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IUCN Red List - Kinyongia asheorum - Near Threatened, NT

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Higher TaxaChamaeleonidae, Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Mount-Nyiro Bearded Chameleon
G: Mount-Nyiro-Chamäleon 
SynonymKinyongia asheorum NECAS, SINDACO, KORENÝ, KOPECNÁ, MALONZA & MODRÝ 2009
Kinyongia asheorum — TILBURY 2010: 350
Kinyongia asheorum — SPAWLS et al. 2018: 265 
DistributionKenya (Nyiro Range), elevation 2000-2400 m

Type locality: eastern slope of Mt. Nyiro, between Korante and the top (Kosi Kosi), Northern Frontier Division of Kenya, (estimated elevation 2.000-2.400 meters).  
TypesHolotype: MCCI R 1212, adult male collected 14.II.2004. The animal was donated to Roberto Sindaco and Luca Borghesio by a local tribesman. Paratypes: ZFMK 84821, NMK, MCCI 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A medium-sized, slender chameleon reaching a maximum total length of around 220 mm, with tail length clearly exceeding the head-and-body length. The body scalation is subhomogeneous, with slightly enlarged elongate lenticular scales on the flanks. The gular region wears paramesially enlarged semiovoid tubercular scales, submentally, there is a group of several high appendicular conical scales (the highest are more than 10 times as high as wide at their base), not ordered in a medial row. The ventral crest is indistinct. The head wears a distinct casque, clearly exceeding the dorsal crest on the neck. The canthus parietalis and canthi laterales are formed by enlarged tubercular, sometimes keeled and/or pointed scales. The temporal crest is completely absent. Canthus supraorbitalis is composed of two parallel rows of clearly enlarged scales. Canthi rostrales are composed of strongly enlarged pointed scales; they terminate rostrally on both sides in a long, stump horn (diverging slightly from each other). Kinyongia asheorum n. sp. differs from all known chameleons by the unique scalation of the gular region consisting of paramesial semiovoid scales and a field of several high appendicular pointed scales [from NECAS et al. 2009]. 
CommentAbundance: only known from its original description (Meiri et al. 2017). 
EtymologyThe Mount-Nyiro Bearded Chameleon is named in honor of James and Sanda Ashe, in respect to their life-long contribution to African herpetology and, also, as an expression of our deep mourning for James Ashe, who passed away recently. The name itself (asheorum) is formed as a plural genitive case of the family name (Ashe). 
  • Glaw, F. 2015. Taxonomic checklist of chameleons (Squamata: Chamaeleonidae). [type catalogue] Vertebrate Zoology 65 (2): 167–246 - get paper here
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • NECAS, PETR; ROBERTO SINDACO, LUDEK KORENÝ, JANA KOPECNÁ, PATRICK KENYATTA MALONZA & DAVID MODRÝ 2009. Kinyongia asheorum sp. n., a new montane chameleon from the Nyiro Range, northern Kenya (Squamata: Chamaeleonidae). Zootaxa 2028: 41-50 - get paper here
  • Spawls, Steve; Kim Howell, Harald Hinkel, Michele Menegon 2018. Field Guide to East African Reptiles. Bloomsbury, 624 pp. - get paper here
  • Tilbury, C. 2010. Chameleons of Africa: An Atlas, Including the Chameleons of Europe, the Middle East and Asia. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt M., 831 pp.
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