You are here » home advanced search search results Lacerta agilis

Lacerta agilis LINNAEUS, 1758

IUCN Red List - Lacerta agilis - Least Concern, LC

Can you confirm these amateur observations of Lacerta agilis?

Add your own observation of
Lacerta agilis »

Find more photos by Google images search: Google images

Higher TaxaLacertidae, Lacertinae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards)
SubspeciesLacerta agilis agilis LINNAEUS 1758
Lacerta agilis argus (LAURENTI 1768)
Lacerta agilis boemica SUCHOW 1929
Lacerta agilis bosnica SCHREIBER 1912
Lacerta agilis brevicaudata PETERS 1958
Lacerta agilis chersonensis ANDRZEJOWSKI 1832
Lacerta agilis exigua EICHWALD 1831
Lacerta agilis grusinica PETERS 1960
Lacerta agilis ioriensis PETERS & MUSKHELISCHWILI 1968
Lacerta agilis mzymtensis TUNIYEV & TUNIYEV 2008
Lacerta agilis tauridica SUCHOW 1926 
Common NamesE: Sand Lizard
G: Zauneidechse
NL: Zandhagedis
Croatian: livadna gušterica
Russian: Прыткая ящерица
Chinese: 捷蜥蜴
G: Grusinische Zauneidechse [grusinica]
Italian: lucertola agile 
SynonymLacerta agilis LINNAEUS 1758: 203
Ameiva agilis — MEYER 1795: 28
Ameiva agilis —  LINK 1807: 61
Lacerta stirpium — MILNE-EDWARDS 1829: 83
Lacerta stirpium — MÉNÉTRIES 1832: 61
Lacerta stirpium — COCTEAU 1835
Lacerta agilis — COCTEAU 1835
Lacerta stirpium — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 196
Lacerta stirpium — MÜLLER 1878: 412
Lacerta paradoxa BEDRIAGA 1886
Lacerta agilis — ANDERSSON 1900: 8
Lacerta agilis spinalis WERNER 1910
Lacerta exigua paradoxa — SUCHOW 1948
Lacerta agilis agilis — BISCHOFF 1988
Lacerta agilis — ENGELMANN et al 1993
Lacerta agilis — SZCZERBAK 2003
Lacerta agilis grusoni — KWET & TRAPP 2015 (in error)
Lacerta agilis agilis — BISCHOFF 2020

Lacerta agilis garzoni PALACIOS & CASTROVIEJO 1975
Lacerta agilis garzoni — BISCHOFF 2020

Lacerta agilis argus (LAURENTI 1768)
Lacerta agilis argus — BISCHOFF 1988
Lacerta agilis argus — SCHLÜTER 2004
Lacerta agilis argus — KÜHNEL 2013
Lacerta agilis argus — BISCHOFF 2020

Lacerta agilis boemica SUCHOW 1929
Lacerta boemica SUCHOV 1929
Lacerta exigua boemica — SUCHOW 1948
Lacerta agilis boemica — BORKIN & DAREVSKY 1987
Lacerta agilis boemica — BISCHOFF 1988
Lacerta agilis boemica — ROITBERG et al. 2000
Lacerta agilis boemica — BISCHOFF 2005
Lacerta agilis boemica — TUNIYEV & TUNIYEV 2008
Lacerta boemica — ANDRES et al. 2014
Lacerta agilis boemica — BISCHOFF 2020

Lacerta agilis bosnica SCHREIBER 1912
Lacerta agilis bosnica — BISCHOFF 1988
Lacerta agilis bosnica — NESSING 1989
Lacerta agilis bosnica — TRAPP 2005
Lacerta agilis bosnica — TRAPP 2011
Lacerta agilis bosnica — DIECKMANN 2017
Lacerta agilis bosnica — BISCHOFF 2020
Lacerta agilis bosnica — GEBHART 2020
Lacerta agilis bosnica — BAMANN et al. 2021

Lacerta agilis brevicaudata PETERS 1958
Lacerta agilis brevicaudata — BORKIN & DAREVSKY 1987
Lacerta agilis brevicaudata — BISCHOFF 1988
Lacerta agilis brevicaudata — BAUER & GÜNTHER 1995
Lacerta agilis brevicaudata — BISCHOFF 2007
Lacerta agilis brevicaudata — TUNIYEV & TUNIYEV 2008
Lacerta agilis brevicaudata — TUNIYEV et al. 2014
Lacerta agilis brevicaudata — BISCHOFF 2020
Lacerta agilis brevicaudata — DORONIN & DORONINA 2022

Lacerta agilis chersonensis ANDRZEJOWSKI 1832
Lacerta agilis L. var. Dzieduszyckii BAYGER 1909
Lacerta agilis chersonensis — SUCHOW 1948
Lacerta agilis euxinica FUHN & VANCEA 1964 (fide BISCHOFF 1984)
Lacerta agilis chersonensis — BORKIN & DAREVSKY 1987
Lacerta agilis euxinica — BORKIN & DAREVSKY 1987
Lacerta agilis chersonensis — BISCHOFF 1988
Lacerta agilis chersonensis — SCHLÜTER 2005
Lacerta agilis euxinica — GHERGHEL & STRUGARIU 2009
Lacerta agilis chersonensis — GROZDANOV & TZАNKOV 2014
Lacerta agilis chersonensis — BISCHOFF 2020

Lacerta agilis exigua EICHWALD 1831
Lacerta agilis var. dilepis LICHTENSTEIN 1856
Lacerta agilis var. orientalis KESSLER 1878 (fide DORONIN & DORONINA 2022)
Lacerta exigua — SUCHOW 1948
Lacerta agilis var. kurtuana KASHTCHENKO 1909: 125 (fide ZHAO & ADLER 1993: 205)
Lacerta agilis exigua — BISCHOFF 1988
Lacerta agilis exigua — BAUER & GÜNTHER 1995
Lacerta agilis exigua — TUNIYEV & TUNIYEV 2008
Lacerta agilis exigua — CHIRIKOVA et al. 2016
Lacerta agilis exigua — EPLANOVA 2016
Lacerta agilis exigua — DAVLETBAKOV et al. 2016
Lacerta agilis exigua — BISCHOFF 2020
Lacerta agilis exigua — DORONIN & DORONINA 2022

Lacerta agilis grusinica PETERS 1960
Lacerta agilis grusinica — BORKIN & DAREVSKY 1987
Lacerta agilis grusinica — BISCHOFF 1988
Lacerta agilis grusinica — TUNIYEV 1990
Lacerta agilis grusinica — BISCHOFF 2003
Lacerta agilis grusinica — TUNIYEV & TUNIYEV 2008
Lacerta agilis grusinica — TUNIYEV et al. 2014
Lacerta agilis grusinica — BISCHOFF 2020
Lacerta agilis grusinica — DORONIN & DORONINA 2022

Lacerta agilis ioriensis PETERS & MUSKHELISCHWILI 1968
Lacerta agilis ioriensis — BORKIN & DAREVSKY 1987
Lacerta agilis ioriensis — BISCHOFF 1988
Lacerta agilis ioriensis — BAUER & GÜNTHER 1995
Lacerta agilis ioriensis — BISCHOFF 2003
Lacerta agilis iorensis — TUNIYEV & TUNIYEV 2008 (in error)
Lacerta agilis ioriensis — NESSING 2011
Lacerta agilis ioriensis — DORONIN et al. 2019
Lacerta agilis ioriensis — BISCHOFF 2020

Lacerta agilis mzymtensis TUNIYEV & TUNIYEV 2008
Lacerta agilis mzymtensis — MAYER 2015
Lacerta agilis mzymtensis — KUKUSHKIN et al. 2020
Lacerta agilis mzymtensis — BISCHOFF 2020

Lacerta agilis tauridica SUCHOW 1926
Lacerta punctata L. — HABLIZL 1785:195 (part.)
Lacerta europaea — PALLAS 1813:29 (part.)
Lacerta paradoxa BEDRIAGA 1886:170 (part.)
Lacerta agilis var. concolor SCHREIBER 1912:482
Lacerta agilis tauridica SUCHOW 1927:331 (part.)
Lacerta exigua exigua — SUCHOW 1948:111 (part.)
Lacerta agilis exigua — NIKOLSKY 1915:298 (part.)
Lacerta agilis exigua — TERENTYEV & CHERNOV 1949:181 (part.)
Lacerta agilis exigua — TARATSHUK 1959:179 (part.)
Lacerta agilis exigua — MERTENS & WERMUTH 1960:102
Lacerta agilis exigua — SZCZERBAK 1966:97 (part.)
Lacerta agilis exigua — DAREVSKY et al. 1976 (part.)
Lacerta agilis exigua — BISCHOFF 1984:53 (part.)
Lacerta agilis exigua — BISCHOFF 1988:13 (part.)
Lacerta agilis tauridica — KALYABINA-HAUF et al. 2004
Lacerta agilis tauridica — BISCHOFF 2020 
DistributionAustria, Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Germany, France, Andorra, Denmark, Sweden, SE Norway,
Czech Republic (formerly Czechoslovakia), Slovakia, Hungary, Bulgaria, Greece, Albania, N Balkan,
Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, S England, NE Italy,
Croatia, Bosnia-Hercegovina, Serbia, Macedonia, Montenegro,
Bulgaria, N Greece, Romania, E Poland, Belorussia, Belarus,
W Russia (in the north up to S Karelia and SE Finland, NE Caucasus),
Russia (north of the Caucasus Mts., east up to Lake Baikal),
Ukraina (east of the Dnjepr River and W Ukraina),
Armenia, NE Turkey,
Kazakhstan, Kirgistan (south up to Issyk Kul),
NW China (W Xinjiang)
Caucasian coast of the Black Sea in Russia near Sochi,
Republic of Georgia (coastal region and upper Iori River in the Caucasus Mts.),
Moldova, Latvia, Estonia, Lithuania, Azerbaijan, NW Mongolia

boemica: S Russia (Dagestan), NE Caucasus; Type locality: Russia, North Ossetia, the neighborhood of Vladikavkaz (43°03′18.3′′N 44°40′52.4′′E)

bosnica: Bulgaria, Greece, Croatia, Bosnia-Hercegovina; Type locality: “Bosnien”

brevicaudata: NE Turkey, Armenia, Republic of Georgia; elevation up to 1900 m.

chersonensis: Carpathian Mountains eastward, Romania.

dzieduszyckii: Ukraine; Type locality: Lwiw-Holosko, Ukraine.

exigua: Caucasus, Kyrgyzstan; Type locality: Russia, Ural Mountains

garzoni: Spain (Gerona), Andorra; Type locality: “Falda oeste del Puig de Basa, Tossas, Pirineos, provincia de Gerona, España. 1850 msnm”.

