You are here » home search results Lepidochelys kempii

Lepidochelys kempii GARMAN, 1880

IUCN Red List - Lepidochelys kempii - Critically Endangered, CR

Can you confirm these amateur observations of Lepidochelys kempii?

Add your own observation of
Lepidochelys kempii »

Find more photos by Google images search: Google images

Higher TaxaCheloniidae (Carettinae), Chelonioidea, Testudines (turtles)
Common NamesE: Atlantic Ridley, Kemp’s Ridley Seaturtle
G: Atlantik-Bastardschildkröte
S: Lora 
SynonymLepidochelys kempii (GARMAN 1880)
Testudo viridi-squamosa LACÉPÈDE 1788 (nomen oblitum)
Testudo mydas minor SUCKOW 1798 (nomen oblitum)
Chelonia dussumierii DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1835: 557
Thalassochelys (Colpochelys) kempii GARMAN 1880
Thalassochelys kempii — BOULENGER 1889
Lepidochelys kempii — BAUR 1890
Lepidochelys olivacea kempi — SCHMIDT 1953
Lepidochelys kempi — ENGELMANN et al 1993
Lepidochelys kempii — LINER 1994
Lepidochelys kempii — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 77
Lepidochelys kempii — CROTHER 2000
Lepidochelys kempii — BONIN et al 2006
Lepidochelys kempii — TTWG 2021 
DistributionCarribean Sea, Atlantic Ocean (EC/NE/NW/WC),

Europe: on the Northern Atlantic coasts of France, Spain, England (incl. Channel islands: Jersey), Portugal, but only rarely in the Mediterranean (Schleich et al. 1996, Iverson 1992), Italy

Africa: Mauritania, other locations questionable (Iverson 1992)

Canada, USA (chiefly gulf of Mexico: Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Atlantic coast as far north as New England and Nova Scotia: Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia, Maryland, Delaware, New Jersey, New York, Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Maine)
SE Mexico (Tamaulipas, Yucatan, Campeche, Veracruz), Colombia [Castro,F. (pers. comm.)],

Type locality: restricted to Key West, Florida (by SMITH & TAYLOR 1950).  
ReproductionLepidochelys kempii has temperature-dependent sex determination (TSD, STANDORA & SPOTILA 1986, SARRE et al. 2004). BARBER et al. (2003) and Pfaller et al. 2019 confirmed natural hybridization between a Kemp’s ridley (Lepidochelys kempii) and loggerhead sea turtle (Caretta caretta) by molecular analysis. 
TypesSyntype: MCZ R-46538, R-46539 
CommentThe Kemp’s ridley sea turtle (Lepidochelys kempii) was thought to have been a hybrid of the loggerhead (Caretta) and either the hawks-bill (Eretmochelys) or green (Chelonia) sea turtles (see Carr, 1942). Today we know that L. kempii is a distinct and valid species (Bowen, Meylan & Avise). However, BARBER et al. (2003) and Pfaller et al. 2019 confirmed natural hybridization between a Kemp’s ridley (Lepidochelys kempii) and loggerhead sea turtle (Caretta caretta) by molecular analysis.

Nomenclature: see Opinion 660 (ICZN 1963) for nomenclatural issues.

Habitat: marine.

