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Lepidophyma lowei BEZY & CAMARILLO, 1997

IUCN Red List - Lepidophyma lowei - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaXantusiidae (Lepidophyminae), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Lowe’s Tropical Night Lizard
S: Lagartija Nocturna de Lowe. 
SynonymLepidophyma lowei BEZY & CAMARILLO 1997
Lepidophyma lowei— BEZY & CAMARILLO 2002
Lepidophyma lowei — MATA-SILVA et al. 2015 
DistributionMexico (Oaxaca)

Type locality: ‘‘4.0 km (by rd) SE San Bartolome´ Zoogocho, Municipio Zoogocho, former Distrito Villa Alta, Oaxaca, México (178149N, 968159W; ca. 2200 m elevation).’’  
ReproductionViviparous [HR 30: 97]. 
TypesHolotype: CNAR (= IBH) 7500, paratypes: ENCB 
DiagnosisDIAGNOSIS (DIAGNOSTIC CHARACTERS). The species differs from all other Lepidophyma except L. dontomasi and L. radula in having enlarged caudal whorls that are separated dorsally by 2 rows of interwhorls, only one of which is complete ventrally; from all except L. dontomasi, L. gaigeae, L. radula, L. tuxtlae, and L. pajapanense in having 37 or fewer gulars; from L. dontomasi, L. gaigeae, and L. radula in having 158 or more dorsals; and from L. tuxtlae, L. pajapanense, L. mayae, L. chicoasense, L. lipetzi, L. flavimaculatum, L. reticulatum, and L. micropholis in having 7 or fewer divided fourth toe lamellae (from BEZY & CAMARILLO 2002). 
CommentHabitat: Lepidophyma lowei is found in rock-crevices

Similar species: L. gaigeae, L. dontomasi, and L. radula which have similar small body size and weakly differentiated tubercular scales, but they differs in aspects of caudal scalation and in number of dorsal scales.

Habitat/Ecomorph: rock-crevice

Abundance: only known from its original description (Meiri et al. 2017). This is one of the species called 'lost' and 'rediscovered' by Lindken et al. 2024.

Distribution: see map in LARA-TUFIÑO & NIETO-MONTES DE OCA 2021: 331 (Fig. 6). 
EtymologyNamed after Charles H. Lowe, a herpetologist at the University of Arizona. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Bezy R L. and Camarillo R J L. 1997. A new species of Lepidophyma (Sauria: Xantusiidae) from Oaxaca, Mexico. Contributions in Science, Los Angeles (465): 1-8. - get paper here
  • Bezy, R. 2024. Photos of Type Specimens of Lepidophyma (Reptilia: Squamata: Xantusiidae) ResearchGate - get paper here
  • Bezy,R.L. & Camarillo, J.L. 2002. SYSTEMATICS OF XANTUSIID LIZARDS OF THE GENUS LEPIDOPHYMA. Contributions in Science (493): 1–41 - get paper here
  • Campos-Rodríguez, José Ismael; López-Vidal, Juan Carlos 2007. Annotated checklist of type specimens in the herpetological collection of the Escuela Nacional de Ciencias Biológicas, I.P.N., Mexico. Southwestern Naturalist 52 (2): 323-326 - get paper here
  • CANSECO-MARQUEZ, LUIS; GUADALUPE GUTIIEREZ-MAYEN & ANDRES ALBERTO MENDOZA-HERNANDEZ 2008. A new species of night-lizard of the genus Lepidophyma (Squamata: Xantusiidae) from the Cuicatlan Valley, Oaxaca, Mexico. Zootaxa 1750: 59-67 - get paper here
  • Casas-Andreu, G., F.R. Méndez-De la Cruz and X. Aguilar-Miguel. 2004. Anfibios y Reptiles; pp. 375–390, in A.J.M. García-Mendoza, J. Ordoñez and M. Briones-Salas (ed.). Biodiversidad de Oaxaca. Instituto de Biología, UNAM-Fondo Oaxaqueño para la Conservación de la Naturaleza-World Wildlife Fund, México, D. F.
  • Lara-Tufiño, José Daniel & Adrián Nieto-Montes de Oca 2021. A New Species of Night Lizard of the Genus Lepidophyma (Xantusiidae) from Southern Mexico. Herpetologica Dec 2021 Vol. 77, No. 4: 320-334 - get paper here
  • Lindken T.; Anderson, C. V., Ariano-Sánchez, D., Barki, G., Biggs, C., Bowles, P., Chaitanya, R., Cronin, D. T., Jähnig, S. C., Jeschke, J. M., Kennerley, R. J., Lacher, T. E. Jr., Luedtke, J. A., Liu, C., Long, B., Mallon, D., Martin, G. M., Meiri, 2024. What factors influence the rediscovery of lost tetrapod species? Global Change Biology, 30: 1-18 - get paper here
  • Mata-Silva, Vicente, Jerry D. Johnson, Larry David Wilson and Elí García-Padilla. 2015. The herpetofauna of Oaxaca, Mexico: composition, physiographic distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (1): 6–62 - get paper here
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • Noonan, Brice P.; Jennifer B. Pramuk, Robert L. Bezy, Elizabeth A. Sinclair, Kevin de Queiroz, Jack W. Sites Jr. 2013. Phylogenetic relationships within the lizard clade Xantusiidae: Using trees and divergence times to address evolutionary questions at multiple levels. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, Volume 69, Issue 1, October 2013, Pages 109–122 - get paper here
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