grusinica: Republic of Georgia, NE Turkey, Caucasus

ioriensis: Republic of Georgia; type locality: near Tianeti by the Iori river in E Republic of Georgia.

mzymtensis: Russia (Western Caucasus, high-mountains of the upper basing of Mzymta River; vicinity of Sochi); Type locality: “mountain Aishkha-2, Adler Rayon of Sochi City, Krasnodar Kray, Russia”

orientalis: Type locality: Pyatigorsk.

tauridica: Ukraine (Crimea): Type locality: near Simferopol, Chumakarka settl., Ukraine, Crimea (44°54′12′′N 34°06′16.1′′E)

Type locality: South Sweden  
Reproductionoviparous; Near the northern limit of their distribution (in Sweden), Lacerta agilis shifts tactics seasonally, such that the eggs in late clutches complete development more quickly (when incubated at a standard temperature) than do those of early clutches. That acceleration is achieved by a reduction in egg size, and by an increase in the duration of uterine retention of eggs (especially, after cool weather) (Shine et al. 2017). 
TypesHolotype: NRM (RMS, Royal Museum Stockholm)
Holotype: MNCN 44271.1, Falda oeste del Puig de Basa, Tossas, Pirineos, provincia de Gerona, España, 07.08.1972, Coll. F. Palacios and J. López. [argus]
Lectotype: ZISP 30363, designated by Doronin & Doronina 2020;
paralectotypes: ZISP, BMNH 1960.1.4.26–30, BMNH 1965.337–342 etc. (93); Coll. G.F. Suchow 1928. Some syntypes are not cataloged fide Doronin et al., 2018 [boemica]
Holotype: ZISP 12900, Armenia, Stepanawan, 26.06.1920, Coll. A.B. Shelkovnikov; paratypes: ZFMK, ZIL, ZMB, MM [brevicaudata]
Holotype: unlocated, Ukraine, Kherson, probably the author’s collection (fide I. Doronin, pers. comm.) [chersonensis]
Holotype: SNHM (National Museum of Natural History Lwiw = Lviv, Ukraine) [dzieduszyckii]
Holotype: unlocated fide I. Doronin (pers. comm., Nov 2018)[exigua]
Holotype: MNCN 44271, female [garzoni]
Lectotype: BMNH 1946.8.6.53-54 (?), Abkhazia, Sukhumi. It requires revision of the type specimens [grusinica]
Holotype: ZIT (Institute of Zoology of the Academy of Sciences of Georgia, now the Institute of Zoology Ilia State University), has not been cataloged, Georgia, Tianeti, Iori Valley, 19-23.07.1966, Coll. T.A. Muskhelischwili.. In May 2018, Doronin et al. did not find it, may be lost. Paratypes: ZFMK 8766-67 (ex-ZMB 39276), male and female, ZIT, ZMB, MM [ioriensis]
Holotype. ZISP 24648, adult female; paratypes: ZISP [mzymtensis]
Lectotype: ZISP 22902 [orientalis]
Lectotype: ZISP 12620, adult male, designated by Doronin & Doronina 2020 Leg.: V. Kuznetsov, 2.06.1924 [tauridica] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (genus): Sharing with Timon the following combination of features that mainly occur elsewhere only in a minority of other Lacertini and are sometimes restricted to the two genera: large body size, head and body deep, nasal process of premaxilla often broad, nine or more premaxillary teeth in adults, usually 27 presacral vertebrae in males; often seven posterior presacral vertebrae with short ribs; occipital scale frequently relatively broad, collar strongly serrated, ventral scales with sloping sides and strong posterior overlap, preanal scale often surrounded by more than one semicircle of smaller scales, frequently green above and underside without bright contrasting colour except sometimes on throat, no blue spots on outer ventral scales, bodenaponeurosis without a lateral septum, retractor lateralis anterior muscle inserting in front of vent laterally away from midline, hatchlings ‘embryonic’ with very large head and short extremities compared to those of other Lacertini. Other more widely distributed features include: supraocular osteoderms complete in adults, inscriptional ribs present, and tail not brightly coloured in hatchlings.
Differs from Timon in smaller adult body sizes (70 to 175 mm from snout to vent); maxillary-jugal suture often stepped, dorsal body scales always keeled; 3–5 narrow light stripes in many juveniles and some females, no well defined blue ocelli on flanks of adults, hemipenial microornamentation usually of crown-shaped tubercles but with longer spines on sides of lobes (latter also present in Timon princeps). Also lacks distinctive karyology of Timon and is not associated with it by albumin immunology (Lutz & Mayer 1984) (from Arnold et al. 2007: 48).

Diagnosis (brevicaudata): “Kurzschwänzigste aller Zauneidechsenrassen: Verhältnis Schwanzlänge/Kopf-Rumpflänge bei geschlechtsreifen Männchen 1,52+/- 0,01, bei geschlechtsreifen Weibchen 1,34 +/- 0,01. Oberes Frenale von drachenartiger Form und sowohl oberes Postnasale als auch unteres Frenale von oben begrenzend. Männchen grün, Weibchen braun mit schwach ausgeprägten Ozellen und starker Pileusfleckung oder grün (paradoxa-artig)” (Peters 1958: 127).

Detailed description and comparisons (brevicaudata): Peters 1958.

Diagnosis (grusinica): “Diagnose. Die relativ langköpfigste aller Zauneidechsenrassen (relative Pileuslänge be adulten Männchen 24,07 +/- 0,22%, bei adulten Weibchen 21,48 +/- 0,22%); vor allen übrigen Subspecies durch
maximale Werte in der Anzahl der Rückenschuppen (49,16 +/- 0,35) und minimale Anzahl der Bauchschilder (Männchen 25,96 +/- 0,27, Weibchen 28,09 +/- 0,16) ausgezeichnet. 41,8 +/- 5,3% aller Individuen haben 2 (sehr selten 3) übereinanderstehende Postnasalia und kein Frenale, weitere 16,3 + 4,0% je ein Postnasale und ein Frenale. (Peters 1960: 280).

Färbung (grusinica): Erwachsene Exemplare meistens ohne die für alle übrigen östlichen Rassen typische Rückenzeichnung (PETERS, 1948, p. 133), mit einfarbig grünem, olivgrünem oder-braunem Rücken und grünen oder (häufiger) hellbraunen, mit feinen dunkelbraunen Tüpfeln übersäten Flanken. Weiße Flankenozellen meist nur noch an den Halsseiten vorhanden. Sehr geringe oder keine Färbungsunterschiede zwischen den Geschlechtern. (Peters 1960: 280).

Detailed description and comparisons (grusinica): Peters 1960.

Diagnosis (mzymtensis). Large lizard (as compared to other Caucasian forms of this species) differentiated by the following characters: possesses the large proportions of head and body, reduced number of femoral pores ( and granules (Gr.), and absence of fragmentation of shields of the postnasal area [TUNIYEV & TUNIYEV 2008].

Diagnosis (tauridica): Medium-sized form of sand lizard of Lacerta agilis exigua-group. Green-colored lizard with reduced typical dorsum pattern. Postnasal and frenal shield combination is 1/2 or 2/2 and 2/1, Massetericum is presented, two rows of Praenalia, one or two pair of enlarged central shields of the inner row. Number of Squamae gulares is reduced, Granulae are absent. 
CommentSynonymy: The status of Lacerta agilis argus is doubtful [RAHMEL 1988]. Synonymy partly after KHALIKOV & ANANJEVA (pers. comm.). ANDRES et al. (2014) found that only the subspecies L. a. chersonensis, L. a. tauridica, L. a. garzoni, and L. a. boemica were genetically well supported. L. a. exigua, L. a. brevicaudata and L. a. grusinica are genetically similar and could not be separated from each other. PEREZ-MELLADO in SALVADOR 1998 considered L. a. garzoni as a synonym of L. a. agilis.

Subspecies: According to morphology (Bischoff, 1988), populations from the western Alps are L. a. agilis, while those of the eastern Alps are L. a. argus (Laurenti 1768). However, cytochrome-b trees did not recover the subspecies L. a. agilis and L. a. argus as separate evolutionary lineages (Kalyabina et al., 2001; Andres et al., 2014).

Hybridization: RYKENA & HENKE (1978) report hybrids between L. viridis and L. agilis.

Distribution: for a map of subspecies see Bischoff 1988, Andres et al. 2014.

Type Species: Lacerta agilis Linnaeus, 1758 is the type species of the genus Lacerta LINNAEUS 1758. Note that many species of the genus have been allocated to other genera by ARNOLD et al. (2007) and other authors. Lacerta is also the type genus of the tribus Lacertini, the subfamily Lacertinae (in this database synonymous with Lacertini), and the family Lacertidae.