Conservation status: critically endangered; there are only 500 specimens thought to be left in the wild. 
EtymologyNamed after Richard Moore Kemp (1825-1908), a fisherman, merchant and furniture dealer from Key West, Florida, who somehow pointed out the turtle to Garman. 
  • Aguilar-López JL, Luría-Manzano R, Pineda E, Canseco-Márquez L 2021. Selva Zoque, Mexico: an important Mesoamerican tropical region for reptile species diversity and conservation. ZooKeys 1054: 127-153 - get paper here
  • Backof, T; Shaver, D; Walker, J S & Marshall, C D; 2019. Describing transient infertility in Kemp’s Ridley Sea Turtle (Lepidochelys kempii) in Texas, USA. Herpetological Review 50 (2): 272-274 - get paper here
  • BARBER, R.C.; CLARK T. FONTAINE; JOSEPH P. FLANAGAN AND EDWARD E. LOUIS, JR. 2003. Natural hybridization between a Kemp’s ridley (Lepidochelys kempii) and loggerhead sea turtle (Caretta caretta) confirmed by molecular analysis. Chelonian Conserv. Biol. 4 (3): 701
  • Bartlett, R. D. & Bartlett, P. 1999. A Field Guide to Texas Reptiles and Amphibians. Gulf Publishing Co., Houston, Texas, 331 pp.
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Berroneau, M. et al. 2010. Guide des Amphibiens et Reptiles d’Aquitaine. Association Cistude Nature, 180 pp.
  • Bonin, F., Devaux, B. & Dupré, A. 2006. Turtles of the World. English translation by P.C.H. Pritchard. Johns Hopkins University Press, 416 pp.
  • Bowen, B.W. & Karl, S.A. 2007. Population genetics and phylogeography of sea turtles. Molecular Ecology 16: 4886–4907 - get paper here
  • Bowen, Brian W.;Meylan, Anne B.;Avise, John C. 1991. Evolutionary distinctiveness of the endangered Kemp's ridley sea turtle. Nature 352: 709-711 - get paper here
  • Brongersma, L.D. 1972. European Atlantic turtles. Zoologische Verhandelingen (121): 365 pp. - get paper here
  • Caillouet, Charles W.; Benny J. Gallaway, and Nathan F. Putman 2016. Kemp's Ridley Sea Turtle Saga and Setback: Novel Analyses of Cumulative Hatchlings Released and Time-Lagged Annual Nests in Tamaulipas, Mexico. Chelonian Conservation and Biology 15 (1): 115-131. - get paper here
  • Caillouet, Charles W.; Donna J. Shaver, André M. Landry, David W. Owens, and Peter C. H. Pritchard 2011. Kemp's Ridley Sea Turtle (Lepidochelys kempii) Age at First Nesting. Chelonian Conservation and Biology Dec 2011, Vol. 10, No. 2: 288-293. - get paper here
  • Caillouet, Charles W.; Jr., Nathan F. Putman, Donna J. Shaver, Roldán A. Valverde, Erin E. Seney, Kenneth J. Lohmann, Katherine L. Mansfield, Benny J. Gallaway, Joseph P. Flanagan, and Matthew H. Godfrey 2016. A Call for Evaluation of the Contribution Made by Rescue, Resuscitation, Rehabilitation, and Release Translocations to Kemp’s Ridley Sea Turtle (Lepidochelys kempii) Population Recovery. Herp. Cons. Biol. 11 (3): - get paper here
  • CAMACHO-SÁNCHEZ, FÁTIMA YEDITH; JOSÉ ALBERTO NARVÁEZ-ZAPATA, HÉCTOR HUGO ACOSTA-SÁNCHEZ, MARTHA LÓPEZ-HERNÁNDEZ, AGUSTO LUZARIAGA-NEIRA, HERVEY RODRÍGUEZ-GONZÁLEZ, A. ALONSO AGUIRRE & MIGUEL ANGEL REYES-LÓPEZ. 2022. Molecular Identification and Novel Mitochondrial COI Gene Haplotypes of Nesting Kemp’s Ridley Turtles (Lepidochelys kempii) in Rancho Nuevo Sanctuary, Mexico. Diversity 14(5): 390. - get paper here
  • Camper, Jeffrey D. 2019. The Reptiles of South Carolina. University of South Carolina Press, 288 pp. [review in Copeia 107 (3): 590, 2019] - get paper here
  • Carr, A. 1942. Notes on sea turtles. Proc. New England Zool. Club 21: 1–16.
  • Carreras, Carlos, Catalina Monzon-Argüello, Luis Felipe Lopez-Jurado, Pascual Calabuig, Juan Jesus Bellido, Juan Jose Castillo, Pablo Sanchez, Pas Medina, Jesus Tomas, Patricia Gozalbes, Gloria Fernandez, Adolfo Marco and Luis Cardona. 2014. Origin and dispersal routes of foreign Green and Kemp's Ridley Turtles in Spanish Atlantic and Mediterranean waters. Amphibia-Reptilia 35 (1): 73-86 - get paper here
