van Dijk, P.P. 2021. Turtles of the World: Annotated Checklist and Atlas of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution, and Conservation Status (9th Ed.). In: Rhodin, A.G.J., Iverson, J.B., van Dijk, P.P., Stanford, C.B., Goode, E.V., Buhlmann, K.A., and Mittermeier, R.A. (Eds.). Chelonian Research Monographs 8:1–472. doi:10.3854/crm.8.checklist.atlas.v9.2021. - get paper here
  • Umapathy, Govindhaswamy; Veerappan Deepak, Vinod Kumar, Mithileshwari Chandrasekhar, and Karthikeyan Vasudevan 2015. Endocrine Profiling of Endangered Tropical Chelonians Using Noninvasive Fecal Steroid Analyses. Chelonian Conservation and Biology 14 (1): 108-115. - get paper here
  • Vijaya, J. 1983. The Travancord tortoise, Geochelone travancorica. Hamadryad 8 (3): 11-13 - get paper here
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