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Lepidophyma tarascae BEZY, WEBB & ÁLVAREZ, 1982

IUCN Red List - Lepidophyma tarascae - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaXantusiidae (Lepidophyminae), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Tarascan Tropical Night Lizard
S: Lagartija Nocturna de Tarasca 
SynonymLepidophyma tarascae BEZY, WEBB & ÁLVAREZ 1982
Lepidophyma tarascae — LINER 1994
Lepidophyma tarascae — BEZY & CAMARILLO 2002
Lepidophyma tarascae — JOHNSON et al. 2017 
DistributionMexico (Michoacan, Guerrero, Colima)

Type locality: near Mexiquillo, Aquila District, Michoacan, México, Mexiquillo (18º08’ N, 103º56’W) is ca. 77 km (air) WNW Lázaro Cárdenas and the mouth of the Río Balsas.  
TypesHolotype: ENCB 9221 (Escuela Nacional de Ciencias Biologicas, Instituto Politecnico Nacional, D.F.) 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: The species differs from all other Lepidophyma except L. smithii and L. lineri in lacking a pale parietal spot in adults; from L. smithii, L. lineri, and L. occulor in having 159 or fewer dorsals and 43 or fewer gulars; from all except L. dontomasi, L. smithii, L. lineri, L. tuxtlae, and L. occulor in having 18 or fewer total femoral pores; and from all except L. radula, L. smithii, L. lineri, L. flavimaculatum, L. occulor, and L. sylvaticum in having 25 or fewer lateral tubercle rows (from BEZY & CAMARILLO 2002). 
EtymologyNamed after the Tarasca, the indigenous people of the region of the locality (Michoacán). 
  • Bezy R L; Webb R G; Alvarez T 1982. A new species of the genus Lepidophyma (Sauria: Xantusiidae) from Michoacan Mexico. Herpetologica 38 (3) 1982: 361-366 - get paper here
  • Bezy, R. 2024. Photos of Type Specimens of Lepidophyma (Reptilia: Squamata: Xantusiidae) ResearchGate - get paper here
  • Bezy,R.L. & Camarillo, J.L. 2002. SYSTEMATICS OF XANTUSIID LIZARDS OF THE GENUS LEPIDOPHYMA. Contributions in Science (493): 1–41 - get paper here
  • Campos-Rodríguez, José Ismael; López-Vidal, Juan Carlos 2007. Annotated checklist of type specimens in the herpetological collection of the Escuela Nacional de Ciencias Biológicas, I.P.N., Mexico. Southwestern Naturalist 52 (2): 323-326 - get paper here
  • Guzman-Villa,U. et al. 1998. Variation, distribution, and taxonomic status of the xantusiid lizard Lepidophyma tarascae. Herpetological Review 29 (2): 78 - get paper here
  • Johnson, J. D., L. D. Wilson, V. Mata-Silva, E. García-Padilla, and D. L. DeSantis. 2017. The endemic herpetofauna of Mexico: organisms of global significance in severe peril. Mesoamerican Herpetology 4(3): 544–620 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal JA, Smith GR, Pierce LJS, Painter CW 2020. The amphibians and reptiles of Colima, Mexico, with a summary of their conservation status. ZooKeys 927: 99-125 - get paper here
  • Palacios-Aguilar, Ricardo & OSCAR FLORES-VILLELA 2018. An updated checklist of the herpetofauna from Guerrero, Mexico. Zootaxa 4422 (1): 1-24 - get paper here
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