Phylogenetics: for a phylogenetic analysis of the genus Lacerta see Amata-Orriols & Escoriza 2023. 
EtymologyFrom Latin “Lacerta” = lizard and Latin “agilis” = mobile, agile, swift.
Lacerta agilis mzymtensis is named after the Mzymta River, which valley is its area of distribution. 
  • Alibardi, L. 2021. Limb regeneration in lizards under natural and experimental conditions with considerations on the induction of appendages regeneration in amniotes. Annals of Anatomy-Anatomischer Anzeiger, 151844. - get paper here
  • Amat Orriols, F. & D. Escoriza 2023. Molecular biogeography and niche climatic diversification of sand lizards (Lacerta agilis) with special emphasis on the history of the Pyrenean populations. Salamandra 59 (3): 284-296 - get paper here
  • Amat, F.; G.A. Llorente, M.A. Carretero 2000. Reproductive cycle of the sand lizard (Lacerta agilis) in its southwestern range. Amphibia-Reptilia 21 (4): 463-476 - get paper here
  • Ananjeva, NB, Orlov NL; Khalikov RG; Darevsky IS; Ryabov IS & Barabanov AV 2006. The Reptiles of North Eurasia. Taxonomic Diversity, Distribution, Conservation Status [this comprises the territory of the former Soviet Union and Mongolia]. Pensoft Series Faunistica 47, 250 pp.
  • Andersson, L.G. 1900. Catalogue of Linnean type-specimens of Linnaeus's Reptilia in the Royal Museum in Stockholm. [type catalogue] Bihang till Konglika Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens. Handlingar. Stockholm. (4) 26 (1): 1-29. - get paper here
  • Andrea Villa, Massimo Delfino 2019. A comparative atlas of the skull osteology of European lizards (Reptilia: Squamata). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 187 (3): 829–928 - get paper here
  • Andrén, Claes; Berglind, Sven-éke;Nilson, Göran 1988. Distribution and conservation of the northernmost populations of the sand lizard Lacerta agilis. Mertensiella (1): 84-85
  • Andres, Claudia; Franziska Franke, Christoph Bleidorn, Detlef Bernhard, Martin Schlegel 2014. Phylogenetic analysis of the Lacerta agilis subspecies complex. Systematics and Biodiversity 12 (1): 43-54, <br />DOI:10.1080/14772000.2013.878000 - get paper here
  • ANDRIJCZUK, C. 2009. Bemerkungen zur Reproduktion von Lacerta agilis LINNAEUS, 1758 in einer Falkenzuchtanlage in Niedersachsen. Die Eidechse 20 (3): 81-86. - get paper here
  • Antipov S. A., Doronin I. V., Milto K. D., Sergeev M. A. 2018. New Records of Amphibians and Reptiles in the Vladimir Region, Russia. [in Russian]. Current Studies in Herpetology 18 (3–4): 168–179 - get paper here
  • Antipov S.A, Doronin I.V. 2018. Coloring and drawing of a Sand Lizard (Lacerta agilis) in the territory of the Murom Reserve, Vladimir Region // Specially Protected Natural Territories: Current Status and Development Prospects. Materials of the All-Russian Jubilee Scientific and Practical Conference, dedicated to the 25th anniversary of the Meshchera National Park (October 5-6, 2017) - Vladimir: Kaleidoscope, pp. 85 - 89
  • Arakelyan, Marine S.; Felix D. Danielyan, Claudia Corti, Roberto Sindaco, and Alan E. Leviton 2011. The Herpetofauna of Armenia and Nagorno-Karabakh. SSAR, Salt Lake City, 154 pp. [ISBN: 978-0-916984-84-7.]
  • Babocsay, G. 1991. Comparison of three lacertid lizard populations (Lacerta viridis, L. agilis and Podarcis taurica). In: Korsós, Z., & Kiss, I. (Eds): Abstracts of the 6th Ordinary General Meeting of the Societas Europaea Herpetologica, 19-23 August 1991; p.11
  • Babocsay, G. 1997. The niche segregation of three lacertid lizard species (Lacerta viridis, L. agilis and Podarcis taurica) on sandy grassland in Hungary. Abstract. Meeting of the Zoological Society of Israel, 28 December, 1997, Tel-Aviv; p. 48
  • BADER, T. & KOPECZKY, R. & RIEGLER, C. & WIELAND, F. 2016. Die Eidechsen Armeniens – Teil 2: Die Gattungen Lacerta, Ophisops, Parvilacerta und Eremias. Die Eidechse 27 (2): 33-46. - get paper here
  • Bakiev, A., Kirillov, A., Kirillova, N., Ruchin, A., Klenina, A., Gorelov, R., & Kostina, N. 2020. Reptile occurrences data in the Volga River basin (Russia). Biodiversity Data Journal, 8: e58033 - get paper here
  • Bamann, Thomas; Ines Aust und Dominik Hauser 2021. Quer übers griechische Festland auf Vipernsuche im Corona-Sommer. Elaphe 2021 (2): 26-37
  • Bauer, Aaron M.;Günther, Rainer 1995. An annotated type catalogue of the lacertids (Reptilia: Lacertidae) in the Zoological Museum, Berlin. Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin 71 (1): 37-62 - get paper here
  • Bayger J.A. 1937. Klucz do oznaczania płazów i gadów. Zeszyt II Klucza do oznaczania zwierząt kręgowych Polski [in Polish; (= Identification key for amphibians and reptiles)] Kraków, W. L. Anczyca i Spółki, 93 pp.
  • Bayger, J.A. 1909. Lacerta agilis L. var. Dzieduszyckii m. Kosmos, Lwów, 34: 286-288
  • Beshkov, V & Nanev, K 2006. The Amphibians and Reptiles in Bulgaria. Pensoft Series Faunistica 46, 120 pp.
  • Bischoff, W. 1984. Lacerta agilis - Zauneidechse. In: Böhme,W. (ed.), Handbuch der Reptilien und Amphibien Europas, Band 2/I., Echsen II (Lacerta). Aula-Verlag Wiesbaden, pp. 23-68
  • BISCHOFF, W. 2003. Die Eidechsenfauna Georgiens - Teil I: Allgemeine Bemerkungen, sowie die Gattungen Eremias, Ophisops und Lacerta. Die Eidechse 14 (2): 44-60 - get paper here
  • Bischoff, W. 2005. Die echten Eidechsen der Familie Lacertidae - eine Übersicht. Draco 5 (21): 4-27 - get paper here
  • Bischoff, W. 2020. Bemerkungen zur Verbreitung und innerartlichen Varibilität der Zauneidechse. Elaphe 2020 (4): 12-27
  • Bischoff, W. 2021. Ein bislang übersehener Name für Lacerta agilis. Die Eidechse 32 (3): 81-86
  • Bischoff, Wolfgang 1988. Zur Verbreitung und Systematik der Zauneidechse, Lacerta agilis Linnaeus, 1758. Mertensiella (1): 11-30
  • BLANKE, I. 1996. Zauneidechsen (Lacerta agilis) am Sonnenplatz - Beobachtungen zum Sozialverhalten. Die Eidechse 7 (18): 18 1-5 - get paper here
  • Blanke, I. 2004. Die Zauneidechse. Zeitschrift für Feldherpetologie, Beiheft 7 - get paper here
  • Blanke, Ina and Richard Podloucky 2000. Zur Verbreitung rotrückiger Zauneidechsen (Lacerta agilis) in Niedersachsen. Die Eidechse 11 (3): 85-95 - get paper here
  • Böhme, Wolfgang 2014. Herpetology in Bonn. Mertensiella 21. vi + 256 pp. - get paper here
  • Bolnykh I.I., Zhigileva O.N. 2016. Color polymorphism and genetic variability of the sand lizard (Lacerta agilis) (Lacertidae, Sauria) in the surroundings of the Tyumen and Sterlitamak cities. [in Russian] Current Studies in Herpetology, 16(3/4): 107–112. Резюме - get paper here
  • Bonetti, Mathilde 2002. 100 Sauri. Mondadori (Milano), 192 pp. - get paper here
  • Borcea, M. 1979. Variabilität einiger metrischer und qualitativer C Charactere der Population Lacerta agilis agilis Linnaeus aus der Moldau (Rumanien). Zool. Anz. 202: 86-98.
  • Borkin, L.J. 2022. EARLY STUDIES ON THE HERPETOFAUNA OF KAZAKHSTAN (XVIII CENTURY) [in russian] Almaty: Institute of Zoology of the Republic of Kazakhstan, 2022. - 156 pp.
  • Börner, A. R. 2015. Eidechsen im unteren Lahn- und oberen Mittelrheintal. Saurologica (4): 24 pp + 74 figs. - get paper here
  • Börner, A. R. 2022. Erfahrungen und Anregungen zur Pflege und Aufbesserung von Biotopen für die heimischen Echsen im Westen Deutschlands Saurologica 9: 116 pp. - get paper here
  • Börner, A.-R. 2015. Eidechsen im unteren Lahn- und oberen Mittelrheintal. L@CERTIDAE (Eidechsen Online) [3]: 23–55  - get paper here
  • Börner, A.-R. & Eßer, G. & Schneider, M. & Walther, E.-H. 2019. Die Bedeutung abgestufter Waldränder an Wegen auf der Sophienhöhe (Rekultivierung des Tagebaus Hambach bei Jülich in NRW) für Vorkommen und Ausbreitung der Zauneidechse (Lacerta agilis). Privately publsihed - get paper here
  • Buehler, Matthew D.; Purevdorj Zoljargal, Erdenetushig Purvee, Khorloo Munkhbayar, Munkhbayar Munkhbaatar, Nyamsuren Batsaikhan, Natalia B. Ananjeva, Nikolai L. Orlov, Theordore J. Papenfuss, Diego Roldán-Pińa, - Douchindorj, Larry Lee Grismer, Jamie 2021. The Results of Four Recent Joint Expeditions to the Gobi Desert: Lacertids and Agamids. Russian Journal of Herpetology 28 (1): 15-32 - get paper here
  • Cabela, A., & Tiedemann, F. 1985. Atlas der Amphibien und Reptilien Osterreichs. Naturhist. Mus. in Wien, Neue Denkschriften Band 4 80 pp.
  • Cesarec, Roman; Mladen Zad-Ravec 2018. First record of the erythronotus color morph in Lacerta agilis bosnica SCHREIBER, 1912, from Croatia. Herpetozoa 31 (1/2): 101 - 102 - get paper here
  • Chirikova M.A., Berezovikov N.N. 2015. Materials on the distribution, biotopical and vertical placement of the sand lizard (Lacerta agilis Linnaeus, 1758) in its southeast habitat. Current Studies in Herpetology 15 (3/4): 130–145 - get paper here
  • CHIRIKOVA, M.A. & LIU, J. & GUO, X. 2016. Zur Verbreitung der Zauneidechse (Lacerta agilis LINNAEUS, 1758) an ihrem östlichen Arealrand in Xinjiang, China. Die Eidechse 27 (1): 15-22. - get paper here
