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Lepidophyma reticulatum TAYLOR, 1955

IUCN Red List - Lepidophyma reticulatum - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaXantusiidae (Lepidophyminae), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Costa Rican Tropical Night Lizard
S: Lagartija Nocturna de Costa Rica 
SynonymLepidophyma flavimaculatum reticulatum TAYLOR 1955
Lepidophyma reticulatum — TAYLOR 1956: 216
Lepidophyma flavimaculatum reticulatum — PETERS & DONOSO-BARROS 1970: 162
Lepidophyma reticulatum — BEZY 1989
Lepidophyma reticulatum — KÖHLER 2000: 105
Lepidophyma reticulatum— BEZY & CAMARILLO 2002 
DistributionCosta Rica, Panama

Type locality: Agua Buena, Puntarenas Province, Costa Rica.  
Reproductionparthenogenetic (HÖBEL 2008) 
TypesHolotype: KU (= KUMNH) 36245 
DiagnosisDIAGNOSIS (DIAGNOSTIC CHARACTERS). The species differs from all other Lepidophyma except L. smithii, L. flavimaculatum, L. lipetzi, L. micropholis, L. occulor, and L. sylvaticum in having 193 or more dorsals; from L. micropholis in having 229 or fewer dorsals; from L. dontomasi, L. radula, L. tarascae, L. lineri, and L. occulor in having 27 or more femoral pores; from L. lipetzi in having 33 or fewer femoral pores; from L. smithii, L. tarascae, L. lineri, and L. occulor in having 28 or more lateral tubercle rows; from L. sylvaticum in having a lower second postorbital supralabial (RSLH 0.71 or less); and from L. flavimaculatum in having a boldly reticulated color pattern on the gular surface (from BEZY & CAMARILLO 2002). 
CommentMax. SVL: 103 mm. 
EtymologyNamed after Latin “reticulatum” (= netlike or reticulated), which is an adjective and refers to the gular color pattern. 
  • Arias, Erick; Federico Bolaños 2014. A checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of San Isidro de Dota, Reserva Forestal Los Santos, Costa Rica. Check List 10 (4): 870-877 - get paper here
  • Bezy, R. 2024. Photos of Type Specimens of Lepidophyma (Reptilia: Squamata: Xantusiidae) ResearchGate - get paper here
  • Bezy, R.L. 1989. Morphological differentiation in unisexual and bisexual xantusiid lizards of the genus Lepidophyma in Central America. Herpetological Monographs 3: 61-80 - get paper here
  • Bezy,R.L. & Camarillo, J.L. 2002. SYSTEMATICS OF XANTUSIID LIZARDS OF THE GENUS LEPIDOPHYMA. Contributions in Science (493): 1–41 - get paper here
  • Köhler, G. 2000. Reptilien und Amphibien Mittelamerikas, Bd 1: Krokodile, Schildkröten, Echsen. Herpeton Verlag, Offenbach, 158 pp.
  • Lotzkat, Sebastian 2015. Diversity, taxonomy, and biogeography of the reptiles inhabiting the highlands of the Cordillera Central (Serranía de Talamanca and Serranía de Tabasará) in western Panama. PhD Diss., University of Frankfurt - get paper here
  • Peters, James A. & Donoso-Barros, Roberto 1970. Catalogue of the Neotropical Squamata: Part II. Lizards and Amphisbaenians. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 297: 293 pp. - get paper here
  • Santos-Barrera, Georgina; Jesus Pacheco, Fernando Mendoza-Quijano, Federico Bolaños,<br />Gerardo Cháves , Gretchen C. Daily, Paul R. Ehrlich & Gerardo Ceballos 2008. Diversity, natural history and conservation of amphibians and reptiles from the San Vito Region, southwestern Costa Rica. Rev. Biol. Trop. 56 (2): 755-778 - get paper here
  • Savage, J.M. 2002. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Costa Rica: A Herpetofauna Between Two Continents, Between Two Seas. University of Chicago Press, 934 pp. [review in Copeia 2003 (1): 205]
  • Taylor, E. H. 1956. A review of the lizards of Costa Rica. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 38 (part 1): 3-322 - get paper here
  • Taylor,E.H. 1955. Additions to the known herpetological fauna of Costa Rica with comments on other species. No. II. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 37: 499-575. - get paper here
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