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Lepidophyma dontomasi (SMITH, 1942)

IUCN Red List - Lepidophyma dontomasi - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaXantusiidae (Lepidophyminae), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: MacDougall's Tropical Night Lizard
S: Lagartija Nocturna de MacDougall 
SynonymGaigeia dontomasi SMITH 1942: 374
Gaigeia dontomasi — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 153
Lepidophyma dontomasi — SAVAGE 1963
Lepidophyma (Gaigeia) dontomasi — SMITH 1973
Lepidophyma dontomasi — LINER 1994
Lepidophyma dontomasi— BEZY & CAMARILLO 2002
Lepidophyma dontomasi — MATA-SILVA et al. 2015 
DistributionMexico (E Oaxaca)

Type locality: Lachiguiri, Oaxaca, 7100 feet elevation.  
TypesHolotype: USNM 111473 
DiagnosisDIAGNOSIS (DIAGNOSTIC CHARACTERS). The species differs from all other Lepidophyma except L. lowei and L. radula in having enlarged caudal whorls that are separated dorsally by 2 rows of interwhorls, only one of which is complete ventrally; from all except L. gaigeae, L. radula, and L. tarascae in having 149 or fewer dorsals; from L. gaigeae in having 21 or fewer femoral pores; from L. tarascae in having 35 or fewer gulars (Table 1); and from L. radula in lacking vertical rows of distinctly enlarged tubercles on the side of the body.
CommentHabitat/Ecomorph: rock-crevice

Abundance: only known from the type locality (Meiri et al. 2017).

Distribution: see map in LARA-TUFIÑO & NIETO-MONTES DE OCA 2021: 331 (Fig. 6). 
EtymologyNamed after Thomas (Don Tomas) Baillie MacDougall (1896–1973), a naturalist who collected plants and animals (including the holotype of L. dontomasi) from remote areas in México, particularly the Tehuantepec region./ 
  • Bezy R L. and CAMARILLO R J L. 1992. Systematics of xantusiid lizards allied with Lepidophyma gaigeae Mosauer. Herpetologica 48 (1): 97-110 - get paper here
  • Bezy R L. and Camarillo R J L. 1997. A new species of Lepidophyma (Sauria: Xantusiidae) from Oaxaca, Mexico. Contributions in Science, Los Angeles (465): 1-8. - get paper here
  • Bezy,R.L. & Camarillo, J.L. 2002. SYSTEMATICS OF XANTUSIID LIZARDS OF THE GENUS LEPIDOPHYMA. Contributions in Science (493): 1–41 - get paper here
  • CANSECO-MARQUEZ, LUIS; GUADALUPE GUTIIEREZ-MAYEN & ANDRES ALBERTO MENDOZA-HERNANDEZ 2008. A new species of night-lizard of the genus Lepidophyma (Squamata: Xantusiidae) from the Cuicatlan Valley, Oaxaca, Mexico. Zootaxa 1750: 59-67 - get paper here
  • Casas-Andreu, G., F.R. Méndez-De la Cruz and X. Aguilar-Miguel. 2004. Anfibios y Reptiles; pp. 375–390, in A.J.M. García-Mendoza, J. Ordoñez and M. Briones-Salas (ed.). Biodiversidad de Oaxaca. Instituto de Biología, UNAM-Fondo Oaxaqueño para la Conservación de la Naturaleza-World Wildlife Fund, México, D. F.
  • Lara-Tufiño, José Daniel & Adrián Nieto-Montes de Oca 2021. A New Species of Night Lizard of the Genus Lepidophyma (Xantusiidae) from Southern Mexico. Herpetologica Dec 2021 Vol. 77, No. 4: 320-334 - get paper here
  • Mata-Silva, Vicente, Jerry D. Johnson, Larry David Wilson and Elí García-Padilla. 2015. The herpetofauna of Oaxaca, Mexico: composition, physiographic distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (1): 6–62 - get paper here
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • Noonan, Brice P.; Jennifer B. Pramuk, Robert L. Bezy, Elizabeth A. Sinclair, Kevin de Queiroz, Jack W. Sites Jr. 2013. Phylogenetic relationships within the lizard clade Xantusiidae: Using trees and divergence times to address evolutionary questions at multiple levels. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, Volume 69, Issue 1, October 2013, Pages 109–122 - get paper here
  • Peterson, J. A. & Bezy, Robert L. 1985. The microstructure and evolution of scale surfaces in xantusiid lizards. Herpetologica 41 (3): 298-324. - get paper here
  • Savage, J. M. 1963. 'Studies on the Lizard Family Xantusiidae IV. The Genera. Contributions in Science, Los Angeles County Museum (71): 1 - 38 - get paper here
  • Smith, H.M. 1973. A tentative rearrangement of the lizards of the genus Lepidophyma. Journal of Herpetology 7 (2): 109-123 - get paper here
  • Smith, H.M. & Taylor,E.H. 1950. An annotated checklist and key to the reptiles of Mexico exclusive of the snakes. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 199: 1-253 - get paper here
  • Smith, Hobart 1942. Mexican herpetological miscellany. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 92 (3153): 349-395 - get paper here
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