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Lepidoblepharis grandis MIYATA, 1985

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Higher TaxaSphaerodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymLepidoblepharis grandis MIYATA 1985
Lepidoblepharis grandis — KLUGE 1993
Lepidoblepharis grandis — RÖSLER 2000: 90 
DistributionEcuador (Pichincha)

Type locality: Ecuador, Pichincha, 3.7 km E Dos Rios (village), elevation 1190 m.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: KU 142675, adult female 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. A large Lepidoblepharis (SVL of female holotype 56 mm, SVL of adult male paratype 46 mm), related to L. colombianus but larger and with two clefts in the posterior edge of the symphysial and elongate, teardrop-shaped supranasal scales nearly in contact medially. It is further characterized by subequal, conical dorsal and lateral scales, snout scales about the same size as those of the top of the head, unusually long first infralabial scales, and postsymphysials only slightly larger than other gular scales (Miyata 1985).

Description. Scales on top of head small, conical-granular, subequal, about 29 across snout at junction of first and second supralabials. One greatly enlarged, flat palpebral, about size of 10 granular head scales, followed by six spinelike palpebrals. Internasals tear-shaped with tips directed medially, single small scale touching rostral between supranasals, scales on snout not noticeably different in size from rest of head scales. Rostral scale large, with medial groove and prominent "U"-shaped indention, partially fused with nasals. Nasal opening contacts supranasals, rostral adult female): SVL = 56 mm; head and firstsupralabial. Five supralabials, first two greatly enlarged, decreasing in height posteriorly, middle of orbit falling between second and third, fifth small. Five infralabials, first almost as long as remaining four. Symphysial enlarged with two shallow grooves posteromesially. Gulars small, granular,about 20 per orbit length, those immediately behind symphysialonly slightly larger than remainder, five or six in contact with posterior margin of symphysial. Ear opening small, horizontally elliptical, about 1/3 length of orbit on long axis. Dorsal and lateral scales subequal, more or less conical, juxtaposed, becoming slightly spatulate laterally and ventrally. Shoulder region with a few small conical scales mixed with larger conical scales, but no tiny granules scattered amongst conical scales. Dorsals juxtaposed,largerand more spinelike over groin and base of tail, becoming imbricate and smooth over tail. Ventrals smooth, imbricate, arranged in 20-22 rows across midbody, smaller on neck than at midbody; 31-33 scales in a straight line between axilla and groin ventrally, about 100 dorsally. Escutcheon of adult male paratype prominent, about 100 pale scales forming rectangular patch extending almost to lateral scales from just posterior to midventer to just anterior to limbs. Subcaudals on base of tail smooth, slightly imbricate, similar to ventrals. Midventral caudal row slightly enlarged posteriorly, imbricate, more or less uniform in size. Five fingers, innermost about half the length of middle three, third and fourth of about equal length and slightly longer than second. Eleven flattened subdigital lamellae under fourth finger, with three enlarged but not flattened scales under sister phalanx. Claws enclosed in sheath of six scales, almost hidden from above; 16-18 flattened subdigital lamellae under fourth toe, six scales under terminal phalanx (Miyata 1985). 
Comment 
References
  • Avila-Pires, T. C. S. 2001. A new species of Lepidoblepharis (Reptilia: Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Ecuador, with a redescription of Lepidoblepharis grandis Miyata, 1985. Occasional Paper of the Sam Noble Oklahoma Museum of Natural History, 11: 1-11
  • CALDERÓN-ESPINOSA, MARTHA LUCIA & GUIDO FABIAN MEDINA-RANGEL 2016. A new Lepidoblepharis lizard (Squamata: Sphaerodactylidae) from the Colombian Guyana shield. . Zootaxa 4067 (2): 215–232 - get paper here
  • Miyata K 1985. A new Lepidoblepharis from the Pacific slope of the Ecuadorian Andes (Sauria: Gekkonidae). Herpetologica 41 (2) 1985: 121-127 - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Torres-Carvajal O, Pazmiño-Otamendi G, Salazar-Valenzuela D. 2019. Reptiles of Ecuador: a resource-rich portal, with a dynamic checklist and photographic guides. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 13 (1): [General Section]: 209–229 (e178) - get paper here
 
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