  • Chirikova, Marina A., Vladimir M. Dubjansky and Tatjana N. Dujsebayeva 2002. Morphological variation of the Eastern Sand lizard, Lacerta agilis exigua Eichwald, 1831 (Squamata, Lacertidae) in Kazakhstan. Russ. J. Herpetol. 9 (1):1-8 - get paper here
  • Clement, Vic F. 2022. About lizards and unmanned aerial vehicles: assessing home range and habitat selection in Lacerta agilis. Salamandra 58(1): 24–42. - get paper here
  • Cocteau, J. Th. 1835. Sur un genre peu connu de Lézards vivipares (Zootoca, Wagler), et sur une nouvelle espèce de ce genre. Magasin Zool. Vol. 5 Classe III Pl. 9, pp. 1-25 - get paper here
  • Cogălniceanu, Dan; Laurentiu Rozylowicz, Paul Székely, Ciprian Samoilă, Florina Stănescu, Marian Tudor, Diana Székely, Ruben Iosif 2013. Diversity and distribution of reptiles in Romania. ZooKeys 341 (2013): 49-76 - get paper here
  • Corbett, Keith F. 1988. Distribution and status of the sand lizard, Lacerta agilis agilis, in Britain. Mertensiella (1): 92-100
  • Covaciu-Marcov S.-D. et al. 2007. Contributions to the study of the geographical distribution of the herpetofauna in the North-East area of Arad County in Romania. Herpetologica Romanica 1: 62-69
  • Covaciu-Marcov S.-D.; Ghira, I.; Cicort-Lucaciu A.-St., Sas I.; Strugariu, A. & Bogdan H. V. 2006. Contributions to knowledge regarding the geographical distribution of the herpetofauna of Dobrudja, Romania. North-Western Journal of Zoology 2 (2): 88-125 - get paper here
  • Covaciu-Marcov, S.D., Cicort-Lucaciu, A.S., Dobre, F., Ferenţi, S., Birceanu, M., Mihuţ, R. & Strugariu, A. 2009. The herpetofauna of the Jiului Gorge National Park, Romania. North-Western Journal of Zoology 5 (Suppl. 1): 1-78
  • Covaciu-Marcov, S.D., Cicort-Lucaciu, A.S., Sas, I.; Mosu, A.G.; Toth, B. 2008. Contributions to the knowledge of the composition and geographical distribution of the Western Maramures County Herpetofauna. Herpetologica Romanica 2: 27-36
  • Davletbakov, A. T.; L. A. Kustareva, D. A. Milko, A. N. Ostastshenko, S. S. Sagymbaev, S. A. Toropov, N. V. Trotchenko 2015. Genetical Fund Cadastre of Kyrgyz Republic. Vol. IV. Phylum Chordata (chordates). Bishkek, 128 p. + XXXVI color tables - get paper here
  • DEICHSEL, G. 2009. Zauneidechse (Lacerta agilis agilis LINNAEUS, 1758) nimmt ein Sonnenbad im Wasser. Die Eidechse 20 (1): 21-24. - get paper here
  • Dieckmann, Martin 2017. Wunderbares Naturerbe. Die Herpetofauna Kroatiens. Terraria-Elaphe 2017 (2): 14-25 - get paper here
  • Doronin I.V., Doronina M.A. 2020. Review of type specimens of lizards (Sauria: Lacertidae) described by Georgy Fedorovich Sukhov. (in Russian) Proceedings of the Zoological Institute RAS 324 (4): 506–524 - get paper here
  • Doronin IV, Doronina MA, Bekoshvili D 2019. New data on the distribution of lizards in Caucasus. Herpetozoa 32: 87-90 - get paper here
  • Doronin, I.V. and M.A. Doronina 2022. The taxonomic status of Lacerta agilis var. orientalis Kessler, 1878 (Sauria: Lacertidae). Proceedings of the Zoological Institute RAS 326(1): 23–29 - get paper here
  • Doronina M.A., Mazanaeva L.F., Doronin I.V. 2022. An analysis of the distribution of the lizard genus Lacerta in the Northeast of the Caucasus (Dagestan, Russia) using GIS technologies and methods for building species distribution models. [in russian] Zoologicheskiy zhurnal, 10 (1): 23–36 - get paper here
  • Dossenbach, H.D., & Ganz, A. 1977. Die Reptilien der Schweiz. Naturf. Gesell. Schaffhausen, Switzerland, Neujahrsblatt nr. 30, 31 pp.
  • Dudek, Krzysztof; Koczura, Ryszard; Dudek, Monika; Sajkowska, Zofia Anna; Ekner-Grzyb, Anna 2016. Detection of Salmonella enterica in a sand lizard (Lacerta agilis, Linnaeus, 1758) city population. The Herpetological Journal 26 (1): 57-60 - get paper here
  • Dujsebayeva, T. N. (ed.) 2010. Short review of last changes in the checklist of amphibians and reptiles of Kazakhstan. [in Russian]. In: Dujsebayeva, T. N. (ed.) Herpetological Researches in Kazakhstan and adjacent countries, p. 37-52
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1839. Erpétologie Générale on Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles. Vol. 5. Roret/Fain et Thunot, Paris, 871 pp. - get paper here
  • Dunaev E.A., Orlova V.F. 2017. Amphibians and reptiles of Russia. Atlas and determination. 2nd. ed. Moscow: Phyton XXI, 328 p
  • ECKARDT, V. & K. RICHTER 1997. Ein neuer Nachweis von Kannibalismus bei Lacerta agilis L. im Freiland. Die Eidechse 8 (2): 60-61 - get paper here
  • ELBING, K. 1997. Aktivitätsmuster bei Zauneidechsen (Lacerta agilis L.) - Beobachtungen im Freiland. Die Eidechse 8 (2): 44-53 - get paper here
  • Elbling, K. 1993. Freilanduntersuchungen zur Eizeitigung bei Lacerta agilis. Salamandra 29 (3-4): 173-183 - get paper here
  • Engelmann, E. & Kabisch, K. 1973. Disk-elektrophoretische Untersuchungen der Serumproteine europäischer Echsen der Familien Anguidae und Lacertidae. Experientia 29: 1440-1441 - get paper here
  • Engelmann, W.E. et al. 1993. Lurche und Kriechtiere Europas. Neumann Verlag (Radebeul, Germany), 440 pp.
  • Eplanova G.V. 2016. On the coloration pattern of newborns of the sand lizard, Lacerta agilis Linnaeus, 1758 from two populations (Samara Region). [in Russian] Current Studies in Herpetology, 16(3/4): 167–170 - get paper here
  • Eplanova G.V. 2016. COLOUR PATTERN ANALYSIS OF SAND LIZARD FROM TWO POPULATIONS IN THE SAMARA REGION [in Russian]. Izvestiya of the Samara Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences, vol. 18 (5/2): 264-274
  • Eplanova, Galina V. and Evgeny S. Roitberg 2015. Sex identification of juvenile sand lizards, Lacerta agilis using digital images. Amphibia-Reptilia, DOI: 10.1163/15685381-00002996 - get paper here
  • Eversmann,E. 1834. Lacertae Imperii Rossici variis in itineribus meis observatae. [Lacerta sylvicola]. Nouv. Mém. Soc. imp. Natur. (Moscow) 3: 339-358 - get paper here
  • FERWER, W. 2009. Die Zauberkäfte der Zauneidechse. Die Eidechse 20 (3): 93. - get paper here
  • FERWER, W. 2012. Stippvisite bei Lacerta agilis in der „Südheide”. Die Eidechse 23 (1): 28-30. - get paper here
  • Fritz, Klemens;Sowig, Peter 1988. Verbreitung, Habitatansprüche und Gefährdung der Zauneidechse (Lacerta agilis Linnaeus, 1758) in Baden-Württemberg. Mertensiella (1): 205-214
  • Fuhn, I.E., & Vancea, S. 1964. Die innerartliche Gliederung der Zauneidechse (Lacerta agilis) in Rumänien. Senckenbergiana Biologica 45 (3/4): 469-489
  • GARCÍA-DÍEZ, TERESA; JOSÉ E. GONZÁLEZ-FERNÁNDEZ 2013. The reptile type specimens preserved in the Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales (CSIC) of Madrid, Spain. Zootaxa 3619 (1): 046–058 - get paper here
  • GEBHART, J. 2020. Speed-Dating mit den drei Vipernarten Montenegros – Ein Erlebnisbericht. Sauria 42 (2): 28-36
  • Gemel, R.; G. Gassner & S. Schweiger 2019. Katalog der Typen der Herpetologischen Sammlung des Naturhistorischen Museums Wien – 2018. Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, B 121: 33–248
  • Gherghel, I.; Strugariu, A. 2009. Further Evidence of Phenotypic Plasticity in the Sand Lizard: The “erythronotus” colour morph in the Pontic Sand Lizard (Lacerta agilis euxinica). Herpetologica Romanica 3: 77-79
  • Glandt, D. 1976. Ökologische Beobachtungen an niederrheinischen Lacerta-Populationen, Lacerta agilis und Lacerta vivipara (Reptilia, Sauria, Lacertidae). Salamandra 12 (3): 127-139 - get paper here
  • Glandt, D. 1977. Über eine Lacerta agilis/Lacerta vivipara Population, nebst Bemerkungen zum Sympatrieproblem. Salamandra 13 (1): 13-21 - get paper here
  • Glandt, D. 1979. Beitrag zur Habitat-Ökologie von Zauneidechse (Lacerta agilis) und Waldeidechse (Lacerta vivipara) im nordwestdeutschen Tiefland, nebst Hinweisen zur Sicherung von Zauneidechsenbeständen (Reptilia: Sauria: Lacertidae). Salamandra 15 (1): 13-30 - get paper here
  • Gollmann, G. & Gollmann, B. 2008. Diving in the lizards Anguis fragilis and Lacerta agilis. North-Western Journal of Zoology 4 (2): - get paper here
  • Gordeev D. A. 2017. Cases of Incomplete Autotomy and Tail Regeneration Abnormality of the Steppe-Runner (Eremias arguta (Pallas, 1773)) and Sand Lizard (Lacerta agilis Linnaeus, 1758) in the Volgograd Region. [in Russian] Current Studies in Herpetology 17 (1–2): 3–9; DOI: 10.18500/1814-6090-2017-17-1-2-3-9 - get paper here
  • Gordeev, D.A.; D.V. Korost and N.B. Ananjeva 2021. New anomalies and pathologies in the caudal region of the lizard’s axial skeleton. Proceedings of the Zoological Institute RAS, 2021, 325(4): 447–456 - get paper here
  • GRAITSON, ERIC & JULIEN TAYMANS. 2022. Impacts des lâchers massifs de faisans de Colchide (Phasianus colchicus L.) sur les squamates (Reptilia Squamata). Bulletin de la Société Herpétologique de France 180: 1–7. - get paper here
  • GRAMENTZ, D. 2011. Über die allmähliche Vernichtung einer Population von Lacerta agilis LINNAEUS, 1758 in Berlin-Gatow. Sauria 33 (4): 31-40 - get paper here
  • GRAMENTZ, D. 2012. Die Zauneidechse (Lacerta agilis Linnaeus, 1758) in Berlin. Eine Bestandsaufnahme aktueller Fundorte (Teil 1). Sauria 34 (3): 27-41 - get paper here
