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Lepidophyma micropholis WALKER, 1955

IUCN Red List - Lepidophyma micropholis - Vulnerable, VU

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Higher TaxaXantusiidae (Lepidophyminae), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Cave Tropical Night Lizard
S: Lagartija Nocturna de Cueva 
SynonymLepidophyma micropholis WALKER 1955
Lepidophyma micropholis — SAVAGE 1963
Lepidophyma micropholis — LINER 1994
Lepidophyma micropholis— BEZY & CAMARILLO 2002
Lepidophyma micropholis — JOHNSON et al. 2017
Lepidophyma micropholis — GRÜNWALD et al. 2023 
DistributionMexico (Tamaulipas, San Luis Potosi).

Type locality: cave, El Pachón, 5 mi NNE Antiguo Morelos, Tamaulipas, México, estimated elevation 600–700 feet.  
TypesHolotype: UMMZ 101298 
DiagnosisDIAGNOSIS (DIAGNOSTIC CHARACTERS). The species differs from all other Lepidophyma except L. occulor in having 230 or more dorsal scales. It differs from L. occulor, L. dontomasi, L. radula, L. tarascae, and L. lineri in having 28 or more femoral pores; and from all except L. smithii, L. flavimaculatum, L. chicoasense, L. occulor, and L. sylvaticum in having 55 or more gulars (from BEZY & CAMARILLO 2002). 
CommentDistribution: Not in Morelos fide Lemos-Espinal 2020 (although the type locality is in Antiguo Morelos, Tamaulipas). See map in Grünwald et al. 2023: 18 (Fig. 7). 
EtymologyNamed after the Greek “mikros” = small and “pholis” = scale, and presumably refers to the small size of the dorsal scales. 
  • Bezy, R. 2024. Photos of Type Specimens of Lepidophyma (Reptilia: Squamata: Xantusiidae) ResearchGate - get paper here
  • Bezy, R.L. 1984. Systematics of xantusiid lizards of the genus Lepidophyma in northeastern Mexico. Contributions in Science (Los Angeles) 349: 1-16 - get paper here
  • Bezy,R.L. & Camarillo, J.L. 2002. SYSTEMATICS OF XANTUSIID LIZARDS OF THE GENUS LEPIDOPHYMA. Contributions in Science (493): 1–41 - get paper here
  • Goldberg, S. R. 2012. Lepidophyma micropholis (cave tropical night lizard) reproduction. Herpetological Review 43: 649 - get paper here
  • Goldberg, S. R. & Bursey, C. R. 2012. Lepidophyma micropholis (cave tropical night lizard) endoparasites. Herpetological Review 43: 648-649 - get paper here
  • Grünwald CI, Reyes-Velasco J, Ahumada-Carrillo IT, Montaño-Ruvalcaba C, Franz-Chávez H, La Forest BT, Ramírez-Chaparro R, Terán-Juárez S, Borja-Jiménez JM 2023. A new species of saxicolous Lepidophyma (Squamata, Xantusiidae) from Tamaulipas, Mexico. Herpetozoa 36: 9-21 - get paper here
  • Johnson, J. D., L. D. Wilson, V. Mata-Silva, E. García-Padilla, and D. L. DeSantis. 2017. The endemic herpetofauna of Mexico: organisms of global significance in severe peril. Mesoamerican Herpetology 4(3): 544–620 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal JA, Smith GR, Woolrich-Piña GA 2018. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of San Luis Potosí, Mexico, with comparisons with adjoining states. ZooKeys 753: 83-106 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal, Julio A. and James R. Dixon 2013. Amphibians and Reptiles of San Luis Potosí. Eagle Mountain Publishing, xii + 300 pp.
  • Peterson, J. A. & Bezy, Robert L. 1985. The microstructure and evolution of scale surfaces in xantusiid lizards. Herpetologica 41 (3): 298-324. - get paper here
  • Savage, J. M. 1963. 'Studies on the Lizard Family Xantusiidae IV. The Genera. Contributions in Science, Los Angeles County Museum (71): 1 - 38 - get paper here
  • Terán-Juárez, Sergio A., Elí García Padilla, Vicente Mata-Silva, Jerry D. Johnson and Larry David Wilson. 2016. The herpetofauna of Tamaulipas, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (1): 43–113 - get paper here
  • Terán-Juárez, Sergio A.; Elí García-Padilla, Francisco E. Leyto-Delgado, and Leccinum J. García- Morales 2015. New records and distributional range extensions for amphibians and reptiles from Tamaulipas, Mexico. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (2): 208-214 - get paper here
  • Walker, Charles F. 1955. Two new lizards of the genus Lepidophyma from Tamaulipas. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan (564): 1-10 - get paper here
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