  • Charles W. Caillouet, Scott W. Raborn, Donna J. Shaver, Nathan F. Putman, Benny J. Gallaway, and Katherine L. Mansfield 2018. Did Declining Carrying Capacity for the Kemp's Ridley Sea Turtle Population Within the Gulf of Mexico Contribute to the Nesting Setback in 2010−2017? Chelonian Conservation and Biology Jun 2018, Vol. 17, No. 1: 123-133. - get paper here
  • Coleman, Andrew T.; Eric E. Pulis, Jonathan L. Pitchford, Kristin Crocker, Andrew J. Heaton, Alicia M. Carron, Wendy Hatchett, Delphine Shannon, Frank Austin, Martha Dalton, Connie L. Clemons-Chevis, and Moby Solangi 2016. Population Ecology and Rehabilitation of Incidentally Captured Kemp's Ridley Sea Turtles (Lepidochelys kempii) in the Mississippi Sound, USA. Herp. Cons. Biol. 11 (1) - get paper here
  • Conant,R. & Collins,J.T. 1991. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern/Central North America, 3rd ed. Houghton Mifflin (Boston/New York), xx + 450 p.
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • Dixon, James R. 2000. Amphibians and reptiles of Texas, second edition. Texas A&M University Press, 421 pp.
  • Dobie, J.L., L.H. Ogren & J.F. Fitzpatrick, Jr. 1961. Food Notes and Records of the Atlantic Ridley Turtle (Lepidochelys kempi) from Louisiana Copeia 1961 (1): 109-110. - get paper here
  • Duchene, Sebastián; Amy Frey, Alonzo Alfaro-Núñez, Peter H. Dutton, M. Thomas P. Gilbert, Phillip A. Morin 2012. Marine turtle mitogenome phylogenetics and evolution. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 65 (1): 241-250 - get paper here
  • Duméril, A.M.C., and G. Bibron. 1835. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles, Vol. 2. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris, iv + 680 p. - get paper here
  • Engelmann, W.E. et al. 1993. Lurche und Kriechtiere Europas. Neumann Verlag (Radebeul, Germany), 440 pp.
  • Ernst, Carl H.; Lovich, Jeffrey E. 2009. Turtles of the United States and Canada, 2nd edition. Johns Hopkins University Press, 827 pp. - get paper here
  • Ernst,C.H. and Barbour,R.W. 1989. Turtles of the World. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. - London
  • Espinoza, Edgard O, M Katherine Moore, Brian C Hamlin, Barry W Baker, and Aiden J Espinoza. 2021. Forensic Characterization of Sea Turtle Oil by Ambient Ionization Mass Spectrometry: Caretta Caretta, Chelonia Mydas, Dermochelys Coriacea, Eretmochelys Imbricata, Lepidochelys Kempii, and Lepidochelys Olivacea. Forensic Science International: Animals and Environments 1: 100008 - get paper here
  • Ferrara, Camila R.; Richard C. Vogt , Renata S. Sousa-Lima , Anna Lenz & Jorge E. Morales-Mávil 2019. Sound Communication in Embryos and Hatchlings of Lepidochelys kempii. Chelonian Conservation and Biology Dec 2019 Vol. 18, No. 2: 279-283 - get paper here
  • Frazer, J.F.D. 1949. The reptiles and amphibia of the Channel Isles, and their distribution. British Journal of Herpetology 1: 51-53
  • Garman,S. 1880. On certain species of Chelonioidae. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 6: 123-126 - get paper here
  • González-Sánchez, V. H., J. D. Johnson, E. García-Padilla, V. Mata-Silva, D. L. DeSantis and L. D. Wilson. 2017. The Herpetofauna of the Mexican Yucatan Peninsula: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 4(2): 264–380 - get paper here
  • Grant, C. 1946. Identification of Lepidochelys kempii (Garman) Herpetologica 3 (2): 39. - get paper here
  • Heaton, Andrew J.; Eric E. Pulis, Jonathan L. Pitchford, Wendy L. Hatchett, Alicia M. Carron and Moby Solangi 2016. Prevalence and Transience of Ingested Fishing Hooks in Kemp's Ridley Sea Turtles. Chelonian Conservation and Biology 15 (2): 257-264 - get paper here
  • Hedges SB, Powell R, Henderson RW, Hanson S, and Murphy JC 2019. Definition of the Caribbean Islands biogeographic region, with checklist and recommendations for standardized common names of amphibians and reptiles. Caribbean Herpetology 67: 1–53