  • GRAMENTZ, D. 2013. Farbvarianten der Zauneidechse in Berlin und dem stadtnahen Umland. Die Eidechse 24 (2): 35-42 - get paper here
  • GRAMENTZ, D. 2013. Die Zauneidechse (Lacerta agilis Linnaeus, 1758) im westlichen Umland von Berlin. Eine Bestandsaufnahme aktueller Fundorte. Sauria 35 (2): 15-22 - get paper here
  • GRAMENTZ, D. 2014. Zum Vorkommen der Zauneidechse (Lacerta agilis) in den Rieselfeldern Karolinenhöhe und Umgebung. Eine Bestandsaufnahme aktueller Fundorte (Teil 2). Die Eidechse 25 (3): 6-85. - get paper here
  • GRAMENTZ, D. 2014. Zum Abwehrverhalten von Zauneidechsen. Die Eidechse 25 (2): 7-61. - get paper here
  • GRAMENTZ, D. 2015. Schlüpfling der Zauneidechse frisst Weberknecht. Die Eidechse 26 (1): 8-10. - get paper here
  • GRAMENTZ, D. 2016. Über die erythronotus-Mutation der Zauneidechse (Lacerta agilis argus) im Landschaftsschutzgebiet Rieselfelder Karolinenhöhe in Berlin. Die Eidechse 27 (1): 23-30. - get paper here
  • GRAMENTZ, D. 2016. Ergebnisse eines Kaiserschnitts bei einer Zauneidechse (Lacerta agilis). Die Eidechse 27 (3): 76-79 - get paper here
  • GRAMENTZ, D. 2017. Ektoparasitischer Befall einer Population der Zauneidechse (Lacerta agilis) mit dem Gemeinen Holzbock (Ixodes ricinus) in Berlin-Spandau. Die Eidechse 28 (2): 40-50 - get paper here
  • GRAMENTZ, D. 2019. Fund einer cyanistischen männlichen Zauneideche (Lacerta agilis). Die Eidechse 30 (1): 7-11 - get paper here
  • Grechko, V.V.; Fedorova, L.V.; Riabinin, D.M.; Riabinina, N.L.; Chobanu, D.G.; Kosushkin, S.A.; Darevskii, I.S. 2006. Molecular markers of nuclear DNA in the study of evolution and speciation process in an example of "Lacerta agilis complex" (Sauria: Lacertidae). Mol Biol (Mosk) 40(1):61-73.
  • GROZDANOV, A. P. and N. D. TZАNKOV 2014. ANALYSIS AND COMPARISON OF SEXUAL SIZE DIMORPHISM IN TWO LACERTID SPECIES IN BULGARIA. Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science, 20 (Supplement 1): 139–142 - get paper here
  • Guarino, Fabio M.; Ivan Di Già, Roberto Sindaco 2010. Age and growth of the sand lizards (Lacerta agilis) from a high Alpine population of north-western Italy. Acta Herpetologica 5 (1): 23-29 - get paper here
  • Gullberg, A.; Ollson, M.; Tegelstrom, H. 1998. Colonization, genetic diversity, and evolution in the Swedish sand lizard, Lacerta agilis (Reptilia, Squamata). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 65 (3): 257 - get paper here
  • GVOZDENOVIĆ, S., & IKOVIĆ, V. 2022. CHECKLIST OF AMPHIBIANS AND REPTILES OF MONTENEGRO AND THEIR CONSERVATION STATUS. Natura Montenegrina, Podgorica, 2022, 14 (2): 93-105 - get paper here
  • GVOZDÍK, L. 2000. Seasonal activity, sex ratio, and abundance in a population of Lacerta agilis LINNAEUS, 1758 from the Czech Republic. Herpetozoa 13 (3/4): 165 - 169 - get paper here
  • HAMILTON, RAY 2021. Aggressive interactions between a sand lizard Lacerta agilis and a common wall lizard Podarcis muralis in England. The Herpetological Bulletin (155) - get paper here
  • HAUPT, H. 2009. Streng geschützt - nichts genützt. Über die gerichtlich abgesicherte Vernichtung einer Zauneidechsen-Population durch die Bundesstadt Bonn. Die Eidechse 20 (3): 65-76. - get paper here
  • Heltai, Botond, Péter Sály, Dániel Kovács and István Kiss. 2015. Niche segregation of sand lizard (Lacerta agilis) and green lizard (Lacerta viridis) in an urban semi-natural habitat. Amphibia-Reptilia 36 (4): 389-399 - get paper here
  • Henninger, Nils 2007. Nachweis einer hypomelanistischen Zauneidechse in Südhessen. Die Eidechse 18 (2): 45-47 - get paper here
  • Heym, A., G. Deichsel, A. Hochkirch, M. Veith & U. Schulte 2013. Do introduced wall lizards (Podarcis muralis) cause niche shift s in a native sand lizard (Lacerta agilis) population? A case study from south-western Germany. Salamandra 49 (2): 97-104 - get paper here
  • Hohl, C. 1986. Versuch einer systematischen Bestandsaufnahme der Eidechsenpopulationen in der Region Basel (Schweiz). Salamandra 22 (1): 55-62 - get paper here
  • Holzinger, J., & Schmid, G., eds. 1987. Die Amphibien und Reptilien Baden-Württembergs. Landesanstalt für Umweltschutz Baden-Württemberg, Karlsruhe 500 pp.
  • HUDSON, P. 2009. Zweiköpfiges Jungtier von Lacerta agilis agilis. Die Eidechse 20 (3): 90. - get paper here
  • Idrisova L. A. 2017. Pholidosis Variations of the Sand Lizard Lacerta agilis (Linnaeus, 1758) and Common Lizard Zootoca vivipara (Lichtenstein, 1823) from the Western Part of the Tatarstan Republic. [in Russian] Current Studies in Herpetology 17 (1–2): 28–35; DOI: 10.18500/1814-6090-2017-17-1-2-28-35 - get paper here
  • INEICH, IVAN; IGOR V. DORONIN, MARC CHEYLAN & PATRICK D. CAMPBELL 2019. Additional data on the herpetological collection of Louis Amédée Lantz (1886– 1953), with emphasis on specimens in the Natural History Museum, London. Zootaxa 4638 (1): 095–113 - get paper here
  • Jablonski, D., Gruľa, D., Christophoryová, J., 2017. Unusual colour and pattern variation of Lacerta agilis (Squamata: Lacertidae) recorded from Central Europe. Biharean Biologist (2017): e172303 - get paper here
  • Jansen, M. 2002. Zeckenbefall bei Lacerta agilis LINNAEUS, 1758 und Zootoca vivipara (JACQIUN, 1787) im Spessart. Salamandra 38 (2): 85-94 - get paper here
  • JEHLE, R. & FRANZ, R. & KAPFER, M. & SCHRAMM, H. & TUNNER, H. G. 1996. Lizards as prey of arthropods: Praying Mantis Mantis religiosa (LINNAEUS, 1758) feeds on juvenile Sand Lizard Lacerta agilis LINNAEUS, 1758. Herpetozoa 9 - get paper here
  • Jensen, J.K. 1981. Sand Lizard (Lacerta agilis L.) with a second clutch in Denmark Amphibia-Reptilia, 2(3): 267. - get paper here
  • Jensen, J.K. 1981. Relations between temperature and incubation time for eggs of the Sand Lizard (Lacerta agilis L.) Amphibia-Reptilia, 2(4): 385-386. - get paper here
  • Joger, U.; Fritz, U.; Guicking, D.; Kalyabina-Hauf, S.; Nagy, Z.T. & Wink, M. 2007. Phylogeography of western Palaearctic reptiles – Spatial and temporal speciation patterns. Zoologischer Anzeiger 246: 293–313 - get paper here
  • Kabisch, K. 1966. Herpetologische Exkursionen in die Umgebung von Sofia. Aquarien-Terrarien, 4:131-135
  • Kabisch, K. & Belter, H. 1968. Das Verzehren von Amphibien und Reptilien durch Vögel. Zoologische Abhandlungen aus dem Staatlichen Museum für Tierkunde in Dresden 29: 191-227
  • KALYABINA, S. A., K. D. MILTO, N. B. ANANJEVA, L. LEGAL, U. JOGER & M. WINK 2001. Phylogeography and systematics of Lacerta agilis based on mitochondrial cytochrome B gene sequences: first results. Russ. J. Herpetol. 8 (2): 149-158 - get paper here
  • Kalyabina-Hauf, S. A. & N. B. Ananjeva 2004. Phylogeography and intraspecies structure of wide distributed sand lizard, Lacerta agilis L. 1758 (Lacertidae, Sauria, Reptilia) (case study of mitochondrial cytochrome b gene) [in Russian with English summary]. Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences. Saint-Petersburg, Russia. 2004. 108 pp. ISSN 0206-0477
  • Kalyabina-Hauf, S., K. D. Milto, N. B. Ananjeva, U. Joger, T. I. Kotenko & M. Wink 2004. Reevaluation of the status of Lacerta agilis tauridica Suchow, 1926. Russ. J. Herpetol. 11 (1): 65-72. - get paper here
  • Kashtchenko, Nikolai F. [as KASCENKO] 1909. The reptiles and amphibians collected by the expeditions of 1902-6 and 1908 by Prof. V. V. Saposnikov in Central Asia. [in Russian]. Annu. Mus. Zool. Acad. Imper. Sci.,<br />St. Petersburg, 14(1-2): 119-130 - get paper here
  • KAYA, Nilgün; Oya ÖZULUĞ 2017. THE HERPETOLOGICAL COLLECTION OF ZOOLOGY MUSEUM, ISTANBUL UNIVERSITY. Anadolu Üniversitesi Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi C- Yaşam Bilimleri ve Biyoteknoloji<br />(Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology C- Life Sciences and Biotechnology) - get paper here
  • Kessler, K.F. 1878. Transcaucasian voyage [in Russian]. Ges. Naturf. St. Petersburg 8: 143- - get paper here
  • Klausewitz,W. 1964. Histologische Untersuchungen über das Farbkleid der Zauneidechse, Lacerta a. agilis. Senckenbergiana biologica 45: 425-444
  • Kolenda, Krzysztof; Magdalena Wieczorek, Anna Najbar, Bartłomiej Najbar, Tomasz Skawiński 2017. Limb malformation and tail bifurcation in sand lizards (Lacerta agilis) and common lizards (Zootoca vivipara) from Poland. Herpetology Notes 10: 713-716 - get paper here
  • Korneychuk, V. P. and M. A. Chirikova 2005. On discrete variations of sand lizard (Lacerta agilis exigua Eichwald, 1831) pholidosis in Kazakwstan. Modern Herpetology 3/4:60-70.
  • Kotenko T. I., Sviridenko Ye. Yu 2010. Variability of Coloration and Pattern of the Sand Lizard, Lacerta agilis (Reptilia, Sauria, Lacertidae): Methodic Aspects. [in Russian]. Vestnik Zoologii 44 (2):137-162. - get paper here
  • Krizmanić, I. 2018. CONTRIBUTION TO THE HERPETOFAUNA OF SERBIA-DISTRIBUTION OF REPTILES IN KOSOVO AND METOHIJA PROVINCE. Bulletin of Natural Sciences Research 9 (2): - get paper here
