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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Beach Scaly-toed Gecko 
DistributionIndonesia (Maluku)

Type locality: beachside rocks at Pasir Panjan Beach, Desa Ohoililir, Kei Kecil, Maluku, Indonesia  
TypesHolotype: MZB Lace (Museum Zoologicum Bogoriense.Lace) 14062, Field number ALS 534), an adult male collected by ALS, BRK, and UA a few hours after sunset at 5.646671° S, 132.638312° E (WGS84) on 16 October, 2011. Liver tissue is preserved in duplicate in RNA-Later at Museum Zoologicum Bogoriense (MZB.Lace.14062) and Museum of Vertebrate Zoology (MVZ 273691). Paratypes. A series of ten additional specimens were collected at the same locality and time as the holotype (MVZ tissue number and field number in parenthesis): MZB.Lace.14064 (MVZ 273686; ALS 502), MZB.Lace.14065 (MVZ 273687; ALS 505), MZB.Lace.14066 (MVZ 273688; ALS 530), MZB.Lace.14067 (MVZ 273689; ALS 531), MZB.Lace.14068 (MVZ 273690; ALS 533), MVZ 273692 (ALS 501), MVZ 273693 (ALS 503), MVZ 273694 (ALS 504), MVZ 273695 (ALS 532), MVZ 273696 (ALS 535). 
DiagnosisA moderate-sized bisexual species of Lepidodactylus, SVL 36.9–40.5 (mean = 38.3) mm for five adult males and 32.0–40.5 (mean = 37.4) for five adult females, distinguished from other species by the following combination of characters: 113 rows of scales around the midbody; subdigital scansors 10–12 on toe IV, and 7–9 on toe I; terminal scansor is divided on digits II through V on both the fingers and toes; 3 scansors on 4th toe divided or deeply notched; interdigital webbing small, less than 1/5th the 4th toe length; 18–24 pores in precloacal and femoral regions of male. Tail nearly cylindrical without lateral serrations.

Comparisons. The new species is the only member of the genus with divided terminal 4th toe scansors and a cylindrical tail without lateral serrations. Brown & Parker (1977) divided the genus Lepidodactylus into three groups but L. pantai sp. nov. differs from all of the previously recognized groups in having divided terminal scansors on toes 2–5 and a tail that is fully cylindrical without any fringes or compression.
The presence of divided scansors distinguishes L. pantai sp. nov. from all Group I Lepidodactylus (L. listeri, L. magnus, L. manni, L. mutahi, L. oorti, L. orientalis, L. pumilus, L. browni, L. euaensis, and L. flaviocularis), which have no divided scansors (Brown & Parker 1977). The presence of divided terminal scansors on toe IV distinguishes L. pantai sp. nov. from all Group II Lepidodactylus which have undivided terminal scansors (L. gardeneri, L. guppyi, L.novaeguineae, L. pulcher, L. shebae, L. buleli, L. intermedius, L. lombocensis, L. paurolepis, L. vanatuensis, L. oligoporus, L. tepukapili, and L. ranauensis). The presence of a cylindrical tail without lateral serrations distinguishes L. pantai sp. nov. from Group III Lepidodactylus that have depressed tails with lateral serrations (L. moestus, L. lugubris, L. woodfordi, L. yami, L. aureolineatus, L. balioburius, L. christiani, L. herrei, and L. planicaudus). Lateral serrations are sometimes absent on L. yami (Ota 1987), but L. pantai sp. nov. can be further distinguished from L. yami by the number of scansors on Toe IV (10–12 in L. pantai sp. nov. versus 13–15 in L. yami) and the number of midbody scale rows (108–127 in L. pantai sp. nov. versus 145–148 in L. yami). 
EtymologyThe species epithet, pantai, is the word for beach in the Indonesian national language (Bahasa Indonesia). It reflects the habitat in which the new species was discovered—a seemingly obligate association with the seashore. All specimens were found within 2 m of the high tide line. 
  • STUBBS, ALEXANDER L.; BENJAMIN R. KARIN, UMILAELA ARIFIN, DJOKO T. ISKANDAR, EVY ARIDA, SEAN B. REILLY, LUKE M. BLOCH, AGUS KUSNADI, JIMMY A. MCGUIRE 2017. A new species of Lepidodactylus (Reptilia: Squamata: Gekkonidae) from the Kei Islands, Maluku, Indonesia. Zootaxa 4350 (1): 091-105 - get paper here
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