  • Herren, Richard M.; Dean A. Bagley, Michael J. Bresette, Karen G. Holloway-Adkin, Dave Clark, and Blair E. Witherington 2018. Sea Turtle Abundance and Demographic Measurements in a Marine Protected Area in the Florida Keys, USA. Herp. Cons. Biol. 13 (1): 224–239 - get paper here
  • Hibbitts, Troy D. and Terry L. Hibbitts 2016. Texas Turtles & Crocodilians: a Field Guide. University of Texas Press, Austin, Texas. xvi + 276 pp., 117 photos, 36 maps. ISBN 978-1477307779.
  • Hirama, Shigetomo. 2014. Lepidochelys kempii (Kemp's Ridley seaturtle) Atlantic nesting. Herpetological Review 45 (2): 316-318 - get paper here
  • Holder, Kristina and Mark Holder. 2007. Phylogeography and population genetics. In Biology and Conservation of Ridley Sea Turtles, edited by Pamela T. Plotkin, pp. 107-117. The Johns Hopkins University Press
  • Huang H-W 2015. Conservation Hotspots for the Turtles on the High Seas of the Atlantic Ocean. PLoS One 10 (8): e0133614, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0133614 - get paper here
  • Hughes, B. 1986. Longevity Records of African Captive Amphibians and Reptiles: Part 1: Introduction and Species List 1 - Amphibians and Chelonians. J. Herp. Assoc. Africa (32): 1-5 - get paper here
  • Hunter, M.L., Jr., Albright, J., & Arbuckle, J., eds. 1992. The amphibians and reptiles of Maine. Maine Agric. Experiment Station, Orono, Bull. 838 188 pp.
  • Innis, Charles; Michael Tlusty, Christopher Perkins, Steven Holladay, Constance Merigo, and E. Scott Weber III 2008. Trace Metal and Organochlorine Pesticide Concentrations in Cold-Stunned Juvenile Kemp's Ridley Turtles (Lepidochelys kempii) from Cape Cod, Massachusetts. Chelonian Conservation and Biology 7(2): 230 - get paper here
  • Insacco, Gianni; Filippo Spadola 2010. First record of Kemp’s ridley sea turtle, Lepidochelys kempii (Garman, 1880) (Cheloniidae), from the Italian waters (Mediterranean Sea). Acta Herpetologica 5 (1): 113-117 - get paper here
  • IRSCHICK, DUNCAN J. et al. 2020. Creating 3D Models of Several Sea Turtle Species as Digital Voucher Specimens Herpetological Review 51: 709–715
  • Iverson, J.B. 1992. A revised Checklist with Distribution Maps of the Turtles of the World. Richmond, Indiana, privately published, 363 pp.
  • Jensen, John B.; Carlos D. Camp, Whit Gibbons, & Matt J. Elliott 2008. Amphibians and reptiles of Georgia. University of Georgia Press, 575 pp.
  • Johnson, W.R., Jr. 1952. Lepidochelys kempi and Caretta c. caretta from a South Florida Indian Mound Herpetologica 8 (2): 36. - get paper here
  • Köhler, G. 2000. Reptilien und Amphibien Mittelamerikas, Bd 1: Krokodile, Schildkröten, Echsen. Herpeton Verlag, Offenbach, 158 pp.
  • Lee, J. C. 2000. A field guide to the amphibians and reptiles of the Maya world. Cornell University Press, Ithaca,
  • Malkmus, R. 1995. Die Amphibien und Reptilien Portugals, Madeiras und der Azoren. Die Neue Brehm-Bücherei, Bd. 621. Westarp Wissenschaften (Magdeburg)/Spektrum Akademischer Verlag (Heidelberg)
  • Marquez, M. Rene, Patrick M. Burchfield, Juan Diaz-F, Manuel Sanchez-P, Miguel Carrasco-A, Carmen Jimenez-Q, Alma Leo-P, Rafeal Bravo-G and Jaime Pena-V. 2005. Status of the Kemp's Ridley Turtle (Lepidochelys kempii). Chelonian Conserv. Biol. 4 (4): 761-766.
  • Martín-del-Campo, Rodolfo and Alejandra García-Gasca 2019. Sea turtles: ancient creatures, mysteries, adaptations, and threatens. Research in Marine Sciences 4 (3): 556 - 562 - get paper here
  • McCord, W.P. & Joseph-Ouni, M. 2003. Chelonian Illustrations #8. Sea turtles of the world. Reptilia (GB) (28): 34-38 - get paper here
  • Mendonca, M.T. & P.C.H. Pritchard 1986. Offshore Movements of Post-Nesting Kemp’s Ridley Sea Turtles (Lepidochelys kempi) Herpetologica 42 (3): 373-381. - get paper here
