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Lepidophyma gaigeae MOSAUER, 1936

IUCN Red List - Lepidophyma gaigeae - Vulnerable, VU

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Higher TaxaXantusiidae (Lepidophyminae), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Gaige's Tropical Night Lizard
S: Lagartija Nocturna de Gaige 
SynonymLepidophyma gaigeae MOSAUER 1936
Gaigeia gaigeae — SMITH 1939
Gaigeia gaigeae — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 154
Lepidophyma gaigeae — SAVAGE 1963
Lepidophyma (Gaigeia) gaigeae — SMITH 1973
Lepidophyma gaigeae — LINER 1994
Lepidophyma gaigeae— BEZY & CAMARILLO 2002
Lepidophyma gaigeae — JOHNSON et al. 2017 
DistributionMexico (Queretaro, San Luis Potosí, Hidalgo, Guanajuato)

Type locality: Durango, State of Hidalgo, Mexico  
TypesHolotype: MCZ 42145 
DiagnosisDIAGNOSIS (DIAGNOSTIC CHARACTERS). The species differs from all other Lepidophyma except L. tarascae in having enlarged caudal whorls that are separated dorsally by 2 rows of interwhorls both of which are complete ventrally; from all except L. dontomasi, L. radula, L. tarascae, L. tuxtlae, and L. sylvaticum in having 151 or fewer dorsals; from L. dontomasi, L. radula, and L. tarascae in having 28 or more femoral pores; from L. tuxtlae in lacking paravertebral rows composed of a continuous string of subequal tubercles; and from L. sylvaticum in lacking distinctly enlarged tubercles on the side of the body (from BEZY & CAMARILLO 2002). 
CommentHabitat/Ecomorph: rock-crevice