  • KÜHNEL, K.-D. 2013. Nachweis der „concolor“-Mutante der Zauneidechse, Lacerta agilis argus (LAURENTI, 1768), in Berlin. Die Eidechse 24 (3): 79-82. - get paper here
  • Kühnis, J. B. 2006. Die Reptilien des Fürstentums Liechtenstein. Amtlicher Lehrmittelverlag, Vaduz, Naturkundliche Forschung im Fürstentum Liechtenstein, 23: 1-51 - get paper here
  • Kukushkin, O.V.; O.A. Ermakov, A.Yu. Ivanov, I.V. Doronin, E.Yu. Sviridenko, E.P. Simonov, R.A. Gorelov, M.A. Khramova, I.G. Blokhin. 2020. Cytochrome b mitochondrial gene analysis-based phylogeography of a Sand lizard in the Crimea: ancient refugium at the peninsula, late expansion from the North, and first evidence of Lacerta agilis tauridica and L. a. exigua (Lacertidae: Sauria) hybri Proceedings of the Zoological Institute RAS. 324 (1): 56–99; doi:10.31610/trudyzin/2020.324.1.56 - get paper here
  • Kwet, A. 2010. Reptilien und Amphibien Europas. Kosmos-Verlag, Stuttgart, 252 pp.
  • Kwet, Axel & Benny Trapp 2014. Die spanische Reptilienfauna. Draco 15 (60): 26-39 - get paper here
  • Kwet, Axel & Benny Trapp 2014. Liste der Reptilien Europas. Draco 15 (60): 72-79 - get paper here
  • Lambert, M.R.K. 2002. Preliminary observations on herpetofaunal diversity in the Almaty region, Southern Kazakhstan (September 1998). Herpetological Bulletin (79): 7-13 - get paper here
  • Lantermann, W. 2003. Bemerkungen über eine Zauneidechsen-Population (Lacerta agilis) am ungarischen Plattensee. Elaphe N.F., Rheinbach, 11 (2): 46-50
  • Lantermann, W. & Lantermann, Y. 2006. Beobachtungen an einer Zauneidechsen-Population (Lacerta agilis) im Bereich Hünxe/Kreis Wesel. Elaphe 14 (4): 32-36
  • Lantermann, W. & Y. Lantermann 2006. Zauneidechse (Lacerta agilis Linnaeus, 1758) und Touristen am ungarischen Plattensee Die Eidechse 17(3): 75-79. - get paper here
  • Lantermann, Werner & Yvonne Lantermann 2007. Zauneidechsen (Lacerta agilis) als "Kulturfolger" an Badestränden in Mecklenberg-Vorpommern. Die Eidechse 18 (3): 65-74 - get paper here
  • Lantermann, Werner & Yvonne Lantermann 2010. Eine Zauneidechsen-Population (Lacerta agilis) am Pécser See in Ungarn. Die Eidechse 21 (1): 22-26 - get paper here
  • Lapini, L., Morisi, A., Bagnoli, C. & L. Luiselli 1988. Lacerta agilis Linné, 1758, specie nuova per la fauna italiana (Reptilia, Squamata, Lacertidae). Gortania, Atti Mus. Friul. Stor. Nat., 10: 205-212
  • Laufer, H.; Fritz, C. & Sowig, P. (eds.) 2007. Die Amphibien und Reptilien Baden-Württembergs. Ulmer Verlag, Stuttgart, 807 pp.
  • Leighton, G. 1919. Observations diverses. Zoolog. Lacerta stirpium Daud. Bull. Soc. Linn. Caen., 7 (1): 175-176.
  • Lendenfeld, R.v. 1894. Bemerkung über die Farben von Lacerta agilis L. Zool. Anz. 17: 397-398 - get paper here
  • Leptien, R. 2016. Die Zauneidechse. Reptilia 21 (118): 60-62 - get paper here
  • Liesack, H. 1988. Erfahrungen bei der Haltung von Lacerta agilis brevicaudata. Elaphe 10 (2): 25-27
  • Link, H.F. 1807. Beschreibung der Naturalien-Sammlung der Universität zu Rostock, zweite Abtheilung. Adlers Erben, Rostock, pp. 51-100 - get paper here
  • Linnaeus, C. [= Linné, C. von] 1758. Systema naturæ per regna tria naturæ, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii, Holmiæ. 10th Edition: 824 pp. - get paper here
  • List, J.H. 1885. Über einzelige Drüsen (Becherzellen) im Blasenepithel der Eidechse (Lacerta agilis). Zool. Anz. 8: 69-70 - get paper here
  • LJUBISAVLJEVIĆ, KATARINA; MARKO ANĐELKOVIĆ, ALEKSANDAR UROŠEVIĆ & EVGENY S. ROITBERG. 2022. Female reproductive characteristics of the Balkan sand lizard Lacerta agilis bosnica (Schreiber, 1912). Revue Suisse de Zoologie 129(1): 147–153. - get paper here
  • Ludwig, M. & Grosse, W.R. 2009. Populationsgenetische Untersuchungen zu [...] Zauneidechse (Lacerta agilis) am Nordwestrand der Dölauer Heide (Halle/Sachsen-Anhalt). Elaphe 17 (4): 37-39
  • MALKMUS, R. 1995. Dämmerungsaktivität bei der Zauneidechse (Lacerta agilis). Die Eidechse 6 (15): 26-28 - get paper here
  • MALKMUS, R. 2008. Über ein Vorkommen der `concolor`- Mutation in einer Lacerta agilis -Population in Unterfranken (Bayern). Die Eidechse 19 (3): 93-94. - get paper here
  • Manzke, W. & Winkler, C. 1990. Zwei neue Randpunkte für das nördliche Verbreitungsgebiet der Zauneidechse Lacerta agilis LINNAEUS 1758 in Dänemark und Schweden. Salamandra 26 (4): 323-226 - get paper here
  • Marshall BM, Freed P, Vitt L, Bernardo P, Vogel G, Lotzkat S, Franzen M, Hallermann J, Sage RD, Bush B, Ribeiro-Duarte M, Avila LJ, Jandzik D, Klusmeyer B & Uetz P 2020. An inventory of online reptile images. Zootaxa 4896 (2): 251–264 - get paper here
  • MÄRTENS, B & W.-R. 1996. Fotografische Wiedererkennung bei Zauneidechsen (Lacerta agilis) - Adulti und Juvenes. Die Eidechse 7 (17): 1-6 - get paper here
  • Märtens, B. 1996. Determination of sex ratio in juvenile sand lizards (Lacerta agilis) Amphibia-Reptilia, 17(1): 70-73. - get paper here
  • Ménétries, E. 1832. Catalogue raisonné des objets de zoologie recueillis dans un voyage au caucase et jusqu’aux frontières actuelles de la Perse. L’Académie Impériale des Sciences, St. -Pétersbourg - get paper here
  • Mertens, R. 1926. Herpetologische Mitteilungen. XII. Eine eigenartig gefärbte Lacerta agilis agilis LINNAEUS. Senckenbergiana 8 (3/4): 151
  • Meyer, F.A.A. 1795. Synopsis Reptilium, novam ipsorum sistens generum methodum, nec non Gottingensium huius ordinis animalium enumerationem. Vandenhoeck und Ruprecht, Göttingen, 32 pp [for current names see Rösler & Böhme 2021] - get paper here
  • Milne-Edwards, M.H. 1829. Recherches zoologiques pour servir à l'histoire des lézards, extraites d'une monographie de ce genre. Ann. Sci. Nat. Paris 16: 50-89 - get paper here
  • Milto, K. D. 1996. The systematic position of the sand lizard (Lacerta agilis Linnaeus, 1758) in the western Ukraine. Russ. J. Herpetol. 3 (2): 199-200 - get paper here
  • Milto, K.D. 2020. Estimation of amphibian and reptile diversity in the Kurghalsky Wildlife Sanctuary. Proceedings of the Zoological Institute RAS, 324(2): 273–282 - get paper here
  • Müller, F. 1878. Verzeichnis der in der Umgegend von Basel gefundenen Reptilien und Amphibien. Verh. Naturf. Ges. Basel 6: 412-427 - get paper here
  • NAUMOV, BORISLAV; NIKOLAY TZANKOV, KRASIMIR DONCHEV, BOYAN PETROV, ANDREI STOJANOV, GEORGI POPGEORGIEV, IVELIN MOLLOV, VLADIMIR BESHKOV 2016. The Herpetofauna (Amphibia and Reptilia) of Vrachanska Planina Mountains - Species Composition, Distribution and Conservation. In: Bechev, D. & Georgiev, D. (Eds.), Faunistic diversity of Vrachanski Balkan Nature Park. ZooNotes, Supplement 3, Plovdiv University Press, Plovdiv - get paper here
  • Necas, Petr; Modry, David & Zavadil, Vít 1997. Czech Recent and Fossil Amphibians and Reptiles. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 94 pp.
  • Nekrasova O, Marushchak O 2023. Records of common species of amphibians and reptiles widespread in northern, central, western and southern Ukraine. Biodiversity Data Journal 11: e99036 - get paper here
  • Nekrasova, O.; O. Marushchak, O. Oskyrko 2019. To the study of herpetofauna of "Yelanetskyi steppe" nature reserve and adjoined territоries [in Russian]. Bull. Taras Shevchenko Nat Univ (Biol) 78 (2): 35-40 - get paper here
  • Nessing, R. 1989. Zum Vorkommen der Zauneidechse Lacerta agilis bosnica SCHREIBER 1912 in Süd-Bulgarien. Salamandra 25 (2): 120-121 - get paper here
  • Nessing, R. 2011. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Habitatnutzung, Ökologie und Gefährdung der Zauneidechse Lacerta agilis ioriensis Peters & Muskhelischwili, 1968 in Georgien. Die Eidechse 22 (1): 1-7 - get paper here
  • Niebergall, Peter 2008. Nachweis einer hypomelanistischen Zauneidechse in Nordthüringen. Die Eidechse 19 (2): - get paper here
  • Nigg, A. 1993. Die Reptilien des Fürstentums Liechtenstein mit Roter Liste der gefährdeten und seltenen Reptilien Liechtensteins. Amtlicher Lehrmittelverlag, Vaduz, Naturkundliche Forschung im Fürstentum Liechtenstein, 14: 1-63 - get paper here
  • Nilson, G. & Andren, C. 1987. Nachweis der Zauneidechse, Lacerta agilis LINNAEUS 1758, in Zentral-Griechenland (Sauria: Lacertidae). Salamandra 23 (4): 278-279 - get paper here
  • Nöllert, A. 1987. Verletzungen und Parasitenbefall in einer Population der Zauneidechse Lacerta agilis argus (LAURENTI, 1768) im Norddeutschen Tiefland. Jahrbuch für Feldherpetologie, 1: 115-121
  • Nöllert, A. 1989. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Biologie der Zauneidechse, Lacerta agilis argus (LAUR.), dargestellt am Beispiel einer Population aus dem Bezirk Neubrandenburg (Reptilia, Squamata: Lacertidae). Zoologische Abhandlungen Staatliches Museum für Tierkunde Dresden, 44(10): 101-132
  • Nöllert, A.; Nöllert, C. & Ritter, A. 1986. Einige Beobachtungen zur Herpetofauna der bulgarischen Schwarzmeerküste und Südwestbulgariens (Teil 2 - Die Reptilien). Herpetofauna 8 (44): 30-34 - get paper here