  • Meylan, Peter A.; Anne B. Meylan, and Jennifer A. Gray 2011. The Ecology and Migrations of Sea Turtles 8. Tests of the Developmental Habitat Hypothesis. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History (357): 1-70 - get paper here
  • Mitchell, J. C. & Reay, K.K. 1999. Atlas of amphibians and reptiles in Virginia. Specialty Publication 1, VA Dept of Game and Fisheries, 122 pp. - get paper here
  • Mitchell, J.C. 1994. The reptiles of Virginia. Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries, ca. 350 pp.
  • Montello, Maxine A.; Katie D. Goulder, Robert P. Pisciotta & Wendy J. McFarlane 2022. Historical Trends in New York State Cold-Stunned Sea Turtle Stranding-to-Release: 1998–2019 Chelonian Conservation and Biology Jun 2022 Vol. 21, No. 1: 74-87 - get paper here
  • Naro-Maciel, Eugenia; Minh Le, Nancy N. FitzSimmons and George Amato 2008. Evolutionary relationships of marine turtles: A molecular phylogeny based on nuclear and mitochondrial genes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 49 (2): 659-662 - get paper here
  • Padial, J. M. 2006. COMMENTED DISTRIBUTIONAL LIST OF THE REPTILES OF MAURITANIA (WEST AFRICA). Graellsia, 62(2): 159-178 - get paper here
  • Palmer, W.M. & Braswell, A.L. 1995. Reptiles of North Carolina. Univ. North Carolina Press
  • Parker, G.H. 1925. THE TIME OF SUBMERGENCE NECESSARY TO DROWN ALLIGATORS AND TURTLES. Occas. Pap. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 5: 157-159
  • Pfaller, J B; Shamblin, B M; Miles, C L; Williams, K L & Nairn, C J; 2019. Caretta caretta (Loggerhead Sea Turtle) × Lepidochelys kempii (Kemp’s Ridley Sea Turtle) Fertile hybrid. Herpetological Review 50 (2): 347 - get paper here
  • PFALLER, JOSEPH B.; KRISTINA L. WILLIAMS, DONALD L. OTT, MONICA M. HARRIS, BRIAN M. SHAMBLIN, & CAMPBELL J. NAIRN. 2021. CARETTA CARETTA (Loggerhead Sea Turtle) × LEPIDOCHELYS KEMPII (Kemp’s Ridley Sea Turtle). HYBRID REMIGRATION RECAPTURE. Herpetological Review 52 (2): 385–386. - get paper here
  • POWELL, ASHLEY L.; KATHRYN A. TUXBURY, JULIE M. CAVIN, BRIAN A. STACY, SALVATORE FRASCA, NICOLE I. STACY, JENNIFER O’SULLIVAN BRISSON, MAURICIO SOLANO, SEA ROGERS WILLIAMS, ROBERT J. MCCARTHY & CHARLES J. INNIS. 2021. Osteomyelitis in cold-stunned Kemp’s ridley sea turtles (Lepidochelys kempii) hospitalized for rehabilitation: 25 cases (2008–2018). Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 259(10): 1206–1216. - get paper here
  • Pritchard, Peter C.H. 2007. Evolutionary relationships, osteology, morphology and zoogeography of Ridley sea turtles. In, Biology and Conservation of Ridley Sea Turtles, edited by Pamela T. Plotkin, pp. 45-57. The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore
  • Rafferty, P; Shaver, D J; Frandsen, H R & Montello, M; 2019. Lepidochelys kempii (Kemp’s Ridley Sea Turtle) Nesting. Herpetological Review 50 (2): 355 - get paper here
  • Renaud, M.L. 1995. Movements and Submergence Patterns of Kemp’s Ridley Turtles (Lepidochelys kempii) Journal of Herpetology 29 (3): 370-374. - get paper here
  • Reyes, Mauricio H. Hernandez, Daniel G. Gamez, Luis J. Pena, and Patrick M. Burchfield 2014. In Situ Nest and Hatchling Survival at Rancho Nuevo, the Primary Nesting Beach of the Kemp's Ridley, Lepidochelys kempi. Herp. Cons. Biol. 9 (3): - get paper here
  • SCHMID, J. R., H. R. FRANDSEN, P. H. DUTTON, A. FREY, AND D. J. SHAVER 2020. Lepidochelys kempii (Kemp’s Ridley Sea Turtle). Life History. Herpetological Review 51: 109-110.
  • SCHMID, JEFFREY R. & KLAUS RÜTZLER. 2021. LEPIDOCHELYS KEMPII (Kemp’s Ridley Sea Turtle). DIET. Herpetological Review 52 (3): 631–632. - get paper here
  • Schmid, Jeffrey R. and Anton D. Tucker 2018. Comparing Diets of Kemp's Ridley Sea Turtles (Lepidochelys kempii) in Mangrove Estuaries of Southwest Florida. Journal of Herpetology 52 (3): 252-258. - get paper here
