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Japalura kumaonensis (ANNANDALE, 1907)

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Draconinae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Kumaon Mountain Lizard, Kumaon forest agama
G: Kumaon-Bergwaldagame 
SynonymAcanthosaura kumaonensis ANNANDALE 1907: 152
Acanthosaura major ANNANDALE 1914 (not of JERDON; fide SMITH 1935)
Japalura kumaonensis — SMITH 1935: 171
Japalura kumaonensis — SWAN & LEVITON 1962
Japalura kumaonensis — WERMUTH 1967: 66
Japalura kumaonensis — DAS 1996: 44
Oriotiaris kumaonensis — KÄSTLE et al. 2013: 425
Japalura kumaonensis — WANG et al. 2018 
DistributionN India (W Himalaya, Almorah, Naini Tal, Kumaon), Pakistan (fide Khan, pers. comm.), Nepal

Type locality: Naini Tal and Mussoori; restricted to Naini Tal by SMITH 1935.  
TypesSyntypes: ZSI 15755 (also given as 13223), Indian Museum 15755; Paratypes: ZSI 13223, female, Mussoorie, coll. N. Annandale, Sept./Oct. 1906; NHMUK 1946.8.13.93 (origi- nal number NHMUK 1909.7.12.39), female, Naini Tal, Kumaon, India; NHMUK 1946.8.13.94 (original number NHMUK 1909.7.12.38), male, from Kumaon, Un Prov., India, Asia; both specimens also received from the Indian Museum. 
CommentDistribution: reports from China (Xizang = Tibet) represent J. tricarinata (Wang et al. 2018). 
  • ANANJEVA, Natalia B.; Xianguang GUO and Yuezhao WANG 2011. Taxonomic Diversity of Agamid Lizards (Reptilia, Sauria, Acrodonta, Agamidae) from China: A Comparative Analysis. Asian Herpetological Research 2 (3): 117-128 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A., Annandale, N., Wall, F. & Regan, C.T. 1907. Reports on a collection of batrachia, reptiles and fish from Nepal and the western Himalayas. Lacertilia. Records of the Indian Museum 1:149—155 - get paper here
  • Das, Indraneil & Abhijit Das 2017. A Naturalist’s Guide to the Reptiles of India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. John Beaufoy Publishing Ltd., Oxford, 176 pp.
  • DENZER, WOLFGANG; ULRICH MANTHEY, PATRICK D CAMPBELL 2019. Catalogue of type specimens of the agamid lizard genus Japalura s. l. (Squamata: Agamidae: Draconinae). Zootaxa 4612 (1): 109-125 - get paper here
  • Kästle, W. & H. H. SCHLEICH 1998. Contributions to the biology of Japalura kumaonensis (Annandale, 1907). In: Contributions to the herpetology of south-Asia (Nepal, India). pp: 247-268. H. H. Schleich & W. Kästle (Eds). Fuhlrott-Museum, Wuppertal.
  • Kästle , W., Rai, K. & Schleich, H.H. 2013. FIELD GUIDE to Amphibians and Reptiles of Nepal. ARCO-Nepal e.V., 625 pp. - get paper here
  • Khan, M. S. 2014. Herpetology of Pakistan FIELD GUIDE SERIES: Families Agamidae, Chamaeleonidae. Privately published, 39 pp. - get paper here
  • Khan, M.S. 2003. CHECKLIST AND KEY TO THE LIZARDS OF PAKISTAN. Pakistan J. Zool. Suppl. Ser. (1): 1-25 - get paper here
  • Manthey U 2010. Agamid Lizards of Southern Asia. Draconinae 2 -Leiolepidinae. Edition Chimaira, Terralog 7b, Frankfurt, 168 pp.
  • Smith, M.A. 1935. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Reptiles and Amphibia, Vol. II. Sauria. Taylor and Francis, London, 440 pp.
  • Swan, L.W., & Leviton, A.E. 1962. The herpetology of Nepal: a history, check list, and zoogeographical analysis of the herpetofauna. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 32 (6) (4.s.): 103-147. - get paper here
  • Venugopal, P.D. 2010. An updated and annotated list of Indian lizards (Reptilia: Sauria) based on a review of distribution records and checklists of Indian reptiles. Journal of Threatened Taxa 2 (3): 725-738. - get paper here
  • Waltner, R.C. 1975. Geographical and altitudinal distribution of amphibians and reptiles in the Himalayas. Cheetal (Dehra Dun, India) 16(1): 17-25; 16(2): 28-36; 16(3): 14-19; 16(4): 12-17.
  • Wang, Kai; Jing Che, Simin Lin, V Deepak, Datta-Roy Aniruddha, Ke Jiang, Jieqiong Jin, Hongman Chen, Cameron D Siler; 2018. Multilocus phylogeny and revised classification for mountain dragons of the genus Japalura s.l. (Reptilia: Agamidae: Draconinae) from Asia. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, , zly034, - get paper here
  • Wang, Kai; Ke Jiang, V. Deepak, Das Abhijit, Mian Hou, Jing Che, and Cameron D. Siler 2018. On the Occurrences of Japalura kumaonensis and Japalura tricarinata (Reptilia: Sauria: Draconinae) in China. Herpetologica 74 (2): 181-190. - get paper here
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