  • Nöllert, Andreas 1988. Morphometrische Charakteristika einer Population von Lacerta agilis argus (Laurenti, 1768) aus dem Nordosten der DDR. Mertensiella (1): 54-65
  • NÖLLERT, Andreas 2012. Spätfund von Zauneidechsen im Nationalpark Hainich (Thüringen). Terraria-Elaphe 2012 (6): 94-95 - get paper here
  • Olsson M, Loeb L, Lindsay W, Wapstra E, Fitzpatrick L, Shine R. 2018. Extreme plasticity in reproductive biology of an oviparous lizard. Ecol Evol. 2018;00:1–6 - get paper here
  • Olsson, M. & B. Silverin 1997. Effects of Growth Rate on Variation in Breeding coloration in male Sand Lizards (Lacerta agilis: Sauria) Copeia 1997 (2): 456-460. - get paper here
  • Olsson, M.; A. Gullberg; H. Tegelström 1996. Malformed offspring, sibling matings, and selection against inbreeding in the sand lizard (Lacerta agilis). Journal of Evolutionary Biology 9: 229-242 - get paper here
  • Palacios, F. & J. Castroviejo 1975. Descripción de una nueva subespecie de lagarto ágil (Lacerta agilis garzoni) de los Pirineos. Doñana, Acta Vertébrata, 2(1): 5-24 + table - get paper here
  • Pérez I de Lanuza G, Font E 2016. The evolution of colour pattern complexity: selection for conspicuousness favours contrasting within-body colour combinations in lizards. J Evol Biol. doi: 10.1111/jeb.12835 - get paper here
  • Pérez i de Lanuza, G. & E. Font 2007. Ultraviolet reflectance of male nuptial colouration in sand lizards (Lacerta agilis) from the Pyrenees Amphibia-Reptilia, 28(3): 438-443. - get paper here
  • Peters, G. 1958. Die Zauneidechse des Kleinen Kaukasus als besondere Unterart - Lacerta agilis brevicaudata ssp.n. Zoologische Jahrbücher. Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Tiere, Jena, 86b (1/2): 127-138 - get paper here
  • Peters, G. 1960. Die Grusinische Zauneidechse Lacerta agilis grusinica nomen novum. Zoologischer Anzeiger 165: 279-289 - get paper here
  • Peters, G. & Muskheliswili, T.A. 1968. Lacerta agilis ioriensis – eine neue Subspecies der kaukasischen Zauneidechsen. - Zoologische Jahrbücher. Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Tiere, Jena, 95: 213-228 - get paper here
  • Petrov B. P., N. Tzankov, H. Strijbosch, G. Popgeorgiev, V. Beshkov 2006. The herpetofauna (Amphibia and Reptilia) of the Western Rhodopes mountain (Bulgaria and Greece). In: Beron P. (ed.). Biodiversity of Bulgaria. 3. Biodiversity of Western Rhodopes (Bulgaria and Greece) I. Pensoft & Nat. Mus. Natur. Hist., Sofia, pp. 863-912
  • Petzold, H.-G. 1972. Eine total-melanotische Zauneidechse (Lacerta agilis) aus dem Raum Berlin. Salamandra 8 (3-4): 123-127 - get paper here
  • Pottier G., Paumier J.-M., Tessier M., Barascud Y., Talhoët S., Liozon R., D’Andurain P., Vacher J.-P., Barthe L., Heaulmé V., Esslinger M., Arthur C.-P., Calvet A., Maurel C. & Redon H. 2008. Atlas de répartition des reptiles et amphibiens de Midi-Pyrénées. Les atlas naturalistes de Midi-Pyrénées. Nature Midi-Pyrénées, Toulouse, 126 pp.
  • Prokoph, Uwe 2003. Feldherpetologische Beobachtungen am Rande der Flutkatastrophe an der Elbe bei Meißen im August 2002. Die Eidechse 14 (2) - get paper here
  • Qin, Ping-Sheng; Chun-Rong Tao, She Yin, Hui-Min Li, De-Long Zeng, Xin-Min Qin 2014. Complete mitochondrial genome of Lacerta agilis (Squamata, Lacertidae). Mitochondrial DNA 25 (6): 416-417, doi: 10.3109/19401736.2013.809436 - get paper here
  • Rahmel, U. 1991. Neue Funde der Zauneidechse Lacerta agilis (LINNAEUS, 1758) auf der Alpensüdseite. Salamandra 27 (3): 181-186 - get paper here
  • Rahmel, U. 1993. Haben Zauneidechsen (Lacerta agilis) mit Asymmetrie bei Schuppenmerkmalen eine geringere Lebenserwartung? Salamandra 29 (3-4): 261-264 - get paper here
  • Rahmel, U. & S. Meyer 1987. Populationsökologische Daten und metrische Charaktere einer Population von Lacerta agilis argus (LAURENTl, 1768) aus Niederösterreich (Sauria: Lacertidae). Salamandra 23 (4): 241-255 - get paper here
  • Rahmel, U. & S. Rykena 1996. Untersuchungen zum modifikatorischen Einfluß der Eizeitigungstemperatur auf die Ausbildung von Schuppenmerkmalen bei der Zauneidechse (Lacerta agilis LINNAEUS, 1758). Salamandra 32 (2): 73-84 - get paper here
  • Rahmel, Ulf 1988. Untersuchungen zum Unterartcharakter von Lacerta agilis agilis Linnaeus, 1758 und Lacerta agilis argus (Laurenti, 1768). Mertensiella (1): 31-40
  • Ramadanović, Dunja; Adnan Zimić 2019. Record of a Lacerta agilis Linnaeus, 1758 with erythronotus colour morph and tail bifurcation. Herpetology Notes 12: 779-781 - get paper here
  • Rautenberg, S. 2007. Erkenntnisse zur Ursache der postmortalen Blaufärbung verendeter Reptilien am Beispiel der Zauneidechse, Lacerta agilis. Salamandra 43 (3): 173-186 - get paper here
  • Reading, Christopher J.; Jofr?, Gabriela M. 2016. Habitat use by grass snakes and three sympatric lizard species on lowland heath managed using 'conservation grazing'. The Herpetological Journal 26 (2): 131-138 - get paper here
  • Richter, H 2013. Haltung und Vermehrung von Lacerta agilis brevicaudata. Die Eidechse 24 (1): 18-25 - get paper here
  • Rieppel, Oliver 1994. Studies on skeleton formation in reptiles. Patterns of ossification in the skeleton of Lacerta agilis exigua Eichwald (Reptilia, Squamata). Journal of Herpetology 28 (2): 145-153 - get paper here
  • Roitberg, E. S. 1994. A comparative study of intra- and inter-population variation in two sympatric lizards, Lacerta agilis boemica and L. strigata in Daghestan. Russ. J. Herpetol. 1 (1): 77-85 - get paper here
  • Roitberg, E. S., Mazanaeva, L.F., Ilyina, E. & Orlova, V.F. 2000. Die Echsen Dagestans (Nordkaukasus, Russland): Artenliste und aktuelle Verbreitungsdaten (Reptilia: Sauria: Gekkonidae, Agamidae, Anguidae, Scincidae et Lacertidae). Faunist. Abh. Staatl. Mus. Tierk. Dresden 22 (8) - get paper here
  • Roitberg, Evgeny S.; Smirina, Ella M. 2006. Age, body size and growth of Lacerta agilis boemica and L. strigata: a comparative study of two closely related lizard species based on skeletochronology. The Herpetological Journal 16: 133-148 - get paper here
  • Rösler, Herbert & Wolfgang Böhme 2021. Das Leben von Friedrich Albrecht Anton Meyer (1768 – 1795) und die Herpetologie in seinen Schriften, unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der „Synopsis Reptilium“. Sekretär 21: 83-129
  • Rovatsos, Michail; Jasna Vukić, Marie Altmanová, Martina Johnson Pokorná, Jiří Moravec and Lukáš Kratochvíl 2016. Conservation of sex chromosomes in lacertid lizards. Molecular Ecology, DOI: 10.1111/mec.13635 - get paper here
  • Ryabinin, D. M.;Grechko, V. V.;Darevsky, I. S.; Ryskov, A. P.; Semenova, S. K. 1996. Comparative study of DNA repetitive sequences by means of restriction endonucleases among populations and subspecies of some lacertid lizard species. Russ. J. Herpetol. 3 (2): 178-185 - get paper here
  • Rykena, S. & L. Henke 1978. Bastardierung von Lacerta viridis und Lacerta agilis im Terrarium (Reptilia: Sauria: Lacertidae). Salamandra 14 (3): 147-152 - get paper here
  • Sagonas, Kostas; Nikos Poulakakis, Petros Lymberakis, Aristeidis Parmakelis, Panayiotis Pafilis, Efstratios D. Valakos 2014. Molecular systematics and historical biogeography of the green lizards (Lacerta) in Greece: Insights from mitochondrial and nuclear DNA. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 76: 144-154 - get paper here
  • Salvador, A. 1998. Reptiles, In: Fauna Ibérica, vol. 10. Dep. de Publ. del CSIC, Museo Nac. de Cienc. Naturales, Madrid, 705 pp. - get paper here
  • Schlüter, U. 2004. Anmerkungen zur Herpetofauna der Südkarpaten. Elaphe 12 (2): 75-80
  • Schlüter, U. 2005. Die Herpetofauna der bulgarischen Schwarzmeerküste - Teil 2: Echsen. Elaphe 13 (4): 52-58
  • Schlüter, U. 2005. Die Smaragdeidechsen der Dobrudscha. Die Eidechse 16 (2): 46-61 - get paper here
  • Schlüter, U. 2011. Die Lacertiden Andorras. Die Eidechse 22 (3): 83-92 - get paper here
  • Schmidtler, J.F. 1986. Orientalische Smaragdeidechsen: 1. Zur Systematik und Verbreitung von Lacerta viridis in der Türkei. Salamandra 22 (1): 29-46 - get paper here
  • Schmidtler, J.F. 1986. Orientalische Smaragdeidechsen: 3. Klimaparallele Pholidosevariation. Salamandra 22 (4): 242-258 - get paper here
  • Schmidtler, J.F. 2004. Über die Entwicklung der bildlichen Dar­stel­lung bei der Zauneidechse (Lacerta agilis L.) im 18. Und 19. Jahr­hundert Die Eidechse 15(3): 79-90. - get paper here
  • SCHMITZ, LISA M. 2022. Spatiotemporal patterns of habitat use by the Sand Lizard, Lacerta agilis: effects of climatic seasonality? Salamandra 58(4): 302–316. - get paper here
  • Schreiber, E. 1912. Herpetologia Europaea (2. Aufl.). Fischer (Jena), 960 pp. - get paper here
  • Schreitmüller, W. 1923. Total melanotische Zauneidechsen (Lacerta agilis L.) und neotenische, albinotische Larven von Triton vulgaris subspec. typica L. (kleiner Teich- oder Streienmolch0. Archiv für Naturgeschichte 89A (8): 122-126
  • Schwartz, T.S. & Olsson, M. 2008. Microsatellite markers developed for a Swedish population of sand lizard (Lacerta agilis). Conservation Genetics 9:715–717 - get paper here
