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Leiocephalus eremitus (COPE, 1868)

IUCN Red List - Leiocephalus eremitus - Extinct, EX

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Higher TaxaLeiocephalidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Navassa Curlytail Lizard 
SynonymLiocephalus [sic] eremitus COPE 1868:122
Liocephalus eremitus — BOULENGER 1885: 165
Leiocephalus eremitus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 428
Leiocephalus eremitus— PREGILL 1992: 42
Leiocephalus eremitus — JOSEPH-OUNI 2006 
DistributionNavassa Island

Type locality: Navassa Island  
TypesHolotype: USNM 12016 
CommentConservation: apparently extinct. Known only from the holotype.

Distribution: Navassa Island is off Hispaniola.

Abundance: only known from the type specimen (Meiri et al. 2017). 
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1868. An examination of the Reptilia and Batrachia obtained by the Orton Expedition to Equador and the Upper Amazon, with notes on other species. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 20: 96-140 - get paper here
  • Joseph-Ouni, M. 2006. Profiles of Extinction: Leiocephalus eremitus. Reptilia (GB) (45): 3 - get paper here
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • Pregill,G.K. 1992. Systematics of the West Indian Lizard Genus Leiocephalus (Squamata: Iguania: Tropiduridae). Misc. Publ. Univ. Kans. Mus. Nat. Hist. 84: 1-69 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
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