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Indotyphlops violaceus (TAYLOR, 1947)

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Higher TaxaTyphlopidae (Asiatyphlopinae), Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Violet Worm Snake 
SynonymTyphlops violaceus TAYLOR 1947: 289
Typhlops violaceus — TAYLOR 1950
Typhlops violaceus — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 124
Typhlops violaceus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 774
Indotyphlops violaceus — HEDGES et al. 2014 
DistributionSri Lanka

Type locality: 12 miles north of Trincomalee, Ceylon.  
TypesHolotype: FMNH 100068 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A small Typhlops with eyes dim, but discernible; the nasal completely divided; the nostril lateral but not visible above, the suture dividing nasal touching the preocular far from the labial ; 20 longitudinal scale rows ; none or only a very small terminal spine ; 245 transverse scale rows on body; body width in total length about 31 times. Color, dull violet to lavender, almost the same above and below [from TAYLOR 1946].
CommentSimilar species: I. braminus, I. violaceus. 
  • Hedges, S.B., Marion, A.B., Lipp, K.M., Marin, J. & Vidal, N. 2014. A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata). Caribbean Herpetology 49: 1–61 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Taylor, E.H. 1947. Comments on Ceylonese snakes of the genus Typhlops with descriptions of new species. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 31 (13): 283-298 - get paper here
  • Taylor, Edward H. 1950. The snakes of Ceylon. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 33 (14): 519-603 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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