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Insulasaurus wrighti TAYLOR, 1925

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Wright's Sphenomorphus 
SynonymInsulasaurus wrighti TAYLOR 1925: 103
Sphenomorphus wrighti — GREER & PARKER 1967: 9
Lygosoma (Sphenomorphus) wrighti — BROWN & ALCALA 1970: 113
Sphenomorphus wrighti — BROWN & ALCALA 1980: 192
Sphenomorphus wrighti — LINKEM et al. 2010
Insulasaurus wrighti — LINKEM, DIESMOS & BROWN 2011 
DistributionPhilippines (Palawan)

Type locality: Palawan Island  
TypesHolotype: MCZ 26301 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (genus): Insulasaurus is diagnosed by the following combination of characters: (1) medium body size, 45–64 mm SVL; (2) paravertebral scale rows 62–78; (3) midbody scale rows 29–41; and (4) subdigital lamellae 15–25.

The monotypic genus Insulasaurus was described by Taylor (1925) based on the presence of a divided frontonasal scale. Greer & Parker (1967) found this character to be variable within Insula- saurus wrighti, and subsequently placed Insulasau- rus wrighti in the Sphenomorphus variegatus group and synonymized Insulasaurus with Sphenomorphus. LINKEM et al. 2011 found the group to be monophyletic. 
CommentSVL: ca. 59 mm

Type species: Insulasaurus wrighti TAYLOR 1925 is the type species of the genus Insulasaurus TAYLOR 1925. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Brown, R.M. et al. 2010. Species boundaries in Philippine montane forest skinks (Genus Sphenomorphus): three new species from the mountains of Luzon and clarification of the status of the poorly known S. beyeri, S. knollmanae, and S. laterimaculatus. Scient. Pap. Nat. Hist. Mus. Univ. Kansas (42): 1-27
  • Brown, Walter C.; Alcala, Angel C. 1970. The zoogeography of the herpetofauna of the Philippine Islands, a fringing archipelago. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 38 (6): 105-130 - get paper here
  • Brown, WC. & A.C. ALCALA 1980. Philippine Lizards of the family Scincidae. Silliman Univ. Nat. Sci., Dumaguete City, Mon., Ser. 2: i-xi + 1-246.
  • Greer,A.E. & Parker,F. 1967. A new scincid lizard from the northern Solomon Islands. Breviora (275): 1-20 - get paper here
  • Linkem, Charles W.; Arvin C. Diesmos, Rafe M. Brown 2011. Molecular systematics of the Philippine forest skinks (Squamata: Scincidae: Sphenomorphus): testing morphological hypotheses of interspecific relationships. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 163: 1217–1243 - get paper here
  • Taylor,E.H. 1925. Additions to the herpetological fauna of the Philippines, IV. Philippine J. Sci. 26: 97-111
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