  • Seney, Erin E. 2016. Diet of Kemp's Ridley Sea Turtles Incidentally Caught on Recreational Fishing Gear in the Northwestern Gulf of Mexico. Chelonian Conservation and Biology 15 (1): 132-137. - get paper here
  • SHAVER, D. J., H. R. FRANDSEN, AND J. SHELBY WALKER 2020. Lepidochelys kempii (Kemp’s Ridley Sea Turtle). Predation. Herpetological Review 51: 110-111.
  • Shaver, Donna J. 2020. Threats to Kemp’s ridley sea turtle (Lepidochelys kempii Garman, 1880) nests incubating in situ on the Texas coast. Herpetology Notes 13: 907-923 - get paper here
  • Shaver, Donna J.; Margaret M. Lamont, Sharon Maxwell, Jennifer Shelby Walker, and Ted Dillingham 2016. Head-Started Kemp's Ridley Turtle (Lepidochelys kempii) Nest Recorded in Florida: Possible Implications. Chelonian Conservation and Biology 15 (1): 138-143. - get paper here
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • SINDACO, ROBERTO & EDOARDO RAZZETTI. 2021. An updated check-list of Italian amphibians and reptiles. Natural History Sciences 8(2): 35–46. - get paper here
  • Standora EA, Spotila JR. 1985. Temperature-dependent sex determination in sea turtles. Copeia 1985 (3): 711–722. - get paper here
  • Terán-Juárez, Sergio A., Elí García Padilla, Vicente Mata-Silva, Jerry D. Johnson and Larry David Wilson. 2016. The herpetofauna of Tamaulipas, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (1): 43–113 - get paper here
  • Tonge, S. 1986. The herpetofauna of Jersey. British Herpetological Society Bulletin (17): 18-21
  • Torres-Hernández, LA, Ramírez-Bautista A, Cruz-Elizalde R, Hernández-Salinas U, Berriozabal-Islas C, DeSantis DL, Johnson JD, Rocha A, García-Padilla E, Mata-Silva V, Fucsko LA, and Wilson LD. 2021. The herpetofauna of Veracruz, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 15(2) [General Section]: 72–155 - get paper here
  • TTWG; Rhodin, A.G.J., Iverson, J.B., Bour, R., Fritz, U., Georges, A., Shaffer, H.B., and van Dijk, P.P. 2021. Turtles of the World: Annotated Checklist and Atlas of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution, and Conservation Status (9th Ed.). In: Rhodin, A.G.J., Iverson, J.B., van Dijk, P.P., Stanford, C.B., Goode, E.V., Buhlmann, K.A., and Mittermeier, R.A. (Eds.). Chelonian Research Monographs 8:1–472. doi:10.3854/crm.8.checklist.atlas.v9.2021. - get paper here
  • Wallace, Bryan P.; Andrew D. DiMatteo, Alan B. Bolten, Milani Y. Chaloupka, Brian J. Hutchinson, F. Alberto Abreu-Grobois, Jeanne A. Mortimer, Jeffrey A. Seminoff, Diego Amorocho, Karen A. Bjorndal, Jérôme Bourjea, Brian W. Bowen, Raquel Briseño Dueñ 2011. Global Conservation Priorities for Marine Turtles. PLoS One 6 (9): e24510. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0024510 - get paper here
  • WILLIS, DAVE. 2022. Remains of a female Kemp’s ridley sea turtle Lepidochelys kempii found on the north Somerset coast of Britain. The Herpetological Bulletin (160). - get paper here
  • Wilson R V; Zug G R 1991. Lepidochelys kempii (Garman). Kemp's Ridley sea turtle, tortuga lora. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles ( 509: 1-8 - get paper here
  • Zug G R; Ernst C H 1994. Lepidochelys Fitzinger, Ridley sea turtles. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles 587: 1-6 - get paper here
  • Zug, G.R. 2009. Reptiles (Vertebrata: Reptilia) of the Gulf of Mexico. In: Felder, D.L. & Camp, D.K. (eds.) Gulf of Mexico Origin, Waters, and Biota, Vol. 1. Texas A&M University Press, 1317-1320
  • Zwinenberg, A.J. 1977. Kemp's Ridley, Lepidochelys kempii (Garman, 1880), undoubtly the most endangered marine turtle today (with notes ont he current status of Lepidochelys olivacea) Bull. Maryland Herpetol. Soc., 13(3): 170-192. - get paper here
External links  
Is it interesting? Share with others:

As link to this species use URL address:

without field 'search_param'. Field 'search_param' is used for browsing search result.

Please submit feedback about this entry to the curator