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Leiolopisma fasciolare (GIRARD, 1858)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Eugongylinae (Eugongylini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymHombronia fasciolaris GIRARD 1858: 196
Leiolopisma fasciolare — MITTLEMAN 1952
Leiolopisma fasciolare — HARDY 1977: 261
Hardyscincus fasciolare — WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985 
TypesHolotype: lost, given as USNM 5685, Bay of Islands, New Zealand (locality in error; see comment) 
CommentDistribution: Has been reported from New Zealand by GIRARD 1858 but has been removed from the list of New Zealand lizards by Hardy & Hicks 1980.

Synonymy: The name “Hombronia” is preoccupied by a crustacean.

''The presumed holotype of Hombronia fasciolaris matches neither the original description nor Girard's redescription; instead the specimen is more similar to the description and redescription of Lipinia vulcania. This specimen is tentatively proposed as the holotype of the latter taxon; the type of the former is not extant in the USNM.'' [from ZUG 1985, Copeia]

Abundance: only known from the type specimen (Meiri et al. 2017). 
  • Girard, C. 1858. Descriptions of some new Reptiles, collected by the US. Exploring Expedition under the command of Capt. Charles Wilkes, U.S.N. Fourth Part. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci Philadelphia 1857: 195-199 - get paper here
  • Hardy G S; Hicks G R F 1980. Proposed removal of Leiolopisma (?) fasciolare from the checklist of New Zealand Scincidae (Reptilia: Lacertilia), and a note on the name Hombronia. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 7 (3): 425-426. - get paper here
  • Hardy, G. 1977. The New Zealand Scincidae: a taxonomic study. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 4: 221-325 - get paper here
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • Mittleman, M.B. 1952. A generic synopsis of the Lizards of the Subfamily Lygosominae. Smithson. misc. Collns, 117: 1-35. - get paper here
  • Zug, G.R. 1985. Pacific Island Lizards: Status of Type Specimens from the US Exploring Expedition 1838-1842 Copeia 1985 (1): 150-154. - get paper here
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