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Leiocephalus schreibersii (GRAVENHORST, 1838)

IUCN Red List - Leiocephalus schreibersii - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaLeiocephalidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
SubspeciesLeiocephalus schreibersii schreibersii (GRAVENHORST 1838)
Leiocephalus schreibersii nesomorus SCHWARTZ 1968 
Common NamesE: Red-sided Curlytail, Red-sided Curly-tailed Lizard
G: Schreibers Glattkopfleguan 
SynonymPristinotus schreibersii GRAVENHORST 1838: 739
Steironotus schreibersii — FITZINGER 1843
Leiocephalus schreibersii — COPE 1868
Tropidurus schreibersi FITZINGER 1826 (nomen nudum)
Liocephalus schreibersii — BOULENGER 1885: 162
Liocephalus [sic] schreibersii — FISCHER 1888: 29
Leiocephalus schreibersii — MERTENS 1938
Leiocephalus schreibersii — COCHRAN 1941
Leiocephalus schreibersii schreibersii — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 115
Leiocephalus schreibersi — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 449
Leiocephalus schreibersii— PREGILL 1992: 51
Leiocephalus schreibersii schreibersii — HEDGES et al. 2019

Leiocephalus schreibersii nesomorus SCHWARTZ 1968
Leiocephalus schreibersii nesomorus — HEDGES et al. 2019 
DistributionHispaniola (Haiti, NW/SW Dominican Republic, most of the xeric lowlands), Ile de la Tortue

USA (introduced to Florida)

schreibersii: all above range except Île de la Tortue. Introduced to Florida. Type locality: 'San Domingo"; restricted by Schwartz, 1968c, to the vicinity of Port-au-Prince, Département de l'Ouest, Haiti.

