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Kladirostratus togoensis (MATSCHIE, 1893)

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Higher TaxaPsammophiidae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Northern sharp-nosed Skaapsteker 
SynonymPsammophis togoensis MATSCHIE 1893: 171
Rhamphiophis togoensis — WERNER 1897
Rhamphiophis acutus garambensis DE WITTE 1959: 349
Rhamphiophis acutus togoensis — PITMAN 1974
Rhamphiophis acutus togoensis — CHIRIO & INEICH 1992
Rhamphiophis togoensis — CHIRIO & LEBRETON 2007
Psammophylax acutus togoensis — KELLY et al. 2008
Psammophylax togoensis — SEGNIAGBETO et al. 2012
Psammophylax togoensis — WALLACH et al. 2014
Psammophylax togoensis — TRAPE & BALDÉ 2014
Psammophylax togoensis — SPAWLS et al. 2018: 445
Rhamphiophis togoensis — CHIPPAUX & JACKSON 2019: 279
Kladirostratus togoensis — KEATES et al. 2019 
DistributionCameroon, Togo, Uganda, Ivory Coast, Ghana

Type locality: "Hinterlande von Togo”  
TypesHolotype: ZMB 13249 (Zoologisches Museum Berlin) 
CommentSEGNIAGBETO et al. 2012 separated Psammophylax acutus (Günther, 1888) from Psammophylax togoensis (Matschie, 1893) both on the basis of constant morphological characters, such as the presence of ventrolateral stripes, and of their geographical distribution. 
EtymologyNamed after Latin “acuere” = sharp, or “acutus” = sharpened, pointed, or “acumen” = tip, or “acus” = needle. 
  • Chippaux, Jean-Philippe & Kate Jackson 2019. Snakes of Central and Western Africa. Johns Hopkins University Press, 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Chirio, L. & Lebreton, M. 2007. Atlas des reptiles du Cameroun. MNHN, IRD, Paris 688 pp.
  • Chirio,L. & Ineich,I. 1992. Les genres Rhamphiophis Peters 1854 et Dipsina Jan 1863 (Serpentes, Colubridae): revue des taxons reconnus et description d'une espèce nouvelle. Bull. Mus. natl. Hist. nat., Paris, 4è ser. 13A (1-2): 217-235 [1991]
  • Keates, C, Conradie, W, Greenbaum, E, Edwards, S. 2019. Snake in the grass: Genetic structuring of the widespread African grass snake (Psammophylax Fitzinger 1843), with the description of a new genus and a new species. J Zool Syst Evol Res. 57: 1039– 1066 - get paper here
  • Kelly, Christopher M.R.;Nigel P. Barker, Martin H. Villet, Donald G. Broadley and William R. Branch 2008. The snake family Psammophiidae (Reptilia: Serpentes): Phylogenetics and species delimitation in the African sand snakes (Psammophis Boie, 1825) and allied genera. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 47 (3): 1045-1060 - get paper here
  • Matschie,P. 1893. Einige anscheinend neue Reptilien und Amphibien aus West-Afrika. Sitzungsber. Gesell. naturf. Freunde Berlin 6: 170-175 - get paper here
  • Pitman,C.R.S. 1974. A guide to the snakes of Uganda. Codicote, Wheldon & Wesley, L., 290 pp.
  • Spawls, Steve; Kim Howell, Harald Hinkel, Michele Menegon 2018. Field Guide to East African Reptiles. Bloomsbury, 624 pp. - get paper here
  • TRAPE, JEAN-FRANÇOIS & CELLOU BALDÉ 2014. A checklist of the snake fauna of Guinea, with taxonomic changes in the genera Philothamnus and Dipsadoboa (Colubridae) and a comparison with the snake fauna of some other West African countries. Zootaxa 3900 (3): 301–338 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Werner, F. 1897. Über Reptilien und Batrachier aus Togoland, Kamerun und Tunis aus dem Kgl. Museum für Naturkunde in Berlin. Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges., Wien 47: 395-407 - get paper here
  • Witte, G.F. de 1959. Contribution à la faune herpétologique du Congo Belge. Description de trois serpents nouveaux. Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr. 60 (3-4): 348-351.
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