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Lampropeltis extenuata (BROWN, 1890)

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Lampropeltini, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Short-tailed Snake
G: Kurzschwanznatter 
SynonymStilosoma extenuatum BROWN 1890: 199
Stilosoma extenuatum arenicola HIGHTON 1956: 86
Stilosoma extenuatum multistictum HIGHTON 1956: 88
Stilosoma extenuatum arenicolor — CHRISTMAN in GILBERT 1974 (in error)
Stilosoma extenuatum — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 214
Stilosoma extenuatum — CROTHER 2000
Stilosoma extenuatum — TENNANT & BARTLETT 2000: 88
Stilosoma extenuatum — TENNANT 2003: 93
Lampropeltis extenuata — PYRON & BURBRINK 2009
Lampropeltis extenuata — CROTHER et al. 2012
Lampropeltis extenuata — WALLACH et al. 2014: 357 
DistributionUSA (Florida)

multistictum: Florida (Alachua County).

Type locality: Lake Kerr, Florida.  
TypesHolotype: ANSP 3351, a 532 mm male (N.P. Fry).
Holotype: Florida State Museum of Natural History [arenicola]
Holotype: Florida State Museum of Natural History [multistictum] 
CommentDowling and Maxson (1990), using immunological distance data, found Stilosoma to fall within Lampropeltis. Keogh (1996), however, did not recover a paraphyletic Lampropeltis with respect to Stilosoma, but found Stilosoma as part of the probable sister group to Lampropeltis (cited after CROTHER 2000: 71). 
  • Brown, S. 1911. Scale Variations in Stilosoma extenuatum. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 63: 549-550 - get paper here
  • Brown,A.E. 1890. On a new genus of Colubridae from Florida. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 42: 199-200 - get paper here
  • Carr, A. F., Jr. 1934. Notes on the habits of the short-tailed snake, Stilosoma extenuatum Brown. Copeia 1934 (4): 138–139. - get paper here
  • Conant,R. & Collins,J.T. 1991. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern/Central North America, 3rd ed. Houghton Mifflin (Boston/New York), xx + 450 p.
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • Douglass, J. F. 1976. Geographic distribution: Stilosoma extenuatum (short-tailed snake). Herpetological Review 7: 123 - get paper here
  • Dowling, H. G.;Maxon, Linda R. 1990. Genetic and taxonomic relations of the short-tailed snakes, genus Stilosoma. Journal of Zoology, London 221: 77-85 - get paper here
  • Dye, D D, II; Dye, M L & Scott, J; 2018. Lampropeltis extenuata (Short-tailed Kingsnake) Diet. Herpetological Review 49 (4): 755-756 - get paper here
  • Enge, Kevin M. 2009. Venomous and non-venomous snakes of Florida. Publication of the Florida Fish & Wildlife Conservation Commission. 16 pp.
  • Enge, Kevin M., Garrett Craft, Jordan T. Schmitt and Glenn L. Bartolotti. 2015. Lampropeltis extenuata (short-tailed kingsnake) defensive behavior. Herpetological Review 46 (3): 451 - get paper here
  • Ernst, C.H., & Barbour, R.W. 1989. Snakes of eastern North America. George Mason Univ. Press, Fairfax, VA 282 pp.
  • Gilbert, Carter R. 1974. Catalogue of type specimens in the Department of Natural Sciences, Florida State Museum. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum Biological Sciences 18 (2): 102-120 - get paper here
  • Highton, Richard 1956. Systematics and variation of the endemic Florida snake genus Stilosoma. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum, Biological Series 1 (2): 73-96 - get paper here
  • Highton, Richard 1976. Stilosoma, S. extenuatum. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (183): 1-2 - get paper here
  • Keogh, J. Scott 1996. Evolution of the colubrid snake tribe Lampropeltini: a morphological perspective. Herpetologica 52 (3): 406-416 - get paper here
  • Lönnberg, Einar 1894. Notes on reptiles and batrachians collected in Florida in 1892 and 1893. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 17 (1003): 317-339 - get paper here
  • Mushinsky, H. R. 1984. Observations on the feeding habits of the short-tailed snake, Stilosoma extenuatum in captivity. Herpetological Review 15: 67–68 - get paper here
  • Pyron, R.Alexander; Frank T. Burbrink 2009. Neogene diversification and taxonomic stability in the snake tribe Lampropeltini (Serpentes: Colubridae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 52 (2): 524-529 - get paper here
  • Rossi, J. V., and R. Rossi. 1993. Notes on the captive maintenance and feeding behavior of a juvenile short-tailed snake (Stilosoma extenuatum). Herpetological Review 24:100–101 - get paper here
  • Tennant, A. 2003. Snakes of North America - Eastern and Central Regions, revised edition. Lone Star Books, 605 pp.
  • Tennant, A. & Bartlett, R.D. 2000. Snakes of North America - Eastern and Central Regions. Gulf Publishing, Houston, TX, 588 pp.
  • Trescott, Eugene 1998. The short-tailed snake (Stilosoma extenuatum). Reptiles 6 (3): 32-37
  • Tucker, H. 1911. Scale variations in Stilosoma extenuatum (A. E. Brown). Proceedings of the Natural Academy of Sciences of Philadelphia 42:549–550 - get paper here
  • Van Duyn, G. 1939. Extension in range of Stilosoma extenuatum. Copeia 1939 (1): 51–52 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Woolfenden, G.E. 1962. A Range Extension and Subspecific Relations of the Short-Tailed Snake, Stilosoma extenuatum. Copeia 1962 (3): 648-649 - get paper here
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