Distribution: Not in Durango fide Lemos-Espinal (2018). 
EtymologyNamed after Helen Thompson Gaige (1890–1976), former curator at the University of Michigan Museum of Zoology. See Bell et al. 2021 for biographical data. 
  • Ahumada-Carrillo, Iván T. 2013. Geographic Distribution: Lepidophyma gaigeae (Gaige's tropical night lizard). Herpetological Review 44 (3): 475 - get paper here
  • ARENAS-MORENO, DIEGO M.; FRANCISCO J. MUÑOZ-NOLASCO, ADÁN BAUTISTA-DEL MORAL, LUIS A. RODRÍGUEZ-MIRANDA, SAÚL F. DOMÍNGUEZ-GUERRERO, FAUSTO R. MÉNDEZ-DE LA CRUZ 2021. A new species of Lepidophyma (Squamata: Xantusiidae) from San Luis Potosí, México, with notes on its physiological ecology. Zootaxa 4949 (1): 115-130 - get paper here
  • Bell, R., Arce H, M., Franklin, M., Roa-Varon, A., & Wehrle, B. A. 2021. Helen Thompson Gaige. Ichthyology & Herpetology, 109(1): 322
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Bezy R L. and CAMARILLO R J L. 1992. Systematics of xantusiid lizards allied with Lepidophyma gaigeae Mosauer. Herpetologica 48 (1): 97-110 - get paper here
  • Bezy R L. and Camarillo R J L. 1997. A new species of Lepidophyma (Sauria: Xantusiidae) from Oaxaca, Mexico. Contributions in Science, Los Angeles (465): 1-8. - get paper here
  • Bezy, R. 2024. Photos of Type Specimens of Lepidophyma (Reptilia: Squamata: Xantusiidae) ResearchGate - get paper here
  • Bezy,R.L. & Camarillo, J.L. 2002. SYSTEMATICS OF XANTUSIID LIZARDS OF THE GENUS LEPIDOPHYMA. Contributions in Science (493): 1–41 - get paper here
  • CANSECO-MARQUEZ, LUIS; GUADALUPE GUTIIEREZ-MAYEN & ANDRES ALBERTO MENDOZA-HERNANDEZ 2008. A new species of night-lizard of the genus Lepidophyma (Squamata: Xantusiidae) from the Cuicatlan Valley, Oaxaca, Mexico. Zootaxa 1750: 59-67 - get paper here
  • Cruz-Elizalde R, Ramírez-Bautista A, Pineda-López R, Mata-Silva V, DeSantis DL, García-Padilla E, Johnson JD, Rocha A, Fucsko LA, Wilson LD. 2022. The herpetofauna of Querétaro, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 16(1) [General Section]: 148–192 (e308) - get paper here
  • Dixon, James R. and Julio A. Lemos-Espinal 2010. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Queretaro, Mexico. Tlalnepantla UNAM, 428 pp.
  • Fernández-Badillo, Leonardo; Norma Leticia Manríquez-Morán; Jesús Martín Castillo-Cerón & Irene Goyenechea 2016. Análisis herpetofaunístico de la zona árida del estado de Hidalgo. Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 156–170 - get paper here
  • Goldberg, Stephen R., Charles R. Bursey and Jeanette Arreola. 2014. Lepidophyma gaigeae (Gaige's tropical night lizard) endoparasites. Herpetological Review 45 (3): 502 - get paper here
  • Gonzalez A. 1995. Distributional Notes for the Night Lizard Lepidophyma gaigeae (Xantusiidae). Herpetological Review 26 (1): 15-17. - get paper here
  • Johnson, J. D., L. D. Wilson, V. Mata-Silva, E. García-Padilla, and D. L. DeSantis. 2017. The endemic herpetofauna of Mexico: organisms of global significance in severe peril. Mesoamerican Herpetology 4(3): 544–620 - get paper here
  • Leavitt, Dean J. and Toby J. Hibbitts. 2012. Lepidophyma gaigeae. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (896): 1-4 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal JA, Smith GR, Woolrich-Piña GA 2018. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of San Luis Potosí, Mexico, with comparisons with adjoining states. ZooKeys 753: 83-106 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal, Julio A. and James R. Dixon 2013. Amphibians and Reptiles of San Luis Potosí. Eagle Mountain Publishing, xii + 300 pp.
  • Lemos-Espinal, Julio A., Geoffrey R. Smith 2015. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Hidalgo, Mexico. Check List 11 (3): 1642 - get paper here
  • Leyte-Manrique A, Mata-Silva V, Báez-Montes O, Fucsko LA, DeSantis DL, García-Padilla E, Rocha A, Johnson JD, Porras LW, Wilson LD. 2022. The herpetofauna of Guanajuato, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 16(2) [General Section: 133–180 (e321) - get paper here
  • López-Mejía, A. & Goyenchea, I. 2012. Geographic distribution: Lepidophyma gaigeae (Gaige's tropical night lizard). Herpetological Review 43: 306 - get paper here
  • Mosauer,W. 1936. A new xantusiid lizard of the genus Lepidophyma. Herpetologica 1: 3-5 - get paper here
  • Noonan, Brice P.; Jennifer B. Pramuk, Robert L. Bezy, Elizabeth A. Sinclair, Kevin de Queiroz, Jack W. Sites Jr. 2013. Phylogenetic relationships within the lizard clade Xantusiidae: Using trees and divergence times to address evolutionary questions at multiple levels. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, Volume 69, Issue 1, October 2013, Pages 109–122 - get paper here
  • Ocampo Salinas, Manuel, J., Castillo-cerón, J. M., Manríquez-morán, N., Goyenechea, I., & Casagranda, M. D. 2019. Endemism of lizards in the Chihuahuan Desert province: An approach based on endemicity analysis. Journal of Arid Environments - get paper here
  • Peterson, J. A. & Bezy, Robert L. 1985. The microstructure and evolution of scale surfaces in xantusiid lizards. Herpetologica 41 (3): 298-324. - get paper here
  • Smith, H.M. 1973. A tentative rearrangement of the lizards of the genus Lepidophyma. Journal of Herpetology 7 (2): 109-123 - get paper here
  • Smith, H.M. & Taylor,E.H. 1950. An annotated checklist and key to the reptiles of Mexico exclusive of the snakes. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 199: 1-253 - get paper here
  • Smith, Hobart M. 1939. Notes on Mexican reptiles and amphibians. Zoological Series of Field Museum of Natural History 24 (4): 15-35 - get paper here
  • Tepos-Ramírez M, Garduño-Fonseca FS, Peralta-Robles CA, García-Rubio OR, Cervantes Jiménez R 2023. Annotated checklist of amphibians and reptiles from Querétaro, Mexico, including new records, and comments on controversial species. Check List 19(2): 269-292 - get paper here
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