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Indotyphlops jerdoni (BOULENGER, 1890)

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Higher TaxaTyphlopidae (Asiatyphlopinae), Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Jerdon's Worm Snake
G: Jerdons Blindschlange 
SynonymTyphlops jerdoni BOULENGER 1890: 238
Typhlops jerdoni — BOULENGER 1893: 18
Typhlops diversiceps ANNANDALE 1912: 44
Typhlops jerdoni — SMITH 1943: 50
Typhlops jerdoni — DEUVE 1970
Typhlops jerdoni — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 105
Typhlops jerdoni — DAS 2003
Typhlops jerdoni — WALLACH et al. 2014: 764
Indotyphlops jerdoni — HEDGES et al. 2014 
DistributionNepal, India (Assam, Mizoram, Nagaland), Bhutan, Myanmar (= Burma)

Type locality: “Pasighai, 500 ft., Abor district, Assam, India” (ANNANDALE 1912)
Type locality: “Khasi Hills, Assam, India” (BOULENGER 1890)  
TypesSyntypes: BMNH 1946.1.10.66-68. (3) (BOULENGER 1890)
Holotype: Indian Museum, Calcutta 16864 (ANNANDALE 1912) 
DiagnosisDescription: Snout rounded, strongly projecting; nostrils lateral. Rostral narrow, its breadth 1/4 to 2/5 that of the head, extending to the level of the eyes; nasal completely divided, the lower cleft passing to the 2nd labial; ocular and preocular longer than the posterior nasal; eye very distinct, in the ocular; lower edge of ocular shield wedged in between 3rd and 4th labials; supraocular larger than the prefrontal, which is in contact with or just separated from the rostral; tail ending in a spicule; 22 scales round the body, the diameter of which is contained 35-45 times in the total length; 260-280 transverse rows of scales (Smith 1943: 50).

Coloration: Dark brown or blackish above, light brown below; snout and anal region whitish (Smith 1943: 50). 
CommentDistribution: listed in Deuve 1970, but not recorded from Laos (Deuve 1970). 
EtymologyNamed after Thomas Claverhill Jerdon (1811-1872), British physician, zoologist, and botanist who became an Assistant Surgeon in the East India Company. 
  • Ahsan, M.F.; Haidar, I.K.A. & Rahman, M.M. 2015. Status and diversity of snakes (Reptilia: Squamata: Serpentes) at the Chittagong University Campus in Chittagong, Bangladesh. . Journal of Threatened Taxa 7 (14): 8159–8166 - get paper here
  • Annandale, NELSON 1912. Zoological results of the Abor Expedition, 1911-1912. Records of the Indian Museum 8 (1): 7-59 [Reptilia, pages 37-59] (supplement in same journal, 8 (4): 357-358, 1914). - get paper here
  • Ao J. M., David P., Bordoloi S., Ohler A. 2004. Notes on a collection of snakes from Nagaland, Northeast India, with 19 new records for this state. Russian Journal of Herpetology 11 (2): 155 – 162
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor & Francis, London, xviii, 541 pp. - get paper here
  • Das, I. 2012. A Naturalist's Guide to the Snakes of South-East Asia: Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Myanmar, Borneo, Sumatra, Java and Bali. Oxford J, ohn Beaufoy Publishing - get paper here
  • Das, Indraneil 2003. Growth of Knowledge on the Reptiles of India, with an Introduction to Systematics, Taxonomy and Nomenclature. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 100 (2-3): 446-502 - get paper here
  • Das,I. & Palden,J. 2000. A herpetological collection from Bhutan, with new country records. Herpetological Review 31 (4): 256-258 - get paper here
  • Deuve, J. 1970. Serpents du Laos. Office de la Recherche Scientifique et Technique Outre-Mer, Paris, Mem. no. 39 251 pp. - get paper here
  • Dowling, H.G., & Jenner, J.V. 1988. Snakes of Burma: checklist of reported species and bibliography. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (76): 19 pp. - get paper here
  • Hedges, S.B., Marion, A.B., Lipp, K.M., Marin, J. & Vidal, N. 2014. A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata). Caribbean Herpetology 49: 1–61 - get paper here
  • Kästle , W., Rai, K. & Schleich, H.H. 2013. FIELD GUIDE to Amphibians and Reptiles of Nepal. ARCO-Nepal e.V., 625 pp. - get paper here
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  • Lenz, Norbert 2012. Von Schmetterlingen und Donnerdrachen - Natur und Kultur in Bhutan. Karlsruher Naturhefte 4, Naturkundemuseum Karlsruhe, 124 pp.
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  • Sharma, R. C. 2004. Handbook Indian Snakes. AKHIL BOOKS, New Delhi, 292 pp.
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Wangyal, Jigme Tshelthrim 2019. The status of herpetofauna of Bhutan. District Forest Office, District Administration, Trashigang, Bhutan, 20-39 - get paper here
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