nesomorus: Île de la Tortue (Haiti)  
TypesNeotype: SMF 26228, an adult male from Saint Marc, Province Artibonite, Haiti, collected 19 April 1939 by Robert Mertens, designated by Köhler et al. (2016: 227 and Figs. 11 and 12).Holotype: Unlocated (Pregill (1992:51), but originally deposited in the Breslau Museum (= now Museum of Natural History at Wrocław University) where it was unlocated (Borczyk & Skawiński 2019).
Holotype: MCZ 81120 [nesomorus] 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size moderate (SVL in males to 107 mm, in females to 75 mm);
distinct sexual dichromatism, males with 2(-3) pairs of enlarged postanals; a distinct lateral fold present, with smaller scales in fold; dorsals imbricate, keeled; ventrals imbricate, smooth, subcycloid to very weakly denticulate; median dorsal crest scales slightly enlarged, much lower than median dorsal caudal scales, 63-87 in occiput-vent distance; one-half midbody scales 31-49; supraoculars usually 7/7; loreals 2-16 (usually 2-8); temporals 11-18; supraorbital semicircles usually complete; prefrontal and frontoparietal rows usually complete; parietals more often in contact than not (depending strongly on population); no azygous scales between posterior pair median head scales; median head scales 3-14. Dorsum (males): (1) pale tan to sandy, usually with yellow, gold, or buffy dots; venter grayish or pale bluish, or (2) broad, brown, median band with irregular edges, bordered by dull, buffy-brown bands laterally; dorsum without flecking or dotting; venter pale rose-orange; occasionally with gold flecking superimposed on basic dorsal pattern; head at times dotted with brown; a series of pale ovals following lateral fold; a black to gray axillary spot present or absent in both sexes; throat uniform grayish blue to purplish with, at times, scattered clear blue to green scales on darker background; a series of 5-6 orange lateral bars extending onto sides of venter, these bars flecked with pale blue or green scales; at times a turquoise-blue or bright orange spot over forelimb insertion; tail bright orange mixed with pale blue and brick scales below; females drab, sandier than males, without orange or green on dorsum or sides; about 8 transverse or attenuate, dumbbell-shaped figures on dorsum; throat gray, either streaked with darker gray or white, or plain clouded gray (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 449). 
CommentIllustrations: Klingel, 1929; Mertens, 1939; Mertens, 1940; Cochran, 1941; Henderson and Schwartz, 1984 a. 
EtymologyNamed after Dr. Carl Franz Anton Ritter von Schreibers (1775-1852), a zoologist who collected in Brazil (1817). 
  • Ackermann, Thomas 2006. Schreibers Glattkopfleguan (Leiocephalus schreibersii). Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 64 pp. - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Borczyk B, Skawiński T. 2019. Tracking down the lizards from Gravenhorst's collection at the University of Wrocław: type specimens of Callopistes maculatus Gravenhorst, 1838 and three Liolaemus species rediscovered. PeerJ 7:e6525 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Cochran, D.M. 1941. The herpetology of Hispaniola. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 177: vii + 398 pp. - get paper here
  • Conant,R. & Collins,J.T. 1991. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern/Central North America, 3rd ed. Houghton Mifflin (Boston/New York), xx + 450 p.
  • Dost, W. 2005. Stichpunktartige Bemerkungen zu Pflege und zucht diverser Iguaniden. Iguana Rundschreiben 18 (1): 16-24
  • Esterbauer, Hans E 2014. Bau einer Styropor-Terrarienanlage zur tiergerechten Haltung, Nachzucht und Aufzucht von Echsen. Draco 16 (56): 60-66 - get paper here
  • Fischer, J.G. 1888. Über eine Kollektion Reptilien und Amphibien von Hayti. Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst. 5: 23-45. - get paper here
  • Geißler, L. 2008. Herpetologische Beobachtungen auf der Halbinsel Barahona, Dominikanische Republik. Elaphe 16 (1): 48-52
  • Gibbons, Whit; Judy Greene, and Tony Mills 2009. LIZARDS AND CROCODILIANS OF THE SOUTHEAST. University of Georgia Press, 240 pp.
  • Gravenhorst, J. L. C. 1838. Beiträge zur genaueren Kenntniss einiger Eidechsengattungen. Nova Acta Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. 18: 712-784 [1837]
  • Henderson, R.W., and Schwartz, A. 1984. A guide to the identification of the amphibians and reptiles of Hispaniola. Spec. PubI. Milwaukee Public Mus. Biol. and Geol. (4):1-70.
  • Jäger, F. 2006. Reisetipp für Leguanfreunde: Der Lago Enriquillo im Süden Dominikanischen Republik. Iguana Rundschreiben 19 (1): 9-16
  • Klingel,G.C. 1929. Lizard hunting in the Black Republic. Nat. Hist. 29(5):451-64.
  • KÖHLER, GUNTHER; MARCOS J. RODRÍGUEZ BOBADILLA, S. BLAIR HEDGES 2016. A new dune-dwelling lizard of the genus Leiocephalus (Iguania, Leiocephalidae) from the Dominican Republic. Zootaxa 4121 (5): 517–532 - get paper here
  • Mertens, R. 1938. Amphibien und Reptilien aus Santo Domingo, gesammelt von Prof. Dr. H. Böker. Senckenbergiana 20 (5): 332-342
  • Mertens, R. 1939. Herpetologische Ergebnisse einer Reise nach der Insel Hispaniola, Westindien. Abh. senckenb. naturf. Ges. (Frankfurt) 449: 1-84.
  • Mertens, R. 1940. Zoologische Reisen auf der Insel Hispaniola (from Tierleben der Tropen). Verlag Dr. Waldemar Kramer, Frankfurt am Main, 155-241.
  • Meshaka Jr., Walter E. 2011. A RUNAWAY TRAIN IN THE MAKING: THE EXOTIC AMPHIBIANS, REPTILES, TURTLES, AND CROCODILIANS OF FLORIDA. Herp. Cons. Biol. 6 (Monograph 1): 1-101 - get paper here
  • Pregill,G.K. 1992. Systematics of the West Indian Lizard Genus Leiocephalus (Squamata: Iguania: Tropiduridae). Misc. Publ. Univ. Kans. Mus. Nat. Hist. 84: 1-69 - get paper here
  • Reif, J. 2005. Haltung und Zucht von Leiocephalus s. schreibersi (GRAVENHORST 1838). Iguana Rundschreiben 18 (1): 9-15
  • Schmidt, K. P. 1921. Notes on the herpetology of Santo Domingo. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44: 7-20. - get paper here
  • Schreiber, M. C., J. S. Parmerlee, Jr., and R. Powell 1995. Leiocephalus schreibersii. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (613): 1-4 - get paper here
  • Schreiber, Michael C.;Powell, Robert;Parmalee, John S., Jr.;Lathrop, Amy;Smith, Donald D. 1993. Natural history of a small population of Leiocephalus schreibersii (Sauria: Tropiduridae) from altered habitat in the Dominican Republic. Florida Scientist 56: 84-90 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. 1968. The Leiocephalus (Lacertilia, Iguanidae) of Hispaniola. III. Leiocephalus schreibersi, L. semilineatus, and L. pratensis. Journal of Herpetology 24 (1—4): 39—63 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
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