  • SCHWEIGER, M. 2007. First record of the erythronotus mutation in Lacerta agilis cf. bosnica SCHREIBER, 1912 [Short Note]. Herpetozoa 20 - get paper here
  • Shine R, Wapstra E, Olsson M. 2017. Seasonal shifts along the oviparity-viviparity continuum in a cold-climate lizard population. J Evol Biol. - get paper here
  • Siebenrock, Friedrich 1892. Ueber Wirbelassimilation bei den Sauriern. Annalen des Königlichen Kaiserlichen Naturhistorischen Hofmuseum in Wien 7: 373-378 - get paper here
  • Simonov, E. P. 2008. Sexual dimorphism analysis of Lacerta agilis populations in different native zones of west Siberia. Current Studies in Herpetology 8 (1): 39-49
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • Sindaco, Roberto; Alberto Venchi, Giuseppe M. Carpaneto, Marco A. Bologna 2000. The Reptiles of Anatolia: a Checklist and Zoogeographical analysis. Biogeographia, 21-2000: 441-554. - get paper here
  • Skripka, M. V., Panikar, I. I., Kyrychko, B. P., & Tul, O. I. 2020. The Morphological Features of the Digestive Tube in Sand Lizards, Lacerta agilis (Sauria, Lacertidae). Zoodiversity, 54(5) - get paper here
  • Smolinsky, Radovan. 2016. A case of partial melanism in Lacerta agilis (LINNAEUS, 1758) from the Czech Republic. Herpetozoa 29 (1/2): 110-112 - get paper here
  • Sobolenko, L.Yu., Nekrasova, O.D., Sorokina, S.I., Moroz, L.M. 2018. Current state of reptiles of western podillia. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 8(1): 706–711 - get paper here
  • Sos, T. 2008. Review of recent taxonomic and nomenclatural changes in European Amphibia and Reptilia related to Romanian herpetofauna. Herpetologica Romanica 2: 61-91
  • STARCK, J. MATTHIAS & JEANETTE WYNEKEN. 2022. Comparative and Functional Anatomy of the Ectothermic Sauropsid Heart. Veterinary Clinics: Exotic Animal Practice 25(2): 337–366. - get paper here
  • Strahl, H. 1883. Über frühe Entwicklungsstadien von Lacerta agilis. Zool. Anz. 6: 347-350 - get paper here
  • Strahl, H. 1883. Die Entwicklungsvorgänge am vorderen Ende der Embryonen von Lacerta agilis und vivpara. Zool. Anz. 6: 17-19 - get paper here
  • Strijbosch, H., P.T.J.C. van Rooy & L.A.C.J. Voesenek 1983. Homing behaviour of Lacerta agilis and Lacerta vivipara (Sauria, Lacertidae) Amphibia-Reptilia, 4(1): 43-47. - get paper here
  • Strugariu, A., Zamfirescu, A.R., Nicoară, A., Gherghel, I., Sas, I., Puşcaşu, C.M. & Bugeac, T. 2008. Preliminary data regarding the distribution and status of the herpetofauna in Iaşi County (Romania). North-Western Journal of Zoology 4 (Suppl.1): S1-S23 - get paper here
  • Suchow, G. F. 1927. Die Zauneidechse aus der Krim (Lacerta agilis tauridica subsp. nov.). Mémoires de la Classe des Sciences Physiques et Mathématiques de l’Académie des Sciences de l’Ukraine. Tome IV: 83-87 - get paper here
  • Suchow, G. F. 1948. Review of the lizards of subgenus Lacerta (Sauria) found in the USSR. Proceedings of the Zoological Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, 7(3). A collection of papers on the taxonomy, zoogeography and ecology: 101–117 [In Russian]
  • Suchow, G. F. [also as Suchov] 1929. Description of a new species of lizards from the environs of Vladicaucasus (Lacerta boemica sp.nov.). Academie des Sciences de l’Ukraine – Mémoires de la Classendes Sciences Physiques et Mathématiques. Tome XIII. Livr. 1: 117-119 - get paper here
  • Szczerbak, N.N. 2003. Guide to the Reptiles of the Eastern Palearctic. Krieger, Malabar, FL, 260 pp. - get paper here
  • Tegelström, A. Gullberg M. Olsson H. 1997. Male mating success, reproductive success and multiple paternity in a natural population of sand lizards: behavioural and molecular genetics data. Molecular Ecology 6: 105-112 - get paper here
  • Ter Borg, J.P. 2003. Ongewone kleurvarieteit van een Zandhagedis (Lacerta agilis). Lacerta 61 (5): 188-188 - get paper here
  • Török, Zsolt 2010. GIS technique used for managing data on distribution in Romania of the species beloging to fam. Lacertidae. Sc. Ann. Danube Delta Institute (Tulcea, Romania) 16: 71-84
  • Trakimas, G. 2005. Geographic distribution and status of sand lizard (Lacerta agilis) and common lizard [Lacerta (Zootoca) vivipara] in Lithuania. Acta Zoologica Lituanica 15(4):372-375. - get paper here
  • Trapp, B. 2005. Die Eidechsen Griechenlands. Draco 5 (21): 38-41 - get paper here
  • Trapp, B. 2007. Reptilien und Amphibien des griechischen Festlandes. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 300 pp. - get paper here
  • Trapp, B. 2011. Eine herbstliche Stippvisite in Montenegro. Reptilia (Münster) 16 (90): 38-46 - get paper here
  • Trobisch, D. 2009. Ein Tabu: Lageveränderungen beim Umgang mit Reptilieneiern. Elaphe 17 (4): 40-43
  • Trutnau, L. 1975. Europäische Amphibien und Reptilien. Belser Verlag, Stuttgart 212 pp.
  • Tuniyev B.S., Tuniyev S.B., Avcı A., Ilgaz Ç. 2014. Herpetological studies in Eastern and North-Eastern Turkey. Current Studies in Herpetology 14 (1/2): 44–53. Резюме - get paper here
  • Tuniyev, B.S. 1990. On the Independence of the Colchis Center of Amphibian and Reptile Speciation. Asiatic Herpetological Research 3: 67-84 - get paper here
  • Tuniyev, Sako B. and Boris S. Tuniyev 2008. Intraspecific Variation of the Sand Lizard (Lacerta agilis) from the Western Caucasus and Description of a New Subspecies Lacerta agilis mzymtensis ssp. nov. (Reptilia: Sauria). Russ. J. Herpetol. 15 (1): 55-66 - get paper here
  • van Nuland, G.J. & H. Strijbosch 1981. Annual Rhytmics of Lacerta vivipara Jacquin and Lacerta agilis agilis L. (Sauria, Lacertidae) in the Netherlands Amphibia-Reptilia, 2(1): 83-95. - get paper here
  • Vater, Günther 2017. Zauneidechsen-Paarung in Thüringen. Terraria-Elaphe 2017 (4): 72 - get paper here
  • Wang, Kai; Jinlong Ren, Hongman Chen, Zhitong Lyu, Xianguang Guo Ke Jiang, Jinmin Chen, Jiatang Li, Peng Guo, Yingyong Wang, Jing Che 2020. The updated checklists of amphibians and reptiles of China. Biodiversity Science 28 (2): 189-218 - get paper here
  • WARNECKE, R. 2000. Auswertung erster Nachzuchtergebnisse von Lacerta agilis boemica SUCHOW, 1929 im Vergleich zu andere Unterarten der Zauneidechse. Die Eidechse 11 (1): 28-38 - get paper here
  • WEYRAUCH, G. 1999. Selbstamputation eines gebrochenen Schwanzes und Autophagie bei der Zauneidechse (Lacerta agilis). Die Eidechse 10 (1): 23-24 - get paper here
  • Weyrauch, G. 2005. Lebensalter, Wachstum und Körpermasse von Zauneidechsen (Lacerta agilis agilis) im Freilandterrarium Die Eidechse 16(1): 20-24. - get paper here
  • Weyrauch, Gerhard 2007. Scheinpaarungen bei Zauneidechsen (Lacerta agilis) und Ausscheidung der Spermatophore durch das Weibchen nach der Paarung. Die Eidechse 18 (2): 48-50 - get paper here
  • Weyrauch, Gerhard 2008. Spermakonkurrenz bei Zauneidechsen (Lacerta agilis). Die Eidechse 19 (2): 44-46 - get paper here
  • Wollesen, R. & R. Wrangel 2002. Zur Situation der Zauneidechse (Lacerta agilis LINNAEUS, 1758) in Schleswig-Holstein. Die Eidechse 13 (1): 1-7 - get paper here
  • Wrangel, R. & R. Wollesen 2005. Aktuelle Funde rotrückiger Zauneidechsen (Lacerta agilis Linnaeus 1758) in Schleswig-Holstein Die Eidechse 16(2): 33-39. - get paper here
  • Yablokov, A.V. & Baranov, A.S. & Rozanov, A.S. 1980. Population structure, geographic variation and microphylogenesis of the Sand Lizard (Lacerta agilis). Evolutionary Biology, 12: 91-127 - get paper here
  • Yablokov, A.V., Baranov, A.S. & A.S. Rozanov 1980. Population structure, geographic variation and microphylogenesis of the Sand Lizard (Lacerta agilis). Evolutionary Biology 12: 91-127. - get paper here
  • Yaryhin O, Werneburg I. 2018. Tracing the developmental origin of a lizard skull: Chondrocranial architecture, heterochrony, and variation in lacertids. Journal of Morphology 00:1–30 - get paper here
  • Žagar, A., Carretero, M. A., Krofel, M., Lužnik, M., Podnar, M. & Tvrtković, N. 2014. Reptile survey in Dinara Mountain (Croatia) revealed the southernmost known population of Horvath’s rock lizard (Iberolacerta horvathi). Nat. Croat. 23 (1): 235–240 - get paper here
  • Zang, R. 1904. Faunistische und biologische Bemerkungen zu einigen deutschen Reptilien und Amphibien. Zool. Anz. 27: 701-704 - get paper here
  • ZAWADZKI, M. 2000. Siamesische Zwillinge bei Lacerta agilis agilis LINAEUS, 1758. Die Eidechse 11 (3): 82-84 - get paper here
  • Zawadzki, Mike 2002. Über ein Vorkommen der "concolor" Mutation in einer Population von Lacerta agilis agilis Linnaeus, 1758 in Mörfelden (Hessen). Die Eidechse 13 (2): 58-60 - get paper here
  • Zawadzki, Mike Z 2009. Buchbesprechung: Verhalten der Zauneidechse. Kampf - Paarung - Kommunikation. Die Eidechse 20 (2): 61 - get paper here
External links  
Is it interesting? Share with others:

As link to this species use URL address:

without field 'search_param'. Field 'search_param' is used for browsing search result.

Please submit feedback about this entry to the curator