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Kinyongia multituberculata (NIEDEN, 1913)

IUCN Red List - Kinyongia multituberculata - Endangered, EN

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Higher TaxaChamaeleonidae, Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: West Usambara two-horned chamaeleon
G: West-Usambara-Zweihornchamäleon 
SynonymChamaeleon fischeri multituberculatus NIEDEN 1913: 248
Chamaeleon fischeri werneri NIEDEN 1913: 248
Bradypodion fischeri multituberculatum — BROADLEY & HOWELL 1991: 12
Kinyongia fischeri multituberculatum — TILBURY et al. 2006
Kinyongia multituberculata — MARIAUX et al. 2008
Kinyongia multituberculata — TILBURY 2010: 383
Kinyongia multituberculata — SPAWLS et al. 2018: 272 
DistributionTanzania (W/E Usambara Mts., up to 2300 m elevation)

Type locality: Phillipshof bei Wilhelmstal = Magamba, near Lushoto, W. Usambara Mts., Tanzania.  
TypesLectotype: ZMB 51344 male; Paralectotype: ZMB 23227 female (Mariaux et al. 2008: 381)
Syntypes: ZMB 19268-69, 19271-74, 51350, 66710, 16087 (13 specimens). ZMB 19266 lost in World War II, ZMB 19276 missing; NMW 23362 (formerly ZMB 19267) and MCZ 20195 (formerly ZMB 19270) fide Bauer, Böhme and Günther (2006: 275) [werneri] 
Commentvan Hoof et al. (2006) give REICHENOW 1894 as author of B. f. multituberculatum. 
EtymologyNamed after L.: multi, prefix meaning many; tuberculum (diminutive of tuber, swelling or wartlike projection); -atus/a/um, adjectival suffix: tuberculous, denoting the numerous tubercles projecting from the anterior half of the dorsal crest (Charles Klaver, pers. comm., 11 Jan 2023). 
  • Broadley, D. G. & HOWELL, K. M. 1991. A check list of the reptiles of Tanzania, with synoptic keys. Syntarsus 1: 1—70
  • Glaw, F. 2015. Taxonomic checklist of chameleons (Squamata: Chamaeleonidae). [type catalogue] Vertebrate Zoology 65 (2): 167–246 - get paper here
  • Lantermann, Werner & Yvonne Lantermann 2017. Nachwuchs bei Zweihorn-Chamäleons (Kinyongia multituberculata) in den West-Usambara-Bergen. Terraria-Elaphe 2017 (4): 56-59 - get paper here
  • Lutzmann, N. 2016. Chamäleons. Immer wieder Neues. Reptilia 21 (119): 16-24
  • Mariaux, Jean; Lutzmann, N. & Stipala, Jan 2008. The two-horned chamaeleons of East Africa. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2008, 152, 367–391 - get paper here
  • Menegon M, Tolley KA, Jones T, Rovero F, Marshall AR, Tilbury CR 2009. A new species of chameleon (Sauria: Chamaeleonidae: Kinyongia) from the Magombera forest and the Udzungwa Mountains National Park, Tanzania. African Journal of Herpetology 58 (2): 59-70 - get paper here
  • Nieden, F. 1913. Chamaeleon fischeri Rchw. und seine Unterarten. Sber. Ges. naturf. Freunde, Berlin 1913: 231-249.
  • Rovero, F., Menegon, M., Fjeldså, J., Collett, L., Doggart, N., Leonard, C., Norton, G., Owen, N., Perkin, A., Spitale, D., Ahrends, A., Burgess, N. D. 2014. Targeted vertebrate surveys enhance the faunal importance and improve explanatory models within the Eastern Arc Mountains of Kenya and Tanzania. Diversity and Distributions. doi: 10.1111/ddi.12246 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, W.; Tamm, K. & Wallikewitz, E. 2010. Chamäleons - Drachen unserer Zeit. Natur und Tier Verlag, 328 pp. [review in Reptilia 101: 64, 2013] - get paper here
  • Spawls, Steve; Kim Howell, Harald Hinkel, Michele Menegon 2018. Field Guide to East African Reptiles. Bloomsbury, 624 pp. - get paper here
  • Tilbury C.R., Tolley K.A. & Branch W.R. 2006. A review of the systematics of the genus Bradypodion (Sauria: Chamaeleonidae), with the description of two new genera. Zootaxa 1363, 23–38 (correction in Zootaxa 1426: 68) - get paper here
  • Tilbury, C. 2010. Chameleons of Africa: An Atlas, Including the Chameleons of Europe, the Middle East and Asia. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt M., 831 pp.
  • WIERRES, W. 2003. Beobachtungen von Phytophagie bei Bradypodion fischeri multituberculatum. CHAMAELEO 13(1): 5. - get paper here
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